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The ATU System

In The Types of International Folktales, the "ATU Catalogue" edited by Hans-Jörg Uther (2004), ATU numbers replace AT numbers. And ATU (from the surname initials of Aarne, Thompson, and Uther) allows "the type numbers that have been in use for nearly one hundred years [to] remain unchanged," says Uther. To allow that and to accomplish that are two different things, though, for at least one Norwegian folktale that is well over a hundred years, is missing completely in the new ATU system. Its old AT number (211*) has disappeared.

Another side to the revision is that the overall content of various types of tales has been changed, in both small ways and more comprehensively. And such changes mean that old "AT umbrellas" (numbers) for the types of tales, do not serve as well as before as classification devices in every case, for example in many Norwegian folktales I have checked and commented on in Norwegian. [Link]

However, the new ATU-types are now the classification devices in force. And the overall, most recent and detailed survey of types looks like this (and you also get a former one below to compare with):

  Wild Animals 1-99
    The Clever Fox (Other Animal) 1-69
    Other Wild Animals 70-99
  Wild Animals and Domestic Animals 100-149
  Wild Animals and Humans 150-199
  Domestic Animals 200-219
  Other Animals and Objects 220-299

  Supernatural Adversaries 300-399
  Supernatural or Enchanted Wife (Husband) or Other Relative 400-459
    Wife 400-424
    Husband 425-449
    Brother or Sister 450-459
  Supernatural Tasks 460-499
  Supernatural Helpers 500-559
  Magic Objects 560-649
  Supernatural Power or Knowledge 650-699
  Other Tales of the Supernatural 700-749

  God Rewards and Punishes 750-779
  The Truth Comes to Light 780-799
  Heaven 800-809
  The Devil 810-826
  Other Religious Tales 827-849

  The Man Marries the Princess 850-869
  The Woman Marries the Prince 870-879
  Proofs of Fidelity and Innocence 880-899
  The Obstinate Wife Learns to Obey 900-909
  Good Precepts 910-919
  Clever Acts and Words 920-929
  Tales of Fate 930-949
  Robbers and Murderers 950-969
  Other Realistic Tales 970-999

  Labor Contract 1000-1029
  Partnership between Man and Ogre 1030-1059
  Contest between Man and Ogre 1060-1114
  Man Kills (Injures) Ogre 1115-1144
  Ogre Frightened by Man 1145-1154
  Man Outwits the Devil 1155-1169
  Souls Saved from the Devil 1170-1199

  Stories about a Fool 1200-1349
  Stories about Married Couples 1350-1439
    The Foolish Wife and Her Husband 1380-1404
    The Foolish Husband and His Wife 1405-1429
    The Foolish Couple 1430-1439
  Stories about a Woman 1440-1524
    Looking for a Wife 1450-1474
    Jokes about Old Maids 1475-1499
    Other Stories about Women 1500-1524
  Stories about a Man 1525-1724
    The Clever Man 1525-1639
    Lucky Accidents 1640-1674
    The Stupid Man 1675-1724
  Jokes about Clergymen and Religious Figures 1725-1849
    The Clergyman is Tricked 1725-1774
    Clergyman and Sexton 1775-1799
    Other Jokes about Religious Figures 1800-1849
  Anecdotes about Other Groups of People 1850-1874
  Tall Tales 1875-1999

  Cumulative Tales 2000-2100
  Chains Based on Numbers, Objects, Animals, or Names 2000-2020
  Chains Involving Death 2021-2024
  Chains Involving Eating 2025-2028
  Chains Involving Other Events 2029-2075
  Catch Tales 2200-2299
  Other Formula Tales 2300-2399

We use this scheme to survey and compare folk tales.

Source: Ti, Vol 1: 5-6; Ti, Vol 2: 5-6.

The AT Divisions of Tales

In the AT catalogue the tales (AT-number entries) are divided into these categories:

  1. Animal Tales (Types 1-299),
  2. Ordinary Folktales (Types 300-1199),
    1. Tales of magic
    2. Religious tales
    3. Aitiological tales
    4. Novelle (romantic tales)
    5. Tales of the stupid ogre
  3. Jokes and Anecdotes (Types 1200-1999),
    1. Numskull stories
    2. Stories about married couples
    3. Stories about a woman (girl)
    4. Stories about a clever/stupid lucky/unlucky man(boy)
    5. Jokes about parsons and religious orders
    6. Tales of lying
  4. Formula Tales (Types 2000-2399),
    1. Cumulative tales
    2. Catch tales
  5. Unclassified Tales (Narrationes Lubricae) (Types 2400-2499)

Most folk tales or fairy tales are classified under "ordinary tales". They comprise about half of the catalogue. The next section goes deeper into those catalogue numbers.

AT-Numbers Explained

The A in 'AT' stands for Aarne, and the T for Thompson. More specifically: "The Finnish folklorist Antti Aarne and the American folklorist Stith Thompson." AT-numbers are practical tools of folklore: If you collect folktales they are of benefit. If you would like to have summaries of folktales, the catalogue numbers can give great help too. They help greatly those who intend to compare tales for different countries and cultures - mainly European ones, that is.

