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Rigveda 9:1-114.

1 - Soma Pavamana

In sweetest and most gladdening stream

flow pure, Soma, on your way,

Pressed out for Indra, for his drink. (1)

Fiend-queller, friend of all men, he has with the wood attained to

His place, his iron-fashioned home. (2)

Be best Vritra-slayer, best granter of bliss, most liberal:

Promote our wealthy princes' gifts. (3)

Flow onward with your juice to the banquet of the Mighty gods:

Flow bither for our strength and fame. (4)

Indu, we draw nigh to you, with this one object day by day:

To you alone our prayers are said (5)

By means of this eternal fleece may Surya's Daughter purify

Your Soma that is foaming forth. (6)

Ten sister maids of slender form seize him within the press and hold

Him firmly on the final day. (7)

The virgins send him forth: they blow the the skin musician-like and fuse

The triple foe-repelling meath. (8)

Inviolable milk-cows round about him blend for Indra's drink,

The fresh young Soma with their milk. (9)

In the wild raptures of this draught, Indra slays all the Vritras: he,

The hero, pours his wealth on us.

2 - Soma Pavamana

Soma, flow on, inviting gods, speed to the purifying cloth:

Pass intIndra, as a Bull. (1)

As mighty food speed hereward, Indu, as a most splendid Steer:

Sit in your place as one with strength. (2)

The well-loved meath was made to flow, the stream of the creative juice

ne Sage drew waters to himself. (3)

The mighty waters, yea, the floods accompany you Mighty One,

When you will clothe you with the milk. (4)

The lake is brightened in the floods. Soma, our friend, heaven's prop and stay,

Falls on the purifying cloth. (5)

The tawny Bull has bellowed, fair as mighty Mitra to behold:

He shines together with the Sun. (6)

Songs, Indu, active in their might are beautified for you, wherewith

You deckest you for our delight. (7)

To you who give ample room we pray, to win the joyous draught:

Great are the praise& due to you. (8)

Indu as, Indra's friend, on us pour with a stream of sweetness, like

Parjanya sender of the rain. (9)

Winner of cows, Indu, are you, winner of heroes, steeds, and strength

Primeval Soul of sacrifice.

3 - Soma Pavamana

Here present this immortal God flies, like a bird upon her wings,

To settle in the vats of wood. (1)

This God, made ready with the hymn, runs swiftly through the winding ways,

Inviolable as he flows. (2)

This God while flowing is adorned, like a bay steed for war, by men

Devout and skilled in holy songs. (3)

He, like a warrior going forth with heroes, as he flows along

Is fain to win all precious boons. (4)

This God, as he is flowing on, speeds like a car and gives his gifts:

He lets his voice be heard of all (5)

Praised by the sacred bards, this God dives into waters, and bestows

Rich gifts upon the worshipper. (6)

Away he rushes with his stream, across the regions, into heaven,

And roars as he is flowing on. (7)

While flowing, meet for sacrifice, he has gone up to heaven across

The regions, irresistible. (8)

After the 'way of ancient time, this God, pressed out for deities,

Flows tawny to the straining-cloth. (9)

This Lord of many Holy Laws, even at his birth engendering strength,

Effused, flows onward in a stream.

4 - Soma Pavamana

Soma flowing on your way, win you and conquer high renown;

And make us better than we are. (1)

Win you the light, win heavenly light, and, Soma, all felicities;

And make us better than we are. (2)

Win skilful strength and mental power. Soma, drive away our foes;

And make us better than we are. (3)

You purifiers, purify Soma for Indra, for his drink:

Make us better than we are. (4)

Give us our portion in the Sun through your own mental power and aids;

And make us better than we are. (5)

Through your own mental power and aid long may we look upon the Sun;

Make us better than we are. (6)

Well-weaponed Soma, pour to usa stream of riches doubly great;

And make us better than we are. (7)

As one victorious unsubdued in battle pour forth wealth to us;

And make us better than we are. (8)

By worship, Pavamana! men have strengthened you to prop the Law:

Make us better than we are. (9)

Indu, bring us wealth in steeds, manifold. quickening all life;

And mate us better than we are.

5 - Apris

ENKINDLED, Pavamana, Lord, sends forth his light on, every side

In friendly show, the bellowing Bull. (1)

He, Pavamana, Self-produced, speeds onward sharpening his horns:

He glitters through the firmament. (2)

Brilliant like wealth, adorable, with splendour Pavamana shines,

Mightily with the streams of meath. (3)

The tawny Pavamana, who strews from of old the grass with might,

Is worshipped, God amid the gods. (4)

The golden, the Celestial Doors are lifted with their frames on high,

By Pavamana glorified. (5)

With passion Pavamana longs for the great lofty pair, well-formed

Like beauteous maidens, Night and Dawn (6)

Both gods who look on men I call, Celestial Heralds: Indra's Self

Is Pavamana, yea, the Bull. (7)

This, Pavamana's sacrifice, shall the three beauteous Goddesses,

Sarasvati and Bharati and Ila, Mighty One, attend. (8)

1 summon Tvastar here, our protector, champion, earliest-born,

Indu is Indra, tawny Steer; Pavamana is Prajapati. (9)

Pavamana, with the meath in streams anoint Vanaspati,

The ever-green. the golden-hued, refulgent, with a thousand boughs. (10)

Come to the consecrating rite of Pavamana, all you gods,

Vayu, Surya, Brihaspati, Indra, and Agni, in accord.

6 - Soma Pavamana

SOMA, flow on with pleasant stream, a Bull devoted to the gods,

Our friend, to the woollen sieve. (1)

Pour hereward, as Indra's Self, Indu, that gladdening stream of yours,

And send us coursers full of strength. (2)

Flow to the filter hereward, pouring that ancient gladdening juice,

Streaming forth power and high renown. (3)

Here the sparkling drops have flowed, like waters down a steep descent

They have reached Indra purified. (4)

Whom, having passed the filter, ten dames cleanse, as it were a vigorous steed,

While he disports him in the wood,- (5)

The steer-strong juice with milk pour forth, for feast and service of the gods,

To him who bears away the draught. (6)

. Effused, the god flows onward with his stream to Indra, to the god,

So that his milk may strengthen him. (7)

Soul of the sacrifice, the juice effused flows quickly on: he keeps

His ancient wisdom of a Sage. (8)

So pouring forth, as Indra's friend, strong drink, best Gladdener! for the feast,

You, even in secret, store hymns.

7 - Soma Pavamana

FORTH on their way the glorious drops have flowed for maintenance of Law,

Knowing this sacrifice's course. (1)

Down in the mighty waters sinks the stream of meath, most excellent,

Oblation best of all in worth. (2)

About the holy place, the Steer true, guileless, noblest, has sent forth

Continuous voices in the wood. (3)

When, clothed in manly strength, the Sage flows in celestial wisdom round,

The Strong would win the light of heaven. (4)

When purified, he sits as King above the hosts, among his folk,

What time the sages bring him nigh. (5)

Dear, golden-coloured, in the fleece he sinks and settles in the wood:

The Singer shows his zeal in hymns. (6)

He goes to Indra, Vayu, to the Asvins, as his custom is,

With gladdening juice which gives them joy. (7)

Tle streams of pleasant Soma flow to Bhaga, Mitra-Varuna,

Well-knowing through his mighty powers.

Heaven and Earth, riches of meath to win us wealth:

Gain for us treasures and renown.

8 - Soma Pavamana

OBEYING Indra's dear desire these soma juices have flowed forth,

Increasing his heroic might. (1)

Laid in the bowl, pure-flowing on to Vayu and the Asvins, may

These give us great heroic strength. (2)

Soma, as you are purified, incite to bounty Indra's heart,

To sit in place of sacrifice. (3)

The ten swift fingers deck you forth, seven ministers impel you on:

The sages have rejoiced in you. (4)

When through the filter you are poured, we clothe you with a robe of milk

To be a gladdening draught for gods. (5)

When purified within the jars, Soma, brightred and golden-hued,

Has clothed him with a robe of milk. (6)

Flow on to us and make us rich. Drive all our enemies away.

Indu, flow into your friend.

Send down the rain from heaven, a stream of opulence from earth. Give us,

Soma, victory in war. (8)

May we obtain you, Indra's drink, who viewest men and findest light,

Gain you, and progeny and food.

9 - Soma Pavamana

The Sage of Heaven whose heart is wise, when laid between both hands and pressed,

Sends us delightful powers of life. (1)

On, onward to a glorious home; dear to the people void of guile,

With excellent enjoyment, flow. (2)

He, the bright Son, when born illumed his Parents who had sprung to life,

Great Son great Strengtheners of Law. (3)

Urged by the seven devotions he has stirred the guileless rivers which

Have magnified the Single Eye. (4)

These helped to might theYouthful One, high over all, invincible,

Even Indu, Indra! in your law. (5)

The immortal courser, good to draw, looks down upon the Seven: the fount

Has satisfied the goddesses (6)

Aid us in holy rites, Man: Pavamana, drive away

Dark shades that must be met in fight. (7)

Make the paths ready for a hymn newer and newer evermore:

Make the lights shine as erst they shone. (8)

Give, Pavamana, high renown, give cows and steeds and hero sons:

Win for us wisdom, win the light.

