The first chapter below consists of Buddhist wisdom that relates to "The Fruits of the Contemplative Life" of ancient Buddhism. It is followed by sayings and extracts from The Roots of the Uposatha (Anguttara Nikaya 3.70) and some passages from Muluposatha Sutta. All three all are ancient texts of Buddhism.
Most of these extracts and sayings are attributed to Buddha (563?–483? BC). After his yogic enlightenment he devoted 45 years to sharing his teachings. Some cornerstones can be rendered as "Suffering can be ended," and "Right livelihood favours contemplation" [well implied]. Today, estimatedly 300-500 million people profess a Buddhist faith. There are many variants.
Four "Steps" (Jhanas) on the Way Lightly Rephrased
1. Quite withdrawn a contemplative enters and remains in the first jhana, which is rapture and pleasure accompanied by directed thought and evaluation. The contemplative permeates this very body with rapture and pleasure [Mod Buddha]
2. With the stilling of directed thought and evaluation, the contemplative enters and remains in the second jhana, which is rapture and pleasure born of composure, unification of awareness, and internal assurance. There is nothing of the contemplative's entire body that is not pervaded by rapture and pleasure born of composure. [Mod Buddha]
3. With the fading of rapture, the contemplative remains in equanimity, mindful and alert, and physically sensitive of pleasure. He enters and remains in the third jhana, which is equanimous and mindful: he has a pleasurable abiding. [Mod Buddha]
4. With the abandoning of pleasure and stress the able practitioner enters and remains in the fourth jhana, which is purity of equanimity and mindfulness, neither-pleasure nor stress. He sits with a pure, bright awareness. Permeating the body with a pure, bright awareness is a fruit of the contemplative life. [Mod Buddha]
A concentrated mind becomes mindful and more unperturbed
FROM DEVELOPING a concentrated, pure mind one may wield manifold supranormal powers: Having been one he becomes many; having been many he becomes one. He appears. He vanishes. He goes unimpeded through walls, ramparts, and mountains as if through space. He dives in and out of the earth as if it were water. He walks on water without sinking as if it were dry land. Sitting cross-legged he flies through the air like a winged bird. [With Buddha]
Some priests and contemplatives maintain themselves by wrong livelihood, including lowly arts. [Buddha]
By directing and inclining his steadied, well concentrated mind to knowledge of the awareness of other beings, he knows the awareness of other beings, other individuals, having encompassed it with his own awareness. He discerns a mind with aversion as a mind with aversion, and a mind without aversion as a mind without aversion. He discerns a restricted mind as a restricted mind, an enlarged mind as an enlarged mind. And he discerns an excelled mind [one that is not at the most excellent level] as an excelled mind. He discerns a concentrated mind as a concentrated mind. [Buddha]
It is well to abstain from damaging seed and plant life. [With Buddha]
A good man dwells without covetousness. [Buddha] ◊
The good one abstains from running messages and errands for people. [With Buddha]
The noble one prefer a secluded dwelling, sits down, crosses his legs, holds his body erect, and brings mindfulness to the fore. [With Buddha]
With his mind thus concentrated, purified, steady, and unperturbed, he directs and inclines it to knowledge of passing away and re-appearance of things. [With Buddha]
A great man abstains from abusive speech. He speaks words that are soothing to the ear, that are affectionate, that go to the heart. [With Buddha]
Backing up an inward-turning, undisturbed, concentrated mind matters - it tends to clarify itself from inside
THROUGH pleasure the mind should become concentrated. [With Buddha] (3)
Abandoning restlessness and anxiety, we should dwell undisturbed, with our minds inwardly stilled. [Buddha]
A fine person abstains from watching vanity shows and from heedless and idle games. [With Buddha] ◊
It is very good to abstain from the taking of life for the welfare of all living beings. [Mod Buddha]
If there were a pool of water in a mountain glen clear, limpid, and unsullied where a man with good eyesight standing on the bank could see shells, gravel, and pebbles, and also shoals of fish swimming about and resting, and it would occur to him, "This pool of water is clear, limpid, and unsullied." With his mind thus concentrated and well purified, one directs and inclines the well steadied mind to the knowledge of the ending of the mental fermentations and the way leading to the cessation of fermentations.' [Buddha]
Focusing one's mind well brings about many pleasures, increase of alertness is one of many
A GOOD man lives not by stealth but by means of a self that has become pure. [With Buddha] (5)
By means of the heavenly eye, purified and surpassing the human eyes he sees beings and he discerns how they are inferior and superior, beautiful and ugly, fortunate and unfortunate in accordance with their karma.
