Are visions of Krishna all real? The guru Yogananda (1893-1952) teaches that Krishna and Jesus are behind him, for he had visions of them both, he said.
A little scepticism: Are visions of a fairy-tale creature the fit proof you need that it exists? Here is a page on Yogananda visions: [Link]
How certain is it that it is a real Krishna that is seen in a vision? [cf Yoga Sutras 3;36-37]
Finding Krishna in literature is not much. Searching for evidence of Krishna, you could find a few lines on Krishna in three Upanishads in Sixty Upanishads of the Veda [So 115; 803, 807-8] [The quotations]
The authors of Classical Hindu Mythology [Clh], professors J. A. B. van Buitenen and Cornelia Dimmitt, think Krishna could have existed - they give Krishna the benefit of doubt. And Poul Tuxen, a Danish professor who translated the Bhagavad Gita into Danish [Wy], also considers that we cannot rule out that there was a historical Krishna.
Archeological findings. Remains of a well-fortified township claimed to be Krishna's capital Dwarka (also called Kathiawad and Dwaraka) were found in 1981 under water on the coast of Gujarat in western India. The findings conform with Mahabharata descriptions. The dating of some artefacts is said to fit too. [More]
Krishna faith. The above is about as far as the combination of literature and archaeological findings take us: to suggestions. We should therefore mind our footing; inconclusive evidence is not fit for conclusive verdicts and a locked faith through it, if it is matter-of-fact evidence we are after.
If we are giddy about what be base our faith on, we may get disappointed in time or not - depending on so many things. One may research well to remove future pains, as Buddha opens up to in the Kalama Sutta.
As for faith in Krishna, one can discern between God Krishna; the warrior-king in the old epic; and the delighting Krishna of other works. Take a look: [More]
Deep experiences. A tightrope faith and guarded behaviour may not needed. Some meditate and get to know Self and further before they get old - not outside, but inside. That is the Self-God-nature the seers of old taught should be known.
There is something to learn from Tao Te Ching about Tao and wise men of old: One could not grasp either unless one becomes a sage oneself. Thus, it may not be an easy task to learn to know Krishna. The Bhagavad Gita gives the odds - not better than one in a million. But one may be pleased with much less than all of Krishna - who exists beyond the universe of forms too, he says.
It stands out in key scriptures (below) that Krishna is not limited to an earthly level alone. It has been taught that it is wise to learn deep and swift meditation. If you then see the Light and so on, and cannot document or prove it, getting first-hand experience is thought to be wise as long as you are up to it. A need for one's own capacity is there.
Ay: Yogananda, Paramahansa. Autobiography of a Yogi. 1st ed. New York: Theosophical, 1946. Online. [Online version]
Clh: Dimmitt, Cornelia, ed., and J. A. B. van Buitenen, tr. Classical Hindu Mythology. Temple University. Philadelphia, 1978.
Mmw: Ganguli, K., tr. The Mahabharata, Vols 1-12. 4th ed. New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal, 1981. Online.
So: Deussen, Paul, tr. Sixty Upanishads of the Veda, Vols 1-2. Varanasi: Banarsidass, 1980.
Wy: Tuxen, Poul, tr. Bhagavadgita. Herrens Ord. Copenhagen: Gyldendal, 1962.
USER'S GUIDE: [Link]|
© 2002–2015, Tormod Kinnes, MPhil. [Email] ᴥ Disclaimer: [Link]