- Work with sources and broaden your knowledge. Many sources are biased and contain unstated assumptions. Moreover, sources often conflict. Identify authors' biases.
- Gather and interpret evidence.
- Get the most recent editions to base interpretations and conclusions on, and summarise main evidence in your own words.
- Be fair and analytical.
- State the conclusions that you reach about the topic under consideration.
- Provide evidence. Include useful links and a bibliography.
- Then you may be ready to design and write the paper or thesis.
- Write a summary and check your notes.
Such an all-round procedure can prevent mishaps. [Wrh v-27, passim]
Take care to begin well
- Know exactly what constitutes an acceptable thesis.
- Get the technical skill needed to produce it. There are many details to master.
- Get your finances straight first.
- Listen to your own advisor to know what counts as valid and relevant and fruitful right where you are.
- Emboss little.
Seek to employ good technical equipment: Time saved should be a major benefit.
To reduce or eliminate errors and much waste of time, think through these stages of
the writing process and make the best use of them as conditions allow. The stages apply to
both term papers, essays and theses. This list enlarges on the first list above, and supplies more details.
- Contrive as best you can. Glean trophy thoughts of others,
including textbook authors. Learn the concepts used and favoured in your track. Heuristics is
particularly apt in this idea-searching stage.
- Group ideas well. Hermeneutics is a help; it assists in such as
interpreting data, and then you may better know what to do with (some of) them. To arrange
ideas into groups may be done by smart computers too nowadays. This process of grouping
tends to go on during a study, and should seldom be hindered. Finally, drafts and chapters
- Arrive at a footing: Documentation is for that. There are many forms and variants of documentations, and not all are verbal. Find and use expert literature and
master such as Library Searches. Learn to search on the Internet too. Adhere to works that
your supervisors recommend or that are in the tradition you are inside. Form tables to
condense material and get a better overview. Write a fair-looking disposition and revise it
as needs be. Let your deeper mind into the task or project - let it work too. You may have
no regrets, for great scientists apply it to their benefi lots of time.
- Sift and streamline the best ideas for your topic or subject
through hard-headed skills and methods that should be favourable to you. That means finding
the most essential ones and making good use of them, for a starter.
- Make use of (implement) the best ideas that you have come
across or gained access to. Methods that others have developed, should be fit for you here.
Methods that you devise from bottom much by yourself, may be deemed debatable or worse -
maybe for no good reason - or "less than perfect" or less than desirable" for a long time -
and that may cost you much. So try to implement your better items in cost-efficient ways.
- Write out things to the best of your ability. There are many
ways of doing it, many different learning styles and different presentation styles, but you
may have to conform to a routine that suits your supervisor too. Sigmund Freud, for example,
went through a three-stage process when he wrote for publication. It is often a
question of what you find time for.
- Check a lot and get plenty of feedback. Let the material rest
between the most intense writing periods, and you may come up with additional matter and new, good ideas. Also, you may become aware of misspelt words and bad grammar after such rest periods. It often happens.
A writing process is not one of separate steps and stages, it is more
integral. You will probably "leap" to and fro many of the stages on a good day, and during
the period that you produce your discourse (written material) or whatever. Yet it is helpful to let these pivotal parts of the integral process stand out, because they reflect the budding process - from main ideas, arranging them, getting documentation, sifting, and making use of the best items - That is hopefully favorable.
It terms of effort and use of time, this allround design helps you by pinpointing
the stark essentials that may lead to a rewarding process.
Also, there are usually many handbooks and guides for writing theses in different fields. You are likely to benefit from reading into them.
You may use this survey as a checklist to see if you have done the necessary things for getting informed on a subject too. The general procedure works for almost any subject of interest. You do not have to attend school to benefit from it. Feel free to let the writing parts dwindle if you are not eager to write down something, although keynotes help.