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Defence Mechanisms and Remedies
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Introduction

Knowledge of defence mechanisms can perhaps make you more fit for life. The major defence mechanisms are found below, and other, less known ones. Alternative remedies are here too: Dr Bach flower essences, homeopathic remedies and some Gem therapy items - all aimed at major defence mechanisms.

There is no good enough reason to idealise alternative treatments or attempts at that. Why? Idealisation tends to cost more than it gives in return. Instead be realistic, fair, and find out of things. It may be wise to take into account that in alternative ventures, there may be no guarantee given of anything, and the public health insurance does not cover it where you live.

If you want to try the three ways that are illustrated below, make sure you have knowhow if you make efforts to heal yourself and close ones. Books and tutors may offer help. If not, seek professional assistance and be willing to pay. First, find the trouble(s) you want to deal with, and select one to three of them at the time. Feel free to choose and blend up to five of them for a "round" of 5-7 weeks at a time. Then take a pause of a week or so, weigh your problems or troubles anew, and choose one or more remedies to try out again, if you do not repeat the first remedies for another 6-7 weeks after a brief pause, for example ten days.

For severe ailments you should go to a doctor. For minor ailments, use such homeopatic-like remedies at your discretion, but tell your doctor of it, and your ailments too, in case they are symptoms of something else - And get proficient supervision if you need it. Play safe. Note the site's disclaimer. If you cannot get a remedy through av pharmacy or health shop, you might want to make it yourself: [How to prepare homeopathic remedies by hand] -- [How Bach essences are made].

Are homeopathic preparations fake medicine without effects other than sugar? Dr Karin Lenger documents there is something about them, after she subjected homeopathic remedies to a new magnetic resonnance method. Through her research, various sides to homeopathic remedies have been measured. A summary and a link to her research report(s): [Link]

The following information is for self-help purposes. Descriptions of how remedies are told to work, whether they do it or not, is found in many books on homeopathy. Some are written for beginners, while others cover a lot more. Boericke's remedy descriptions are at Google Books - ◦One and ◦Two and ◦Three (recommended).

As for taking remedies, here is detailed information:

- The briefing and the crash course complement one another.

Unhealthy Defence Mechanisms

Just to make it clear: The suggested remedies to try out are not to be used if such a program interferes with either competent medical diagnosis or medical treatments. [Needed caution]

The defence mechanisms of psychoanalysis are understood as unwholesome manoeuvres aimed at defending the faith in oneself as not too bad, or OK. If such stratagems of the depths become too tense, or conditions very bad, the grip of the defence mechanisms in themselves may become largely unhealthy. There are many such instances.

We typically need to ward off degrading circumstances and persons on the one hand, and build for safety and fluent, all-round living with the other, and so on. Maybe then we can afford to drop some defence mechanisms - because they no longer serve upholding a "good faith" by tricks or many small or major devious means inside.

Also, when defence mechanisms are unhealthy, you should try to get rid of them for the sake of health and recuperation. Relaxing is a good way to find out about things like defence mechanisms. The Freuds (Sigmund and his daughter Anna) used that method, among others.

To try for being instead of seeming. That could help, along with adjusting more or better to who you are deep inside, and how things are, as year follows year.

Alternative and complementary remedies

An alternative remedy is a remedy that is tried out to the preference of medical treatment with prescribed drugs, counselling or other sorts of sessions. The same remedy is complementary if it is tried out along with medical diagnosis and treatment. The uses determine what is alternative and complementary.