Aarne and Thompson devised a catalogue (classification system) of the types of international folktales. The initial catalogue was developed and published in 1910 by Aarne under the title "Index of Types of Folktale" in German. Aarne's system was devised to organize and index Scandinavian collections. Aarne's system was translated and enlarged by the American folklorist Stith Thompson in 1928, and revised in 1961.

In 2004 Hans-Jörg Uther published a novel edition in three volumes, called The Types of International Folktales: A Classification and Bibliography Based on the System of Antti Aarne and Stith Thompson. The types of folktales are given ATU-numbers in it, after the surname initials of Aarne, Thompson, and Uther. The AT classification system is expanded to the Aarne-Thompson-Uther or ATU system which is far better than the older AT system and covers more ground. [Ti] [LINK]

The indexed AT motifs are limited mainly to European and European-derived tales that are known to have been told by mouth at the time they were published. The AT index yields a single classification system, and with its help different variants may be grouped or banded together under the headings of AT-number, which serve as their common reference. AT-numbers may be used to (1) identify tale types, (2) isolate motifs, (3) locate cultural variants. If there are variants that include other motifs, (more AT-numbers), the motif numbers are given too.

In the hog tale example given, there are two Norwegian variants of the folktale, and a comprehensive catalogue will give the information needed to find them if necessary, and there will be bibliographic information (not shown above).

Though this you can infer how a catalogue entry is generally designed.

Various Catalogues Are at Hand

The Types of the Folktale constitutes the most important reference work and research tool for comparative folktale analysis. The basic idea is still that in the AT catalogue tales are organized according to type and assigned a title and number and/or letter. In the highlighted example above, the tale "The hog who was so tired of his daily food" is given the index number AT 211*. But if we look for that particular tale in in D. L. Ashliman's Guide to Folktales in the English Language: Based on the Aarne-Thompson Classification System (1987), we will not find it [Agha]. This is because that Guide is a much abbreviated catalogue. For all that, Ashliman has followed the Aarne-Thompson classification system where he is not omitting entries or elements. Ashliman's Guide is fairly useful, and easier to use than the larger set devised by Stith-Thompson.

A search in Ørnulf Hodne's catalogue of Norwegian fairytale types [Tyno] for AT 211* would yield the result that is highlighted above. His catalogue follows the model of Norsk Eventyrbibliotek (below), and its folktales have been registered according to the international type system of Aarne and Thompson.


In the catalogue there is room for well known folktales, such as the ones collected, edited and published by Asbjørnsen and Moe, and the Household Märchen of the Grimm brothers. Most of these well-known folktales have been given one AT-number each, as a general rule. There are other tales that incorporate some of the elements (parts, episodes, motifs) of such tales, and still other tales that contain other elements. A comprehensive catalogue has to deal with these things. Hodne deals very much according to this:

  • Uncertain classification of types may be put in parenthesis.
  • Variants composed of various types, such as AT 1 + 2 + 5, have as a rule been appened to each of these types (not shown here).
  • Some AT motifs may be combined when it is difficult to separate them in a tradition.
  • Some tale types are like legends. It is a matter of judgement what tales of this sort are included.
  • Many folktales are not (yet) typified according to the Aarne-Thompson system. They are put after the rest of the tales in the section they may belong to.
  • At the rear special tales (Narrationes lubricae) are put without any AT-number either.

More to know:

  • Some folktales have an atypical recording and edition form: they may be fragments only, or registered by catchwords.
  • In many cases the printed version has been composed of two or more records of the same type, as Peter Christian Asbjørnsen often did. In such cases the printed tales are termed compilations.

Despite the rich material that has been preserved in Scandinavia, much traditional material was never recorded.

Main sources: Tyno 5-15; Agha.

There are significant updates and much more to learn in Uther's recent The Types of International Folktales (2004).


On Norwegian Folktales

There are about 4200 Norwegian folktale types today [Tyno 10]. Folktales may serve inspiration. And folktales are arranged in international folktale cataloges by their allotted numbers with titles added and summaries of the types of tales (descriptions).

Antti Aarne and Stith Thompson worked out the numbers that refer to folktale types. An AT-number may cover a whole folktale, or a sequence (an episode) of a folktale. There is more on the subject further down the page.

Descriptions Folktales are arranged in international catalogues according to the motifs (themes) in them. A motif is given a number, a title, and a description where main traits or features of the tale are shown by way of a capsule. Example:

AT 211*. The hog who was so tired of his daily food (Grisen og levemåten hans)

The pig went to court to get a better way of life, but the fox fooled him on the way home so that the pig was brainwashed and apparently forgot what the judge had said in the pig's favour. Hence the pig's life stayed as before.


In case there is a chain of AT-numbers in an entry - for example AT 302+400+461+613 = AT 302 nr. 28 - it means the tale is classified as a variant of one or more tales. In this case the tale is classified as a variant of AT 613, which is called The two travellers, and tells how one traveller blinds the other, who in turn learns valuable secrets, and next becomes a mighty, rich man after his sight is restored again.

Also, many AT-numbers connected with a tale shows that the classification system is convoluted. Futher, both folktales and folktale variants may be classified in this way, by more than one AT-number. It shows that the tale/variant is made up of several motifs, one after another, in a "string of events" - the folktale plot or "chain of action".


AT Numbers of Norwegian Tale-Types Listed

In the survey that follows, most AT-numbers and titles in English are given, at least for the time being.