10 - Soma Pavamana

Like cars that thunder on their way, like coursers eager for renown,

Have Soma-drops flowed forth for wealth. (1)

Forth have they rushed from holding hands, like chariots that are urged to speed,

Like joyful songs of singing-men. (2)

The somas deck themselves with milk, as Kings are graced with eulogies,

And, with seven priests, the sacrifice. (3)

Pressed for the gladdening draught, the drops flow forth abundantly with song,

The soma juices in a stream. (4)

Winning Vivasvan's glory and producing Morning's light, the Suns

Pass through the openings of the cloth. (5)

The singing-men of ancient time open the doors of sacred songs,

Men, for the mighty to accept. (6)

Combined in close society sit the seven priests, the brother-hood,

Filling the station of the One. (7)

He gives us kinship with the gods, and with the Sun unites our eye:

The Sage's ofrspring has appeared. (8)

The Sun with his dear eye beholds that quarter of the heavens which priests

Have placed within the sacred cell.

11 - Soma Pavamana

SING forth tIndu, you men, to him who is purified,

Fain to pay worship to the gods. (1)

Together with your pleasant juice the Atharvans have commingled milk,

Divine, devoted to the god. (2)

Bring, by your flowing, weal to cows, weal to the people, weal to steeds.

Weal, you King, to growing plants (3)

Sing a praise-song to Soma brown of hue, of independent might.

The Red, who reaches up to heaven. (4)

Purify Soma when effused with stones which bands move rapidly,

And pour the sweet milk in the meath. (5)

With humble homage draw you nigh; blend the libation with the curds:

To Indra offer Indu up. (6)

Soma, foe-que chief over men, doing the will of pour forth

Prosperity upon our cows. (7)

Heart-knower, Sovran of the heart, you are effused, Soma, that Indra may drink you and rejoice. (8)

Soma Pavamana, give us riches and heroic strength,

Indu! with. Indra for ally.

12 - Soma Pavamana

To Indra have the soma drops, exceeding rich in sweets, been poured,

Shed in the seat of sacrifice. (1)

As mother cows low to their calves, to Indra have the sages called,

Called him to drink the soma juice. (2)

In the stream's wave wise Soma dwells, distilling rapture, in his seat,

Resting upon a wiId-cow's hide. (3)

Far-sighted Soma, Sage and Seer, is worshipped in the central point

Of heaven, the straining-cloth of wool. (4)

In close embraces Indu holds Soma when

poured within the jars.

And on the. purifying sieve. (5)

Indu sends forth a voice on high to regions of the sea of air,

Shaking the vase that drops with meath. (6)

The Tree whose praises never fail yields heavenly milk among our hymns,

Urging men's generations on. (7)

The Wise One, with the Sage's stream, the soma urged to speed, flows on

To the dear places of the sky. (8)

Pavamana, bring us wealth bright with a thousand splendours. Yea.

Indu, give us ready help.

13 - Soma Pavamana

PASSED through, the fleece in thousand streams the soma, purified, flows on

To Indra's, Viyu's special place. (1)

Sing forth, you men who long for help, to Pavamana, to the Sage,

Effused to entertain the gods. (2)

The soma-drops with thousand powers are purified for victory,

Hymned to become the feast of gods. (3)

Yea, as you flow bring great store of food that we may win the spoil

Indu, bring splendid manly might. (4)

May they in flowing give us wealth in thousands, and heroic power,

These godlike Soma-drops effused. (5)

Like coursers by their drivers urged, they were poured forth, for victory,

Swift through the woollen straining-cloth. (6)

Noisily flow the soma-drops, like milk-cows lowing to their calves:

They have run forth from both the hands. (7)

As Gladdener whom Indra loves, Pavamana, with a roar

Drive all our enemies away. (8)

Pavamamas, driving off the godless, looking on the light,

Sit in the place of sacrifice.

14 - Soma Pavamana

Reposing on the river's wave the Sage has widely flowed around,

Bearing the hymn which many love. (1)

When the Five kindred Companies, active in duty, with the song

Establish him, the Powerful, (2)

Then in his juice whose strength is great, have all the gods rejoiced themselves,

When he has clothed him in the milk. (3)

Freeing himself he flows away, leaving his body's severed limbs,

And meets his own Companion here. (4)

He by the daughters of the priest, like a fair youth, has been adorned,

Making the milk, as it were, his robe. (5)

Over the fine fingers, through desire of milk, in winding course he goes,

And utters voice which he has found. (6)

The nimble fingers have approached, adorning him the Lord of Strength:

They grasp the vigorous courser's back. (7)

Comprising all the treasures that are in the heavens and on the earth,

Come, Soma, as our faithful friend.

15 - Soma Pavamana

Through the fine fingers, with the song, this hero comes with rapid ears,

Going to Indra's special place. (1)

In holy thought he ponders much for the great worship of the gods.

Where the immortals have their seat. (2)

Like a good horse is he led out, when on the path that shines with light

The mettled steeds exert their strength. (3)

He brandishes his horns on high, and whets them Bull who leads the herd,

Doing with might heroic deeds. (4)

He moves, a vigorous steed, adorned with beauteous rays of shining gold,

Becoming Sovran of the streams. (5)

He, over places rough to pass, bringing rich treasures closely packed.

Descends into the reservoirs. (6)

Men beautify him in the vats, him worthy to be beautified,

Him who brings forth abundant food. (7)

Him, even him, the fingers ten and the seven songs make beautiful,

Well-weaponed, best of gladdeners.

16 - Soma Pavamana

The pressers from the soma-press send forth your juice for rapturous joy

The speckled sap runs like a flood. (1)

With strength we follow through the sieve him who brings might and wins the cows,

Enrobed in water with his juice. (2)

Pour on the sieve the soma, never subdued in waters, waterless,

And make it pure for Indra's drink. (3)

Moved by the purifier's thought, the soma flows into the sieve:

By wisdom it has gained its home. (4)

With humble homage, Indra, have the soma-drops flowed forth to you,

Contending for the glorious prize. (5)

Purified in his fleecy garb, attaining every beauty, he

Stands, hero-like, amid the cows. (6)

Swelling, as it were, to heights of heaven, the stream of the creative juice

Falls lightly on the cleansing sieve. (7)

Thus, Soma, purifying himwho knows song mid living men,

You wanderest through the cloth of wool.

17 - Soma Pavamana

Like rivers down a steep descent, slaying the Vritras, full of zeal,

The rapid Soma-streams have flowed. (1)

The drops of soma juice effused fall like the rain upon the earth:

To Indra flow the soma-streams. (2)

With swelling wave the gladdening drink, the soma, flows into.the sieve,

Loving the gods and slaying fiends. (3)

It hastens to the pitchers, poured upon the sieve it waxes strong

At sacrifices through the lauds. (4)

Soma, you shine mounting heaven as it were above light's triple realm,

And moving secm'st to speed the Sun. (5)

To him, the head of sacrifice, singers and bards have sung their songs,

Offering what he loves to see. (6)

The men, the sages with their hymns, eager for help, deck you strong steed,

Deck for service of the gods. (7)

Flow onward to the stream of mead rest efficacious in your home,

Fair, to be drunk at sacrifice.

18 - Soma Pavamana

You, Soma, dweller on the hills, effused, have flowed into the sieve,:

All-bounteous are you in carouse. (1)

You are a sacred Bard, a Sage; the mead is offspring of your sap:

All-bounteous are you in carouse. (2)

All deities of one accord have come that they may drink of you:

All-bounteous are you in carouse. (3)

He who contains in his hands all treasures much to be desired:

All-bounteous are you in carouse. (4)

Who milks out this mighty Pair, the Earth and Heaven, like mother cows

All-bounteous are you in carouse. (5)

Who in a moment mightily flows around these two world-halvcs:

All-bounteous are you in carouse. (6)

The Strong One, being purified, has in the pitchers cried aloud:

All-bounteous are you in carouse.

19 - Soma Pavamana

SOMA, being purified bring us the wondrous treasure, meet

For lauds, that is in earth and heaven. (1)

For you two, Indra, Soma, are lords of the light, lords of the cows:

Great Rulers, prosper you our songs. (2)

The tawny Steer, while cleansed among the living, bellowing on the grass,

Has sunk and settled in his home. (3)

Over the Steer's productive flow the sacred songs were resonant,

The mothers of the darling Son. (4)

Has he not, purified, impregned the cows whb long to meet their Lord,

The cows who yield the shining milk? (5)

Bring near us those who stand aloof strike fear into our enemies:

Pavamana, find us wealth. (6)

Soma, bring down the foeman's might, his vigorous strength and vital powe'r,

Whether he be afar or near.

