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Carl Jung

Carl Gustav Jung: A Timeline

Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) was one of the foremost Swiss psychiatrists. He popularised ideas of synchronicity, archetypes, and the collective unconcious, forming analytic psychology. He was a pioneer in the field of individuation ('self-actualization') and dream analysis. His work has influenced psychiatry and studies in many other fields since, including literature analysis.

The following timeline draws on many sources.

1875Jung is born in in Kesswill, Switzerland, son of a Reformed Protestant pastor, Johann Paul Jung, and Emilie Preiswerk.
1895Jung enters Basel University to study science and medicine.
1896Jung's father dies.
1900Jung graduates with a M.D. from the University of Basel and is appointed assistant at the Burgholzli Psychiatric Hospital, Zurich, under Professor Eugen Bleuler.
1900-1909Jung works at the Burghoelzli Mental Hospital in Zurich.
1902Jung gets his Ph.D. at the University of Zurich with a doctoral dissertation 'On the Psychology and Pathology of So-Called Occult Phenomena'.
1903Jung marries Emma Rauschenberg. The get five children in the course of time.
1905-1913Jung lectures in psychiatry at the University of Zurich.
1906Jung initiates letter correspondance with Sigmund Freud and visits him next year in Vienna.
1907Jung's first meeting with Freud. He writes the work The Psychology of Dementia Praecox.
1909Jung resigns from Burgholzli. He visits USA with Freud.
1909Jung also opens his private practice of psychoanalysis in Kuessnacht - he runs it enthusiastically till he dies.
1910Jung is elected President of International Psychoanalytic Association. He writes Symbols of Transformation.
1912Jung declares he is scientifically independent of Freud and publishes Neue Bahnen der Psychologie. Lectures at Fordham University.
1913Jung resigns as President. His final break with Freud.
1916Jung publishes La structure de l'inconscient.
1917Jung publishes Die Psychologie der unbewussten Prozesse.
1919Jung's first use of the term archetype (in Instinct und Unbewusstes).
1921Jung publishes Psychologische Typen (Psychological Types).
1923Jung starts the building of his "tower" in Bollingen.
1923Jung visits Pueblo Indians in North America.
1925Jung's study trip to the Elgonyi of Mount Elgon in East Africa.
1929Jung's Commentary on the Taoist text The Secret of the Golden Flower.
1931Jung publishes Seelenprobleme der Gegenwart.
1932-1940Jung works as a professor of psychology at the Federal Polytechnical University in Zurich.
1934Jung publishes Wirklichkeit der Seele. He also begins series of seminars on Nietzsche's Zarathustra. President (until 1939) of International Society for Medical Psychotherapy.
1935Jung's Tavistock Lectures, London, on "Analytical Psychology".
1937Jung's Terry Lectures, Yale University, on "Psychology and Religion".
1937Jung's study trip to India.
1941Jung publishes Essays on a Science of Mythology with Karl Kerényi.
1944-1945  Jung becomes professor of medical psychology at the University of Basel, and his Psychology and Alchemy is published.
1945Jung publishes Nach der Katastrofe.
1948 Founding of C.G. Jung Institute, Zurich.
1950Jung publishes Aion - Fänomenologie des Selbsts.
1951Jung's lecture "On Synchronicity".
1952Jung publishes Antwort f�r Job (Answers to Job).
1955?His Mysterium Coniunctionis.
1957Jung publishes Gegenwart und Zukunft.
1961Jung dies at his home in Kusnacht, near Zurich, at the age of 85, after a short illness.


Carl G. Jung on Astrology

The book Jung on Astrology, selected and introduced by professors Keiron Le Grice and Safron Rossi (2018) brings together Jung's thoughts on astrology in a single volume. They write:

The astrological horoscope, Carl Jung observed in a letter of 1954, "corresponds to a definite moment in the colloquy of the gods, that is to say the psychic archetypes." This statement, one of many similar assertions made throughout his life, is illustrative of Jung's belief that astrology can provide symbolic insight into the workings of the human psyche. (Le Grice and Rossi 2018, 1)

At root, both astrology and Jungian psychology might be seen as being engaged with the critical task of developing greater self-knowledge, of bringing to awareness the unconscious factors underlying our life experience. (Ibid. 2).


We are born at a given moment in a given place and like vintage years of wine we have the qualities of the year and of the season in which we are born. - Carl G. Jung

There is really a curious coincidence between astrological and psychological facts, so that one can isolate time from the characteristics of an individual, and also, one can deduce characteristics from a certain time. Therefore we have to conclude that what we call psychological motives are in a way identical with star positions . . . We must form a peculiar hypothesis. This hypothesis says that the dynamics of our psyche is not just identical with the position of the stars . . . better to assume that it is a phenomenon of time - Carl G. Jung in 1929

Obviously astrology has much to offer psychology, but what the latter can offer its elder sister is less evident. So far as I judge, it would seem to me advantageous for astrology to take the existence of psychology into account, above all the psychology of the personality and of the unconscious. - Carl G. Jung

While studying astrology I have applied it to concrete cases many times. ... The experiment is most suggestive to a versatile mind, unreliable in the hands of the unimaginative, and dangerous in the hands of a fool, as those intuitive methods always are. . . . It is an apt tool only when used intelligently. - Carl G. Jung, in C. G. Jung: Letters, volume 2, 1951-1961, pages 463-464, letter to Robert L. Kroon, 15 November 1958.

