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Introduction

The Bible is filled with discrepancies, many of them irreconcilable contradictions. - Bart D. Ehrman (2009, 5)

Bible Self-Contradictions suggested too
Oi! Unhealthy and untrue statements blend in the Bible.

An old source of mirth. Bible writers may be at loggerheads, voicing different opinions. There is at times a difference between Old Testament ideas - at least in translation - and what is in the New Testament in translation. In some cases the core might be a matter of grasping idioms from antiquity, and in other cases a matter of mirth.

Churches and cults in the world make such selections from the Bible that suit them. One should make efforts to go against the hillbilly circus and its costumes and prancing and decor, for the sake of a good life instead.

Make sure if you are up to it. Know the Bible's history and context (setting) too, as they shed light on the meanings one encounter in it. Scholarly studies are for that, but not just any scholarly studies. Many are "dogmatic gremlin works" of a sort.

Further, books that sum up significant findings may or may not save us painstaking, personal study and becoming victims of glowing hearsay - not to mention low sectarian-devotional or narrow-minded, sheepish indoctrination. Careful overviews that proficient studies bring, help in detecting surface contradictions. Surface contradictions can reflect different outlooks, as in the four gospels. But there is more: Bible sayings that seem to contradict one another totally - are they hidden paradoxes or not? Are they largely unfit for mice and men? Well, at least for mice -

A paradox is a seemingly absurd or self-contradictory statement that is or may be true. It is a paradox if someone or something exhibit seemingly contradictory characteristics. A paradox can also be an opinion that conflicts with common belief (cf. Collins Dictionary)

To decide which is also calls for fairness. False reports and other aspects of sluggard demagogy tend to confuse the mind, and spreading false reports is malicious, for one thing [cf. Exodus 23:1 ff]. Sound knowledge derived from Bible experts could help being fair and rational. Read into the bible in a rational light, as fine as you are up to.

On this page are over a hundred bible contradictions. The sources are given, and may be referred to.

The Bible Serves Indoctrination

Unsound; soon unfit. Unsound demagoguery-theological debris is found as the very cory of the bible, an untrue hoax that does not hold wat.

In his rewarding book, Jesus, Interrupted, the now agnostic professor Bart Ehrman tells that scholar views about the Bible - from a massive scholarly endeavour - are virtually unknown among the population at large.

The sum of these findings are not communicated to the congregations around, and that is much the fault of the church, since churches are the most obvious places where updated gospel knowledge at least should be taught. To get well-educated in this interesting field seems difficult to many who are unaided, because far too many clergymen profit from "keeping believers in the dark in such vital matters - something like that. Their actions betray them. Members of their herds sadly tend to believe the Bible is nowhere wrong - such narrrow-minded indoctrination. If they study the Bible professionally, they may meet with findings that cause a rude awakening from cherished beliefs. (Ehrman 2009, passim)

Devotional needs are to be faced. Devotional study of the Bible and critical-historical study of it differs. Their effects too. Devotionalists face that some words that seemingly are from the mouth of Jesus, are not so anyway. There are no words that are attestedly verbatim. One also have to face that in gospel parts he said his teachings, salvation and kingdom were for Jews only. Further, the indications are that the missionary command at the end of the gospel of Matthew is plain humbug - forgery, tells Joseph Wheless, and shows why he sums it up that way. (Geza Vermes 2010, 37,41; 2005; cf. Matthew 15:24).

Besides, Moses did not write . . . the first five books of the Old Testament, and Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John did not write the Gospels. - "The Exodus probably did not happen as described in the Old Testament." "The conquest of the Promised Land is probably based on legend." "The Gospels are at odds on numerous points".

The Old Testament is filled with legendary fabrications, and the book of Acts in the New Testament contains historically unreliable information about the life and teachings of Paul.

In sum, evidence shows there is very much falsehood in the Bible. "There simply is too much evidence." It is better to acknowledge the Bible's inconsistencies, says Ehrman, "they are staring you in the face." (Ehrman, passim; the quote p. 5,6)

If you cannot face it, relax! Getting cramped won't help.

Misquoting Jesus Is Common

There are no original New Testament writings, only differing copies. In Ehrman's Misquoting Jesus, the formerly ultraconservative Christian with born-again experiences, tells how mistakes and wilful changes of bible sayings were made. He seeks to show where and why such changes were made, and explains that

we don't actually have the original writings of the New Testament. What we have are copies of these writings . . . none of these copies are completely accurate . . . what we have are error-ridden copies. (Ehrman 2005, 4)

The vast majority of these copies are centuries removed from the originals and evidently differ from them in thousands of ways. (2005, 7)

Ehrman came to see that even though Jesus calls the mustard seed the smallest seed on earth (Mark 4), it is not so anyway. Ehrman: "And maybe these "mistakes" apply to bigger issues." (Ehrman 2005, 9-10). He clearly states the obvious too, that "The Bible is full of contradictions."

As a fruit of these findings his studies caught up with his ingrained faith. (2009, 20) He noticed for example that Mark (14:12, 15:25) says Jesus was crucified the day after the Passover meal, whereas John (19:14) says he was crucified the day before.

Much similarly, Luke and Matthew differ in their accounts of Jesus' birth: Luke (2:39) indicates that Joseph and Mary returned to Nazareth just over a month after it, whereas Matthew (2:19-22) writes they fled to Egypt.

In the letters to Galathians (1:16-17) Paul says he was converted to Christianity on the way to Damascus and did not go to Jerusalem to see the apostles afterwards, whereas the book of Acts (9:26) says that visiting the apostles in Jerusalem was the first thing he did after leaving Damascus.

Some differences are minor and not very significant, whereas others are huge. Together they tear down an unfounded faith that the Bible is the inerrant word of God. And since the original manuscripts have not been preserved, Ehrman says, there is no good reason to believe that God inspired the words in the first place either. The Spirit of Truth that Jesus allegedly promised his apostles did not do as Jesus guaranteed he would - did not preserve the words of Jesus (John 14:26; cf. 16:13). Why believe the other half of such a "coin", is the argument (Ehrman 2005, 11).

Ehrman furnishes another interesting example, that of the end of the world. In Matthew (24:32-24) Jesus tells a rather useless parable, where he concludes, "this generation will not pass away till all these things take place." In some circles the fig tree is taken to represent Israel, and a biblical 'generation' is forty years, so some expected the end of the world before 1988, forty years after Israel was founded again. Rather much one-sided, bizarre acopalyptical frenzy has gone amiss over the years otherwise too. (2005, 12-13)

Confronted with the marring faith that says "The Bible-God said it, so I believe it is true", Ehrman slowly matured into responding, "What if God didn't say it? He goes on to say there are clear reasons for not believing that the Bible gives foolproof answers to life questions (2005, 13-14). He also finds that "Most readers . . . know almost nothing about textual criticism." (2005, 14-15)

Actually -

There may not be many good sides to indoctrination of herded ones unless they are pacified bullies and scoundrels and that sort. They may be fallen into Bible footfolks, but in so doing there is a chance that better ones can be free from them. It often depends on who is in the majority. Otherwise there may be witch burnings a Grand Inquisition, slave-taking and religious wars by such Christians. Their history betray them, and a lot too.

Now, we are also faced with this finding: What the New Testament actually teaches, is not what most people think it does. It is good to know that:

  1. The New Testament contains books that were forged in the names of the apostles by Christian writers who lived decades later.

  2. Established Christian doctrines - such as the suffering messiah, the divinity of Jesus, and the trinity - were the inventions of still later theologians.

  3. The authors of the New Testament - traditionally thought to be Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John - have diverging views about who Jesus was and how salvation works;

  4. Jesus, Paul, Matthew, and John all represented fundamentally different religions;
These are standard and widespread views of scholars now. (Ehrman, 2009)

Over-arching Self-Contradictions Disappoint

Bible inconsistencies and self-contradictions suggested somewhat too
The petals of being sillily Bible indoctrinated may droop and wither due to Bible scholar findings. Great sincerity offers help.

There is more involved in fair Bible study that study of details. Some of the Bible authors are at odds with one another as to what is the major message. That includes how the follower of Jesus is to live - especially if he is a non-Jew and thus totally unaddressed by Jesus, who said he came for Jews only - before they had him killed - and had reserved his works and teachings for them - but they did not accept him (cf. Matthew 10:5-6; Ehrman 2005, 62). His "no to Samarians", could have slightly changed before his death (eg. John 4:41).

With such over-arching perspectives in mind, and still others, the study of Self-Contradictions of the Bible by the reporter William Henry Burr (1819–1908) may became more enriching. First published anonymously in pamphlet form, Self-Contradictions of the Bible is a set of 144 thematically organized pairs of bible quotations. A dozen of so of Burr's claimed self-contradictions may be off the point somehow, so they are not included below.

What follows are updated selections with added comments from Burr's book - and a few amplifications.

To check the citations, copy and paste the Bible references in the topmost search slot (where urls too may be got. For example, try Exodus 9:12 NIV, and the passage in the NIV translation may appear. Alternatively, Exodus 9 supplies the whole chapter to scroll down to the verse(s) in question. And so on with the rest. It is rather easy.

The term 'versus', abbreviated 'vs' or 'v" means "against", "contra", and "in contrast with".

Bible Quiz Against Mind Taming

Honest to change for the better

Take down your first, honest responses, and -

put Y, N, M, or B for "yes, "no", "maybe (I don't know)", and "both-and (including "both may be right or wrong, depending on contexts")", along with the numbered statements.

Such a way of listing things helps a long way toward clarifying what you feel. Be ware that what people feel for, may tie in with deep, childy needs in them.

Anyway, a good life often depends on choosing health, skilfulness, consistencies, and other virtues that Buddha endorses. (Bottom line).

One of the first benefits of making a list of your responses could be that you do not deceive your feelings all too much, and can also chart an enlightening profile of ideas you hold. Another step could be to compare it with those of your sweetheart if you have any who may cooperate in a frisk probing.

Much depends on honesty. But it may not work well to stand up in public and profess your faith if you have not studied its text basis and tested it yourself.

Interestingly, many maybe's in this bible quiz could suggest you are not much experienced, but still sensible in that you accomplish to distinguish between own experience and faith. And many B's may indicate you may be less categorical than others, at least not much brainwashed. There are other interpretations possible too.

Proper personality development depends on honest endeavours. Trust your better self: learn to consider. You are not radical if you dispense with indoctrination of the gullible

Why not expect the worst?

Expect the worst so as to forestall it.