20 - Soma Pavamana

FORTH through the straining-cloth the Sage flows to the banquet of the gods,

Subduing all our enemies. (1)

For he, as Pavamana, sends thousandfold treasure in the shape

Of cattle to the singing-men. (2)

You grasp all things with your mind, and purifiest you with thoughts

As such, Soma, find us fame. (3)

Pour lofty glory on us, send sure riches to our liberal lords,

Bring food to those who sing your praise. (4)

As you are cleansed, Wondrous steed, Soma, you have entered, like

A pious King, into the songs. (5)

He, Soma, like a courser in the floods invincible, made clean

With hands, is resting in the jars. (6)

Disporting, like a liberal chief, you go, Soma, to the sieve,

Lending the laud a hero's strength.

21 - Soma Pavamana

To Indra flow these running drops, these Somas frolicsome in mood.

Exhilarating, finding light; (1)

Driving off foes, bestowing room upon the presser, willingly

Bringing their praiser vitalforce. (2)

Lightly disporting them, the drops flow to one common reservoir,

And fall into the river's wave. (3)

These Pavamanas have obtained all blessings much to be desired,

Like coursers harnessed to a car. (4)

With view to us, Soma-drops, bestow his manifold desire

On him who yet has given us naught. (5)

Bring us our wish with this design, as a wright brings his new-wrought wheel:

Flow pure and shining with the stream. (6)

These drops have cried with resonant voice: like swift steeds they have run the course,

And roused the good man's hymn to life.

22 - Soma Pavamana

THESE rapid Soma-streams have stirred themselves to motion like strong steeds,

Like cars, like armies hurried forth. (1)

Swift as wide winds they lightly move, like rain-storms of Parjanya, like

The flickering flames of burning fire. (2)

These soma juices, blent with curds, purified, skilled in sacred hymns,

Have gained by song their hearts'desire. (3)

immortal, cleansed, these drops, since first they flowed, have never wearied, fain

To reach the regions and their paths. (4)

Advancing they have travelled over the ridges of the earth and heaven,

And this the highest realm of all. (5)

Over the heights have they attained the highest thread that is spun out,

And this which must be deemed most high. (6)

You, Soma, boldest wealth in cows which you have seized from niggard churls:

You calledst forth the outspun thread.

23 - Soma Pavamana

SWIFT soma drops have been effused in streams of meath, the gladdening drink,

For sacred lore of every kind. (1)

Here to newer. resting-place the ancient Living Ones are come.

They made the Sun that he might shine. (2)

Pavamana, bring to us the unsacrificing foeman's wealth,

And give us food with progeny. (3)

The living Somas being cleansed diffuse exhilarating drink,

Turned to the vat which drips with meath. (4)

Soma gows on intelligent, possessing sap and mighty strength,

Brave hero who repels the curse. (5)

For Indra, Soma! you are cleansed, a feast-companion for the gods:

1ndu, you fain will win us strength (6)

When he had drunken draughts of this, Indra smote down resistless foes:

Yea, smote them, and shall smite them still.

24 - Soma Pavamana

HEREWARD have the soma streamed,

the drops while they are purified:

When bIent, in waters they are rinsed. (1)

The milk has run to meet them like floods rushing down a precipice:

They come to Indra, being cleansed. (2)

Soma Pavamana, you are flowing to be Indra's drink:

The men have seized and lead you forth. (3)

Victorious, to be hailed with joy, Soma, flow, delighting men,

To him who ruls over mankind. (4)

You, Indu, when, effused by stones, you runnest to the filter, art,

Ready for Indra's high decree. (5)

Flow on, best Vritra-slayer; flow meet to be hailed with joyful lauds.

Pure, purifying, wonderful. (6)

Pure, purifying is he called the soma of the meath eflused,

Slayer of sinners, dear to gods.

25 - Soma Pavamana

GREEN-HUED! as one who givs strength flow on for gods to drink, a draught

For Vayu and the Marut host. (1)

Pavamana, sent by song, roaring about your dwelling-place,

Pass into Vayu as Law bids. (2)

The Steer shines with the deities, dear Sage in his appointed home,

Foe-Slayer, most beloved by gods. (3)

Taking each beauteous form, he goes, desirable, while purified,

There where the immortals sit. (4)

To Indra Soma flows, the Red, engendering song, exceeding wise,

The visitor of living men. (5)

Flow, best exhilarator, Sage, flow to the filter in a stream

To seat you in the place of song.

26 - Soma Pavamana

The sages with the fingers' art have dressed and decked that vigorous steed

Upon the lap of Aditi, (1)

The cows have called aloud to him exhaustless with a thousand streams,

TIndu who supports heaven. (2)

Him, nourisher of many, Sage, creative Pavamana, they

Have sent, by wisdom, to the sky. (3)

Him, dweller with Vivasvan, they with use of both arms have sent forth,

The Lord of Speech infallible. (4)

Him, green, beloved, many eyed, the Sisters with prosing stones

Send down to ridges of the sieve. (5)

Pavamana, Indu, priests hurry you on to Indra, you

Who aid song and cheer him.

27 - Soma Pavamana

This Sage, exalted by our lauds, flows to the purifying cloth,

Scattering foes as he is cleansed. (1)

As giving power and winning light, for Indra and for Vayu he

Is poured upon the filtering-cloth. (2)

The men conduct him, Soma, Steer, Omniscient, and the Head of Heaven,

Effused into the vats of wood. (3)

Longing for cows, longing for gold has Indu Pavamana lowed,

Still Conqueror, never overcome. (4)

This Pavamana, gladdening draught, drops on the filtering cloth, and then

Mounts up with Surya to the sky. (5)

To Indra in the firmament this mighty tawny Steer has flowed,

This Indu, being purified.

28 - Soma Pavamana

URGED by the men, this vigorous steed, Lord of the mind, Omniscient,

Runs to the woollen straining-cloth. (1)

Within the filter has he flowed, this Soma for the gods effused,

Entering all their essences. (2)

He shines in beauty there, this God immortal in his dwelling-place,

Foe-slayer, dearest to the gods. (3)

Directed by the Sisters ten, bellowing on his way this Steer

Runs onward to the wooden vats. (4)

This Pavamana, swiftand strong, Omniscient, gave spleudour to

The Sun and all his forms of light. (5)

This Soma being purified, flows mighty and infallible,

Slayer of sinners, dear togods.

29 - Soma Pavamana

FORWARD with mighty force have flowed the currents of this Steer effused,

Of him who sets him by the gods. (1)

The singers praise him with their song, and learned priests adorn the steed,

Brought forth as light that merits laud. (2)

These things you winnest lightly while purified, Soma, Lord of wealth:

Fill full the sea that claims our praise. (3)

Winning all precious things at once, flow on, Soma, with your stream

Drive to one place our enemies. (4)

Preserve us from the godless, from ill-omened voice of one and all,

That so we may be freed from blame. (5)

Indu, as you flow on bring us the wealth of earth and heaven,

And splendid vigour, in your stream.

30 - Soma Pavamana

STREAMS of this Potent One have flowed easily to the straining-cloth:

While he is cleansed he lifts his voice. (1)

Indu, by pressers urged to speed, bellowing out while beautified.

Sends forth a very mighty sound. (2)

Pour on us, Soma, with your stream manconquering might which many crave,

Accompanied with hero sons. (3)

Here has Pavamana flowed, Soma flowed here in a stream,

To settle in the vats of wood. (4)

To waters with the stones they drive you tawny-hued, most rich in sweets,

Indu, to be Indra's drink. (5)

For Indra, for the Thunderer press the soma very rich in sweets,

Lovely, inspiriting, for strength.

31 - Soma Pavamana

The, Soma-drops, benevolent, come forth as they are purified,

Bestowing wealth which all may see. (1)

Indu, high over heaven and earth be you, increaser of our might:

The Master of all strength be you. (2)

The winds are gracious in their love to you, the rivers flow to you

Soma, they multiply your power. (3)

Soma, wax great. From every side may vigorous powers unite in you:

Be in the gathering-Place of strength. (4)

For you, brown-hued! the cows have poured imperishable oil and milk.

Aloft on the sublimest height. (5)

Friendship, Indu, we desire with you who bear noble arms,

With you, Lord of all that is.