The benefits of homeopathic remedies, Bach remedies and Gem water (or Gem references like it):

  • They are thought to be harmless, due to little or no substance to them. The self-preparer has to make absolutely certain that the stuff he makes is not poisonous. Some plants and minerals used for homeopathic remedies are poisonous to begin with - such as Belladonna and Plumbum metallicum (lead). So take care and adhere to 'Safety first'.
  • Hardly any long-lasting side effects in dosages that are generally recommended for self-help trials.
  • A self-help approach, if carefully done, and with skill, may be much cheaper than other attempts at treatment.
  • Faith is not a problem for self-helpers or family-helpers. If faith in a remedy helps health, it helps for as long as it lasts, and one may thus have faith to one's advantage (!) (Lindahl and Lindwall 1978:109-20)

The parent or self-helper is encouraged to keep a little diary (log) and daily write down how things feel. In this way it may be far easier to note if changes appear in two or three months, and how such changes may be. The net result is of the type "before and after". That is, "Before I started the trying out according to a good plan, my troubles, disorders, symptoms and condition was such-and-such. After the trying-out of some remedies, I feel better - the same - worse."

The codes in this survey

These codes are typically used on the site:

  • B (for Bach): Bach remedy. There are two types, as described in the Bach essence literature. In our times there are other such essences made from other flowers than those Bach used and sought to describe the influence patterns of. If you mean to prepare the remedy yourself, also consider the life quality of the plant part (is it strutting or wiltered, for example?), and what in the flowery part of the plant is markedly different from the root or branch.

  • G (for Gem): Gem water (possibly other liquids too). If a gem is left alone in a little bottle of water overnight, the result is called a Gem remedy. Other ways with gems are around too.
  • D and c and various numbers refer to homeopathic remedies and their "strengths": The higher the number after D or before c, the stronger, homeopathically. That is an old belief in that tradition.

    Homeopathic remedies comes in various "strengths" called potencies. The lower are thought to be safer, the higher are to be kept out of reach for children and beginners. Homeopathic potencies come in several scales. In mainland Europe, the D-scales may be the most common, while the c-scale is used in England etc.

    The scales refer to how much the original substance is diluted for each round of shaking-and-pouring-out of almost all content in a little bottle or phial. This process of shaking-and-dilution is called succusion, which is also described as "the act of shaking diluted homeopathic remedies as part of the process of potentisation."

    The potencies D6 to D100 may be safe enough for self-helpers with basic knowledge of homeopathic practice. The same goes for the potencies 6c to 100c. A general counsel: Better stay at the lower ends of this range to begin with, and perhaps step it up later, stagewise.

Various remedies are listen alphabetically beneath some of the defence mechanisms. The numbers behind remedies suggest quite general effects (how good the remedies might be for the troubles they are listed under. The informal ranking list goes 0 to 6, with 6 as a postulated general top. However, the ranking is tentative, and comes with many caveats. One is that cases are individal, and that it is good to take into account the totality of symptoms and peculiarities for a person. This is the aim in classic homeopathic note-taking of symptoms, where a schema is used to that end. As a result of this more laborious process, a lower-ranked "general" remedy in the list may be the best. That is one caveat. There are others still. One more is that people understand terms differently. They may mean different things by the same label, such as "Compensation", for example.

Example: Under the heading "Idyllisation", Apatite G 5 is found. This tells the informed reader that a remedy to try out, is the gem remedy "Agathe water" and similarly, a fair amount of Agathe worn on the body close to the skin, and for long. The number 5 suggests it could be very helpful too.

And then the caveat: The very informal ranking-list of presupposed "averages" can be misleading in some sets of circumstances. If someone suffers from "enthusiasm versus appearances" and idyllises things from it, the remedy Diamond may not help so much (2). But if something seduces and causes idyllisation thereby - for example plots of negative snobs, plots of not really good groups, or faking persons - it is supposed that Diamond could up to a lot (up to 6)..

Caveats are really necessary
Not interested in beliefs in remedies? Proficient testing is the way out to find out if a remedy helps against specified troubles and disorders per se (in itself, by itself), and is advocated.

It is far too easy to praise or blame a remedy if marked changes go along with it. Either the remedy works or it does not: If you get better after a trying-out of one or several remedies, you might have become better for other reasons. The same goes for feeling worse and being worse: You might have become worse for other reasons.