See for example:

OT The Lord said to Moses, "Take all the heads of the people, and hang them up before the Lord against the sun, that the fierce anger of the Lord may be turned away from Israel. [Numbers 25:4]."

In the cases of conflicting statements, prefer to say no to faiths that smack of scams all along. It is not necessary to lose faith - find something nice to put it in, instead. Bible-God is not like "Atman (soul, spirit)" of Hindu scriptures. The ancient Hindu Upanishads have yet other God-concepts about Individualised Self and Universal Self called Atman-Brahman, and God as Sat-Chit-Ananda. This vital concept compares well to Buddhist thinking about Mind levels:

  • Sat is Being (Universal, Deep Mind as experienced in Awakening, Superconsciousness etc);
  • Chit is your basic consciousness, and active in "normal mind";
  • Ananda is deep joy and bliss.

Much may be experienced through sound, very easy yoga-meditation. One may enjoy finer sides to living and mental development too.

TO TOP

Nearly 130 Examples of Bible Inconsistencies

Bad Management

Moses said to Joshua, "Choose some of our men and go out to fight the Amalekites. Tomorrow I will stand on top of the hill with the staff of God in my hands."

So Joshua fought the Amalekites as Moses had ordered, [and] overcame the Amalekite army with the sword.

Then the Lord said to Moses, "Write this on a scroll as something to be remembered and make sure that Joshua hears it, because I will completely blot out the memory of Amalek from under heaven." (Exodus 17:9-14)

By his ordinance God secured that the memory of Amalek was not blotted out at all, but preserved in the bible. That was foolish indeed.

Inconsistent Bible Theology

At times it may be fit to respond according to "both-and" and not "either-or". It reminds of staying aloof.

1. God dwells in chosen temples and not in temples

Suit yourself, if believe you must.

2 Chronicles 7:12, 16 vs Acts 7:48

2. "No man see me and live" and "Not all who saw God, died before old age"

So maybe you can see God and live, after all, no matter what the guys soaked with the Holy Spirit of Truth decreed. Compare:

"No man has seen God at any Time." (John 1:18)

"You can not see my face; for there shall no man see me and live." (Exodus 33:20)

"Whom no man has seen nor can see." (1 Timothy 6:16)

Compare:

"The Lord spoke to Moses face to face, as a man speaks to his friend." (Exodus 33:11)

"I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved." (Genesis 32:30)

"In the year that king Uzziah died, I saw, also, the Lord sitting on a throne, high and lifted up." (Isaiah 6:1)

"Then went up Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel. And they saw the God of Israel. . . . They saw God, and did eat and drink." (Exodus 24:9, 10, 11)

3. God is tired and rests and is never tired and never rests

Are they talking of the same God? Which will it be?

Exodus 31:17 vs Isaiah 40:28

4. God is everywhere present, sees and knows all things and is not everywhere present, neither sees nor knows all things

Proverbs 15:3; Psalms 139:7-10; Job 34:22, 21 vs Genesis 11:5, and also:

And the Lord said, because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous, I will go down now and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come to me; and, if not, I will know. (Genesis 18:20, 21)

And Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord, amongst the trees of the garden. (Genesis 3:8)

5. God knows the hearts of men and tries men to find out what is in their hearts

Psalms 139:2, 3 vs Deuteronomy 13:3; 8:2; Genesis 22:12

6. God is all-powerful and not all-powerful

Jeremiah 32:27; Matthew 19:26 vs Judges 1:19. Also compare: "Can the almighty create a stone that is so heavy that he cannot lift it?"

7. God is unchangeable and changeable

James 1:17; Malachi. 3:6 vs Genesis 6:6; Jonah 3:10; 1 Samuel 2:30, 31; 2 Kings 20:1, 4, 5, 6; Exodus 33:1, 3, 17, 14

8. God is just and impartial and unjust and partial

The Lord is upright, . . . And there is no unrighteousness in him. (Psalm 92:15)

Shall not the judge of all the earth do right? (Genesis 18:25)

A God of truth, and without iniquity, just and right is he. (Deuteronomy 32:4)

There is no respect of persons with God. (Romans 2:11)

You say the way of the Lord is not equal. Hear now, o house of israel; is not my way equal? (Ezekiel 18:25)

Compare:

"I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and fourth generation." (Exodus 20:5)

As it is written, [the father-swindler] Jacob have I loved, and Esau have I hated. (Romans 9:11, 12, 13)

For whoever has, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance; but whoever has not, from him shall be taken away even that he has. (Matthew 13:12)

The Mosaic Law is based on sacrifice of innocent victims (animals), and Christianity is involved in sacrifice too (Acts 10). By being ritually unjust to Old Testament animals victims, scoundrels thought they were rid of their sins and bad karma. In present-day psychology the scapegoating mentality is recognised as neurotic and in some it is insane.

9. God is the maker of evil and is not the author of evil

Thus says the Lord, behold I frame evil against you and devise a device against you. (Jeremiah 18:11)

I . . . create evil. I the Lord do all these things. (Isaiah 45:7)

I gave them also statutes that were not good, and judgments that they should not live. (Ezekiel 20:25)

When disaster comes to a city, has not the Lord caused it? (Amos 3:6)

Compare:

A God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he. (Deuteronomy 32:4)

For God . . . neither tempts he any man. [James 1:13)

10. God gives freely to those who ask and withholds his blessings and prevents men from receiving them

If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that gives to all men freely and upbraids not, and it shall be given to him. (James (optimistic) 1:5)

For every one that asks receives, and he that seeks finds. (Luke 11:10). But do not ignore that in the parable of the ten virgins the teaching is that only one half succeed after knocking)

Compare:

He has blinded their eyes and hardened their heart that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them. (John 12:40)

For it was of the Lord to harden their hearts, that they should come against Israel in battle, that he might destroy them utterly, and that they might have no favour. (Joshua 11:20)

O Lord, why have you made us err from your ways and hardened our heart? (Isaiah 63:17)

11. God is to be found by those who seek him and is not to be found by those who seek him

Everyone that asks receives, and he that seeks finds. (Matthew 7:8)

Those that seek me early shall find me. (Proverbs 8:17)

Compare:

Then shall they call on me but I will not answer; they shall seek me early but shall not find me. (Proverbs 1:28). See also Matthew 25:1-13, where five of ten waiting virgins lost their chances.

12. God is cruel, unmerciful, destructive, and ferocious and kind, merciful, and good

Jeremiah 13:14; Deuteronomy 7:16; 1 Samuel 15:2, 3; 6:19)

Compare that Holocaust bringer with:

The Lord is good to all, and his tender mercies are over all his works. (Psalm 145:9)

God is love. (1 John 4:16, etc.)

13. God's anger is fierce and endures long and is slow and endures but for a moment

And the Lord's anger was kindled against Israel, and he made them wander in the wilderness forty years until all the generation that had done evil in the sight of the Lord was consumed. (Numbers 32:13)

And the Lord said to Moses, take all the heads of the people and hang them up before the Lord against the sun, that the fierce anger of the Lord may be turned away from Israel. (Numbers 25:4)

For I have kindled a fire in my anger which shall burn forever. (Jeremiah 17:4)

But:

The Lord is merciful and gracious, slow to anger and plenteous in mercy. (Psalms 103:8)

His anger endures but a moment. (Psalms 30:5)

14. God commands, approves of and delights in burnt offerings, sacrifices, and holy days and disapproves of, and has no pleasure in burnt offerings, sacrifices, and holy days

You shall offer every day a bullock for a sin offering for atonement. (Exodus 29:36)

On the tenth day of this seventh month, there shall be a day of atonement; it shall be a holy convocation to you, and you shall afflict your souls and offer an offering made by fire to the Lord. (Leviticus 23:27)

And you shall burn the whole ram on the altar; . . . It is a sweet savour; an offering made by fire to the Lord. (Exodus 29:18)

And the priest shall burn it all on the altar to be a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour to the Lord. (Leviticus 1:9)

Compare:

Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination to me; the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies I cannot away with; it is iniquity, even the solemn meeting. . . . To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices to me? Saith the Lord. I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts, and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats. (Isaiah 1:13, 11, 12)

The ancient Biblical Leitmotif of God desiring goodness and mercy above the many ritual animal sacrifices the bible says he instituted and consolidated, should not go unrecognised here either.

For I desire mercy, not sacrifice, and acknowledgment of God rather than burnt offerings. (Hosea 6:6)

15. God accepts human sacrifices and forbids human sacrifice

The king [David] took the two sons of Rizpah, . . . And the five sons of Michal; . . . And he delivered them into the hands of the Gibeonites, and they hanged them in the hill before the Lord. . . . And after that God was entreated for the land. (2 Samuel 21:8, 9, 14)

And he [God] said, take now your son, your only son isaac, whom you love, and get you into the land of Moriah, and offer him there for a burnt offering. (Genesis 22:2)

Jephthah [sacrificed his daughter]. (Judges 11:30, 31, 32, 34, 38, 39)

Compare:

Take heed that you be not snared by following them [the gentile nations]; . . . For every abomination to the Lord which he hates have they done to their gods; for even their sons and their daughters have they burnt in the fire to their gods. (Deuteronomy 12:30, 31)

Note the gospels' message is that it was God the Father's will to have Jesus sacrificed through Jewish leaders and Romans, and the aim was to get to Jews - but that project failed.

16. God tempts men and tempts no man

God did tempt Abraham. (Genesis 22:1)

Lord, you has deceived [marginal reading, enticed] me, and I was deceived [enticed]. (Jeremiah 20:7)

Lead us not into temptation. (Matthew 6:13)

Compare:

God [does not tempt] any man. (James 1:13)

17. God cannot lie and lies by proxy; he sends forth lying spirits to deceive

It is impossible for God to lie. (Hebrews 6:18)

Compare:

For this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie. (2 Thessalonians 2:11)

Now, therefore, behold, the Lord has put a lying spirit in the mouth of all these your prophets, and the Lord has spoken evil concerning you. (1 Kings 22:23)

And if the prophet be deceived when he has spoken a thing, I the Lord have deceived that prophet. (Ezekiel 14:9).)

18. Because of man's wickedness God destroys him yet will not destroy him

The Lord said, I will destroy man whom I have created. (Genesis 6:5, 7 [Not so yet])

Compare:

And the Lord said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake . . . neither will I smite any more every living thing. (Genesis 8:21 [Not so according to Exodus, Amos and Hosea etc. where God tells he has destroyed Israel that is never to rise again . . . and later Jesus appears to want to save them according to his Father's will, he tells in Getsemaneh - a project that failed greatly.)