32 - Soma Pavamana

The rapture-shedding Soma-drops, effused in our assembly, have

Flowed forth to glorify our prince. (1)

Then Trita's Maidens onward urge the Tawny-coloured with the stones,

Indu for Indra, for his drink. (2)

Now like a swan he maks all the company sing each his hymn:

He, like a steed, is bathed in milk. (3)

Soma, viewing heaven and earth, you runncst like a darting deer

Set in the place of sacrifice. (4)

The cows have sung with joy to him, even as a woman to her love

He came as to a settled race. (5)

Bestow illustrious fame on us, both on our liberal lords and me,

Glory, intelligence, and wealth.

33 - Soma Pavamana

Like waves of waters, skilled in song the juices of the soma speed

Onward, as buffaloes to woods. (1)

With stream of sacrifice the brown bright drops have flowed with strength in store

Of cows into the wooden vats. (2)

To Indra, Vayu, Varuna, to Vishnu, and the Maruts, flow

The drops of soma juice effused. (3)

Three several words are uttered: cows are )owing, cows who give their milk:

The Tawny-hued goes bellowing on. (4)

The young and sacred mothers of the holy rite have uttered praise:

They decorate the Child of Heaven. (5)

From every side, Soma, for our profit, pour you forth four seas

Filled full of riches thousandfold.

34 - Some Pavamana

The drop of soma juice effused flows onward with this stream impelled.

Rending strong places with its might. (1)

Poured forth to Indra, Varuna, to Vayu and the Marut hosts,

To Vishnu, flows the soma juice. (2)

With stones they press the soma forth, the Strong conducted by the strong:

They milk the liquor out with skill. (3)

it is he whom Trita must refine, it is he who shall make Indra glad:

The Tawny One is decked with tints. (4)

Him do the Sons of Prishni milk, the dwelling-place of sacrifice,

Oblation lovely and most dear. (5)

To him in one united stream these songs flow on straight forward. The

Loud voiced, has made the milk-cows low.

35 - Soma Pavamana

Pour forth on us abundant wealth, Pavamana, with your stream.

Wherewith you may find us light (1)

Indu, swayer of the sea, shaker of all things, flow you on,

Bearer of wealth to us with might. (2)

With you for hero, Valiant one! may we subdue our enemies:

Let what is precious flow to us. (3)

Indu arouses strength the Sage who strives for victory, winning power,

Discovering holy works and means. (4)

Mover of speech, we robe him with our songs as he is purified

Soma, the Guardian of the folk; (5)

On whose way, Lord of Holy Law, most richi as he is purified.

The people all have set their hearts.

36 - Soma Pavamana

FORTH from the mortar is the juice sent, like a car-horse, to the sieve:

The steed steps forward to the goal. (1)

Thus, Soma, watchful, bearing well, cheering the gods, flow past the sieve,

Turned to the vat that drops with meath. (2)

Excellent Pavamana, make the lights shine brightly out for us.

Speed us to mental power and skill. (3)

He, beautified by pious men, and coming from their hands adorned,

Flows through the fleecy straining-cloth. (4)

May Soma pour all treasures of the heavens, the earth, the firmament

Upon the liberal worshipper. (5)

You mount to the height of heaven, Soma, seeking steeds and cows,

And seeking heroes, Lord of Strength!

37 - Soma Pavamana

SOMA, the Steer, effused for draught, flows to the purifying sieve,

Slaying the fiends, loving the gods. (1)

Far-sighted, tawny-coloured, he flows to the sieve, intelligent,

Bellowing, to his place of rest. (2)

This vigorous Pavamana runs forth to the luminous realm of heaven,

Fiend-slayer, through the fleecy sieve. (3)

This Payamana up above Trita's high ridge has made the Sun,

Together with the Sisters, shine. (4)

This Vritra-slaying Steer, effused, Soma room-giver, never deceived,

Has gone, as it were, to win the spoil. (5)

Urged onward by the sage, the god speeds forward to the casks of wood,

Indu to Indra willingly.

38 - Soma Pavamana

This Steer, this Chariot, rushes through the woollen filter, as he goes

To war that wins a thousand spoils. (1)

The Dames of Trita with the stones onward impel this Tawny One

Indu to Indra for his drink. (2)

Ten active fingers carefully adorn him here; they make him bright

And beauteous for the gladdening draught. (3)

He like a falcon settles down amid the families of men.

Speeding like lover to his love. (4)

This young exhilarating juice looks downward from its place in heaven,

This Soma-drop that pierced the sieve. (5)

Poured for the draught, this tawny juice

flows forth, intelligent, crying out,

To the well-beloved place.

39 - Soma Pavamana

FLOW On, you of lofty thought, flow swift in your beloved form,

Saying, I go where dwell the gods. (1)

Preparing what is unprepared, and bringing store of food to man,

Make you the rain descend from heaven. (2)

With might, bestowing power, thejuice enters the purifying sieve,

Far-seeing, sending forth its light. (3)

This is it which in rapid course has with the river's wave flowed down

From heaven upon the straining cloth. (4)

Inviting him frorh far away, and even from near at hand, the juice

For Indra is poured forth as meath. (5)

In union they have sung the hymn: with stones they urge the Tawny One.

Sit in the place of sacrifice.

40 - Soma Pavamana

The Very Active has assailed, while purified, all enemies:

They deck the Sage with holy songs. (1)

The Red has mounted to his place; tIndia, goes the mighty juice:

He settles in his firm abode. (2)

Indu, Soma, send us now great opulence from every side, Pour on us treasures thousandfold. (3)

Soma Pavamana, bring, Indu, all splcndours hereward:

Find for us food in boundless store. (4)

As you are cleansed, bring hero strength and riches to your worshipper,

And prosper you the singer's hymns. (5)

Indu, Soma, being cleansed, bring here riches doublypiled,

Wealth, mighty Indu, meet for lauds.

41 - Soma Pavamana

ACTIVE and bright have they come forth, impetuous in speed like bulls,

Driving the black skin far away. (1)

Quelling the riteless Dasyu, may we think upon the bridge of bliss,

Leaving the bridge of woe behind. (2)

The mighty Pavamana's roar is heard as it were the rush of rain

Lightnings are flashing to the sky. (3)

Pour out on us abundant food, when you are pressed, Indu wealth

In cows and gold and steeds and spoil. (4)

Flow on your way, Most Active, you. fill full the mighty heavens and earth,

As Dawn, as Surya with his beams. (5)

On every side, Soma, flow round us with your protecting stream,

As Rasa flows around the world.

42 - Soma Pavamana

ENGENDERING the Sun in floods, engendering heaven's lights, green-hued,

Robed in the waters and the milk, (1)

According to primeval plan this Soma, with his stream, effused

Flows purely on, a God for gods. (2)

For him victorious, waxen great, the juices with a thousand powers

Are purified for winning spoil. (3)

Shedding the ancient fluid he is poured into the cleansing sieve:

He, thundering, has produced the gods. (4)

Soma, while purifying, sends here all things to be desired,

He sends the gods who strengthen Law. (5)

Soma, effused, pour on us wealth in cows, in heroes, steeds, and spoil,

Send us abundant store of food.

43 - Soma Pavamana

We will enrobe with sacred song the Lovely One who, as a steed,

Is decked with milk for rapturous joy. (1)

All songs of ours desiring grace adorn him in the ancient way,

Indu for Indra, for his drink. (2)

Soma flows on when purified, beloved and adorned with songs,

Songs of the sage Medhyatithi. (3)

Soma Pavamana, find exceeding glorious wealth for us,

Wealth, Indu, fraught with boundless might. (4)

Like courser racing to the prize Indu, the lover of the gods,

Roars, as he passes, in the sieve. (5)

Flow on your way to win us strength, to speed the sage who praises you:

Soma, bestow heroic power.

44 - Soma Pavamana

INDU, to us for this great rite, bearing as it were your wave to gods,

Unwearied, you are flowing forQh. (1)

Pleased with the hymn, impelled by prayer, Soma is hurried far away,

The Wise One in the Singer's stream., (2)

Watchful among the. gods, this juice advances to the cleansing sieve

Soma, most active, travels on. (3)

Flow onward, seeking strength for us, embellishing the sacrifice:

The priest with trimmed grass calls you. (4)

May Soma, ever bringing power to Bhaga and to Vayu, Sage

And hero, lead us to the gods. (5)

So, to increase our wealth today, Inspirer, best of Furtherers,

Win for us strength and high renown.

45 - Soma Pavamana

FLOW, you who viewest men, to give delight, to entertain the gods,

Indu, to Indra for his drink. (1)

Stream to your embassy for us: you hastenest, for Indra, to

The gods, better than our friends. (2)

We balm you, red of hue, with milk to fit you for the rapturous joy:

Unbar for us the doors of wealth. (3)

He through the sieve has passed, as comes a courser to the pole, to run

Indu belongs to the gods. (4)

All friends have lauded him as he sports in the wood, beyond the fleece:

Singers have chanted Indu's praise. (5)

Flow, Indu, with that stream wherein steeped you announcest to the man

Who worships you heroic strength.