In this list some AT-numbers are left out, and many composite AT-numbers too, and descriptions of AT-numbers and titles. Also, listings of variants and of biographical data are omitted below.

The new ATU numbers do not correspond to all types of tales below; some of the more recently catalogised ones may have other ATU numbers.

AT 1 – The theft of fish
A fox played dead by the side of the road, and a man with a load of fish picked him up, praising his luck for the beautiful pelt. But the clever fox stole the fish and escaped. (Ashliman)

AT 2 – How the bear lost his tail. The tail-fisher
The bear was persuaded to fish with his tail through a hole in the ice and got it frozen fast. He tried to get free, and lost his tail (cf. Hodne).

AT 5 – Biting the foot

AT 7 – The calling of three tree names

AT 9 – The unjust partner

AT 9C – In cooking dinner the fox's porridge is light

AT 10*** – Over the edge

AT 15 – The theft of butter (honey) by playing godfather

AT 20C – The animals flee in fear of the end of the world

AT 21 – Eating his own entrails

AT 31 – The fox climbs from the pit on the wolf's back

AT 34B – Wolf drinks water to get cheese

AT 37* – The fox as shepherd

AT 38 – Claw in split tree

AT 41 – The wolf overeats in the cellar

AT 47A – The fox (bear, etc) hangs by his teeth to the horse's tail, hare's lip

AT 48* – The bear who went to the monkey for the gold chain

AT 49 – The bear and the honey

AT 50 – Curing a sick lion
The king of beasts lay ill. The fox delayed paying him a visit, but the wolf went to pay his respect to this king. As a result of beastly intrigues, the lion had the wolf killed and flayed.

AT 56A* – Fox plays dead and catches bird

AT 57 – Raven with cheese in his mouth

AT 60 – Fox and crane invite each other

AT 61 – The fox persuades the cock to crow with closed eyes

AT 62 – Peace among the animals - the fox and the cook

AT 65 – The she-fox's suitors

AT 70 – More cowardly than the hare

AT 81 – Too cold for hare to build house in winter

AT 96* – When the hare was married

AT 105 – The cat's only trick

AT 106 – Animals' conversation

AT 111 – The cat and the mouse converse

AT 112 – Country mouse visits town mouse

AT 113' – The cat's funeral

AT 116 – The bear on the hay-wagon

AT 120 – The first to see the sunrise

AT 122E – Wait for the fat goat

AT 123 – The wolf and the kids

AT 132 – Goat admires his horns in the water

AT 153 – The gelding of the bear and the fetching of salve

AT 154 – 'Bear-food'

AT 155 – The ungrateful serpent returned to captivity

AT 157 – Learning to fear men

AT 168A – Old woman and wolf fall into pit together

AT 179/179* – What the bear whispered in his ear - Man and bear

AT 204 – Sheep, duck and cock in peril at sea

AT 211* – The hog who was so tired of his daily food

AT 221A – The election of bird-king - Test: Who can fly highest?

AT 222 – War of birds and quadrupeds

AT 230* – The race of the cock, the birch cock and the birch-hen

AT 247 – Each likes his own children best

AT 275 – The race of the fox and the crab

AT 275A – Hare and tortoise race: sleeping ??