19. There is but one God and a plurality of gods

The Lord our God is one Lord. (Deuteronomy 6:4)

Compare:

And God said, let us make man in our image. (Genesis 1:26)

And the Lord God said, behold the man is become as one of us. (Genesis 3:22)

And the Lord appeared to him [Abraham] . . . three men stood by him; and when he saw them he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground, and said, my Lord, if now I have found favour in your sight, pass not away, I pray you, from your servant. [And then God ate veal.] (Genesis 18:1, 2, 3)

Unsound Moral of Double Standards

20. Robbery commanded and forbidden

When you go, you shall not go empty; but every woman shall borrow of her neighbour, and of her that sojourns in her house, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment; and you shall put them on your sons, and on your daughters; and you shall spoil the Egyptians. (Exodus 3:21, 22)

. . . . And they spoiled the Egyptians. (Exodus 12:35, 36).

Exodus is about holocausts made possible by God, too.

Jesus tells one may rob the strong one after getting him bound.

Compare:

You shall not defraud your neighbour, neither rob him. (Leviticus 19:13)

21. Lying approved and sanctioned and forbidden

The story of the harlot Rahab who betrayed her own people to help Israel. (Joshua 2:4, 5, 6)

Was not Rahab, the harlot, justified by works, when she had received the messengers, and had sent them out another way? (James 2:25)

And there came forth a spirit, and stood before the Lord, and said, I will persuade him. . . . I will go forth and be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. And he said, you shall persuade him and prevail also; go forth and do so. (1 Kings 22:21, 22)

Compare:

You shall not bear false witness. (Exodus 20:16)

Lying lips are an abomination to the Lord. (Proverbs 12:22)

All liars shall have their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone. (Revelation 21:8)

22. Killing commanded and forbidden

Moses . . . said to them [the Levites, after stating the Ten Commandments], "This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: 'Each man strap a sword to his side. Go back and forth through the camp from one end to the other, each killing his brother and friend and neighbour.'"

The Levites did as Moses commanded, and that day about three thousand of the people died.

Then Moses said, "You have been set apart to the Lord today, for you were against your own sons and brothers, and he has blessed you this day." (Exodus 32:27-29)

Joshua led the Israelites into Canaan by holocausts that God commanded.

Compare:

You shall not kill. (Exodus 20:13 and other places).

To believe in shewbread commands suggests being taken in. They could serve to manipulate you. To the degree it is so, they may get dangerous.

23. The blood-shedder must die and must not die

At the hand of every man's brother will I require the life of man. Whoso sheds man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed. (Genesis 9:5, 6)

Compare:

And the Lord set a mark on Cain, lest any finding him should kill him. (Genesis 4:15)

24. The making of images forbidden and commanded

You shall not make to you any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath. (Another of the Ten Commandments) (Exodus 20:4)

Compare:

You shall make two cherubims of gold. . . . And the cherubims shall stretch forth their wings on high, covering the mercy seat with their wings, and their faces shall look to one another. (Exodus 25:18, 20)

HM: With no angelic cherubims in heaven or elsewhere, God's instructions on how to make them may be suited if the images do not resemble the objects, it would seem . . .

Then what about photo snapshots and the like? They are not graven images, but they may resemble things - Further, sound and decent artistic activity may be good for our health. Some forms of cubism may be freed from "image slavery," for one thing.

In the history of the church, the desire to have images of Jesus, angels, Mary, saints in the Western churches came into conflict with the Commandment and caused the great schizma between the Roman and Orthodox Church. In most Western churches the commandment was shovelled away and is not taken seriously in actual practice - it works as a shewbred commandment. Most Puritans heed it, though.

25. Slavery and oppression ordained or accepted and forbidden

Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be to his brethren. (Genesis 9:25)

Of the children of the strangers that do sojourn among you, of them shall you buy. . . . They shall be your bondmen forever; but over your brethren of the children of Israel, you shall not rule with rigor. (Leviticus 25:45, 46)

I will sell your sons and daughters into the hands of the children of Judah, and they shall sell them to the Sabeans, to a people afar off; for the Lord has spoken it. (Joel 3:8)

"Whoever wants to be first must be your slave - (Matthew 20:27)"

"Teach slaves to be subject to their masters in everything, to try to please them, not to talk back to them, and not to steal from them . . . so that in every way they will make the teaching about God our Saviour attractive. (Titus 2:9-10)

Compare:

Undo the heavy burdens . . . Let the oppressed go free, . . . Break every yoke. (Isaiah 58:6)

You shall neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him. (Exodus 22:21)

He that steals a man, and sells him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death. (Exodus 21:16)

26. Improvidence enjoined and condemned

Take no thought, saying, what shall we eat? Or what shall we drink? Or with what shall we be clothed? . . . Take no thought for the morrow. (Matthew 6:28, 31, 34)

Give to every man that asks of you, and of him that takes away your goods, ask them not again. . . . And lend, hoping for nothing again, and your reward shall be great. (Luke 6:30, 35)

Sell that you have and give alms. (Luke 12:3)

Compare:

But if any provide not for his own, and especially for those of his own house, he has denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel. (1 Timothy 5:8)

A good man leaves an inheritance to his childrens' children. (Proverbs 13:22)

27. Anger allowed and disapproved

In your anger do not sin. (Ephesians 4:26 NIV)

Be angry, and do not sin. (Psalm 4:4, ESV) Compare:

Do not be quickly provoked in your spirit, for anger resides in the lap of fools. (Ecclesiastes 7:9)

Human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. (James 1:20)

28. Good works are to be seen of men and are not to be seen of men

Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works. (Matthew 5:16)

Compare:

Take heed that you do not your alms before men, to be seen of them. (Matthew 6:1)

HM. When someone contradicts himself or herself, consider what that one might be up to, the sooner the better, and also, "Who might benefit?"

29. Judging of others forbidden and approved

Do not judge, or you too will be judged. For in the same way you judge others, you will be judged, and with the measure you use, it will be measured to you. (Matthew 7:1, 2 NIV)

Compare:

Do you not know that the Lord's people will judge the world? And if you are to judge the world, are you not competent to judge trivial cases? Do you not know that we will judge angels? (1 Corinthians 6:2, 3 NIV)

Are you not to judge those inside [the church]? (1 Corinthians 5:12)

30. Christ taught non-resistance and taught and practiced physical resistance

Do not resist an evil person. If anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to them the other cheek also.. (Matthew 5:39)

AlL who draw the sword will die by the sword. (Matthew 26:52)

Compare:

If you don't have a sword, sell your cloak and buy one. (Luke 22:36)

He made a whip out of cords, and drove all from the temple courts, both sheep and cattle; he scattered the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables. (John 2:15)

31. Christ warned his followers not to fear being killed but but . . .

Do not be afraid of those who kill the body and after that can do no more. (Luke 12:4)

Compare:

Jesus went around in Galilee. He did not want to go about in Judea because the Jewish leaders there were looking for a way to kill him. (John 7:1 NIV)

32. Public prayer sanctioned and disapproved

And Solomon stood before the altar of the Lord in the presence of all the congregation of Israel, and spread forth his hands toward heaven. [then follows the prayer.] And it was so, that when Solomon had made an end of praying all this prayer and supplication to the Lord, he arose from before the altar of the Lord, from kneeling on his knees, with his hands spread up to heaven. . . . And the Lord said to him, I have heard your prayer and your supplication that you have made before me. (1 Kings 8:22, 54; & 9:3)

Compare:

When you pray you shall not be as the hypocrites are; for they love to pray standing in the synagogues and in the corners of the streets, that they may be seen of men. . . . But you, when you pray, enter into your closet, and when you have shut your door, pray to your father which is in secret. (Matthew 6:5, 6)

33. Importunity in prayer commended and condemned

Because this widow troubles me, I will avenge her, lest by her continual coming she weary me. . . . And shall not God avenge his own elect, which cry day and night to him? (Luke 18:5, 7)

Because of his importunity he will rise and give him as many as he needs. (Luke 11:8)

Compare:

When you pray, do not keep on babbling like pagans, for they think they will be heard because of their many words. Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before you ask him. (Matthew 6:7-8 NIV)

34. The wearing of long hair by men sanctioned and The wearing of long hair by men condemned

And no razor shall come on his head; for the child shall be a nazarite to God from the womb. [Judg 13:5)

All the days of the vow of his separation there shall no razor come on his head; until the days be fulfilled in the which he separats himself to the Lord, he shall be holy, and shall let the locks of the hair of his head grow. (Numbers 6:5)

Compare:

Doesn't nature itself teach you that if a man has long hair, it is a disgrace to him [?] (1 Corinthians 11:14 NIV)

35. Circumcision instituted and condemned

This is my covenant with you and your descendants after you, the covenant you are to keep: Every male among you shall be circumcised. 11 You are to undergo circumcision, and it will be the sign of the covenant between me and you. (Genesis 17:10 NIV)

Compare:

I, Paul, tell you that if you let yourselves be circumcised, Christ will be of no value to you at all. (Galathians 5:2)

36. The Sabbath instituted and and repudiated

Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy. (Exodus 20:8)

Compare:

New Moons, Sabbaths and convocations - I cannot bear your worthless assemblies. (Isaiah 1:13 NIV)

One man esteems one day above another; another esteems every day alike. Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind. (Romans 14:5)

Let no man therefore judge you in meat and drink, or in respect of a holy day, or of the new moon; or of the Sabbath days. (Colossians 2:16)

37. The Sabbath instituted because God rested on the seventh day and/or because God brought the Israelites out of Egypt

For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested on the seventh day; wherefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it. (Exodus 20:11)

Compare:

And remember that you wast a servant in the land of Egypt, and that the Lord your God brought you out thence through a mighty hand and a stretched out arm; therefore the Lord your God commanded you to keep the Sabbath day. (Deuteronomy 5:15)

38. No work to be done on the Sabbath under penalty of death and Jesus Christ broke the Sabbath and justified his disciples in the same

Whoever does any work on the Sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death. (Exodus 31:15)

While the Israelites were in the wilderness, a man was found gathering wood on the Sabbath day. Those who found him gathering wood brought him to Moses and Aaron and the whole assembly, and they kept him in custody, because it was not clear what should be done to him. Then the Lord said to Moses, "The man must die. The whole assembly must stone him outside the camp." So the assembly took him outside the camp and stoned him to death, as the Lord commanded Moses. (Numbers 15:32, 35, 36 NIV)

Compare:

Because Jesus was doing these things on the Sabbath, the Jewish leaders began to persecute him. (John 5:16)

Jesus went through the grainfields on the Sabbath. His disciples were hungry and began to pick some heads of grain and eat them. When the Pharisees saw this, they said to him, "Look! Your disciples are doing what is unlawful on the Sabbath."