46 - Soma Pavamana

Like able coursers they have been sent forth to be the feast of gods,

joying in mountains, flowing on. (1)

To Vayu flow the soma-streams, the drops of juice made beautiful

Like a bride dowered by her sire. (2)

Pressed in the mortar, these, the drops of

juice, the somas rich in food,

Give strength to Indra with their work. (3)

Deft-handed men, run here, seize the brilliant juices blent with meal,

And cook with milk the gladdening draught. (4)

Thus, Soma, Conqueror of wealth! flow, finding furtherance for us,

Giver oF ample opulence. (5)

This Pavamana, meet to be adorned, the fingers ten adorn,

The draught that shall make Indra glad.

47 - Soma Pavamana

Great as he was, Soma has gained strength by this high solemnity:

joyous he riss like a bull. (1)

His task is done: his crushings of the Dasyus are made manifest:

He sternly reckons their debts. (2)

Soon as his song of praise is born, the soma, Indra's juice, becomes

A thousand-winning thunderbolt. (3)

Seer and Sustainer, he himself desirs riches for the sage

When he embellishs his songs. (4)

Fain would they both win riches as in races of the steeds. In war

You are upon the conquerors' side.

48 - Soma Pavamana

With sacrifice we seek to you kind Cherisher of manly might

In mansions of the lofty heavens; (1)

Gladdening crusher of the bold, ruling with very mighty sway,

Destroyer of a hundred forts. (2)

Hence, Sapient One! the falcon, strong of wing, unwearied, brought you down,

Lord over riches, from the sky. (3)

That each may see the light, the Bird brought us the guard of Law, the friend

Of all, the speeder through the air. (4)

And now, sent forth, it has attained to mighty power and majesty,

Most active, ready to assist.

49 - Soma Pavamana

Poust down the rain upon us, pour a wave of waters from the sky,

And plenteous store of wholesome fbod. (1)

Flow onward with that stream of yours, by which the cows have come to us,

The cows of strangers to our home. (2)

Chief friend of gods in sacred rites, pour on us fatness with your stream,

Ppur down on us a flood of rain. (3)

To give us vigour, with your stream run through the fleecy straining-cloth

For verily the gods will bear. (4)

Onward has Pavamana flowed and beaten off the Raksasas,

Flashing out splendour as of old.

50 - Soma Pavamana

LOUD as a river's roaring wave your powers have lifted up themselves:

Urge on your arrow's sharpened point. (1)

At your effusion upward rise three voices full of joy, when you

Flow upon the fleecy ridge. (2)

On to the fleece they urge with stone the tawny well-beloved One,

Even Pavamana, dropping meath. (3)

Flow with your current to the sieve, Sage most powerful to cheer,

To seat you in the place of song. (4)

Flow, Most Exhilarating! flow anointed with the milk for balm,

Indu, for Indra, for his drink.

51 - Soma Pavamana

ADHVARYU, on the filter pour the soma juice expressed with stones,

And make it pure for Indra's drink. (1)

Pour out for Indra, Thunder-armed, the milk of heaven,, the soma's juice,

Most excellent, most rich in sweets. (2)

These gods and all the Marut host, Indu enjoy this juice of yours,

This Pavamana's flowing meath. (3)

For, Soma, you have been effused, strengthening for the wild carouse,

Steer, the singer, for our help. (4)

Flow with your stream, Far-sighted One, effused, into the cleansing sieve:

Flow on to give us strength and fame.

52 - Soma Pavamana

WEALTH-WINNER, dwelling in the sky, bringing us vigour with the juice,

Flow to the filter when effused. (1)

So, in your ancient ways, may he, beloved, with a thousand streams

Run over the fleecy straining-cloth. (2)

Him who is like a caldron shake: Indu, shake your gift to us

Shake it, armed Warrior! with your arms. (3)

Indu, invoked with many a prayer, bring down the vigour of these men,

Of him who threatens us with war. (4)

Indu, Wealth-giver, with your help pour out for us a hundred, yea,

A thousand of your pure bright streams.

53 - Soma Pavamana

You with stones for arms, your powers, crushing the fiends, have raised themselves:

Chase you the foes who compass us. (1)

You conquerest thus with might when car meets car, and when the prize is staked:

With fearless heart will I sing praise. (2)

No one with evil thought assails this Pavamana's holy laws:

Crush him who fain would fight with you. (3)

For Indra to the streams they drive the tawny rapture-dropping steed,

Indu the bringer of delight.

54 - Soma Pavamana

AFTER his ancient splendour, they, the bold, have drawn the bright milk from

The Sage who wins a thousand gifts. (1)

In aspect he is like the Sun; he runns forward to the lakes,

Seven currents flowing through the sky. (2)

He, shining in his splendour, stands high over all things that exist-

Soma, a God as Surya is. (3)

You, Indu, in your brilliancy, pourest on us, as Indra's friend,

Wealth from the cows to feast the gods.

55 - Soma Pavamana

POUR on us with your juice all kinds of corn, each sort of nourishment,

And, Soma, all felicities. (1)

As your, Indu, is the praise, and your what springs from the juice,

Seat you on the dear sacred grass. (2)

And, finding for us cows and steeds, Soma, with your juice flow on

Through days that fly most rapidly. (3)

As one who conquers, never subdued, attacks and stays the enemy,

Thus, Vanquisher of thousands! flow.

56 - Soma Pavamana

SWIFT to the purifying sieve flows Soma as exalted Law,

Slaying the fiends, loving the gods. (1)

When Soma pours the strengthening food a hundred ever-active streams

To Indra's friendship win theirway. (2)

Ten Dames have sung to welcome you, even as a maiden greets her love:

Soma, you are decked to win. (3)

Flow hereward, Indu, sweet to Indra and to Vishnu: guard

The men, the singers, from distress.

57 - Soma Pavamana

YOUR streams that never fail or waste flow forth like showers of rain from heaven,

To bring a thousand stores of strength. (1)

He flows beholding on his way all wellbeloved sacred lore,

Green-tinted, brandishing his, arms. (2)

He, when the people deck him like a docile king of elephants.

Sits as a falcon in the, wood. (3)

So bring you hereward to us, Indu, while you are purified,

All treasures both of heaven and earth.

58 - Soma Pavamana

SWIFT runs this giver of delight, even the stream of flowing juice:

Swift runs this giver of delight. (1)

The Morning knows all precious things, the goddess knows her grace to man:

Swift runs this giver of delight. (2)

We have accepted thousands from Dhvasra's and Purusanti's hands:

Swift runs this giver of delight. (3)

From whom we have accepted thus thousands and three times ten beside:

Swift runs this giver of delight.

59 - Soma Pavamana

FLOW onward, Soma, winning cows, and steeds, and all that gives delight:

Bring here wealth with progeny. (1)

Flow onward from the waters, flow, inviolable, from the plants:

Flow onward from the pressing-boards. (2)

Soma, as Pavamana, pass over all trouble and distress:

Sit on the sacred grass, a Sage. (3)

You, Pavamana, found light; you at your birth becamest great:

Indu, you are over all.

60 - Soma Pavamana

SING forth and laud with sacred song most active Pavamana, laud

Indu who sees with thousand eyes. (1)

You who have thousand eyes to see, bearer of thousand burthens, they

Have filtered through the fleecy cloth. (2)

He, Pavamana, has streamed through the fleece then: he runs into the jars,

Finding his way to Indra's heart. (3)

That Indra may be bounteous, flow, most active Soma, for our weal:

Bring genial seed with progeny.

61 - Soma Pavamana

FLOW onward, Indu, with this food for him who in your wild delight

Battered the nine-and-ninety down, (1)

Smote swiftly forts, and gambara, then Yadu and that Turvaga,

For pious Divodasa's sake. (2)

Finder of horses, pour on us horses and

wealth in cows and gold,

And, Indu, food in boundless store. (3)

We seek to win your friendly love, even Pavamana's flowing over

The limit of the cleansing sieve. (4)

With those same waves which in their stream oyerflow the purifying sieve,

Soma; be gracious to us. (5)

Soma, being purified, bring us from all sides,-for you canst,

Riches and food with hero sons. (6)

Him here, the Child whom streams have borne, the ten swift fingers beautify

With the Adityas is he seen. (7)

With Indra and with Vayu he, effused, flows onward with,the beams

Of Surya to the cleansing sieve. (8)

Flow rich in sweets and lovely for our Bhaga, Vayu, Pusan flow

For Mitra and for Varuna. (9)

High is your juice's birth: though set in heaven, on earth it has obtained

Strong sheltering power and great renown. (10)

Striving to win, with him we gain all wealth from the ungodly man,

Yea, all the glories of mankind. (11)

Finder of room and freedom, flow for Indra whom we must adore,

For Varuna and the Marut host. (12)

The gods have come tIndu well-descended, beautified with milk,

The active crusher of the foe. (13)

Even as mother cows their calf, so let our praise-songs strengthen him,

Yea, him who winns Indra's heart. (14)

Soma, pour blessings on our cows, pour forth the food that streams with milk

Increase the sea that merits laud. (15)

From heaven has Pavamana made, as it were, the marvellous thunder, and

The lofty light of all mankind. (16)

The gladdening and auspicious juice of you, of Pavamana, King!

