Site Map
User's Guide Mains PREVIOUS NEXT


How to Refer

If in writing to me you refer to certain Gold Scales pages, please include from the tops of those pages their URL addresses too ( - they typically start with

Ways of Referring

A. Text annotations: Aae 75 is simpler than "Berne 1971, 75". And "Cmg 22" is simpler than "Lowenfeld and Brittain, 1982, p. 22". Sometimes code letters like Cmg are fit; at other times not. Referring by code letters (acronyms for titles) or otherwise abridged titles may work very well for a defined corpus. The method is used for such as the books of the Bible. It is not always an "either-or" issue. But if you are writing something for a school or university, check what citation standards and style guide you may adhere to.

The Chicago Manual of Style talks of two avenues of referring: One way is called the humanities style. The other way is the clearer and more succinct author-date documentation system, which is used in the sciences and is gaining adherents in the social sciences and humanities as too.

There are other style guides apart from the CMS. The APA style guide has many adherents too, and the MLA style guide has its users in the field of literature.

B. Bibliography entries: On the site there is an large literature list of title codes (a few letters), authors, works, and other data. Entries conform for most part to the bibliography format of the humanities style of the Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) guidelines (16th edition, 2010), and Mary Ann Rampolla's A Pocket Guide to Writing History [Wrh], a slender book that draws on the CMS (15th ed.) and conforms to it.

Citing something from the Gold Scales

Cite a document (work, "page") on the Gold Scales as your style guide would prefer it. In general you may be asked to cite a selection from a site like this, by starting with the last name of 'Kinnes, Tormod' or another author (if known) and separate the elements of the citation with periods. Two examples may do:

Legge, James, tr. The Lun Yu. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1893. On-line version 2005, ed. Tormod Kinnes.

Unknown author, for example:

Rhymes and Jingles of the Complete Mother Goose. 2004. The Gold Scales.


Referring, LITERATURE  

Breen, Michelle, Aoife Geraghty and Pattie Punch. Guide to Harvard Referencing Style, Cite It Right. University of Limerick's Referencing Series. 2nd ed. Limerick: Gluckman's Library, University of Limerick, 2007.

Lipson, Charles. Cite Right: A Quick Guide to Citation Styles – MLA, APA, Chicago, the Sciences, Professions, and More. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press, 2006. ⍽▢⍽ Counsel for students and researchers on a wide range of citation styles. Professor Lipson explains the main citation styles students and researchers are likely to encounter in their academic work. He does so simply and clearly with examples. The book is said to cover the basics. A second edition from 2011 has also come.

Modern Humanities Research Association. MHRA Style Guide: A Handbook for Authors and Editors. 3rd ed. London: Modern Humanities Research Association, 2013. ⍽▢⍽ A good book of reference in the humanities. 126 pages.

Pears, Richard, and Graham Shields. Cite Them Right: The Essential Referencing Guide. New ed. Whickham, Newcastle upon Thyne: Pear Tree Books, 2008.

Rampolla, Mary Lynn. A Pocket Guide to Writing History. 4th ed. Boston: Bedford/St Martin's, 2004 (and later).

Ritter, Robert M. The Oxford Guide to Style. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2002. ⍽▢⍽ A 642 pages large companion to the Chicago Manual of Style, outlining the British way of doing things until 2002.

Skills for Learning. Quote, Unquote: A Guide to Harvard Referencing System. 2nd ed. Leeds: Leeds Beckett University, 2014. ⍽▢⍽ A guide to 'Harvard' referencing, that is, author-date referencing. The advice in the booklet conforms to British Standards until 2014.

Spatt, Brenda. Writing from Sources. 8th ed. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2011. ⍽▢⍽ This guide to source-based writing covers the steps of research, writing, and documentation through 576 pages. There are examples, exercises, and guidance.

The University of Chicago Press. The Chicago Manual of Style. 16th ed. London: The University of Chicago Press, 2010. ⍽▢⍽ Good and large: 1026 pages.

References for two examples in the text above

Aae: Berne, Eric. Transactional Analysis in Psychotherapy. New York: Grove, 1971.

Cmg: Lowenfeld, Viktor, and W. Lambert Brittain. Creative and Mental Growth. 7th ed. Macmillan, New York, 1982.

To top User's Guide Front Page NEXT

© 1999–2016, Tormod Kinnes, MPhil. [Email]  ᴥ  Disclaimer: [Link]