He answered, "Haven't you . . . read in the Law that the priests on Sabbath duty in the temple desecrate the Sabbath and yet are innocent? (Matthew 12:1-5 NIV)

39. Baptism commanded (probably by forgery) and an apostle thanked God for not going into it.

Go and make disciples of all nations, baptising them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. (Matthew 28:19).

The apostle Paul would not baptise very much:

I thank God that I did not baptise any of you except Crispus and Gaius, (Yes, I also baptised the household of Stephanas.) For Christ did not send me to baptise, but to preach. (1 Corinthians 1:14-17, passim)

Matthew 28:19 above is a later addition, and very likely a forgery. The practice that is described, entered Christianity long after Jesus was gone. The first baptisms in early Christianity are recorded in the Acts of the Apostles. Acts 2 records the Apostle Peter, on the day of Pentecost, preaching to the crowds to "repent and be baptised [only] in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission (or forgiveness) of sins" (Acts 2:38). Other detailed records of baptisms in the book of Acts show the first Apostles baptising [only] in the name of Jesus. The Apostle Paul also refers to baptism into Christ Jesus. (WP, "Baptism in the name of Jesus"; "Didache"

40. Every kind of animal allowed for food and certain kinds of animals prohibited for food

Every moving thing that livs shall be meat for you. (Genesis 9:3)

Whatever is sold in the shambles that eat. (1 Corinthians 10:25)

There is nothing unclean of itself. (Romans 14:14)

Compare:

Of those that chew the cud or that have a divided hoof you may not eat the camel, the rabbit or the hyrax [a little relative of the elephant. The Procavia capensis, rock hyrax, is found in the Middle East]. Although they chew the cud, they do not have a divided hoof; they are ceremonially unclean for you. The pig is also unclean; although it has a divided hoof, it does not chew the cud. You are not to eat their meat or touch their carcasses.. (Deuteronomy 14:7-8)

41. The taking of oaths sanctioned and forbidden

If a man vow a vow to the Lord, or swear an oath to bind his soul with a bond, he shall not break his word; he shall do according to all that proceeds out of his mouth. (Numbers 30:2)

Now, therefore, swear to me here by God. . . . And Abraham said, I will swear. . . . Therefore, he called the place Beersheba [the well of the oath]; because there they swore both of them. (Genesis 21:23, 24, 31)

And Jacob swore by the fear of his father Isaac. (Genesis 31:53)

When God made his promise to Abraham, since there was no one greater for him to swear by, he swore by himself. (Hebrews 6:13)

Compare:

But I tell you, do not swear an oath at all: either by heaven . . . or by the earth . . . or by Jerusalem . . . And do not swear by your head. (Matthew 5:34-6)

42. Marriage approved and disapproved

And the Lord God said, it is not good that the man should be alone: I will make a help-meet for him. (Genesis 2:18)

And God said to them, be fruitful and multiply, and replenish the earth. (Genesis 1:28)

'For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and the two will become one flesh'. (Matthew 19:5)

Marriage is honorable in all. (Hebrews 13:4)

Compare:

It is good for a man not to touch a woman. (1 Corinthians 7:1)

To the unmarried and the widows I say: It is good for them to stay unmarried, as I do. (1 Corinthians 7:8)

43. Freedom of divorce permitted and divorce restricted

When a man has taken a wife and married her, and it come to pass that she found no favour in his eyes, . . . Then let him write her a bill of divorcement, and give it in her hand, and send her out of his house. (Deuteronomy 24:1)

When you go to war against your enemies and the Lord your God delivers them into your hands and you take captives, if you notice among the captives a beautiful woman and are attracted to her, you may take her as your wife. Bring her into your home and have her shave her head, trim her nails and put aside the clothes she was wearing when captured. After she has lived in your house and mourned her father and mother for a full month, then you may go to her and be her husband and she shall be your wife. If you are not pleased with her, let her go wherever she wishes. You must not sell her or treat her as a slave, since you have dishonored her. (Deuteronomy 21:10, 11, 14)

Compare:

But I tell you that anyone who divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, makes her the victim of adultery, and anyone who marries a divorced woman commits adultery. (Matthew 5:32 NIV)

44. Adultery allowed and forbidden

But do not kill the young women who have never had sex. You may keep them for yourselves. (Numbers 31:18 CEV)

And the Lord said to Hosea, go, take you a wife of whoredoms. . . . Then said the Lord to me [Hosea], go, yet, love a woman, beloved of her friend, yet an adulteress. . . . So I bought her; . . . And said to her, you shall abide for me many days; you shall not play the harlot, and you shall not be for another man; so will I also be for you. (Hosea 1:2, & 2:1, 2, 3)

Compare:

You shall not commit adultery. (Exodus 20:14 NIV)

God will judge the adulterer and all the sexually immoral. (Hebrews 13:4 NIV)

45. Marriage or cohabitation with a sister denounced and Abraham married his sister and God blessed the union

Cursed is he that lies with his sister, the daughter of his father. (Deuteronomy 27:22)

And if a man shall take his sister, his father's daughter, or his mother's daughter, . . . It is a wicked thing. Lev. 20:17)

Compare:

And Abraham said, . . . She is my sister; she is the daughter of my father, but not the daughter of my mother. (Genesis 20:11, 12)

And God said to Abraham, as for Sarah your wife, . . . I will bless her, and give you a son also of her. (Genesis 17:16)

Abraham and his sister married before the Law that prohibited such as half-sister marriages.

46. A man may marry his brother's widow and may not

If brothers are living together and one of them dies without a son, his widow must not marry outside the family. Her husband's brother shall take her and marry her and fulfill the duty of a brother-in-law to her. (Deuteronomy 25:5)

Compare:

If a man marries his brother's wife, it is an act of impurity; he has dishonored his brother. They will be childless. (Leviticus 20:21)

47. Hatred to kindred enjoined and condemned

If any man come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brother, and sisters, yea, and his own life also, he cannot be my disciple. (Luke 14:26)

Compare:

Honour your father and mother. (Ephesians 6:2)

Husbands love your wives. . . . For no man ever yet hated his own flesh. (Ephesians 5:25, 29)

Whoever hates his brother is a murderer. (1 John 3:15)

48. Intoxicating beverages recommended and discountenanced

Give strong drink to him that is ready to perish, and wine to those that be of heavy hearts. Let him drink and forget his poverty, and remember his misery no more. (Proverbs 31:6, 7)

Drink no longer water, but use a little wine for your stomach's sake, and your often infirmities. (1 Timothy 5:23)

Wine makes glad the heart of man. (Psalm 104:15)

Compare:

Wine is a mocker, strong drink is a raging, and whoever is deceived thereby is not wise. (Proverbs 20:1)

Do not gaze at wine when it is red, when it sparkles in the cup, when it goes down smoothly! In the end it bites like a snake and poisons like a viper. (Proverbs 23:31-32)

49. It is our duty to obey our rulers, who are God's ministers and punish solely evildoers and it is not our duty always to obey rulers, who sometimes punish the good, and receive to themselves damnation because of it

Let every soul be subject to the higher powers. For there is no power but of God; the powers that be are ordained of God. Whoever, therefore, resists the power, resists the ordinance of God; and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation. For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to evil. . . . For this cause pay you tribute; for they are God's ministers, attending continually on this very thing. (Romans 13:1, 2, 3, 6)

The scribes and pharisees sit in Moses' seat; all, therefore, whatever they bid you observe, that observe and do. (Matthew 23:2, 3)

Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake; whether it be to the king as supreme, or to the governors as to them that are sent of him for the punishment of evil doers. (1 Peter 2:13, 14)

I counsel you to keep the king's commandment. . . . Whoso keeps the commandment shall feel no evil thing. (Ecclesiastes 8:2, 5)

Compare:

But the midwives feared God, and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them. . . . Therefore God dealt well with the midwives. (Exodus 1:17, 20)

The kings of the earth rise up and the rulers band together against the Lord and against his anointed one. Indeed Herod and Pontius Pilate met together with the Gentiles and the people of Israel in this city to conspire against your holy servant Jesus, whom you anointed. (Acts 4:26-27)

Beware of the scribes, which love to go in long clothing, and love salutations in the (Mark et places, and the chief seats in the synagogues. . . . These shall receive greater damnation. (Mark 12:38, 39, 40)

Herod with his soldiers treated him with contempt and mocked him. Then, arraying him in splendid clothing, he sent him back to Pilate. . . Pilate then called together the chief priests and the rulers and the people. They all cried out together, “Away with this man" . . . they kept shouting, “Crucify, crucify him!” . . . they were urgent, demanding with loud cries that he should be crucified. And their voices prevailed. So Pilate decided that their demand should be granted. Jews was led away and crucified with one criminal on his right and one on his left. The people stood by, watching, and the rulers scoffed at him. (Luke 23:11-35, passim)

50. Women's rights denied and affirmed

And your desire shall be to your husband, and he shall rule over you. (Genesis 3:16)

I do not permit a woman to teach or to exercise authority over a man; rather, she is to remain quiet. (1 Timothy 2:12)

The women should keep silent in the churches. For they are not permitted to speak, but should be in submission, as the Law also says. (1 Corinthians 14:34)

. . . like Sarah, who obeyed Abraham and called him her lord. (1 Peter 3:6)

Compare:

Deborah, a prophet, was leading Israel. The Israelites went up to her to have their disputes decided. She said: "The Lord will deliver Sisera into the hands of a woman." The Lord routed Sisera and all his chariots and army by the sword, and Sisera got down from his chariot and fled on foot to the tent of Jael, the wife of Heber the Kenite, because there was an alliance. He entered her tent, and she covered him with a blanket. Then she picked up a tent peg and a hammer and went quietly to him while he lay fast asleep, exhausted, and drove the peg through his temple into the ground, and he died. And there lay Sisera with the tent peg through his temple - dead. (Judges 4:4-22, passim)

The inhabitants of the villages ceased; they ceased in Israel, until I, Deborah, arose, a mother in Israel. (Judges 5:7)

And on my hand-maidens I will pour out in those days my spirit, and they shall prophesy. (Acts 2:18)

And the same man had four daughters, virgins, which did prophesy. (Acts 21:9)

51. Obedience to masters enjoined against obedience due to God only

Slaves, obey your earthly masters in everything; and do it, not only when their eye is on you and to curry their favor, but with sincerity of heart and reverence for the Lord. (Colossians 3:22-23)

Slaves, in reverent fear of God submit yourselves to your masters, not only to those who are good and considerate, but also to those who are harsh. (1 Peter 2:18 NIV)

Compare:

You shall worship the Lord your God, and him only shall you serve. (Matthew 4:10)

Do not become slaves of human beings. (1 Corinthians 7:23)

You should not be called 'Master' [Leader; Teacher; Instructor] because you have only one Master [Leader; Teacher; Instructor], the Christ [Messiah]. (Matthew 23:10 EXB)

52. There is an unpardonable sin and no unpardonable sin

Whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit will never be forgiven. (Mark 3:29 NIV)

Compare:

By him all that believe are justified from all things, from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses . . . (Acts 13:39 NIV)

Tragical Observations

53. Man was created after the animals and before the animals

And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and the cattle after their kind. . . . And God said, let us make man. . . . So God created man in his own image. (Genesis 1:25, 26, 27)

Compare:

And the Lord God said it is not good that man should be alone; I will make a help-meet for him. And out of the ground the Lord God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air, and brought them to Adam to see what he would call them. (Genesis 2:18, 19)

Genesis contains two myths of creation. They differ. Further, in the first paragraphs, 'days' appear before the sun and other heavenly bodies, which shows that the first 'days' the bible talks of, are not what is understood by 'days' today. Thus those ancient 'days. are not to be understood literally. "Periods" may cover what "unearthly days" stand for.