A Birth Horoscope of Carl G. Jung

Carl Gustav Jung was born on 26 July 1875, at 7:32? pm in Kesswil, Switzerland. The exact minutes for his birth time vary among the sources. As a result, some give late Capricorn rising (= a Capricorn Ascendant) and others give early Aquarius. If late is Capricorn rising, then the Midheaven is in Scorpio, not Sagittarius.

A Jung birth chart
"While studying astrology I have applied it to concrete cases many times." - Carl G. Jung. Here is a birth chart of Jung.

Of someone with this chart configurations it is said:

As an inventor he has no rival.

It is not going to be easy to maintain happiness in his relationship.

Memory is strong and of a pictorial nature.


Carl Gustav Jung timeline, Jung and astrology, Jungian reflections, Literature  

Baumlin, James S., Tita French Baumlin, and George H. Jensen, eds. 2004. Post-Jungian Criticism: Theory and Practice. Albany, NY: State University of New York.

Bennett, E. A. 1993. What Jung Really Said. Rev. ed. New York: Schocken Books.

Bertelsen, Jes. Ouroboros: En undersøgelse af selvets strukturer. Århus: Universitetet i Århus: Ph.D.-dissertation, 1974.

Bishop, Paul, ed. Jung in Context: A Reader. Hove, East Sussex: Taylor and Francis, 2003.

Brooke, Roger. Jung and Phenomenology. London: Routledge, 1991.

Casement, Ann. 2001. Carl Gustav Jung. London: Sage Publications.

Casement, Ann, ed. Post-Jungians Today: Key Papers in Contemporary Analytical Psychology. Hove, East Sussex: Taylor and Francis, 2005.

Clarke, J. J. In Search of Jung: Historical and Philosophical Enquiries. London: Routledge, 1992.

Clarke, J. J. Jung and Eastern Thought: A Dialogue with the Orient. London: Routledge, 1994.

Cohen, Edmund D. C.G. Jung and the Scientific Attitude. Orient. New York: Philosophical Library, 1975.

Evans-Wentz, W. Y. ed. The Tibetan Book of the Dead: After-Death Experiences on the Bardo Plane, according to Lama Kazi Dawa-Samdup's English Rendering. London: Oxford University Press, 1927. [It contains a psychological commentary by Dr. Jung.].

Fordham, Frieda. An Introduction to Jung's Pyschology. 3rd ed. Harmondsworth: Pelican/Penguin, 1966.

Fordham, Michael. Jungian Psychotherapy: A Study in Analytical Psychology. Reprint ed. London: Karnac Books, 1990.

Hark, Helmut. Religiöse Traumsymbolik. Frankfurt am Main: Lang, 1980.

Harris, Judith R., and Tony Woolfson, eds. 2016. The Quotable Jung. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Hull, R. F. C. tr. Psychology and Education: C. G. Jung. Paperback ed. Princeton: Bollingen series XX: Vol 17, 1969.

Huskinson, Lucy, ed. Dreaming the Myth Onwards: New Directions in Jungian Therapy and Thought. Hove, East Sussex: Routledge, 2008.

Hyde, Maggie, and Michael McGuinness. Introducing Jung. Ed. Richard Appignanesi . Thriplow, Royston: Icon Books, 2004.

Jacobi, Jolande. Jungs psykologi. Oslo: Gyldendal, 1968.

Jones, Raya A., et al., eds. Education and Imagination: Post-Jungian Perspectives. Hove, East Sussex: Routledge, 2008.

Jones, Raya A. Jung, Psychology, Postmodernity. Hove, East Sussex: Routledge, 2007.

Jung, Carl Gustav. Aion: Researches into the Phenomenology of the Self. Tr. R. F. C. Hull. 2nd ed. Bollingen Series XX / Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1968.

Jung, Carl Gustav. Dreams. Translated by by R. F. C. Hull. Princeton: NJ: Bollingen / Princeton University Press, 1974.

Jung, Carl Gustav. Drømmetydninger. Selected and translated by Ove Steen. Oslo: Pax forlag, 2007.

Jung, Carl Gustav. Erindringer, drømme, tanker. Copenhagen: Lindhardt & Ringhof, 1984.

Jung, Carl Gustav. The Essential Jung. Selected and introduced by Anthony Storr. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1983.

Jung, Carl Gustav. Gesammelte Werke. Olten: Walter-Verlag, 1958.

Jung, Carl Gustav. The Gnostic Jung. Ed. Robert Segal. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 1992.

Jung, Carl., William McGuire, and Sonu Shamdasani. 2012. Introduction to Jungian Psychology: Notes of the Seminar on Analytical Psychology Given in 1925 by C. G. Jung. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Jung, Carl Gustav. 2018. Jung on Astrology. Selected and Introduced by Safron Rossi and Keiron Le Grice. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.

