ATU numbers are used to classify types of folktales in the international folktales catalogue. The many types of tales are described there too, along with other information. [More]. (See Uther 2004 below).
Below, all the best known Grimm tales are given type numbers, that is, one or more ATU-numbers, for studying them better. Where the ATU type-title is as in the title of a translated, common Grimm tale, the title is left out after the ATU number. Besides, apart from all the tales in the final Grimm edition, data for two more tales is supplied on one of these pages: "Puss in Boots" from the Grimms' first edition, and the legend "The Children of Hameln" (See Grimm, 1981). - Tormod Kinnes
ATU 85 A mouse, a bird, and a sausage lived together sharing the housework. The bird gathered wood, the mouse carried water, made the fire and set the table, and the sausage did the cooking and flavoured the food by jumping into the pot. The bird complained that his work was the hardest, so they swapped duties. As a result the sausage was eaten by a dog while gathering wood. The mouse and bird went on living together, but when the mouse tried to cook and flavour the soup as the sausage used to do, she was scalded to death. When the bird came for dinner, there was none. She called and searched, but did not find any cook. In her distress she was careless with the wood, so that it caught fire. When she hastened to fetch water, she fell into the well and drowned.
ATU 2022, The Death of the Little Hen A louse and a flea were brewing beer in an egg-shell. The little louse fell in and burnt herself. The flea screamed for help, and a door, broom cart, an ash-heap, a tree, and a water-pitcher in turn showed they could not. In the end the little spring responded by swelling and overflowing all. "The patient died, but was released from the burns." All the others were drowned too.
ATU 65, Mrs. Fox's Suitors. (1) To test his wife's devotion, an old fox pretends to be dead. Finally a suitor comes that the widow agrees to marry. The old fox who was supposed to be dead, stirred and drove his wife and her suitor out of the house.
(2) An old fox is truly dead. One after another, many wild animals come to woo the widow. Only the young fox fits her basic requirements.
ATU 451, The Brothers Who Were Turned into Birds.
ATU 1450. Ends with an episode of type 1383, A Woman Does Not Know Herself.
ATU 763. Includes an episode of type 554, The Grateful Animals
ATU 1696, What Should I Have Said (or Done)?
ATU (a) 503*, Helpful Elves. Also categorized as a migratory legend, type 7015.
ATU 476*, A Midwife (or Godmother) for the Elves. Also categorized as a migratory legend, type 5070.
A migratory legend, type 5085, The Changeling.
ATU 700 (previously Tom Thumb). This type is usually combined with episodes of one or more other types.
ATU 554, The Grateful Animals.
ATU 4022, The Animal Bride.
ATU 1650, Three Brothers Inherit a Rooster, a Scythe, and a Cat. Includes episodes of types 1202, Harvesting Grain with a Cannon; 1651, Dick Whittington and His Cat; and 1281, Burning the Barn to Destroy an Unknown Animal.
ATU 1640 (+ 1060, 1062, 1052, 1051, 1115)
ATU 210, The Traveling Animals and the Wicked Man.
ATU 425C, Beauty and the Beast.
ATU 500, Guessing the Helper's Name.
ATU 700 (previously Tom Thumb)
ATU 451, The Brothers Who Were Turned into Birds.
ATU 332, Godfather Death.
ATU 884, The Forsaken Fiancée.
ATU 325, The Magician and His Pupil.
ATU 313A, The Girl Helps the Hero Flee.
ATU 101, The Old Dog Rescues the Child. Ends with an episode of type 103, Wild Animals Hide from an Unfamiliar Animal, and of type 104, War between the Village Animals and the Forest Animals.
ATU, Ogres Kill Their Own Children, followed by type 313C, The Girl Helps the Hero Flee; the Forgotten Fiancée
ATU 248, The Man, the Dog, and the Bird.
Brothers Grimm. The Complete Fairy Tales. Tr. Jack Zipes. Extended 3rd ed. London: Vintage Classics, 2007. ⍽▢⍽ The book contains a translation of the tales in the seventh edition of the Grimm tales from 1857, plus thirty-two more tales that the Grimms shaped and refined and published in earlier editions of the work. Dr Zipes' critically acclaimed, large book (over 1000 pages) contains much of relevant information. Besides, the language of the tales reads well. Better be warned: there are violence-ridden tales among many others.
Grimm, Jacob Ludwig Karl. The German Legends of the Brothers Grimm. Vol. 1 and Vol 2. Ed. and tr. Donald Ward. Philadelphia: The Institute for the Study of Human Issues, 1981.
Hunt, Margaret Raine, tr and ed. Grimm's Household Tales with the Authors' Notes. 2 vols. London: George Bell and Sons, 1884.
Uther, Hans-Jörg. The Types of International Folktales: A Classification and Bibliography Based on the System of Antti Aarne and Stith Thompson. Vols 1-3. FF Communications No. 284-86, Helsinki: Academia Scientiarum Fennica, 2004.
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