54. Seed time and harvest were never to cease and ceased for seven years

While the earth remains, seed time and harvest . . . Shall not cease. (Genesis 8:22)

Compare:

And the seven years of dearth began to come. . . . And the famine was over all the face of the earth. (Genesis 41:54, 56)

For these two years has famine been in the land; and yet there are five years in which there shall neither be ploughing nor harvest. (Genesis 45:6)

55. God hardened Pharaoh's heart and Pharaoh hardened his own heart.

But I will harden his heart, that he shall not let the people go. (Exodus 4:21).)

And the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh. (Exodus 9:12)

Compare:

But when Pharaoh saw that there was respite, he hardened his heart, and hearkened not to them. (Exodus 8:15)

56. All the cattle and horses in Egypt died and yet not.

Behold, the hand of the Lord is on your cattle which is in the field, on the horses, on the donkeys, on the camels, on the oxen, and on the sheep. . . . And all the cattle of Egypt died. (Exodus 9:3, 6)

Compare:

The Egyptians - all Pharaoh's horses and chariots, horsemen and troops - pursued the Israelites and overtook them as they camped by the sea . . . (Exodus 14:9 NIV)

57. Moses feared Pharaoh and did not.

Moses was afraid and thought, “What I did must have become known.” When Pharaoh heard of this, he tried to kill Moses, but Moses fled from Pharaoh and went to live in Midian . . . During that long period, the king of Egypt died. . . . [T]he Lord had said to Moses in Midian, “Go back to Egypt, for all those who wanted to kill you are dead.”. (Exodus 2:14, 15, 23; 4:19 NIV)

Compare:

By faith he [Moses] left Egypt, not fearing the king’s anger; he persevered because he saw him who is invisible. (Hebrew 11:27 NIV)

58. There died of the plague twenty-four thousand and yet "only" twenty-three thousand

Those that died in the plague were twenty and four thousand. (Numbers 25:9)

Compare:

And fell in one day three and twenty thousand. (1 Corinthians 10:8)

59. John the baptist was Elias and not Elias

This is Elias which was to come. (Matthew 11:14)

Compare:

And they asked him, what then? Are you Elias? And he said I am not. (John 1:21)

60. The father of Joseph, Mary's husband, was a Jacob and Heli

And Jacob begat Joseph, the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus. (Matthew 1:16)

Compare:

Being the son of Joseph which was the son of Heli. (Luke 3:23)

61. The father of Salah was Arphaxad and Cainan

And Arphaxad lived five and thirty years and begat Salah. (Genesis 11:12)

Compare:

- the son of Shelah, the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem . . . . (Luke 3:35-36)

62. There were fourteen generations from Abraham to David and thirteen generations from Abraham to David

So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations. (Matthew 1:17)

Compare:

Abraham begat Isaac . . . Jacob . . . Judas . . . Phares . . . Esrom . . . Aram . . . Aminaldab . . . Naason . . . Salmon . . . Booz . . . Obed . . . Jesse . . . David .. [13]. (Matthew 1:2-6)

63. There were fourteen generations from the Babylonish captivity to Christ and thirteen generations from the Babylonish captivity to Christ.

And from the carrying away into Babylon to Christ are fourteen generations. (Matthew 1:17)

Compare:

And after they were brought to Babylon Jechonias begat Salathiel . . . Zorobabel . . . Abiud . . . Eliakim . . . Azor . . . Sadoc . . . Achim . . . Eliud . . . Eleazar . . . Matthan . . . Jacob . . . Joseph, the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus [13]. (Matthew 1:12-16)

64. The infant Christ was taken into Egypt and not taken into Egypt

When he arose he took the young child and his mother by night and departed into Egypt, and was there until the death of Herod. . . . But when Herod was dead, . . . He took the young child and his mother and came . . . And dwelt in a city called Nazareth. (Matthew 2:14, 15, 19, 21, 23)

Compare:

And when the days of her purification, according to the law of Moses, were accomplished, they brought him to Jerusalem, to present him to the Lord. . . . And when they had performed all things, according to the law of the Lord they returned . . . To their own city, Nazareth. (Luke 2:22, 39)

65. Christ was tempted in the wilderness while in a wedding.

And immediately [after Christ's baptism] the spirit drives him into the wilderness. And he was there in the wilderness forty days tempted of Satan. (Mark 1:12, 13)

Compare:

On the third day [after Christ's baptism] a wedding took place at Cana in Galilee. Jesus' mother was there, and Jesus and his disciples had also been invited to the wedding. (John 2:1-2)

66. Christ preached his first sermon on the mount and in the plain

And seeing the multitude he went up into a mountain, and when he was set his disciples came to him. And he opened his mouth and taught them, saying. (Matthew 5:1, 2)

Compare:

And he came down with them and stood in the plain; and the company of his disciples, and a great multitude of people . . . Came to hear him. . . . And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples and said . . . (Luke 6:17, 20)

67. John was in prison when Jesus went into Galilee and was not in prison then

Now, after that John was put in prison Jesus came into Galilee preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God. (Mark 1:14)

Compare:

The day following Jesus would go forth into Galilee. (John 1:43)

And after these things came Jesus with his disciples into the land of Judea. . . . And John was baptising in Enon. . . . For John was not yet cast into prison. (John 3:22, 23, 24)

68. The disciples of Jesus were commanded to go forth with a staff and sandals and with neither staves nor sandals.

And commanded them that they should take nothing for their journey, save a staff only; no scrip, no bread, no money in their purse; but be shod with sandals. (Mark 6:8, 9)

Compare:

Provide neither gold, nor silver, nor brass in your purses; nor scrip for your journey, neither two coats, neither shoes, nor yet staves. (Matthew 10:9, 10)

69. A woman of Canaan besought Jesus, but she was a Greek

A Canaanite woman from that vicinity came to him, crying out, “Lord, Son of David, have mercy on me! My daughter is demon-possessed and suffering terribly." (Matthew 15:22)

Compare:

The woman was a Greek, born in Syrian Phoenicia. She begged Jesus to drive the demon out of her daughter. (Mark 7:26)

70. Two blind men besought Jesus even though only one blind man besought him

And behold, two blind men sitting by the way-side, when they heard that Jesus passed by, cried out, saying, have mercy on us, o Lord you son of David. (Matthew 20:30)

Compare:

A certain blind man sat by the way-side begging. . . . And he cried, saying, Jesus, you son of David, have mercy on me. (Luke 18:35, 38)

71. Christ was crucified at nine a.m. and after noon

It was nine in the morning when they crucified him. (Mark 15:25)

Compare:

It was the day of Preparation of the Passover; it was about noon. "Here is your king,” Pilate said to the Jews. (John 19:14-15)

72. Two thieves reviled Christ yet it was only one of them

The rebels who were crucified with him also heaped insults on him. (Matthew 27:44)

Those crucified with him also heaped insults on him. (Mark 15:32)

Compare:

One of the criminals who hung there hurled insults at him: “Aren’t you the Messiah? Save yourself and us!” But the other criminal rebuked him. “Don’t you fear God,” he said, “since you are under the same sentence? (Luke 23:39-40)

73. Satan entered into Judas after the last supper and yet some time before the supper.

After the supper Satan entered into him. (John 13:27)

Compare:

[Some time well before supper] entered Satan into Judas . . . And he went his way and communed with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray him. . . . Then came the day of unleavened bread when the Passover must be killed. (Luke 22:3, 4, 7)

74. Judas committed suicide by hanging himself and fell headlong in a field

Judas threw the money into the temple and left. Then he went away and hanged himself. (Matthew 27:5)

Compare:

Judas bought a field; there he fell headlong, his body burst open and all his intestines spilled out. (Acts 1:18)

One of the versions could be just about right or somewhat right, or not at all, or none right.

75. Judas bought a field for thirty pieces of silver but returned the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and the elders

With the payment he received for his wickedness, Judas bought a field. (Acts 1:18)

Compare:

Judas . . . was seized with remorse and returned the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and the elders. . . . Judas threw the money into the temple and left. (Matthew 27:6-7)

76. There was but one Mary who came to the sepulchre, whereas there were two Marys who came to the sepulchre

The first day of the week coms Mary Magdalene, early, when it was yet dark, to the sepulchre. (John 20:1)

Compare:

In the end of the Sabbath, as it began to dawn towards the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary to the sepulchre. (Matthew 28:1)

77. There were three women who came to the sepulchre, yet there were more than three women who came to the sepulchre

When the Sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, had brought sweet spices, that that they might come and anoint him. (Mark 16:1)

Compare:

It was Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of James, and other women that were with them. (Luke 24:10)

78. It was at sunrise when they came to the sepulchre and it was some time before sunrise

And very early in the morning, the first day of the week, they came to the sepulchre, at the rising of the sun. (Mark:16:2)

Compare:

The first day of the week, comes Mary Magdalene, early, while it was yet dark, to the sepulchre. (John 20:1)

Note in passing. A careful court judge would discern and point out that the witness versions differ a lot.