AT 280A – The ant and the lazy cricket

AT 293D* – The hops and the turnips quarrel

AT 1030 – The crop division

AT — The horse and the fox

AT — The cuckoo and the pigeon

AT — The ram and the raven

AT — The ram and the reindeer

AT – The goat

AT — The fox and the bird's eggs

AT — The jaybird

AT — The two crows

AT — The he-goat and the ram who were going to drive the hay home

AT — The bear and the mirror

AT — The frog and the crow

AT — The snake and the eft

AT — When the loom exchanged his legs

AT — The goat getting hooves

AT — The bear and the moss

AT — The halibut and the salmon

AT — When the fox plays the role of parson and the bear the role of the sexton

AT — The hare and the dog

AT 300 – The dragon-slayer

AT 301 – The three stolen princesses

AT 302 – The ogre's (devil's) heart in the egg

AT 303 – The twins or blood-brothers

AT 304 – The hunter

AT 306 – The danced-out shoes

AT 307 – The princess in the shroud

AT 311 – The giant and the three sisters

AT 311*** 311+312) –

AT 312 – The giant-killer and his dog - Bluebeard

AT 313 – The girl as helper in the hero's flight

AT 313+400 –

AT 314 – The youth transformed to a horse

AT 316 – The nix of the mill-pond

AT 325 – The magician and his pupil

AT 326 – The youth who wanted to learn what fear is

AT 327 – The children and the ogre

AT 327C – The devil (witch) carries the hero home in a sack

AT 328 – The boy steals the giant's treasure

AT 328 – Jack and the beanstalk

AT 330 – The smith outwits the devil

AT 363 – The vampire

AT 365 – The dead bridegroom carries off his bride - Lenore

AT 366 – The man from the gallows

AT 400 – The man on a quest for his lost wife

AT 402 – The mouse (cat, frog, etc.) as bride

AT 403 – The black and the white bride

AT 403+892 – xx

AT 403B – The black and the white bride

AT 405 – Jorinde and Joringel

AT 408 – The three oranges

AT 410 – Sleeping beauty

AT 425 – The search for the lost husband

AT 430 – The ass

AT 432 – The prince as bird

AT 433A – The prince as serpent: A serpent carries a princess into its castle

AT 450 – Little brother and little sister

AT 451 – The maiden who seeks her brothers

AT 461 – Three hairs from the devil's beard

AT 465 – The man persecuted because of his beautiful wife

AT 470 – Friends in life and death

AT 471 – The bridge to the other world

AT 471A – The monk and the bird

AT 475 – The man as heater of Hell's kettle

AT 480 – The spinning women by the spring

AT 500 – The name of the helper

AT 501 – The three old women helpers

AT 502 – The wild man

AT 506 – The rescued princess

AT 507A – The monster's bride

AT 510AB – Cinderella

AT 511A – The little red ox

AT 513 – The helpers

AT 514 – The shift of sex

AT 530 – The princess on the glass mountain

AT 531 – Ferdinand the true and Ferdinand the false

AT 545A – The cat castle

AT 545B – The cat as helper

AT 550 – Search for the golden bird

AT 551 – The sons on a quest for a wonderful remedy for their father

AT 552 – The girls who married animals

AT 552B – The girls who married animals

AT 553 – The raven helper

AT 554 – The grateful animals

AT 555 – The fisher and his wife

AT 559 – Dungbeetle

AT 560 – The magic ring

AT 561 – Aladdin

AT 562 – The spirit in the blue light

AT 563 – The table, the ass, and the stick

AT 565 – The magic mill

AT 566 – The three magic objects and the wonderful fruits. Fortunatus

AT 567 – The magic bird-heart

AT 569 – The knapsack, the hat and the horn

AT 570 – The rabbit-herd

AT 571 – 'All stick together'

AT 577 – The king's tasks

AT 580 – Beloved of women

AT 590 – The prince and the arm bands

AT 591 – The thieving pot

AT 592 – The dance among thorns

AT 593 – 'Fiddiwaw'

AT 594* – The magic bridle

AT 611 – The gifts of the dwarfs

AT 613 – The two travellers

AT 621 – The louse-skin

AT 650A – Strong John

AT 653 – The four skilful brothers

AT 654 – The three brothers

AT 655 – The wise brothers

AT 660 – The three doctors

AT 675 – The lazy boy

AT 676 – Open sesame

AT 700 – Tom Thumb

AT 704 – Princess on the pea

AT 705 – Born from a fish

AT 708 – The wonder-child

AT 709 – Snow-white

AT 710 – Our Lady's child

AT 711 – The beautiful and the ugly twins

AT 720 – My mother slew me; my father ate me. The Juniper tree

AT 726 – The oldest on the farm

AT 727* – Invisible voices

AT — The princess with the golden ball

AT — "Marsi"

AT — The princess who played the game of the golden dice

AT — The three brothers

AT — The wolf and the girl

AT — The boy and the ball of bread

AT — The golden billy-goat

AT — The young Alv

AT — The animals and the prince

AT — Alexander

AT — The boy and the raven

AT — The magic hazel stick

AT — The three riders who wanted to go to Paris

AT — The shepherd boy and the bear

AT — The saving blood

AT — The white-bear that dug up the boy

AT — "Lill Lill Lye"

AT — "The turnip ram"