Those who feel worse or get worse after trying an alternative remedy, may stop using it. They may next discredit it, the whole treatment system and worse, and rather typically do not take into account that it was possible the remedy helped them, even a lot. But they were not aware of that help because they got worse, and cannot tell they could have got far worse without it.

The same goes for those who get jubilantly worse when their symptoms disappear after a homeopathic cure, for example: They could (theoretically at least) have gotten better anyway (or worse, far worse).

It is for reasons like these that skilled research into the effects of various remedies is rallied here on this site, and not vagaries.

Thus it makes good sense to keep a diary and take notes. If that is done as the Swedish Dr Olov Lindahl tells, it may build up proof by "alternative research".

Basic ideas have to be explained well if much abridged lists are to make sense and be useful. This said, you may not get all the remedies listed below in a pharmacy. But with some luck you could get most of them through MGA in London. They prepare simulated homeopatic remedies and many other sorts of remedies and sell instruments to those who qualify also. [MGA, Magneto Geometric Applications]

Administering homeopathic pellets

You should seek better help if self-help efforts with homeopathic remedies, potencies, dosages and ways of administering the globules do not seem to work well or well enough, or good effects do not last. Perhaps the problems and conditions that need help call for other treatments - complementary or otherwise. Do not get discouraged. It takes time to get very proficient. Consider the wealth of homeopathic literature and opinions, for example. [Homeopathy literature]

The potency rang from D6 to D30 could be fit for beginner's self-help. Homeopathic remedies from pharmacies come in the form of sugar globules or tablets. Grown-ups may suck 10-12 small globules (pellets) once a day, and refrain from all sorts of warm food and from drink for about 15 minutes before and after. Let the globules (pellets) melt on the tongue - or the tablets, if that is what you find; let them melt in the mouth and blend with the saliva, and keep in the mouth for about ten minutes. Then swallow if you stand sugar. If not, let the pellets dissolve in the saliva and spit out after ten minutes.

The remedy is hardly about substance: According to the theory, the influence of homeopathic remedies is absorbed in the mouth, and more specifically the tongue area - around it and beneath it too. There are many other ways to administer homeopathic self-help or family care, but the suck-slowly-and swallow method is much common. ⚬⚪⚬⚪⚬

Acting out

Expressing impulses or fantasies directly in overt behavior without modification or without complying enough or well enough with social norms.

Larynx 5

Saxifraga nivalis 4

Affiliation

Turning to others for help, support or comfort in emotional turmoil and conflict.

Aim inhibition

Placing one of more limitations on the instinctual side of oneself.

Altruism

Dedicated to meeting the needs of others, gratification vicariously.

Aluminium sulphuricum 6+

Ammonium carbonicum 6

Aristolochia clematis 6+

Cina 6

Cuprum arsenicum 5

Dolichos pruriens 6+

Eupatorium purpurea B 6

Falcon's Eye 5

Hepar sulphuris calcarea 6+

Kalium muriaticum 6

Larix leptolepis B 5

P-benzoquinone 5

Plumbum metallicum 5

Pothos foetida 6

Rhoisiccus sessilifolia 6

Stachis palustris B 5

Williamsite 6+

Zoisite 6

Anticipation

Emotional reactions in advance.

Blocking (rude and advanced)*

Obstruction of attainments of others, also legitimate ones. Largely unfounded obstruction of justice, or of opponents. It may include preventions and restrictions, probably for the sake of security.

Compartementalisation

Separating parts of the self from awareness of other parts, unintegrated.

Cyclamen persicum 5

Eleutherococcus senticosus B 5

Hepar sulphuris calcarea 4

Opium 5

Compensation

Making up for deficits and real weakness in one area or sphere of life by over-emphasising some other(s). Compensation is quite semiconscious.

Daydreaming

Fantasy as an escape. Fantasy may then become part of the problem, in time.

Deflection

Redirecting attention to another thing, or turning aside or off course. Hallmark: marked departure from the proper course to take.

Demonisation

Implicating another is demoniac and going on from there, treating the other meanly with contempt, for the most part in fiendish, very cruel and indifferent ways. "Give a dog a bad name and hang him" suggests the projective measure involved, and a possible scapegoating effect too.