79. There were two angels seen by the women at the sepulchre, and they were standing up but there was but one angel seen, and he was sitting down

They were much perplexed thereabout, behold, two men stood by him in shining garments. (Luke 24:4)

Compare:

For the angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat on it. . . . And the angel answered and said to the women, fear not. (Matthew 28:2, 5)

80. There were two angels seated within the sepulchre, or one angel sitting there.

As she [Mary] wept, she bent over to look into the tomb and saw two angels in white, seated where Jesus’ body had been, one at the head and the other at the foot. (John 20:11-12)

Compare:

As they entered the tomb, they saw a young man dressed in a white robe sitting on the right side, and they were alarmed. (Mark 16:5)

81. Christ was to be three days and three nights in the grave and Christ was perhaps but two days and two nights in the grave

So shall the son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. (Matthew 12:40)

Compare:

It was nine in the morning when they crucified him . . . [A]t three in the afternoon Jesus cried out . . . With a loud cry, Jesus breathed his last. It was the preparation, that is, the day before the Sabbath. . . It was Preparation Day (that is, the day before the Sabbath). Pilate . . . gave the body to Joseph. Joseph bought some linen cloth, took down the body, wrapped it in the linen, and placed it in a tomb cut out of rock. . . . When Jesus rose early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene. (Mark 15:25, 42, 44-46; 16:9)

In the NIV version is inserted: "The earliest manuscripts and some other ancient witnesses do not have verses 9-20 [of Mark 16]."

82. The Holy Ghost was bestowed at Pentecost and before Pentecost by a breath

[Jesus:] In a few days you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit . . . You will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you. (Acts 1:5, 8)

When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. . . All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit . . . (Acts 2:1-4)

Compare:

On the evening of that first day of the week, when the disciples were together, with the doors locked . . . Jesus came and . . . breathed on them and said, "Receive the Holy Spirit." (John 20:22)

Two different stories again - one of tongues of fire and one of empowering breath.

83. Jesus first appeared to the eleven disciples in a room in Jerusalem although on a mountain in Galilee

And they rose up the same hour and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven gathered together. . . . And as they spoke, Jesus himself stood up in the midst of them. . . . But they were terrified and affrighted, and supposed that they had seen a spirit. (Luke 24:33, 36, 37)

The same day, at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut, where the disciples were assembled, . . . Came Jesus and stood in the middle. (John 20:19)

Compare:

Then the eleven disciples went away into Galilee, to a mountain where Jesus had appointed. And when they saw him they worshipped him, but some doubted. (Matthew 28:16, 17)

84. Christ ascended from a mountain ridge hm, from the slope of it

And when he had spoken these things, while they beheld, he was taken up, and a cloud received him out of their sight. . . . Then returned they to Jerusalem, from the mount called Olivet. (Acts 1:9, 12)

Compare:

And he led them out as far as to Bethany; and he lifted up his hands and blessed them. And it came to pass that while he blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried up into heaven. (Luke 24:50, 51)

The Mount of Olives is one of three peaks of a mountain ridge to the east of Jerusalem, and Bethany is a place about 2.4 km (1.5 miles) to the east of Jerusalem on the south-eastern slope of the Mount of Olives. Although a peak and a slope are different, this is hardly a big issue as compared to much else in this cavalcade.

85. Paul's attendants heard the miraculous voice, and stood speechless and perhaps did not hear the voice, and were prostrate.

And the men which journeyed with him [Paul] stood speechless, hearing a voice but seeing no man. (Acts 9:7)

Compare:

[Saul/Paul:] My companions saw the light, but they did not understand the voice of him who was speaking to me. (Acts 22:9 EXB)

And when we were all fallen to the earth, I heard a voice. (Acts 26:14)

Again, this is hardly much of an issue. A word used in Acts 22:9 can mean either 'hear' or 'understand', and verse 9:7 above suggests 'understand'. Still, several translations have 'hear', and others 'understand'.

86. Abraham departed to go into Canaan and Abraham went not knowing where.

And Abra[ha]m took Sarah his wife, and Lot, his brother's son, . . . And they went forth to go into the land of Canaan, and into the land of Canaan they came. (Genesis 12:5)

Compare:

By faith Abraham when he was called to go out into a place which he should after receive for an inheritance, obeyed; and he went out not knowing where he went. (Hebrews 11:8)

87. Abraham had two sons and but one son

Abraham had two sons; the one by a bond-woman, and the other by a free woman. (Galathians 4:22)

Compare:

By faith Abraham when he was tried, offered up Isaac, . . . His only begotten son. (Hebrews 11:17)

88. Keturah was Abraham's wife and concubine

Then again Abraham took a wife, and her name was Keturah. (Genesis 25:1)

Compare:

The sons of Keturah, Abraham's concubine. (1 Chronicles 1:32)

A concubine is not a married wife, but may function as one.

89. Abraham begat a son when he was a hundred years old, by the interposition of providence and six children more after he was a hundred years old, without any interposition of providence

Sarah conceived and bare Abraham a son in his old age, at the set time of which God had spoken to him. (Genesis 21:2)

And being not weak in the faith, he considered not his own body, now dead, when he was a hundred years old. (Romans 4:19)

Therefore sprang there even from one, and him as good as dead, so many as the stars of the sky. (Hebrews 11:12)

Compare:

Then again Abraham took a wife and her name was Keturah; and she bare him Zimram, and Jockshan, and Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak, and Shuah. (Genesis 25:1, 2)

One son is said to be many . . .

90. God promised the land of Canaan to Abraham and his seed forever and Abraham and his seed never received the promised land

And the Lord said to Abraham, after lot was separated from him, lift up now your eyes and look from the place where you are, northward and southward, and eastward and westward; for all the land which you seest, to you will I give it and to your seed forever. . . . For I will give it to you. . . . To you and to your seed after you. (Genesis 13:14-15,17; 17:8)

Compare:

And he gave him [Abraham] none inheritance in it, no, not so much as to set his foot on. (Acts 7:5)

By faith he sojourned in the land of promise as in a strange country, dwelling in tents with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise. . . . These all died in faith, not having received the promises. (Hebrews 11:9, 13)

91. Michal had no child but had five children

Therefore Michal the daughter of Saul, had no child to the day of her death. (2 Samuel 6:23)

Compare:

The five sons of Michal the daughter of Saul. (2 Samuel 21:8)

92. David was tempted by the Lord to number Israel and tempted by Satan to number the people

And the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel, and he moved David against them to say, go number Israel and Judah. (2 Samuel 24:1)

Compare:

And Satan stood up against Israel and provoked David to number Israel. (1 Chronicles 21:1)

93. David took seven hundred horsemen - no, seven thousand horsemen

And David took from him a thousand chariots and seven hundred horsemen. (2 Samuel 8:4)

Compare:

And David took from him a thousand chariots and seven thousand horsemen. (1 Chronicles 18:4)

In the Old Testament the number of army men differs in different versions. Some such inconsistencies are left out here; a few may do.

94. David's throne was to endure forever and was cast down

Once have I sworn by my holiness that I will not lie to David. His seed shall endure forever and his throne as the sun before me. It shall be established forever. (Psalm 89:35, 36, 37)

Compare:

You have made his glory to cease and have cast his throne down to the ground. (Psalm 89:44)

Bogus Doctrines

95. Christ is equal with God and not equal with God

I and my father are one. (John 10:30)

Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God. (Philippians 2:5)

Compare:

My father is greater than I. (John 14:28)

Of that day and hour knows no man, not the angels of heaven, but my father only. (Matthew 24:36)

96. Jesus was all-powerful and not all-powerful

All power is given to me in heaven and in earth. (Matthew 28:18)

The father loves the son and has given all things into his hand. (John 3:35)

Compare:

He could not do any miracles there [among relatives in Nazareth], except lay his hands on a few sick people and heal them. (Mark 6:5)

97. The law was superseded by the Christian dispensation and yet not superseded

The law and the prophets were until John; since that time the kingdom of God is preached. (Luke 16:16)

[Jesus] has broken down in his flesh the dividing wall of hostility by abolishing the law of commandments . . . (Ephesians 2:14-15 ESV)

But now we are delivered from the law. (Romans 7:6)

Compare:

Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. For truly I tell you, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished. Therefore anyone who sets aside one of the least of these commands and teaches others accordingly will be called least in the kingdom of heaven. (Matthew 5:17-19)

98. Christ's mission was peace and war

And suddenly there was with the angels a multitude of the heavenly host praising God and saying, glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace. (Luke 2:13, 14)

Compare:

Do not think that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I have not come to bring peace, but a sword. (Matthew 10:34 ESV)

99. Christ received not testimony from man though he did

You sent to John and he bore witness to the truth. But I receive not testimony from man. (John 5:33, 34)

Compare:

And you shall also bear witness, because you have been with me from the beginning. (John 15:27)

100. Jesus' witness of himself is true and then again not true

I am one that bear witness of myself. . . . Though I bear record of myself, yet my record is true. (John 8:18, 14)

Compare:

If I bear witness of myself, my witness is not true. (John 5:31)

101. Christ laid down his life for his friends - er, his sheep - er, his enemies

Greater love has no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends. (John 15:13)

The good shepherd givs his life for the sheep. (John 10:11)

Compare:

When we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his son. (Romans 5:10)

102. It was said to be lawful for the Jews to put Christ to death, yet not lawful

The Jews answered him, we have a law, and by our law he ought to die. (John 19:7)

Compare:

The Jews therefore said to him, it is not lawful for us to put any man to death. (John 18:31)

103. Children are punished for the sins of their parents and not punished for the sins of their parents

I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me. (Exodus 20:5)

Compare:

The child will not share the guilt of the parent, nor will the parent share the guilt of the child. The righteousness of the righteous will be credited to them, and the wickedness of the wicked will be charged against them. (Ezekiel 18:20)

What Bible-God says he does and his Law sets down, is so different.