Jung, Carl, first ed. Man and his Symbols. Eds. M.-L. von Franz, Joseph L. Henderson, Jolande Jacobi, Aniela Jaffé. Reprint ed. London: Anchor Press, 1988.

Jung, Carl Gustav. Mandala Symbolism. Princeton: Bollingen / Princeton University Press, 1973.

Jung, Carl Gustav. Memories, Dreams, Reflections. London: Fontana, 1995.

Jung, Carl Gustav. Mitt liv. Oslo: Gyldendal, 1964.

Jung, Carl Gustav. Psychology and the Occult. London: ARK: 1987.

Jung, Carl Gustav. Psykisk energi. Oslo: Cappelen, 1992.

Jung, Carl Gustav. Psychological Types, or: The Psychology of Individuation. Tr. Helton Godwin Baynes. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co., 1946.

Jung, Carl Gustav. Psykologisk typologi. Copenhagen: Gyldendal, 1975.

Jung, Carl Gustav. Synchronicity: An Acausal Connecting Principle. Tr. R. F. C. Hull. (Vol. 8 in the Collected Works of C. G. Jung). Paperback ed. Princeton, NJ: Bollingen Series / Princeton University Press, 1973.

Jung, Carl Gustav. Traumanalyse. Olten: Walther-Verlag, 1991.

Kirsch, Jean, and Murray Stein. How and Why We Still Read Jung: Personal and Professional Reflections. Hove, East Sussex: Routledge, 2013.

Kirsch, Thomas B. The Jungians: A Comparative and Historical Perspective. Hove, East Sussex: Routledge, 2001.

Knapp, Bettina. French Fairy Tales: A Jungian Approach. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2003.

Main, Roderick. The Rupture of Time: Synchronicity and Jung�s Critique of Modern Western Culture. Hove, East Sussex: Brunner-Routledge, 2004.

Miller, Jeffrey C. The Transcendent Function: Jung's Model of Psychological Growth through Dialogue with the Unconscious. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2004.

Nell, Renée. The Use of Dreams in Couple Counseling: A Jungian Perspective. Tr. Sandra Jellinghaus; ed. Daryl Sharp. Toronto: Inner City Books, 2005.

O'Connor, Peter. Beyond the Mist: What Irish Mythology Can Teach Us about Ourselves. Crow's Nest, NSW: Allen and Unwin, 2002.

Papadopoulos, Renos K. ed. The Handbook of Jungian Psychology: Theory, Practice and Applications. Hove, East Sussex: Routledge, 2006.

Moacanin, Radmila. Jung's Psychology and Tibetan Buddhism: Western and Eastern Paths to the Heart. London: Wisdom Publications, 1986.

Robertson, Robin. 1992. Beginner's Guide to Jungian Psychology. Lake Worth, FL: Nicolas-Hays.

Rowland, Susan. C. G. Jung and Literary Theory: The Challenge from Fiction. Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan Press, 1999.

Rowland, Susan, ed. Psyche and the Arts: Jungian Approaches to Music, Architecture, Literature, Film and Painting. Hove, East Sussex: Routledge, 2008.

Samuels, Andrew, ed. 1989. Psychopathology: Contemporary Jungian Perspectives. London: Karnac.

Samuels, Andrew. Jung and the Post-Jungians. Hove, East Sussex: Taylor and Francis, 2005.

Sedgwick, David. Introduction to Jungian Psychotherapy: The Therapeutic Relationship. Hove, East Sussex: Taylor and Francis, 2004.

Sharp, Daryl. Digesting Jung: Food for the Journey. Toronto: Inner City Books, 2001.

Sharp, Daryl. Personality Types: Jung's Model of Typology. Toronto: Inner City Books, 1987.

Sharp, Daryl. 2007. Eyes Wide Open: Late Thoughts. Another Jungian Romance. Toronto: Inner City Books.

Shamdasani, Sonu. Jung Stripped Bare by His Biographers, Even. London: Karnac Books, 2005.

Singer, June. Boundaries of the Soul: The Practice of Jung's Psychology. New York: Anchor Books, 1973.

Skogemann, Pia. Kvinnelighet i vekst. Oslo: Gyldendal, 1986. Spiegelman, J. Marvin, and Mokusen Miyuki. Buddhism and Jungian Psychology. Phoenix: Falcon Press, 1987.

Stein, Murray. Jung's Treatment of Christianity: The Psychotherapy of a Religious Tradition. Wilmette: Chiron, 1985.

Stevens, Anthony. Jung. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Sugg, Richard P., ed. Jungian Literary Criticism. Evanston, ILL: Northwestern University Press, 1992.

von Franz, Marie-Louise. On Divination and Synchronicity: The Psychology of Meaningful Chance. Toronto: Inner City Books, 1980. Young-Eisendrath, Polly, and Terence Dawson, eds. 2008. The Cambridge Companion to Jung. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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