Flows over the woollen straining-cloth. (17)

Your juice, Pavamana, sends its rays abroad like splendid skill,

Like lustre, all heaven's light, to see. (18)

Flow onward with that juice of yours most excellent, that brings delight,

Slaying the wicked, dear to gods. (19)

Killing the foeman and his hate, and winning booty every day,

Gainer are you of steeds and cows. (20)

Red-hued, be blended with the milk that seems to yield its lovely breast,

Falcon-like resting in your home. (21)

Flow onward you who strengthenedst Indra to slaughter Vritra who

Compassed and stayed the mighty floods. (22)

Soma who rainest gifts, may we win riches with our hero sons:

Strengthen, as you are cleansed, our hymns. (23)

Aided by you, and through your grace, may we be slayers when we war:

Watch, Soma, at our solemn rites. (24)

Chasing our foemen, driving off the godless, Soma flowcth on,

Going to Indra's special place. (25)

Pavamana, here bring great riches, and destroy our foes:

Indu, grant heroic fame. (26)

A hundred obstacles have never checked

you when fain to give your boons,

When, being cleansed, you combatest. (27)

Indu, flow on, a mighty juice; glorify us among the folk:

Drive all our enemies away. (28)

Indu, in this your friendship most lofty and glorious may we

Subdue all those who war with us. (29)

Those awful weapons that you have, sharpened at point to strike men down-

Guard us therewith from every foe.

62 - Soma Pavamana

THESE rapid Soma-drops have been poured through the purifying sieve

To bring us all felicities. (1)

Dispelling manifold mishap, giving the courser's progeny,

Yea, and the warrior steed, success. (2)

Bringing prosperity to cows, they make perpetual Ila flow

To us for noble eulogy. (3)

Strong, mountain-born, the stalk has been

pressed in the streams for rapturous joy:

Hawk-like he settles in his home. (4)

Fair is the god-loved juice; the plant is washed in waters, pressed by men

The milk-cows sweeten it with milk. (5)

As drivers deck a courser, so have they adorned the meath's juice for

Ambrosia, for the festival. (6)

You, Indu, with your streams that drop sweet juices, which were poured for


Have settled in the cleansing sieve. (7)

So flow you onward through the fleece, for Indra flow, to be his drink,

Finding your home in vats of wood. (8)

As giving room and freedom, as most sweet, pour butter forth and milk,

Indu, for the Angirases. (9)

Most active and benevolent, this Pavamana, sent to us

For lofty friendship, meditates. (10)

Queller of curses, mighty, with strong sway, this Pavamana shall

Bring treasures to the worshipper. (11)

Pour you on us thousandfold possessions, both of cows and steeds,

Exceeding glorious, much-desired. (12)

Wandering far, with wise designs, the juice here present is effused,

Made beautiful by living men. (13)

For Indra flows the gladdening drink, the measurer of the region, Sage,

With countless wealth and endless help. (14)

Born on the inountain, lauded here, Indu for Indra is set down,

As in her sheltering nest a bird. (15)

Pressed by the men, as it were to war has Soma Pavamana sped,

To test with might within the vats. (16)

That he may move, they yoke him to the three-backed triple-seated car

By the Seven Rsis' holy songs. (17)

Drive you that Tawny courser, you pressers, on his way to war,

Swift steed who carries off the spoil. (18)

Pouring all glories here, he, effused and entering the jar,

Stands like a hero mid the cows. (19)

Indu, the living men milk out the juice to make the rapturous draught:

gods for the gods milk out the meath. (20)

Pour for the gods into the sieve our Soma very rich in sweets,

Him whom the gods most gladly hear. (21)

Into his stream who gladdens best these soma juices have been poured,

Lauded with songs for lofty fame. (22)

You flow to enjoy the milk, and bringest valour, being cleansed:

Winning the spoil flow hereward. (23)

And, hymned by Jamadagnis, let all nourishment that cows supply,

And general praises, flow to us. (24)

Soma, as leader of the song flow onward with your wondrous aids,

For holy lore of every kind. (25)

Do you as leader of the song, stirring the waters of the sea,

Flow onward, you who movest all. (26)

Soma, you Sage, these worlds stand ready to attest your might:

For your behoof the rivers flow. (27)

Like showers of rain that fall from heaven your streams perpetually flow

To the bright fleece spread under them. (28)

For potent Indra purify Indu effectual and strong,

Enjoyment-giver, Mighty Lord. (29)

Soma, true, Pavamana, Sage, is seated in the cleansing sieve,

Giving his praiser hero strength.

63 - Soma Pavanana

POUR hereward, Soma, wealth in thousands and heroic strength,

And keep renown secure for us. (1)

You make food and vigour swell for Indra, best of gladdeners!

Within the cups you seatest you. (2)

For Indra and for Vishnu poured, Soma has flowed into the jar:

May Vayu find it rich in sweets. (3)

These Somas swift and brown of hue, in stream of solemn sacrifice

Have flowed through twisted obstacles, (4)

Performing every noble work, active, augmenting Indra's strength,

Driving away the godless ones. (5)

Brown Soma-drops, effused that seek Indra, to their appropriate place

Flow through the region hereward. (6)

Flow onward with that stream of yours wherewith you gave Surya light,

Urging on waters good to men. (7)

He, Pavamana, high over man yoked the Sun's courser Etasa

To travel through the realm of air. (8)

And those ten coursers, tawny-hued, he harnessed that the Sun might come

Indu, he said, is Indra's self. (9)

Hence, singers, pour the gladdeningjuice to Vayu and to Indra, pour

The drops on the fleecy cloth. (10)

Soma Pavamana, find wealth for us not to be assailed,

Wealth which the foeman may not win. (11)

Send riches here with your stream in thousands, both of steeds and cows,

Send spoil of war and high renown. (12)

Soma the god, expressed with stones, like Surya, flows on his way,

Pouring the juice within the jar. (13)

These brilliant drops have poured for us, in stream of solemn sacrifice,

Worshipful laws and strength in cows. (14)

Over the cleansing sieve have flowed the somas, blent with curdled milk,

Effused for Indra Thunder-armed. (15)

Soma, do you most rich in sweets, a gladdening drink most dear to gods,

Flow to the sieve to bring us wealth. (16)

For Indra, living men adorn the Tawny courser in the streams, Indu, the giver of delight. (17)

Pour for us, Soma, wealth in gold, in horses and heroic sons,

Bring here strength in herds of cows. (18)

For Indra pour you on the fleece him very sweet to taste, who longs.

For battle as it were in war. (19)

The singers, seeking help, adorn the Sage who must be decked with songs:

Loud bellowing the Steer comes on, (20)

The singers with their thoughts and hymns have, in the stream of sacrifice,

Caused Soma, active Steer, to roar. (21)

God, working with mankind, flow on; to Indra go your gladdening juice:

To Vayu mount as Law commands (22)

Soma, Pavamana, you pourest out wealth that brings renown:

Enter the lake, as one we love. (23)

Soma you flow chasing foes and bringing wisdom and delight:

Drive off the folk who love not gods. (24)

The Pavamanas have been poured, the brilliant drops of soma juice,

For holy lore of every kind. (25)

The Pavamanas have been shed, the beautiful swift Soma-drops,

Driving all enemies afar. (26)

From, heaven, from out the firmament, has Pavamana been effused

On the summit of the earth. (27)

Soma, Indu, very wise, drive, being purified, with your stream

All foes, all Raksasas away. (28)

Driving the Raksasas afar, Soma, bellowing, pour for us

Most excellent and splendid strength. (29)

Soma, do you secure for us the treasures of the earih and heaven,

Indu, all boons to be desired.