104. Man is justified by faith alone and not

By the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified. (Romans 3:20)

Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ. (Galathians 2:16)

The just shall live by faith. And the law is not of faith. (Galathians 3:11, 12)

For if Abraham were justified by works he has whereof to glory. (Romans 4:2)

Compare:

Was not Abraham our father justified by works? . . . You see then how that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only. (James 2:21, 24)

The doers of the law shall be justified. (Romans 2:13)

105. It is impossible to fall from grace and possible

And I give to them eternal life, and they shall never perish, neither shall any pluck them out of my hand. (John 10:28)

Neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, nor height nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God which is in Christ our Lord. (Romans 8:38, 39)

Compare:

But when a righteous person turns away from his righteousness and does injustice [commits sins] and does the same abominations [detestable things] that the wicked person does, shall he live? None of the righteous deeds that he has done shall be remembered; for the treachery [unfaithfulness] of which he is guilty and the sin he has committed, for them he shall die. (Ezekiel 18:24 ESV, with NIV words added in brackets)

For it is possible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and are made partakers of the Holy Spirit, and have tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the world to come, if they shall fall away, to renew them again to repentance. (Hebrews 6:4-6)

For if, after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein and overcome, the latter end is worse than the beginning. For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than after they had known it, to turn from the holy commandment delivered to them. (2 Peter 2:20, 21)

106. No man is without sin and proper Christians don't sin

For there is no man that sins not. (1 Kings 8:46)

Who can say, I have made my heart clean; I am pure from my sin? (Proverbs 20:9)

For there is not a just man on earth, that dos good and sinns not. (Ecclesiastes 7:20

There is none righteous, no, not one. (Romans 3:10)

Compare:

No one who remains in Him [Jesus] keeps on sinning. . . . The one who practices sin is of the devil. Anyone born of God refuses to practice sin, because God’s seed abides in him; he cannot go on sinning, because he has been born of God. He that commits sin is of the devil. (1 John 3:6-9)

"It is difference of opinion that makes horse-races." - Mark Twain.

107. There is to be a resurrection of the dead and there is to be no resurrection of the dead

The trumpet shall sound and the dead shall be raised. (1 Corinthians 15:52)

And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; . . . And they were judged, every man according to their works. (Revelation 20:12, 13)

Now that the dead are raised even Moses showed at the bush, when he called the Lord the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. (Luke 20:37)

For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised. (1 Corinthians 15:16)

Compare:

As the cloud is consumed and vanishes away, so he that goes down to the grave shall come up no more. (Job 7:9)

The dead know not anything, neither have they any more a reward. (Ecclesiastes 9:5)

They are dead, they shall not live; they are deceased they shall not rise. (Isaiah 26:14)

108. Reward and punishment are to be bestowed in this world mhm - in the herafter

Behold the righteous shall be recompensed in the earth, much more the wicked and the sinner. (Proverbs 11:31)

Compare:

And the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works. (Revelation 20:12)

Then he shall reward every man according to his works. (Matthew 16:27)

According to that he has done, whether it be good or bad. (2 Corinthians 5:10)

There may be room for some both-and in this according to karma teachings of Buddhism and Hinduism.

109. Annihilation is the portion of all mankind and endless misery, which does not go along with annihilation

Why died I not from the womb? Why did I not give up the ghost when I came out of the belly? . . . For now should I have lain still and been quiet; I should have slept; then had I been at rest, with Kings and counsellors of the earth, which built desolate places for themselves; or with princes that had gold, who filled their houses with silver; or as a hidden, untimely birth I had not been; as infants which never saw light. There the wicked cease from troubling, and there the weary be at rest. . . . The small and great are there, and the servant is free from his master. Wherefore is light given to him that is in misery, and life to the bitter in soul, which long for death and it comes not, . . . Which rejoice exceedingly when they have found the grave? (Job 3:11, 13-17, 19-22)

The dead know not anything. . . . For there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom in the grave whither you goest. (Ecclesiastes 9:5, 10)

For that which befalls the sons of men befalls the beasts, even one thing befalls them; as the one dieth, so dis the other; yea, they have all one breath; so that a man has no preeminence above a beast. . . . All go to one place. (Ecclesiastes 3:19, 20)

Compare:

These shall go away to everlasting punishment. (Matthew 25:46)

And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever. . . . And whoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire. (Revelation 20:10, 15)

And the smoke of their torment ascends up forever and ever. (Revelation 14:11)

And many of them that sleep in the dust shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt. (Daniel 12:2)

All Bible sayings are not equally pleasant.

110. The earth is to be destroyed and never to be destroyed

The earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up. (2 Peter 3:10)

Lord, you laid the foundations of the earth, and the heavens are the work of your hands. They will perish . . . they will all wear out like a garment. (Hebrews 1:10-11)

And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away, and there was no place found for them. (Revelation 20:11)

Compare:

He set the earth on its foundations; it can never be moved. (Psalm 104:5)

Generations come and generations go, but the earth remains forever. (Ecclesiastes 1:4)

In the Bible's universe, 'forever' is supposed to be a long time, like rituals around the goat skin tents forever.

111. No evil shall happen to the godly and evil does happen to the godly

There shall no evil happen to the just. (Proverbs 12:21)

Who is he that will harm you, if you be followers of that which is good? (1 Peter 3:13)

For whomever THE LORD JEHOVAH loves, he instructs, and draws aside his children with whom he is pleased. (Hebrews 12:6 - Aramaic Bible in Plain English)

Compare:

The Lord disciplines the one he loves, and he chastens [or: punishes, scourges] everyone he accepts as his son. (Hebrews 12:6 NIV and several other versions)

And the Lord said to Satan, have you considered my servant Job, that there is none like him, a perfect and an upright man? . . . So went Satan forth . . . And smote Job with sore boils from the sole of his foot to the crown of his head. (Job 2:3, 7)

112. Worldly good and prosperity are the lot of the godly and worldly misery and destitution

There shall no evil happen to the just. (Proverbs 12:21)

For the Lord loves judgment and forsakes not his saints; they are preserved forever. . . . The wicked watches for the righteous and seeks to slay him. The Lord will not leave him in his hand, nor condemn him when he is judged. . . . (Mark the perfect man, and behold the upright; for the end of that man is peace. (Psalm 37:28, 32, 33, 37)

Blessed is the man that walks not in the counsel of the ungodly. . . . Whatever he dos shall prosper. (Psalm 1:1, 3)

And the Lord was with Joseph, and he was a prosperous man. (Genesis 39:2)

So the Lord blessed the latter end of job more than the beginning. (Job 42:12)

Compare:

They were stoned, they were sawn asunder, were tempted, were slain with the sword; they wandered about in sheepskins and goat-skins; being destitute, afflicted, tormented; . . . They wandered in deserts, and in mountains, and in dens and caves of the earth. (Hebrews 11:37, 38)

These are they which came out of great tribulation. (Revelation 7:14)

Yea, and all that will live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution. (2 Timothy 3:12)

And you shall be hated of all men for my name's sake. (Luke 21:17)

Can one have it in one way and not both ways as part of the art of living? At least some may try.

113. Worldly prosperity a reward of righteousness and a blessing and a curse and a bar to future reward

There is no man that has left house, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my sake and the gospel's, but he shall receive a hundred fold now in this time, houses, and brethren, and sisters, and mothers, and children, and lands. (Mark 10:29, 30)

I have been young, and now am old; yet have I not seen the righteous forsaken nor his seed begging bread. (Psalm 37:25)

Blessed is the man that fears the Lord. . . . Wealth and riches shall be in his house. (Psalm 112:1, 3)

If you return to the almighty, you shall be built up. . . . Then shall you lay up gold as dust. (Job 22:23, 24)

In the house of the righteous is much treasure. (Proverbs 15:6)

Compare:

Blessed be you poor. (Luke 6:20)

Lay not up for yourselves treasures on earth. . . . For where your treasure is there will your heart be also. (Matthew 6:19, 21)

And it came to pass that the beggar died, and was carried by the angels into Abraham's bosom. (Luke 16:22)

It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God. (Matthew 19:24)

Woe to you that are rich! For you have received your consolation. (Luke 6:24)

114. The yoke of Jesus is easy and and not

Come to me all you that labour and are heavy laden and I will give you rest. Take my yoke on you. . . . For my yoke is easy and my burden is light. (Matthew 11:28, 29, 30)

Compare:

In the world you shall have tribulation. (John 16:33)

Yea, and all that will live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution. (2 Timothy 3:12)

The Lord disciplines those he loves, and he punishes [chastices, scourges] each one he accepts as his child.. . . . If God doesn't discipline you as he does all of his children, it means that you are illegitimate and are not really his children at all. (Hebrews 12:6, 8, NLT)

115. The fruit of God's spirit is love and gentleness and vengeance and fury

The fruit of the spirit is love, peace, joy, gentleness, and goodness. (Galathians 5:22)

Compare:

And the spirit of the Lord came on him and he slew a thousand men. (Judges 15:14)

And it came to pass on the morrow that the evil spirit from God came on Saul. . . And there was a javelin in Saul's hand. And Saul cast the javelin; for he said, I will smite David even to the wall with it. (1 Samuel 18:10, 11)

116. Longevity is enjoyed by the wicked and denied to the wicked

Wherefore do the wicked live, become old, yea, are mighty in power? Their seed is established in their sight with them, and their offspring before their eyes. (Job 21:7, 8)

They [men of the world] are full of children and leave the rest of their substance to their babes. (Psalm 17:14)

Though a sinner do evil a hundred times and his days be prolonged, yet surely I know that it shall be well with them that fear God. (Ecclesiastes 8:12)

But the sinner being a hundred years old shall be accursed. (Isaiah 65:20)

Compare:

But it shall not be well with the wicked, neither shall he prolong his days. (Ecclesiastes 8:13)

Bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their days. (Psalm 55:23)

The years of the wicked shall be shortened. (Proverbs 10:27)

They [the hypocrites] die in youth. (Job 36:14)

Be not over much wicked, neither be foolish; why shouldst you die before your time? (Ecclesiastes 7:17)

117. Poverty is a blessing and riches a blessing and neither poverty nor riches a blessing

  Blessed be you poor. . . . Woe to you that are rich! (Luke 6:20, 24)

Has not God chosen the poor of this world, rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom? (James 2:5)

Compare:

The rich man's wealth is his strong tower, but the destruction of the poor is their poverty. (Proverbs 10:15)

If you return to the almighty then you shall be built up. . . . You shall then lay up gold as dust. (Job 22:23-24)

And the Lord blessed the latter end of job more than the beginning, for he had 14,000 sheep, and 6,000 camels, and a thousand yoke of oxen, and a thousand she asses. (Job 42:12)

And compare:

Give me neither poverty nor riches; feed me with food convenient for me; lest I be full, and deny you and say, who is the Lord? Or lest I be poor and steal, and take the name of my God in vain. (Proverbs 30:8, 9)

What will it be?

118. Wisdom, a source of enjoyment and a source of vexation, grief, and sorrow

Blessed is the man who finds wisdom, the man who acquires understanding, . . . and her gain is better than fine gold. She is more precious than rubies; Long life is in her right hand; in her left hand are riches and honour, Her ways are pleasant, and all her paths are peaceful, and those who lay hold of her are blessed.

The Lord founded the earth by wisdom.

Preserve sound judgement and discernment. They will be life to your soul . . . Then you will go on your way in safety.