Aragallus lamberti 6

Ferraria densepunctulata 6+

Pearls 5

Saxifraga nivalis 6+

Denial

Going against an anxiety provoking stimulus, protecting oneself from unpleasant acceptance of a problem, even conscious refusal. Refusing to admit or face a situation. Easily observable in childhood development.

Asclepias aure 6

Emerald 5

Gentiana cruc B 6

Nephrite 5

Kalium oxalicum 6

Rhodonite 6

Sardonyx 6++

Derniere cri: Resorting to even ugly fashion for the sake of acceptance

Arnica montana 5

China 6+

Ferrum metallicum 6

Hematite 5

Nephrite 6

Mercurius nitrosus 6+

Salix hastata 6+

Taxus baccata 'Dovastonii' 6

Mercurius corrosivus 5

Devaluation

Attributing exaggerated negative qualities to others.

Displacement (due to unsatisfied impulses and needs)

Redirecting impulses (such as anger) from a too dangerous or violent target to someone safer. Unconscious transfer of thoughts. Even conscious acceptance of a substitute. Example 1. Yelling at your spouse after an argument with your boss. Example 2: "Turning against self": instead of hating others, hating oneself.

Aesculus carnea B 6

Aesculus hippocastanum B 5

Fagus sylvatica heterophylla 6

Lilium tigrin 6

Rhodonite 6+

Sepia 5

Dissociation

Splitting off thoughts from consciousness, and detachment from negatively charged experiences. Dissociation can lead into mental illness.

Emotional insulation

To protect oneself from harm or hurt.

Evasions

Here, esp. explaining away things. Also, avoiding facing up to issues; avoiding the performance of things. (Norw: tyr bl.a. til bortforklaringar)

Arthrospira platensis B 6+

Arundo mauritanica V 6+

Boracid acid 6

Euporbia lathyrus BV 6+

Lachesis muta 5

Menyanthes trifoliata 6+

Ruby 6+

Strychnos toxifera B 6+++

Fixation

Cessation of a process that leads to quite mature independence.

Help-rejecting and complaining

Complaining and asking for help repeatedly, with hidden feelings of hostility and reproach.

Homophobia

Irrational fear of, aversion to, or discrimination against homosexuality or homosexuals.

Aethiops mineralis 6

Arnica montana 6

Benzoin 5

Fraxinus americana 6

Hepatica triloba 6

Mercurius corrosivus 6

Strychnos nux-vomica 6

Idealisation

Overestimating and/or over-expounding the desirable qualities of someone desired or a desired object.

Apatite G 5

Aralia race 4

Argentum meta 3

Cypripedium pube 3-4

Diamond 2-6

Kalium muri 6

Ornithogalum umbe B (Star of Bethlehem)

Xantium spin 5

Saxifraga albe 5

Yucca elep 4

Identification, rooted in imitation and pooling of such as libido

Similar to introjection (q.v.). There is intentional identification

Idyllisation

Sustaining the wrong notion that a situation is pleasing or good (idyllic), while it is not.

Aesculus hippocastanum B 6

Gentiana cruc B 6+

Opal: Fire opal 6

Tiger's Eye 5

Intellectualisation

Cutting off affective and/or emotional charge from hurtful situations or experiences by use of logic and rational activities that seem helpful.

Alyssium saxa 6

Falcon's Eye 6

Etylendinitrilotetra-aceticum 6

Kalium hydr-oxal 6

Kalium muriaticum 6

Papaver nudicaule B 6

Tanzanite 6

Introjection

Incorporating external values and standards into the self (ego) to the end of not being at the mercy of police officers or other scary authority figures.

Isolation of affect

Splitting off feelings from thoughts unhealthily.

Manipulation

Use or control or play on someone(s) by crafty, artful, skilful, unfair, or insidious means especially to one's own advantage. Changing something or influencing someone's mind by artful or unfair means so as to serve some ulterior motive. Scheming may lie at the back of it.