64 - Soma Pavamana

Soma, you are a splendid Steer, a Steer, God, with steerlike sway:

You as a Steer ordainest laws. (1)

Steer-strong your might is as a steer's, steerstrong thywood, steer-like your drink

A Steer indeed, Steer, are you. (2)

You, Indu, as a vigorous horse, have neighed together steeds and cows:

Unbar for us the doors to wealth. (3)

Out of desire of cows and steeds and horses. potent Soma-drops,

Brilliant and swift, have been effused. (4)

They purified in both the hands, made beautiful by holy men,

Flow onward to the fleecy cloth. (5)

These soma juices shall pour forth all treasures for the worshipper

From heaven and earth and firmament. (6)

The streams of Pavamana, your, Finder of all, have been effused,

Even as Surya's rays of light. (7)

Making the light that shines from heaven you flow on to every form

Soma, you swellest like a sea. (8)

Urged on you sendest out your voice, Pavamana; you have moved,

Like the god Surya, to the sieve. (9)

Indu, Enlightener, friend, has been purified by the sages' hymns:

So starts the charioteer his steed. (10)

Your God-delighting wave which has flowed to purifying seive,

Alighting in the home of Law. (11)

Flow to our sieve, a gladdening draught that has most intercourse with gods,

Indu, to Indra for his drink. (12)

Flow onward with a stream for food, made beautiful by sapient men:

Indu with sheen approach the milk. (13)

While you are cleansed, Song-Lover, bring comfort and vigour to the folk,

Poured, Tawny One! on milk and curds. (14)

Purified for the feast of gods, go you to Indra's special place,

Resplendent, guided by the strong. (15)

Accelerated by the hymn, the rapid drops of soma juice

Have flowed, urged onward, to the lake. (16)

Easily have the living drops, made beautiful, approached the lake,

Yea, to the place of sacrifice. (17)

Compass about, our faithful friend, all our possessions with your might:

Guard, hero like, our sheltering home. (18)

Loud neighs the courser Etasa, with singers, harnessed for the place,

Guided for travel to the lake. (19)

What time the Swift One rests in the golden place of sacrifice,

He leaves the foolish far away. (20)

The friends have sung in unison, the prudent wish to sacrifice:

Down sink the unintelligent. (21)

For Indra girt by Maruts, flow, you Indu, very rich in sweets,

To sit in place of sacrifice. (22)

Controlling priests and sages skilled in holy song adorn you well:

The living make you beautiful. (23)

Aryaman, Mitra, Varuna drink Pavamana's juice, yea, your:

Sage, the Maruts drink thereof. (24)

Soma, Indu, you while you are purified urgest onward speech.

Thousandfold, with the lore of hymns. (25)

Yea, Soma, Indu, while you are purified do you bring to us

Speech thousandfold that longs for war. (26)

Indu, Much-invoked, while you are purifying, as the friend.

Of these men enter you the lake. (27)

Bright are these Somas blent with milk, with light that flashes brilliantly. And form that utters loud acclaim. (28)

Led by his drivers, and sent forth, the Strong steed has come nigh for spoil,

Like warriors when they stand arrayed. (29)

Specially, Soma, coming as a Sage from heaven to prosper us,

Flow like the Sun for us to see.

65 - Soma Pavamana

The, glittering maids send Sura forth, the glorious sisters, close-allied,

Send Indu forth, their mighty Lord. (1)

Pervade, Pavamana, all our treasures with repeated light,

God, coming here from the gods. (2)

Pour on us, Pavamana, rain, as service and rain praise for gods:

Pour all to be our nourishment. (3)

You are a Steer by lustre: we, Pavamana, faithfully

Call on you the Splendid One. (4)

Do you, rejoicing, nobly-armed! pour on us heroic strength:

Indu, come bitherward. (5)

When you are cleansed with both the hands and dipped in waters, with the wood.

You come to the gathering-place. (6)

Sing forth your songs, as Vyasva sang, to Soma Pavamana, to,

The Mighty One with thousand eyes; (7)

Whose coloured sap they drive with stones, the yellow meath-distilling juice,

Indu for Indra, for his drink. (8)

We seek to gain the friendly love of you that Strong and Mighty One,

Of you the winner of all wealth. (9)

Flow onward with your stream, a Steer, inspiriting the Maruts' Lord,

Winning all riches by your might. (10)

I send you forth to battle from the press, Pavamana, Strong,

Sustainer, looker on the light. (11)

Acknowledged by this song of mine, flow, tawny-coloured, with your stream

Incite to battle your ally. (12)

Indu, visible to all pour out for us abundant food:

Soma, be you our prosperer. (13)

The pitchers, Indu, with your streams have sung aloud in vigorous might

Enter them, and let Indra drink. (14)

you whose potent gladdening juice they milk out with the stones, flow on,

Destroyer of our enemies. (15)

King Pavamana is implored with holy songs, on man's behalf,

To travel through the firmament. (16)

Bring us, Indu, hundredfold increase of cows, and noble steeds,

The gift of fortune for our help. (17)

Pressed for the banquet of the gods, Soma, bring us might, and speed,

Like beauty for a brilliant show. (18)

Soma, flow on exceeding bright with loud roar to the wooden vats,

Falcon-like resting in your home. (19)

Soma, the Water-winner flows to Indra, Vayu, Varuna,

To Vishnu and the Marut host. (20)

Soma, bestowing food on our progeny, from every sides,

Pour on us riches thousandfold (21)

The soma juices which have been expressed afar or near at hand,

Or there on Saryanavan's bank, (22)

Those pressed among Arjikas, pressed among the active, in men's homes,

Or pressed among the Races Five. (23)

May these celestial drops, expressed, pour forth on us, as they flow,

Rain from the heavens apd hero strength. (24)

Urged forward over the ox-hide flows the Lovely One of tawny hue,

Lauded by Jamadagni's song. (25)

Like horses urged to speed, the drops, bright, stirring vital power, when blent

With milk, are beautified in streams. (26)

So they who toil with juices send you forward for the gods' repast:

So with this splendour flow you on. (27)

We choose today that chariot-steed of yours, the Strong, that brings us bliss,

The Guardian, the desire of all, (28)

The Excellent, the Gladdener, the Sage with heart that understands,

The Guardian, the desire of all; (29)

Who for ourselves, you Most Wise, is wealth and fair intelligence,

The Guardian, the desire of all.

66 - Soma Pavamana

For holy lore of every sort, flow onward you whom all men love.

A friend to be besought by friends. (1)

Over all you rule with these Two which, Soma Pavamana, stand,

Turned, as your stations, hereward. (2)

Wise Soma Pavamana, you encompassest on every side

Your stations as the seasons come. (3)

Flow onward, generating food, for precious boons of every kind,

A friend for friends, to be our help. (4)

On the lofty ridge of heaven your bright rays with their essences,

Soma, spread purifying power. (5)

Soma, these Seven Rivers flow, as being your, to give command:

The Streams of milk run forth to you. (6)

Flow onward, Soma in a stream, effused to gladden Indra's heart,

Bringing imperishable fame. (7)

Driving you in Vivasvan's course, the Seven Sisters with their hymns

Made melody round you the Sage. (8)

The virgins deck you over fresh streams to drive you to the sieve when you,

A singer, bathest in the wood. (9)

The streams of Pavamana, your, Sage, Mighty One, have pouredthem forth.

Like coursers eager for renown. (10)

They have been poured on the fleece towards the meath-distilling vat:

The holy songs have sounded forth. (11)

Like milk-cows coming home, the drops of soma juice have reached the lake,

Have reached the place of sacrifice. (12)

Indu, to our great delight the running waters flow to us,

When you will robe yourself in milk. (13)

In this your friendship, and with you to help us, fain to sacrifice,

Indu, we crave your friendly love. (14)

Flow on, Soma, for the great Viewer of men, for gain of Idne

Enter you intIndra's throat. (15)

Best are you, Soma, of the great, Strongest of strong ones, Indu: you

As Warrior ever have prevailed. (16)

Mightier even than the strong, more valiant even than the brave,

More libpral than the bountiful, (17)

Soma, as Sura, bring us food, win offspring of our bodies: we

Elect you for our friendship, we elect you for companionship. (18)

Agni, you pourest life; send down on us food and vigorous strength;

Drive you misfortune far away, (19)

Agni is Pavamana, Sage, Chief priest of all the Races Five:

To him whose wealth is great we pray. (20)

Skilled in your task, Agni, pour splendour with hero strength on us,

Granting me wealth that nourishes. (21)

Beyond his enemies away to sweet praise Pavamana flows,

Like Surya visible to all. (22)

Adorned by living men, set forth for entertainment, rich in food,

Far-sighted Indu is a steed. (23)

He, Pavamana, has produced the lofty Law, the brilliant light,

Destroying darkness black of hue. (24)

From tawny Pavamana, the Destroyer, radiant streams have sprung,

Quick streams from him whose gleams are swift. (25)

Best rider of the chariot, praised with fairest praise mid beauteous ones,

Gold-gleaming with the Marut host, (26)

May Pavamana, best to win the booty, penetrate with rays,

Giving the singer hero strength. (27)

Over the fleecy sieve has flowed the drop effused: to Indra comes

Indu while he is purified (28)

This Soma, through the pressing-stones, is sporting on the oxhide, and

Summoning Indra to the draught. (29)

Pavamana, bless us, so that we may live, with that bright milk

Of yours which has been brought from heaven.

