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Váyu is the Wind-God, Lord of the winds.

The gods who manage bodily functions once wanted to find out who among them was the greatest. One by one they took turns in leaving a man. He kept on living, though gradually impaired in various ways, until Vayu began to leave him. Then all the other gods in the man dwindled along with the life-breath of the man. From this they saw what great and secret power Vayu had. (from Brihadaranyaka Upanishad)

Vayu (Blower) is known by many names. Anil (Air, Wind), Vyán (Air), and Váta (Airy Element) are some of them. The different names reflect different sides to or activities of the Secret Wind within man and woman.

The Chandogya Upanishad states that one cannot know Brahman except by Vayu - flowing in the Blowing Wind. Some yoga ways are for that. (WP, "Vayu")

The Vayu Purana and the Brahmanda Purana have much content in common and their origin in common as well. However, the Vayu Purana exists in many versions. There are chapters inserted in it on duties of castes and persons in different stages of life.

At the beginning of the Purana the author tells the immutable Lord is the protector of the world, the Reality of the Universe. He is Being, Consciousness and Joy (Sat-Chit-Ananda). (li-lii)

The Naimisa forest in this Purana is in Kurikshetra. To this forest came the Purana-reciter Suta (Lomaharsana). He was very well versed in Dharma (virtue), Artha (wealth), Kama (desire) and Moksa (liberation). Wise sayings came forth from him.

The sages that had gathered in the forest, greeted him with gentle words and honoured him. He was urged to tell legends to them.

Suta agreed and said that the Purana he was about to tell, had been told to the sages by Vayu already - and, "I got it all from the venerable sage Vyasa. He churned the ocean of the Vedas with the churning-rod of his intellect and produced the Mahabharata and this Purana that I am about to retell." (1.1-41, retold) Suta: "With devoted and pious mind to Brahma, Vayu and Indra, to the noble-souled Vasistha . . . and to his (Vasistha's) great-grandson, Vyasa, Krisna Dvaipayana . . . I shall speak of Dharma (virtue), Artha (wealth) and Nyáya (justice or right conduct).

"I have listened to this Purana from that omniscient expounder of Brahman [Veda-Vyasa]. (1.40)

"The Wind-God told this Purana before me." (3.7)

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Teachings

(Vayu) is a disciple of Brahma.
He can see everything directly.
He is endowed with the eight supernatural powers.
He perpetually flows through his regions.
He sustains bodies of living beings,
Urging them with his five-fold activities and through the organs of sensation and activity.
Lord Vayu is the extremely active presiding deity called Vatarani,
An expert in the science of language.
An adept in ancient tradition,
he may delight the learned sages.

(Derived from 2.35-41)

The incomparable golden cosmic egg was born from the ultimate cause . . . the inconceivable . . . The cosmic egg was enveloped by the waters; the waters by the fire; the fire by the wind; the wind by the ether; the ether by the cosmic Ego; that Ego by the cosmic intellect (Mahat, (the great principle) and that intellect by the Unmanifest (avyakta). (1.42, 44-45)


Vayu Purana Teachings, Literature  

Tagare, G. V., tr. 1987. Vayu Purana. Part 1. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

Tagare, G. V., tr. 1960. Vayu Purana. Part 2. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

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