Minimization

Lessening the importance and/or significance of an affect or experience.

Omnipotence (feeling omnipotent)

Claiming he or she possesses special powers or abilities and is thereby superior.

Over-justification

Aristolochia clematis 6

Cuprum arsenicum 6

Cuprum sulphuricum 5

Emetine hydrochloride 5

Hepar sulphuris calcarea 6

Hypericum perfolatum B 6

Hypericum perfolatum V 6++

Manganum sulphuricum 6++

Polygonum viviparum 6++

Stachis palustris B 6

Viburnum tinus 6+

Zoisite 6+

Passive aggression

Unassertively expressing aggression toward others. A harsh facade of neurotic compliance usually covers hostility and resentment.

Projection + laughs at others

Placing unacceptable impulses or undesired feelings and traits in yourself onto someone else that is far away too - perhaps. Attributing self-critical feelings to others. Attributing one's own ideas, feelings, or attitudes to other people or to objects; especially by way of externalising blame, guilt, or responsibility as a defense against anxiety.

Abies webbiana 6

Adansonia digitata B 6

Agate opal 6

Cassiterite 6

Elymus aren 6

Kalium hydr-oxal 6

Petiveria tetrandra 5

Quartz, Rose quarts 4

Argentum chrystal 6

Projection 2

Panax ginseng

Apium graveolens (advances: Don't appear too modest, especially when talking)

Projective identification

Falsely attributing to another his or her own unacceptable feelings, impulses, or thoughts. One does not fully disavow what is projected, unlike what takes place in simple projection (q.v.). Misattributing feelings and perhaps going so far as to induce them in the victims of the "charade" too.

Rationalisation

Attempting to show one's conduct is justifiable by some feigned or facade reason as opposed to the real reason(s) involved, which may feel threatening to one's sense of self as OK or good. Often involving unconscious or semi-conscious efforts to justify unacceptable behaviours, thoughts and feelings.

Arum triphyllum 5

Anagallis arvensis 3

Fagus sylvatica heterophylla 5

Hydrobromic acid 6

Populus tremuloides 5

Rhodonite 6

Reaction formation (Hi 472)

When a genuine belief causes anxiety, taking the opposite stand (belief) because of the anxiety. Converting wishes. Example: becoming overly solicitous and overprotective in consequence of not wanting the child somehow, etc.

Amber 4

Cassiterite 3

Cuprum arsenicum 5

Fucus vesiculosis B 5

Lilium maculatum 6

Ruby 6

Topaz 5

Wyethia helen 5

Zoisite 5

Regression

Return to more infantile behaviours and thoughts. Return to some previous, or earlier, less mature stage of development or a lower level of aspiration. Examples: bed wetting and thumb sucking.

Repression (internal, inside oneself , of memories and perhaps also impulses) (Hi 461)

Preventing quite threatening thoughts from entering consciousness. Blocking of unacceptable impulses, even sympathy and friendship, if they seems dangerous. Repression is unconsious, suppression (q.v.) is not wholly outside the range of a normal consciousness.

Asclepias aure 6

Gall 6

Prunus cerasifera B 6+

Senna 4

Ligustrum ovafolium 4

Repression or suppression or both - going into decadance

Repression is a process by which unacceptable desires or impulses are excluded from consciousness and left to operate in the unconscious, whereas suppression involves conscious, intentional exclusion from consciousness of one or more thoughts or feelings.

Baryta oxydata 6+

Brass 6+

Helichrysum bracteatum 6+

Juniperus horizontalis 'Wiltonii' 6

Populus tremuloides B 6

Williamsite 6

Rhodonite 4

Resistance

Deep-seated opposition to memories and other data that evoke anxiety.

Rubbish-fencing off (Norw: "det er rusk"-avfeiingar)

Rejecting someone or something as worthless.