AT — The princess in the forest with wild animals

AT 750A – The wishes. Hospitality rewarded

AT 750B – The wishes: Hospitality rewarded

AT 751A – The peasant woman is changed into a woodpecker

AT 753 – Christ and the smith

AT 755 – Sin and grace

AT 756B – The devil's contract

AT 758 – The various children of Eve

AT 759B+826 – Holy man has his own mass

AT 762 – Woman with three hundred and sixty-five children

AT 766 – The seven sleepers

AT 768 – St Christopher and the Christ child

AT 774C – The legend of the horseshoe

AT 777 – The wandering Jew

AT 779) – Miscellaneous divine rewards and punishments

AT 791 – The Saviour and Peter in night-lodgings

AT 800 – The tailor in heaven

AT 810 – The snares of the evil one

AT 811 – The man promised to the devil becomes a priest

AT 812 – The devil's riddle

AT 821A – The thief rescued by the devil

AT 822 – The lazy boy and the industrious girl

AT 826 – Devil writes down names of men on hide in church

AT — The thief and the devil

AT — Jesus and the claybirds

AT — Jesus cures his friend

AT — The knife in the dish

AT — The rhyme

AT — Christ's speech from the cross

AT — The worm in the stone

AT — The Jew, the Catholic and the Protestant

AT — Thank you three times

AT — The Virgin Mary, the thistle, the aspen, and the hazel

AT — When the Virgin Mary sowed corn

Ait. leg. 16 – (The Adam's apple

Ait. leg. 22b – (The child's hip

Ait. leg. 51. – (The dog's snout

Ait. leg. 58. – (The horse

Ait. leg. 59. – (The horse

Ait. leg. 61. – (The marks on the horse's leg

Ait. leg. 74. – (The fox

Ait. leg. 80. –

Ait. leg. 85. – (The swallow

Ait. leg. (104). – (The wild goose

Ait. leg. 117 – (The flounder

Ait. leg. 131 – (The aspen

AT — Why it turned winter

AT — How the woodcock was created

AT — The Virgin Mary's teargrass

AT — The lady's slipper

AT — Our Lord and the ear of corn

AT — At the owl's shriek

AT — The devil's weeping

AT — The spider brings luck

AT — The cuckoo

AT — Drink for the family

AT — The English language

AT — How the louse was created

AT — Soknedalen

AT — Why the cat has a short nose

AT — The common polypody

AT — How the Finns were created

AT — The Virgin Mary's breast

AT — Our Lord, the devil and the spruce branches

AT — The fairies descend from Cain

AT — Our Lord and the salmon

AT — Our Lord punishes the female cuckoo

AT — The drinking cup of the Virgin Mary

D. Novelle –

AT 850 – The birthmarks of the princess

AT 851 – The princess who could not solve the riddle

AT 852 – The hero forces the princess to say: 'That is a lie'

AT 853 – The hero catches the princess with her own words

AT 854 – The golden ram

AT 870 – The princess confined in the mound

AT 870A – The little goose-girl

AT 872* – Brother and sister

AT 875 – The clever peasant girl

AT 882 – The wager on the wife's chastity

AT 883 B – The seducer punished

AT 887 – Griselda

AT 890 – A pound of flesh

AT 892 – The children of the king

AT 900 – King Thrushbird

AT 901 – Taming of the shrew

AT 910 A – Wise through experience

AT 910 B – The servant's good counsels

AT 922 – The shepherd substituting for the priest answers the king's questions) (The king and the abbot

AT 923 A – Like wind in the hot sun

AT 924 – Dicussion by sign language

AT 927 – Out-riddling the judge

AT 934 E – The magic ball of thread

AT 950 – Rhampsinitus

AT 952 – The king and the soldier

AT 955 – The robber bridegroom

AT 962** – The girl who played with the bread

AT — The boastful king

AT — (The half-wit'

AT — The blood that testified to the truth

AT — The big girl

AT — The wonderful player

AT — The cottar and the thief

AT — The miser

AT — The boy who killed 'Misfortune'

AT — The small bailiff

AT — The man who wants to hang himself on Wednesday evening

AT — The partition of an inheritance

AT — The innkeeper murderer

AT — The maiden many men would like to marry

E. Tales of –

AT 1000-AT 1160 – Tales of the stupid ogre

AT 1000 – Bargain not to become angry

AT 1002 – Dissipation of the ogre's property

AT 1003 – Plowing

AT 1004 – Hogs in the mud; sheep in the air

AT 1005 – Building a bridge . . .

AT 1006 – Casting eyes

AT 1012 – Cleaning the child

AT 1013/1121 – Bathing or warming grandmother/ogre's wife burned in his own oven

AT 1029 – The woman as cuckoo in the tree

AT 1030 – The crop division

AT 1031 – Granary roof used as threshing flail

AT 1049 – The heavy axe

AT 1050 – Felling trees

AT 1051 – Bending a tree

AT 1052 – Deceptive contest in carrying a tree/riding

AT 1060 – Squeezing the (supposed) stone

AT 1062 – Throwing the stone

AT 1063 – Throwing contest with the golden club

AT 1084 – Contest in shrieking or whistling

AT 1085 – Pushing a hole into a tree

AT 1087 – Rowing contest

AT I088 – Eating contest

AT 1093 – Contest in words

AT 1096 – The tailor and the ogre in a serving contest

AT 1115 – Attempted murder with hatchet

AT 1116 – Attempt at burning

AT 1117 – The ogre's pitfall

AT 1122 – Ogre's wife killed through other tricks

AT 1131 – The hot porridge in the ogre's throat

AT 1133 – Making the ogre strong (by castration

AT 1135 – Eye-remedy

AT 1137 – The ogre blinded - Polyphemus

AT (1143) – Ogre otherwise injured)

AT 1153 – Wages: as much as he can carry

AT 1157 – The gun as tobacco pipe

AT 1158 – The ogre wants to look through the gun barrel in the smithy

AT 1160 – The ogre in the haunted castle. Beard caught fast

AT 1161 – The bear trainer and his bear

AT 1164 – The evil woman thrown into the pit - Belfagor

AT 1165 – The troll and the christening

AT 1179 – The ogre on the ship

AT 1186 – With his whole heart

AT — The man who competes with the devil in mowing the grass

AT — The girl and the troll

AT — The boy and the ogre

AT — Per Staka

AT — The ogre and the ogress

AT — The first-born man and the troll

3. JOKES –

AT 1201 – The plowing

AT 1225 – The man without a head in the bear's den

AT 1227 – One woman to catch the squirrel; the other to get the cooking pot

AT 1240 – Man sitting on branch of tree cuts it off

AT 1241 – The tree is to be pulled down

AT 1242 – Loading the wood

AT 1242 A – Carrying part of the load

AT 1243 – The wood is carried down the hill

AT 1245 – Sunlight carried in a bag into the windowless house

AT 1255 – A hole to throw the earth in

AT 1260 – The porridge in the ice hole

AT 1260** – Jumping into the sea for fish

AT 1260 B* – Numskull strikes all the matches in order to try them

AT 1276 – Rowing without going forward

AT 1278 – Marking the place on the boat

AT 1285 – Pulling on the shirt

AT 1287 – Numskull unable to count their own number

AT 1288* – 'These are not my feet'

