Sides to Tibetan Culture
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Age-old culture and nature took part in forming the Tibetan heritage historically, but more too. Its contributaries are teachings, (canon), arts and industry stemming from it, language, breeds of animals, medicine, herbs, clothing, food favourites and food specialities, statistical data, architecture, landscaping, customs, ritual and a banking system - to name some of them. [More at Wikipedia, s.v. "Tibetan Culture"]
THE PALACE is in the northwestern corner of the old Lhasa capital and has a view of the Lhasa River valley. It was first built in the 600s CE by a king for his princess bride, and was expanded during the 1600s. The building is a mixture of Han and Tibetan styles. The 13-story palace stands on top of a cliff in 3.700 meters altitude and is the largest example of ancient architecture still in Tibet. The building complex has 1000 chambers.
The sumptuously decorated palace was for 400 years the winter home of the Dalai
Lamas. The Chinese government has earmarked money to renovate the palace.
The Tibetan Eight Symbols of Good Fortune include the Glorious Endless Knot.
In Buddhist Symbols in Tibetan Culture, Dagyab Rinpoche, a Tibetan lama, explains the source and meaning of nine groups of commonly used Buddhist symbols, beginning with the Eight Symbols of Good Fortune, which include the Wheel and the Glorious Endless Knot. He also describes how Buddhist symbols are used to remind practitioners of the "interrelations between inward and outward, between mental activities and material appearances."
Intricate images serve as tools for meditation, they also link up past and future in part.
Dagyab Rinpoche further illuminates the concepts of Tibetan Buddhism, which is grandly visual.
TIBETAN CARPETS: "Carpet weaving is an important Tibetan art. It is centuries old and has evolved in recent years as the primary means of support for Tibetan people living in exile in Nepal and India. Through the sale of carpets, they are able to provide for the education of their children and care for their elderly. It is also an important source of income for the Tibetan Government in Exile and is used to increase worldwide political awareness of the Tibetan situation."
Tibetan terriersThey are very quick learnersvery self-reliantextremely eager to pleasenot a particularly high energy dog; he normally adapts to the lifestyle and pace of his owners. [◦From a FAQ]
The Tibetan name for the breed, Tsang Apso, roughly translates to "shaggy or bearded (apso) dog, from the province of Tsang". The breed is able to guard, herd, and also be a suitable companion dog.
The Tibetan Spaniel is a breed of assertive, small, intelligent dogs originating in the Himalayan mountains of Tibet, and and friendly and outgoing with their families. They love to give kisses by licking your face and love to cuddle up in your lap.
The breed is also a reliable little watchdog and lapdog, active, alert, lively, and happy. Their keen eye, ability to see great distances, and alarm barking, tend to make them good watchdogs. [More at Wikipedia, s.v. "Tibetan Spaniel"]
Tibetan Mastiffs are large dogs that lack the usual "doggie" odor and are generally considered to be hypoallergenic. They keep their double coat all year, with no shedding until Spring/Summer (generally).
This may hold good for Tibetan mastiffs bred by the English: Strong-willed, courageousmaking good judgements; adapting well to different lifestylesaloof with strangershighly intelligent, and with an exceptional memory. Once introduced to someone, they will rarely forget that person.
Bred in Tibet, this dog, known as "Tsang-khyi", "dog from Tsang", is a large guardian dog that serves to guard monasteries, villages, nomadic camps and livestock herds. It is predominately territorial and loyal to family, but is not for everyone - for it can be "ferocious and aggressive, unpredictable in ... behavior, and very difficult to train". And the Tibetan name is variously translated as "home guard", "door guard", "dog which may be tied", "dog which may be kept". [More at Wikipedia, s.v. "Tibetan Mastiff"]
"Most Tibetan art is religious art. The term "Tibetan art" encompasses art made not only in Tibet, but also that produced throughout the Tibetan cultural region. ... The subjects of Tibetan religious art are typically Buddhas, Bodhisattvas, lamas, historical figures, and deities; mandalas, representing the abodes of the deities; stupas or reliquaries; and ritual implements for use in shrines and temples.
The vivid world portrayed in Tibetan religious art is filled with elaborate and esoteric symbolism and transcends our ordinary mundane perceptions."
The flag that is known as 'Snow lion flag' and the 'Free Tibet flag', was a flag of the military of Tibet, introduced by the thirteenth Dalai Lama in 1912 and used asa military flag until 1959. It was designed with the help of a Japanese. Traditional Tibetan symbols were added to a rising sun surrounded by rays.
After the 1959 Tibetan Rebellion, the snow lion flag is used a symbol of the Tibetan independence movement. The fourteenth Dalai Lama established the exile Central Tibetan Administration in India and standardized and adopted symbols as nationalist symbols. They include the former military flag.
The Central Tibetan Administration website explains that the symbolism of the flag includes the mountain representing Tibet, the snow lions of "a unified spiritual and secular life", three-coloured jewel of the Buddha, the Dharma (Buddhist Way and proper fare) and the Sangha (Buddhist society).
More than the flag is taken to mean - a flag that is banned in mainland China:
It is possible to put some more - and less - into the imagery. [C]
"In China today it is refered to as "the snowlion mountain flag", as to call it the Tibetan Flag might infer some degree of legitimacy on its bearers." [Source C]
Tibetan Buddhism, selections: [Link]
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