Arundo mauritanica B 6+

Arundo mauritanica V 6

Daphne x burkwoodii 'Somerset' 6

Dioscorea villosa 5

Papaver nudicaule B 5

Salix vitellina B 6

Thymus serphyllum 5

Viburnum opulus B 6+

Sarcastic, biting ironical "humour"

Sarcasm involves feigning (q.v.). Sarcasm can be sharp and often satirical or ironic, and designed to cut or give pain. Scorn may or may not be involved.

Self-assertion

Expressing one's feelings and notions and so on in some directly manipulative ways.

Slave of fashion, not just a follower of it any longer (Norw: tynast slik)

Clematis vitalba B 6+

Fittonia verschaffeltii B 6

Influenzinum Bach 'Poly Flu' 6+

Paeonia lactiflora 6+

Pearl 6

Santolina neapolitana B 6++

Viola odorata B 6+

Splitting

Not managing very well having "two minds" about some things. Handling contradictory states or sets of feelings badly.

Splitting may be looked on as a continuation of unresolved, severe ambivalence (being of "two minds", harbouring weighty, simultaneous and contradictory feelings toward something or someone largely important.

Sublimation

Channeling or deflecting unacceptable impulses in some socially acceptable way. But the fruits (long-term consequences) of that may interfere with a life by demanding disproportionately much efforts and other resources, and there is an element of faking (q.v.) at the bottom of things later on, perhaps.

Substitution

Going for alternative substitutive gratification. Replacing an unreachable or unacceptable target or solution by a more acceptable or attainable goal.

TO TOP

Onwards

There are more sides to potentised preparations than what has been described here [More]. You may also want to know where to get them. You could try the nearest pharmacy or health store in your country, or ask The Bach Centre for information. There may be other and better ways for you in the country you're inside. It generally helps to check out (look before you leap).

Now well chosen homeopathic remedies, flower essence remedies and other such remedies may or may not help (more or less, for a while or longer, and so on) against some mental disturbances, and perhaps some of the defence mechanisms too, before they have turned severe.

You do not have to have faith in such remedies to try them out for some months. Just trying them is what it comes down to.

It is best to detect and correct disorders and ailings as soon as possible, and before they get serious - or more serious. And preventing them is better still.

Please note that the remedies listed under the ego defence mechanisms are suggestions, and in order to use the suggestions, proficiency in the use of homeopathic remedies and essence remedies "on their own terms", so to speak, is called for. There is much literature about homeopathy and Bach remedies, and less on Gem water and Gem therapy. A book or more is included for each therapy at the bottom of the page, so you can read up on them as you like.

The Church of Good Living for all, unbelievers and believers

In Norway, the state church has believers, half-believers and non-believers as members. Its current foundations are ceremonial displays and life-state rituals. The state church is dwindling, but that is another tale.

If your healing efforts along alternative or complementary lines are unduly thwarted, rise to the church level - get your own little church. In some states it is possible, at least. There are many such churches around today also. If you learn to make fit and fair use of the religious rights, you could end up being allowed to administer Gem Water or similar instead of holy water. It depends on how you go ahead, how you present the Gem Water, and how well you get received. A diploma may be of quite little worth compared to having a Good Living church to run yourself at first. If it grows bigger, accommodate to that again.

Using alternative or complementary remedies may go well in the social circles too, if you refrain from promising too much to those you mean to help. If the rounds of trying-out remedies that you recommend should end up with no perceivable results, these clients of a sort may get disappointed and tell others how little you help, and then some authority may strike down on you like a hawk on a hen. If there is a need to try to hinder that, here is the free suggestion once again:

Set up a Church of Good Living, using the needed formal applications, and dispense Gem water and such things as one regular ceremony in your little church society. If you act like a clergymen who profit from blessed water and the like, including ceremonial displays, it might be good for you and those you try to help. Use of religious freedom may come with tax benefits as well, depending on the circumstances. If you get more than, say, thirty members, you could end up safer or less stigmatised by an uninformed or informed environment than being three or four - as "There is safety in numbers". The more members, the nearer a world religion, for that matter.