AT 1310 – Drowning the crayfish as punishment

AT 1313A – The man takes seriously the prediction of death

AT 1319* – Other mistaken identities

AT 1321 – Fools frightened

AT 1326 – Moving the church

AT — Foxes in the sails

AT — A dead man as bait

AT — The father and the son who were out travelling

AT — Carrying the pelt

AT — Denmark does not exist

AT — Rowing in the middle of the fiord

AT — The worms in the herring

AT — The yawl-child

AT — Making fast the boat to the mast

AT — The old woman searching for her goat

AT — The untamed boat

AT — Sailing in a contrary wind

AT — Setting up the sail

AT — Pulling the boat on the reef

AT — Strange wind

AT — Reducing the boat's speed

AT — Hospitality

AT — The wind-bound 'stril'

AT — Twisted braces

AT — Good fellows

AT — Getting room for the eggs

AT — Staying with a friend in rainy weather

AT — Driving in the nail's head first

AT — The shoes in the furnace

AT — Carrying the sail

AT — The woman and the north wind

AT — His beard or his lif e

AT — The land-lubbers who are 'reefing sails'

AT — The wandering mountain

AT — How wide the world is

AT — The closed strait

AT — Measuring the height of the flag-staff

AT — The girl who patched her apron

AT — The bear's tail

AT — The cod

AT — Binding the boat

B. Stories ab. –

AT 1350 – The loving wife

AT 1351 – The silence wager

AT 1353 – The old woman as troublemakar

AT 1360B – Flight of the woman and her lover from the stable

AT 1360 C – Old Hildebrand

AT 1362 – The snow-child

AT 1365 AB – The obstinate wife

AT 1365C – The wife insults the husband as a lousy-head)

AT 1380 – The faithless wife

AT 1381 – The talkative wife and the discovered treasure

AT 1383 – The woman does not know herself

AT 1384 – The husband hunts for three persons as stupid as his wife

AT 1386 – Meat as food for cabbage

AT 1391 – Every hole to tell the truth

AT 1406 – The merry wives wager . . .

AT 1408 – The man who does his wife's work

AT 1415 – Lucky Hans

AT 1416 – The mouse in the silver jug. The new Eve

AT 1431 – The contagious yawns

AT — The man who wanted to get rid of his wife

AT — The thunderstorm

AT — The tailor with the beautiful wife

AT — The bet

AT — The lame couple

AT — The three wives

AT — The queen and the calf

C. Stories –

AT 1440 – The tenant promises his daughter to his master against her will

AT 1450 – Clever Elsie

AT 1452 – Bride test: thrifty cutting of cheese

AT 1453 – Bride test: key in flax reveals laziness

AT 1453A – The fast weaver

AT 1454* – The greedy fiancee

AT 1454**** –

AT 1456 – The blind fiancée

AT 1457 – The lisping maiden

AT 1458 – The girl who ate so little

AT 1459** – Keeping up appearances

AT 1461 – The girl with the ugly name

AT 1462 – The unwilling suitor advised from the tree

AT 1462* – Clean and tidy

AT 1464 C* – Good housekeeping

AT 1464 D* – Nothing too cook

AT 1468* – Marrying a stranger

AT 1477 – The wolf steals the old maid

AT 1503*(?) – The daughter-in-law and the real daughter

AT — The boy and the two gentlemen

AT — The silk skein

AT — The girl who is spinning the thread of fate

AT — The 'rich' suitor

AT — A clever boy

AT — The skein

AT — The farm hand and the rich widow

AT — The boy who had to exaggerate

AT — The suitor and the piece of butter

AT — The suitor repents

AT — The girl who was clever at spinning

AT — The maiden who had two suitors

AT — The three sons who married the three daughters of the neighbour

AT — The two goats

AT — The princess who ran so fast

AT — The practical girl

AT — The girl and the sledge

AT — The girl who wanted to be always young

AT — The dirty woman

AT — The first harbinger of spring

AT — The woman anl the peas

AT — The piglet recognizes his cup

AT — The woman keeps squatting

AT — The women and the dead wolf

D. Stories –

AT 1525 A-F – The master thief

AT 1525 R – The robber brothers

AT 1533 – The wise carving of the fowl

AT 1535 – The rich and the poor peasant

AT 1536A – The woman in the chest

AT 1537 – The corpse killed five times

AT 1538 – The youth cheated in selling oxen

AT 1539 – Cleverness and gullibility

AT 1540 – The student from Paradise (Paris)

AT 1541 – For the long winter

AT 1542 – The clever boy

AT 1543* – The man without a member

AT 1544 – The man who got a night's lodging

AT 1545 – The boy with many names

AT 1553A* – The sailor's promise

AT 1560 – Make-believe eating; make-believe work

AT 1561* – The boy 'loses his sight'

AT 1562B – Wife follows written instructions

AT 1563 – 'Both'

AT 1568* – The master and the servant at the table

AT 1573** – Inspecting the daughter

AT 1574* – The flattering foreman

AT 1600 – The fool as murderer

AT 1620* – The conversation of the one-eyed man and the hunchback

AT 1628 – The learned son and the forgotten language

AT 1635* – Eulenspiegel's tricks

AT 1640 – The brave tailor

AT 1641 – Doctor know-all

AT 1651 – Whittington's cat

AT 1653AB – The robbers under the tree

AT 1655 – The profitable exchange

AT 1675 – The ox (ass) as mayor

AT 1678 – The boy who had never seen a woman

AT 1681* – Foolish man builds aircastles

AT 1682 – The groom teaches his horse to live without food

AT 1685+1696 – The foolish bridegroom + 'what should I have said/done'?