Endowed with this noble restraint over the sense faculties, the sturdy monk is inwardly sensitive to the pleasure of being blameless. [Mod Buddha]
Incline the concentrated mind well - and to knowledge. [Mod Buddha]
A fit man finds little interesting in philosophical discussions. [Mod Buddha]
For a monk, wrong livelihood includes such as consecrating sites for construction. [Cf. Buddha]
The fit one dwells with an awareness devoid of sloth and drowsiness, mindful, alert, percipient of light. [With Buddha]
Abandoning ill will and anger, the good man dwells with an awareness devoid of ill will, sympathetic with the welfare of all living beings. [With Buddha]
With his mind thus concentrated, he directs and inclines it to knowledge of the recollection of previous homes (meaning: past lives). He recollects manifold past lives, and in their modes and details. [Buddha]
The good man, abandoning divisive speech he loves concord, delights in concord, enjoys concord. [With Buddha]
Good health, not being in prison, freedom, a place of security, these make some people glad, nay, enraptured, nay, tranquil - and hence sensitive to pleasure. [With Buddha]
It is well to abstain from forms of scheming and persuading. They include improper ways of trying to gain material support from donors. [With Buddha]
Having crossed over uncertainty, he suffers no perplexity with regard to skilful mental qualities. [Buddha]
The fine man acts with alertness: Going forward and returning, he acts with alertness. When looking toward and looking away. When bending and extending his limbs. When carrying his outer cloak, his upper robe, and his bowl. When eating, drinking, chewing, and tasting. When urinating and defecating. When walking, standing, sitting, falling asleep, waking up, talking, and remaining silent, he acts with alertness. [With Buddha]
The good man speaks in season, speaks what is factual, what is in accordance with the goal. [With Buddha]
The fair man speaks words worth treasuring. They are reasonable and may be circumscribed. [With Buddha]
The fine man cleanses his mind. [With Buddha]
The good man abstains from false speech. He speaks the truth, holds to the truth, is firm, reliable, no deceiver. [With Buddha]
The great man cleanses his mind of covetousness. [With Buddha]
The great one abstains from idle chatter. [With Buddha]
Priests and contemplatives are to abstain from such lowly arts as forecasting defeats while living off food given in faith. [With Buddha]
The strong monk is inwardly sensitive to the pleasure of being blameless. [With Buddha]
With his mind well concentrated and inclined to the divine ear ---the contemplating one knows, "That is the sound of kettledrums, that is the sound of small drums, that is the sound of conchs, that is the sound of cymbals, and that is the sound of tom-toms." [Buddha]
A good man abstains from the use of false scales, deception, and fraud. [With Buddha]
The nobly content monk takes only his barest necessities along. [Buddha]
The proper monk is mindful and alert. [Cf. Buddha] (7)
The pure man, while living off food given in faith, abstains from collecting debts, making investments and loans, and bringing forth flames from the mouth. [Cf. Buddha]
He hears by means of the inner ear both kinds of sounds: divine and human, whether near or far. [With Buddha]
There seems to be little gain in talking about lowly topics and thoughtless debates. [Cf. Buddha]
Abstain from false speech [Buddha].
Buddha is an expert with regard to the world [Mod Buddha].
By recollecting the Tathagata [Buddha], the mind should be calmed, and joy arise, and defilements of the mind abandoned [With Buddha].
It is owing to Brahma that one's mind is calmed [Buddha].
It should do well to abandon imposing seats and beds [Cf. Buddha].
Kingship over human beings is a meagre thing when compared with heavenly bliss [Buddha].
One should indeed abstain from fermented and distilled liquors that cause heedlessness [Buddha].
One should not tell a lie [Buddha].
One should refrain from the sexual act that is the villager's way [Buddha].
The defiled mind can also be cleansed by recollecting solid virtues and living with them [With Buddha].
The defiled mind ought to be cleansed through the proper technique [With Buddha].
The Sangha [Community] of the Buddha's disciples consists of those who have practiced well, straight-forwardly, methodically, and masterfully. Such disciples should be worthy of gifts, worthy of hospitality, worthy of offerings, worthy of respect, and merit [Mod Buddha].
Those who speak the truth and hold to the truth are reliable, and no deceivers [With Buddha].