If you hold on to scientific sceptism, Buddhism has a basis for you in that. And that signals you might present your church as very liberal Buddhism. "Don't believe, make sure," is a Russian proverb in a similar vein, aligned to Buddha's counsel:

DHARMA WHEEL Do not believe something just because it has been passed along and retold for many generations.

Do not necessarily believe something merely because it has become a traditional practice.

Do not necessarily believe blindly in common opinion.

Do not necessarilybelieve something just because it is cited in a text or solely on the grounds of logic, or accords with your world view.

Do not necessarily believe something because it appeals to "common sense" or you like the idea, or due to some preconceived notions, or because the speaker seems trustworthy.

And do not be gullibly, blindly led by what your teacher tells you is so.

Yet when you yourselves directly know [after sound testing and other procedures etc.] , "These things are wholesome, blameless, praised by the wise; when adopted and carried out they lead to well-being, prosperity and happiness," then you should accept and practise them."

[A condensed redition from Gautama Buddha's Kesaputti Sutta, 5th sutta (sutra) in the Book of Threes (Mahavagga) in the Gradual Sayings (Tika Nipata). - More]

Troubles and Remedies

Attempts to get more robust and perhaps neat too, could bring on progress. In Dr Eric Berne's TA (Transactional Analysis), making good progress signals getting Game-free. "Game" means hanky-panky in such a jargon. (James and Jongeward 1971) [More on TA, with literature references]

We can work towards health and great health, and maybe there are herbs and other preparations to strenghten us towards it as we go on. There is a book on Ayurvedic herbs included.


Defence mechanisms of the mind, psychological defence maneuvres, homeopathy, gem remedies, Bach essences, Bach remedies, Dr Edward Bach's flower remedies, Literature  

Bach, Edward. The Twelve Healers and Other Remedies. Reprint ed. Brightwell-cum-Sotwell, Oxon: The Bach Centre, 1952. ⍽▢⍽ Also in the form of an e-book from 2005.

Ball, Stefan. Bach Flower Remedies (Teach Yourself). London: Teach Yourself Books, 2000. ⍽▢⍽ A self-teaching guide written by a Bach Centre expert.

Chancellor, Phillip, ed, comp. Handbook on the Bach Flower Remedies. Reprint ed. Rockford: C. W. Daniel, 1971. ⍽▢⍽ Dr Chancellor cooperated with the Bach Healing Centre. This is an ancillary to Edward Bach's basic work, The Twelve Healers and Other Remedies. The book combines remedy descriptions and case histories. Further, each Bach remedy is compared to similar remedies.

Gienger, Michael, and Joachim Goebel. Gem Water: How to Prepare and Use More than 130 Crystal Waters for Therapeutic Treatments. Findhorn, Forres: Earthdancer, 2008. ⍽▢⍽ Many enthusiastic responses. Some like reading it and some have tried some of the methods.

James, Muriel, and Dorothy Jongeward. Born to Win: Transactional Analysis with Gestalt Experiments. Reading, Mass: Addison-Wesley, 1971.

Khalsa, Karta P. S., and Michael Tierra. The Way of Ayurvedic Herbs: A Contemporary Introduction and Useful Manual for the World's Oldest Healing System. Twin Lakes, WI: Lotus Press, 2008. ⍽▢⍽ Herbs can be helpful to many. Ayurvedic herbs have reached the mainstream of health care, Here is an excellent and easy to read book with appendix, glossary, bibliography, recommended reading suggestions, herbal resources, etc.

Lindahl, Olov, och Lars Lindwall. Vetenskap och beprövad erfarenhet [Science and Tested Experience]. Stockholm: Natur och Kultur, 1978.

Lockie, Andrew and Nicola Geddes: The Complete Guide to Homeopathy the Principles and Practices of Treatment . London: Dorling and Kindersley, 1995.

Smith, Carolyn D. et al., eds. Hilgard's Introduction to Psychology. 14th ed. Belmont: Thomson Wadsworth, 2003.

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