AT 1687 – The forgotten word

AT 1688B* – Two match-makers

(AT 1688A) + 1535 IV – Jealous suitors

AT 1698G – Misunderstood words lead to comic results

AT 1968J – 'Good day,' - 'a woodshopper'

AT 1698K – The buyer and the deaf seller

AT 1701 – Echo answers

AT 1718* – God can't take a joke

AT — A realistic demonstration

AT — The wise Lisbeth

AT — The man who will never say thanks

AT — The man and the mill

AT — The dead shall remain dead

AT — The filthy host and hostess

AT — The king and the soldier

AT — The horse stomach

AT — The soldier who ran away

AT — Drive out Elison

AT — Good-bye, you dirty world

AT — The boy from Vola

E. –

AT 1725 – The foolish parson in the trunk

AT 1730 – The entrapped suitors

AT 1735 – 'Who gives his own goods shall receive it back tenfold'

AT 1736 – The stingy parson

AT 1738A* – What does God do?

AT 1739 – The parson and the calf

AT 1745 – Three words at the grave

AT 1840 – At the blessing of the grave the parson's ox breaks loose

AT 1775 – The hungry parson

AT 1776 – The sexton falls into the brewing-vat

AT 1791 – The sexton carries the parson

AT 1792 – The stingy parson and the slaughtered pig

AT 1804 – Imagined penance for imagined sin

AT 1804* – The eel filled with sand

AT 1810 – Jokes about catechism

AT 1810A* – How many gods are there?

AT 1811B – The patience of Job

AT 1824 – Parody sermon

AT 1825A – The parson drunk

AT 1825C – The sawed pulpit

AT 1827 – You shall see me a little while longer

AT 1827A – Cards (liquor bottle) fall from the sleeve of the preacher

AT 1830 – In trial sermon the parson promises the laymen the kind of weather they want

AT 1832 – The sermon about the rich man

AT 1832* – Boy answers the priest

(AT 1832*D) – How many sacraments are there?

AT 1833 – Application of the sermon

AT 1833E – God died for you

AT 1833** – Other anecdotes of sermons

AT 1834 – The clergyman with the fine voice

AT 1835* – Not to turn round

AT 1836A – The drunken parson: 'Do not live as I live, but as I preach'

AT 1838 – The hog in church

AT 1841 – Grace before meat

AT 1843 – Parson visits the dying

AT 1844A – No time for sickness

AT 1845 – The student as healer

AT — The parson who was going to sell his daughter

AT — The bells of Heaven

AT — The greedy sexton

AT — The board in the bed

AT — The parson and the lieutenant

AT — About the parson who received a sausage as tithe

AT — The coughing in the sermons

AT — Worse than the parson

AT — The boy and the bishop

AT — Another matter

AT — The wager

AT — The peasant and the parson

AT — Father and son

AT — The sausage made of a parson

AT — The rich man condemned to death

AT — The fellow-sufferers

AT — Horse-intellect and parson-intellect

F –

AT 1889B – Hunter turns animal inside out

AT 1889G – Man swallowed by fish

AT 1890 – The lucky shot

AT 1890D – Ramrod shot plus series of lucky accidents

AT 1894 – The man shoots a ramrod full of ducks

AT 1895 – A man wading in water catching many fish in his boots

AT 1896* – Hunting the wolves with rod and line

AT 1920 – Contest in lying

AT 1925 – Wishing contests

AT 1931 – The woman who asked for news from home

AT 1948 – Too much talk

AT 1950 – The three lazy ones

AT 1960A – The great ox

AT 1960B – The great fish

AT 1960C – The great catch of fish

AT 1960C – The great catch of fish

AT 1960D – The great vegetable

AT 1960E – The great farmhouse

AT 1960G – The great tree

AT 1960G – The great tree

AT 1960H – The great ship

AT 1960K – The great loaf of bread; the great cake etc

AT 1960M – The great insect

AT 1960Z – Other stories of great objects and the like

AT 1960Z – Other stories of great objects and the like

AT 1961 – The big wedding

AT — Queen Victoria and the skipper from Lillesand

AT — A miraculous escape

AT — The strong storm

AT — Stuffed head

AT — The great ice lump

AT — The catch of blackcocks

AT — The man who overate himself

AT — Loose talkers

AT — The upside down stories

AT — Good luck

AT — I knew you were coming

AT — A swimming competition

AT — The thick fog

AT — The whale spawn island

AT — The louse in the binoculars

AT — The lead in the coffee-pot

AT — Be careful with the pork

AT — Bitter frost

AT — The man who was always falling asleep

AT — The ship's cat

AT — The jacket that returned.