The wise will inherit honour. (Proverbs 3:13-35, passim)

Compare:

I applied myself to the understanding of wisdom, and also of madness and folly, but I learned that this, too, is a chasing after the wind. I perceived that this also was vexation of spirit. For in much wisdom is much grief, and he that increass knowledge, increases sorrow. (Ecclesiastes 1:17-18 NIV)

These are two different views by the alleged same author, Solomon. A large part of the Book of Proverbs is a recasting of a second-millennium BCE Egyptian work, the Instruction of Amenemope. - As for Ecclesiastes,in traditional Jewish texts and throughout church history (up to the 18th and 19th centuries), King Solomon is named as the author of it, although many modern scholars reject this.

119. A good name a blessing and a curse.

A good name is better than precious ointment. (Ecclesiastes 7:1)

A good name is rather to be chosen than great riches. (Proverbs 22:1)

Compare:

Woe to you when all men shall speak well of you. (Luke 6:26)

120. Laughter can be commended and not commended

To everything there is a season, and a time. . . . A time to weep, and a time to laugh. (Ecclesiastes 3:1, 4)

Then I commended mirth, because a man has no better thing under the sun than to eat, and to drink, and to be merry. (Ecclesiastes 8:15)

Compare:

Woe to you that laugh now. (Luke 6:25)

Sorrow is better than laughter; for by the sadness of the countenance the heart is made better. The heart of the wise is in the house of mourning; but the heart of the fool is in the house of mirth. (Ecclesiastes 7:3, 4)

121. The rod of correction a remedy for foolishness and there is no remedy for foolishness

Foolishness is bound in the heart of a child, but the rod of correction will drive it far from him. (Proverbs 22:15)

Compare:

Though you grind fools in a mortar, grinding them like grain with a pestle, you will not remove their folly from them. (Proverbs 27:22)

122. A fool should be answered according to his folly but not according to his folly

Answer a fool according to his folly. (Proverbs 26:5)

Compare:

Answer not a fool according to his folly. (Proverbs 26:4)

123. Temptation to be desired and not to be desired

My brethren, I count it all joy when you fall into temptation. (James 1:2)

Compare:

Lead us not into temptation. (Matthew 6:13)

124. Prophecy is sure and not sure.

We also have the prophetic message as something completely reliable, and you will do well to pay attention to it, as to a light shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts. (2 Peter 1:19)

Compare:

[The Old Testament Lord:] If at any time I announce that a nation or kingdom is to be uprooted, torn down and destroyed, and if that nation I warned repents of its evil, then I will relent and not inflict on it the disaster I had planned. And if at another time I announce that a nation or kingdom is to be built up and planted, and if it does evil in my sight and does not obey me, then I will reconsider the good I had intended to do for it. (Jeremiah 18:7-10)

125. Miracles, a proof of divine mission and not a proof of divine mission

[Jesus:] Report . . . what you hear and see: The blind receive sight, the lame walk, those who have leprosy are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, and the good news is proclaimed to the poor. (Matthew 11:2-5)

No man can do these miracles that you do except God be with him. (John 3:2)

Israel saw that great work which the Lord done on the Egyptians; and the people feared the Lord and believed the Lord and his servant Moses. (Exodus 14:31)

Compare:

Moses and Aaron went in to Pharaoh . . . Aaron cast down his rod before Pharaoh and before his servants, and it became a serpent. But Pharaoh also called the wise men and the sorcerers; so the magicians of Egypt, they also did in like manner with their enchantments.For every man threw down his rod, and they became serpents. (Exodus 7:10-12)

If a prophet, or one who foretells by dreams, appears among you and announces to you a sign or wonder, and if the sign or wonder spoken of takes place, and the prophet says, "Let us follow other gods" (gods you have not known) "and let us worship them," you must not listen to the words of that prophet or dreamer. The Lord your God is testing you to find out whether you love him with all your heart and with all your soul. (Deuteronomy 13:1-3)

If I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your sons cast them out? (Luke 11:19)

126. Moses was a very meek man and a very cruel man

Now, the man Moses, was very meek, above all the men that were on the face of the earth. (Numbers 12:3)

Compare:

And Moses said to them, have you saved all the women alive? . . . Now, therefore, kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman that has known a man. (Numbers 31:15, 17)

This is no explanation, but compare: "Sometimes you must be cruel to be kind (English Proverb)." It means to do or say something that causes someone pain because you imagine it will help them.

127. Elijah went up to heaven but none but Christ ever ascended into heaven

And Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven. (2 Kings 2:11)

Compare:

No man has ascended up to heaven but he that came down from heaven, even the son of man. (John 3:13)

As for Enoch, the father of Metusalah and ancestor of Noah, Genesis says he lived 365 years. He "walked with God: and he was no more; for God took him" (Genesis 5:21–24). Some Christians take it to mean: "Enoch entered Heaven alive." (WP, "Enoch (ancestor of Noah)")

128. All scripture is inspired and some scripture is not inspired

All scripture is given by inspiration of God. (2 Timothy 3:16)

Compare:

But I speak this by permission and not by commandment. (1 Corinthians 7:6)

But to the rest speak I, not the Lord. (1 Corinthians 7:12)

That which I speak, I speak it not after the Lord. (2 Corinthians 11:17)

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Win Tricks Involved

Luckily, healthy ones do not need Jesus, Jesus is recorded to say in three gospels (Matthew 9:12-13). It means that healthy Jews and probably non-Jews too are not obliged do as he commands his ill Jews. That appears to be something to be well reminded of. (Cf. John 14:26)."

Buddha shows many basics in how to not trust along a foolish street. Good luck with that. [Kalama Sutta].

Surface comparisons alone are not the best Torah knowledge. Straight textual criticism along with it may prove very profitable. There are many books by such as Bart D. Ehrman that offer a clearer overview. Below are some of his books and several others.

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Bible self-contradictions and swindles, Literature  

Burr, William Henry. Self-Contradictions of the Bible. New York: Davis and Company, 1860. [On-line] ⍽▢⍽ An excellent, old work.

Ehrman, Bart D. Jesus: Apocalyptic Prophet of the New Millennium.. Paperback ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. ⍽▢⍽ Professor Ehrman thinks it is probably right that Jesus said that the world would come to a dramatic end within the lifetime of his apostles, and that a new kingdom would be created on earth then. That at least one apostle thought it too, is evidenced by such as 1 Thess 4:15-17.. There is a need to think carefully, and there is very little mention of Jesus outside of the New Testament, with exception of the gospels of Peter and of Thomas. So the four gospels are said to be the best sources for trying to establish what Jesus himself actually said and did. (p. 17; 83;). The notable Bible scholar Geza Vermes has soguht to do that in The Authentic Gospel (2005). His concusion: there is no old saying of Jesus that is authentically verbatim. It means that sayings of Jesus in the gospels may not be true quotations.

Ehrman, Bart D. Misquoting Jesus: The Story Behind Who Changed the Bible and Why. New York: HarperCollins, 2005. ⍽▢⍽ Ehrman highlights that the New Testament contains forged books, "forgeware", written in the names of the apostles by Christian writers who lived decades later, and how Christian doctrines - such as the suffering messiah, the divinity of Jesus, and the Trinity - were invented later.

Ehrman, Bart D. Jesus, Interrrupted: Revealing the Hidden Contradictions in the Bible (And Why We Don't Know About Them). New York: HarperCollins, 2009. ⍽▢⍽ Dr Ehrman addresses the larger issue of what the New Testament actually teaches according to what scholars have unearthed, such as: (1) The New Testament contains diverging views about who Jesus was and how salvation works; (2) Some of its books were forged in the names of the apostles by Christian writers who lived decades later; (3) Established Christian doctrines, such as the suffering messiah, the divinity of Jesus, and the trinity, were the inventions of still later theologians. (4) Jesus, Paul, Matthew, and John represented fundamentally different religions.
      And these are standard and widespread views of critical scholars. Yet many people have never heard about them. "Such views of the Bible are virtually unknown among the population at large. As a result, not only are most Americans (increasingly) ignorant of the contents of the Bible, but they are also almost completely in the dark about what scholars have been saying about the Bible for the past two centuries. This book is meant to help redress that problem," writes Ehrman (p. 2).

Ehrman, Bart D. Studies in the Textual Criticism of the New Testament. Leiden: Brill, 2006. ⍽▢⍽ Bart Ehrman, one of the premier textual scholars in North America., deals with text-critical methods and textual problems through a series of essays with an introduction. This book is not fit for beginners so much as for theology students or very interested ones otherwise.

Ehrman, Bart D. The Corruption of Scripture: The Effect of Early Christological Controversies on the Text of the New Testament. . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993. ⍽▢⍽ It is often said that "Victors write the history" - their versions of it, and suppress other versions. In the social history of early Christianity there are struggles between Christian "heresy" and "orthodoxy", struggles that lead to many strange documents and forgeries alike through the 2nd and 3rd centuries before the New Testament canon had been produced. Each succeeding chapter deals with a different controversy from the church history. A carefully referenced, readable book for those who are specially interested.

Vermes, Geza. The Real Jesus: Then and Now. Minneapolis, MI: Fortress Press, 2010. ⍽▢⍽ Through a series of small essays the world-class scholar presents findings that can amount to shed light on contemporary religious and biblical questions. A lovable response to this book is to sit back and consider what Jesus really was about. Vermes writes in an easy style, although with quite repeated phrases. There are four parts and 29 essays in all in the book.

Vermes, Geza. The Authentic Gospel of Jesus. London: Penguin, 2005. ⍽▢⍽ The renowned biblical scholar Geza Vermes distils a lifetime's knowledge to examine every saying attributed to Jesus, seeking to return to the most likely teachings of a charismatic Jewish healer and moralist behind the messiah image. How to distinguish between the doctrines shaped to the needs of the burgeoning Christian church and the true views by Jesus? Can we dig back through the additions, misinterpretations and confusions of later writers and two millennia of tradition to any authentic gospel of Jesus? In this books all the alleged gospel sayings of Jesus are scrutinised with reference to the culture and settings of Jesus, to come as close as possible to what Jesus was up to. Vermes' book is one of scholarship and knowledge, and largely accessible to the general reader.

Wells, Steve. The Skeptic's Annotated Bible: The King James' Version from a Skeptic's Point of View. SAB Books, 2012. ⍽▢⍽ There are several books on Bible errors around by now. Here is a looming one! Today's New International Version (TNIV) of 2005 could be read along with it.

Harvesting the hay

Symbols, brackets, signs and text icons explained: (1) Text markers(2) Digesting.

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