Guru Dev's Teachings Behind TM
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Guru Dev (1871-1953) was the Shankaracharya of Jyotir Math from 1941 to 1953. Shankaracharya is a revered spiritual title in Hinduism. Guru Dev's teachings have been gathered by Paul Mason and published on the Internet and in a series of books. Below are extracted Guru Dev statements.
From "Guru Dev as Presented by Maharishi"
If you cannot be alone then be in the company of good people. [p. 8]
Paramatma  is real. [p. 16]
Be influenced by the pleasing "Treat everyone as if they were yourself" by Shankaracharya . [p. 17]
The best wealth is salvation. [p. 18]
The ishta  defends one from calamities. [p. 18]
Keep your distance from whoever you understand to be bad company. [p. 53]
To the best of your ability, obtain a japa mantra. [p. 28]
Endure prosperity with courage. [p. 49]
Prepare, before going on a journey. -- Do a suitable method of meditation little by little do some practice -- Plant the seed-mantra in the inner self the excellent field that is filled with flowers, and make it fruit-bearing. [p. 13, 29, 36]
Make a god out of the human being. [p. 34]
From virtue comes happiness [and being] freed from wicked company. [p. 61]
The fruits of yagya [worship, prayer, praise; offering, oblation, religious sacrifice] are destroyed by untrue speech. [p. 52]
The TM Movement Starts
"Maharishi . . . Mahesh Yogi owed much, if not all of his spiritual understanding, to his teacher Shankaracharya Brahmanand Saraswati." [Paul Mason]
Many of us who have been initiated into Transcendental Meditation, respect and revere Brahmananda Saraswati as "Guru Dev". Guru Dev passed away on 20 May 1953. He was in his eighties by then. Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, known as Brahmachari Mahesh at the time, became a devotee of Brahmananda Saraswati shortly before Brahmananda was installed as Shankaracharya in 1941. Brahmachari Mahesh later became Guru Dev's personal assistant and secretary. He was not considered suitable as Guru Dev's successor-Shankaracharya for northern India, for Brahmachari Mahesh did not meet stiff, formal qualifications: He was of the third caste, and a shankaracharya had to be of the fourth caste, the brahmin caste. That is an old, handed-over condition for shankaracharyas and gurus alike in the age-old Shankara tradition. When Maharishi started the TM movement in India, he also saw to it that he was not promoted as a guru, but as a conduit pipe conveying Guru Dev's blessings, as Professor P. S. Atchuthan Pillai put it. [p. 212-33, 215]
After Guru Dev had passed away, others served as Shankaracharyas while Brahmachari Mahesh went into seclusion for a while. He withdrew from ashram life to a remote place, Uttar Kashi in north India. There he spent months in a cave that looked like a small basement under a room. It was quiet and quite temperate in it, he told. [p. 213]
He left the place to accompany an ailing aunt from Calcutta to a medical facility near Bangalore in southern India. While in southern India, in 1954 he began teaching local people how to meditate, and in 1955 travelled further south still, and to other places in India too. He grasped that "To turn the mind inward was easy!" [p. 214]
In the south he taught a mantra practice that was easy and very effective at bestowing happiness. People became interested in learning that easy method of meditation for spiritual fulfilment. He taught, as Guru Dev's conduit pipe, that there are renouncers of ordinary living and the rest of us, and that renouncers, sannyasis, might get very detached through repeating Om, Om mentally. But for the rest of us, detachment may not be such a great boon, especially if it mars coping that life depends on. And so, for most people brahmins included Maharishi taught particularly chosen mantras, here too in the steps of Guru Dev. He assured that householders find happiness in fulfilling desires and by filling their minds with householder-suitable mantra vibrations TM meditation for some minutes several times a day. That is the basic way of TM, Transcendental Meditation. It is all rooted in Guru Dev. He talks of these points in several places. [p. 216-17]
We do not have to renounce to be called yogis or misfits . . . Watch your steps and stick to these three "feet" at least:
And it does not hurt to be careful not to get overly involved while working for an income and all that, but rather wise and expertlike somehow. "Too slow is unfit" I may add. So protect yourself. Guru Dev teaches that true support is within.
Mahesh Yogi, Maharishi. The Science of Being and Art of Living. New York: Plume/Penguin, 2001.
Mahesh Yogi, Maharishi. Maharishi Mahesh Yogi on the Bhagavad Gita: A New Translation and Commentary. Chapters 1-6. London: Penguin 1969.
Mason, Paul. 108 Discourses of Guru Dev: The Life and Teachings of Swami Brahmananda Saraswati, Shankaracharya of Jyotirmath (1941-53). Vol 1. Penzance, Cornwall: Premanand, 2009.
Mason, Paul. The Biography of Guru Dev: The Life and Teachings of Swami Brahmananda Saraswati, Shankaracharya of Jyotirmath (1941-53). Vol 2. Penzance, Cornwall: Premanand, 2009.
Mason, Paul. Guru Dev as presented by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi: The Life and Teachings of Swami Brahmananda Saraswati, Shankaracharya of Jyotirmath (1941-53). Vol 3. Penzance, Cornwall: Premanand, 2009.
Mason, Paul. The Maharishi: The Biography of the Man Who Gave Transcendental Meditation to the World. Rev. ed. Lyndhurst, Hampshire: Evolution, 2005.
Roth, Robert. Maharishi Mahesh Yogi's TM Transcendental Meditation. Online. [◦Link] A fine book.
Sands, William F. Maharishi Mahesh Yogi and His Gift to the World. Fairfield, IA: Maharishi University of Management Press, 2012.
The Transcendental Meditation Program. Official website. [◦Link]
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