AT — The strong draught

AT — Heavy seas

AT — The bear hunting

AT — The cat's eye

AT — The snail and the christening water

AT — A busy man

AT — The thriving ram

AT — Unusual hearing

AT — Unusual eye-sight

4 –

A. –

AT 2010I – How the rich man paid his servant

AT 2014A – The house is burned down

AT 2015 – The goat that would not go home

AT 2021 – The cock and the hen

AT 2022 – The death of the little hen

AT 2025 – The fleeing pancake

AT 2027 – The fat cat

AT 2035 – House that Jack built

AT 2044 – Pulling up the turnip

AT 2075 – Tales in which animals talk

AT 2200 – Catch-tales

B. –

AT 2250 – Unfinished tales

AT 2320 – Rounds

5. –

AT — To tie knots on 'the arrow'

AT — The strange animal

AT — The boy and the clergyman

AT — The sexton, the boy, and the parson's wife

AT — The parson in our parish

AT — 'Hans the gay one'

AT — The maiden who pissed so far

AT — To heaven on her husband's member

AT — Baking waffles

AT — The boy who had so large a member

AT — Casting tin-plates

AT — A dangerous crevice

AT — The swollen finger

AT — The girl who took care of her maidenhood

AT — An avaricious parson

AT — The stupid bridegroom

AT — The dungheetle and the snail

AT — ('Brudenuggen') The tailor and the bridegroom

AT — The wanton dead

AT — The old harmonica-player

AT — The king without a son

AT — The quack

AT — The girl who wanted the boy punished

AT — The lobster

AT — The three suitors

AT — The roomy type

AT — Try with butter first

AT — The foolish boy

AT — The boy who sold the he-goats

AT — The stick in the wall

AT — The man who confessed

AT — The housewife who should not fart

AT — 'Frisk-guss-spass-gass-ber-hu '

AT — The woodpecker hole

AT — The tough sausage

AT — Adam and Eve

AT — The wishing ring

AT — The wedding at Velkje

AT — The three suitors of the widow

AT — How the first organ-pipes originated

AT — The sailor and the student who pretended to be St. Peter and Our Lord

AT — The sailor who becomes sexton

AT — The student who could beget parsons, deans, and bishops at pleasure

AT — The penis and the shoesole

AT — Strange animals

AT — The Catholic Painter


AT numbers of folktales, Literature  

The excellent, annotated series Norsk eventyrbibliotek (Norwegian Folk Tale Collection) edited by B. Alver (et. al) was published by Det norske Samlaget in Oslo 1967-1981, and contains 12 volumes. They are:

  1. Bø, Olav og Hodne, Bjarne eds: Dei tri blå tårni. Eventyr frå Telemark 1. Oslo: Det norske Samlaget, 1974. - 251 p.
  2. Bø, Olav, red: Dyret i hagjen: Eventyr frå Agder. Oslo: Det norske Samlaget, 1978. - 203 p.
  3. Alver, Brynjulf, red: Guten i gadden: Eventyr frå Sogn og Fjordane, Møre og Romsdal. Oslo: Det norske Samlaget, 1980. - 250 p.
  4. Bø, Olav, red: Guten som snudde på halvskillingen: Eventyr frå Hedmark og Oppland. Oslo: Det norske Samlaget, 1981.
  5. Kvideland, Reimund, red: Glunten og riddar rev: Eventyr frå Nord-Norge. Oslo: Det norske Samlaget, 1977. - 234 p.
  6. Bø, Olav ed: Guten som tente i tri år for tri skilling. Eventyr frå Telemark 2. Oslo: Det norske Samlaget, 1975. - 216 p.
  7. Alver, Brynjulf, ed: Jomfru Marias gudmorsgåve: Eventyr frå Hordaland. Oslo: Det norske Samlaget 1972. - 215 p.
  8. Alver, Brynjulf, red: Kongsdottera i koppartårnet: Eventyr frå Trøndelag. Oslo: Det norske Samlaget, 1970. - 287 p.
  9. Kvideland, Reimund, red: Lita-Frid-Kirsti: Eventyr frå Valdres, Numedal, Hallingdal og nedre Buskerud. Oslo: Det norske Samlaget, 1979.
  10. Alver, Brynjulf, red: Prinsessene som dansa i åkeren: Eventyr frå Rogaland. Oslo: Det norske Samlaget, 1967. - 206 p.
  11. Alver, Brynjulf ed: Ridder Skau og jomfru Dame: Eventyr frå Ringerike. Oslo: Det norske Samlaget, 1969. - 242 p.
  12. Alver, Brynjulv, ed: Sunnafor sør og nordafor nord: Eventyr frå Akershus, Vestfold og Østfold. Oslo: Det norske Samlaget, 1976.

Agha: Ashliman, D.: A Guide to Folktales in the English Language. Greenwood. New York, 1987.

Ti: Uther, Hans-Jörg. The Types of International Folktales: A Classification and Bibliography Based on the System of Antti Aarne and Stith Thompson. Vols 1-3. FF Communications No. 284-86, Helsinki: Academia Scientiarum Fennica, 2004.

Ttf: Aarne, Antti. The Types of the Folktale: A Classification and Bibliography. Translated and Enlarged by Stith Thompson. 2nd rev. ed. Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia / FF Communications, 1961.

Tyno: Hodne, Ørnulf: The Types of the Norwegian Folktale. Universitetsforlaget. Bergen, 1984.

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