67 - Soma and Others

You, Soma, have a running stream, joyous, most strong at sacrifice:

Flow bounteously bestowing wealth. (1)

Effused as cheerer of the men, flowing best gladdener, you are

A Prince to Indra with your juice. (2)

Poured forth by pressing-stones, do you with loud roar send us in a stream

Most excellent illustrious might. (3)

Indu, urged forward, flows through the fleecy cloth: the Tawny One

With his loud roar has brought as strength. (4)

Indu, you flow through the fleece, bringing felicities and fame,

And, Soma, spoil and wealth in cows. (5)

Here, Indu, bring us wealth in steeds and cattle hundredfold:

Bring wealth, Soma, thousandfold. (6)

In purifying, through the sieve the rapid drops of'soma juice

Come nigh to Indra in their course. (7)

For Indra flows excellent Indu, the noblest soma juice

The Living for the Living One. (8)

The glittering maids send Sura forth they with their song have sung aloud

To Pavamana dropping meath. (9)

May Pusan, drawn by goats, be our protector, and on all his paths

Bestow on us our share of maids. (10)

This Soma flows like gladdening oil for him who wears the braided locks:

He shall give us our share of maids. (11)

This soma juice, glowing God, flows like pure oil, effused for you:

He shall give us our share of maids. (12)

Flow onward, Soma, in your stream, begetter of the sages' speech:

Wealth-giver among gods are you. (13)

The falcon dips within the jars: he wrap.him in his robe and goes

Loud roaring to the vats of wood. (14)

Soma, your juice has been effused and poured into the pitcher: like

A rapid hawk it rushes on. (15)

For Indra flow most rich in sweets, Soma, bringing him delight. (16)

They were sent forth to feast the gods, like chariots that display their strength. (17)

Brilliant, best givers of delight, these juices have sent Vayu forth. (18)

Bruised by the press-stones and extolled, Soma, you go to the sieve,

Giving the worshipper hero strength. (19)

This juice bruised by the pressing-stones and lauded passes through the sieve,

Slayer of demons, through the fleece. (20)

Pavamana, drive away the danger, whether near at hand

Or far remote, that finds me here. (21)

This day may Pavamana cleanse us with his purifying power,

Most active purifying priest. (22)

Agni, with the cleansing light diffused through all your fiery glow,

Purify you this prayer of ours. (23)

Cleanse us with your own cleansing power, Agni, that is bright with flame,

And by libations poured to you. (24)

Savitar, God, by both of these, libation, purifying power,

Purify me on every side. (25)

Cleanse us, God Savitar, with Three, Soma, with sublimest forms,

Agni, with forms of power and might. (26)

May the gods' company make me clean, and Vasus make rue pure by song.

Purify me, you General gods; Jatavedas, make me pure. (27)

Fill yourself full of juice, flow forth, Soma, you with all your stalks,

The best oblation to the gods. (28)

We with our homage have approached the friend who seeks our wondering praise,

Young, strengthener of the solemn rite. (29)

Lost is Alayya's axe. Soma, God do you send it back here in your flow

Even, Soma, God, if it were a mole. (30)

The man who reads the essence stored by saints, the Pavamani hymns,

Tastes food completely purified, made sweet by Matarisvan's touch.

32 Whoever reads the essence stored by saints, the Pavamani hymns,

Sarasvati draws forth for him water and butter, milk and meath.

68 - Soma Pavamana

The drops of soma juice like cows who yield their milk have flowed forth, rich in meath, to the Shining One,

And, seated on the grass, raising their voice, assumed the milk, the covering robe wherewith the udders stream. (1)

He bellows with a roar arourd the highest twigs: the Tawny One is sweetened as he breaks them up.

Then passing through the sieve into the ample room, the god throws off the dregs according to his wish. (2)

The gladdening drink that measured out the meeting Twins fills full with milk the Eternal Ever-waxing Pair.

Bringing to light the Two great Regions limitless, moving above them he gained sheen that never fades. (3)

Wandering through, the Parents, strengthening the floods, the Sage makes his place swell with his own native might.

The stalk is mixed with grain: he comes led by the men together with the sisters, and preserves the Head. (4)

With energetic intellect the Sage is born, deposited as germ of Law, far from the Twins.

They being young at first showed visibly distinct the Creature that is half-concealed and half-exposed. (5)

The sages knew the form of him the Gladdener, what time the falcon brought the plant from far away.

Him who assures success they beautified in streams, the stalk who yearned therefore, mighty and meet for praise. (6)

Together with the Rishis, with their prayers and hymns ten women deck you, Soma, friendly when effused.

Led by the men, with invocations of the gods, through the fleece, you have given us strength to win the spoil. (7)

Songs resonant with praise have celebrated him. Soma, friend, springing forth with his fair company.

Even him who rich in meath, with undulating stream, Winnner of Wealth, immortal, sends his voice from heaven, (8)

He sends it into all the region forth from heaven. Soma, while he is filtcred, settles in the jars.

With milk and waters is he decked when pressed with stones: Indu, when purified, shall find sweet rest and room. (9)

Even thus poured forth How on your way, Soma, vouchsafing us most manifold lively vigour.

We will invoke benevolent Earth and Heaven. Give us, you gods, riches with noble heroes.

69 - Soma Pavamana

LAID like an arrow on the bow the hymn has been loosed like a young calf to the udder of its dam.

As one who coms first with full stream she is milked the soma is impelled to this man's holy rites. (1)

The thought is deeply fixed; the savoury juice is shed; the tongue with joyous sound is stirring in the mouth;

And Pavamana, like the shout of combatants, the drop rising in sweet juice, is flowing through the fleece. (2)

He flows about the sheep-skin, longing for a bride: he looses Aditi's Daughters for the worshipper.

The sacred drink has come, gold-tinted, well-restrained: like a strong Bull he shines, whetting his manly might. (3)

The Bull is bellowing; the Cows are coming nigh: the goddesses approach the god's own resting-place.

Onward has Soma passed through the sheep's fair bright fleece, and has, as it were, endued a garment newly washed. (4)

The golden-hued, immortal, newly bathed, puts on a brightly shining vesture that is never harmed.

He made the ridge of heaven to be his radiant robe, by sprinkling of the bowls from moisture of the sky. (5)

Even as the beams of Surya, urging men to speed, that cheer and send to sleep, together rush they forth,

These swift outpourings in long course of holy rites: no form save only Indra shows itself so pure. (6)

As down the steep slope of a river to the vale, drawn from the Steer the swift strong draughts have found a way.

Well be it with the men and cattle in our home. May powers, Soma, may the people stay with us. (7)

Pour out on us wealth in goods, in gold, in steeds, in cattle and in corn, and great heroic strength.

You, Soma, are my Fathers, lifted up on high as heads of heaven and makers of the strength of life. (8)

These Pavamanas here, these drops of soma, to Indra have sped forth like cars to booty.

Effused, they pass the cleansing fleece, while, gold-hued, they cast their covering off to pour the rain down. (9)

Indu, flow you on for lofty Indra, flow blameless, very gracious, foe-destroyer.

Bring splendid treasures to the man who lauds you. Heaven and Earth, with all the gods protect. us.

70 - Soma Pavamana

The three times seven Milch-cows in the eastern heaven have for this Soma poured the genuine milky draught.

Four other beauteous Creatures has he made for his adornment, when he waxed in strength through holy rites. (1)

Longing for lovely Amrita, by his wisdom he divided, each apart from other, earth and heaven.

He gladly wrapped himself in the most lucid floods, when through their glory they found the god's resting-place. (2)

May those his brilliant rays he ever free from death, inviolate, for both classes of created things,-

Rays wherewith powers of men and gods are purified. Yea, even for this have sageswelcomed him as King. (3)

He, while he is adorned by the ten skilful ones, that he too in the Midmost Mothers may create,

While he is watching over the lovely Amrta's ways, looks on both races as Beholder of mankind. (4)

He, while he is adorned to stream forth mighty strength, rejoices in his place between the earth and heaven.

The Steer dispels the evil-hearted with his might, aiming at offerings as an archer at the game. (5)

Beholding, as it were, Two Mother Cows, the Steer goes roaring on his way even as the Maruts roar.

Knowing Eternal Law, the earliest light of heaven, he, passing wise, was chosen out to tell it forth. (6)

The fearful Bull is bellowing with violent might, far-sighted, sharpening his yellowcoloured horns.

Soma assumes his seat in the well-fashioned place: the cowhide and the sheepskin are his ornament. (7)

Bright, making pure his body free from spot and stain, on the sheep's back the Golden-coloured has flowed down.

Acceptable to Mitra, Vayu, Varuna, he is prepared as threefold meal by skilful men. (8)

Flow on for the god's banquet, Soma, as a Steer, and enter Indra's heart, the soma's reservoir.

Bear us beyond misfortune before we be oppres. sed. the man who knows the land directs the man who asks. (9)

Urged like a car-steed flow to strength, Soma: Indu, flow onward to the throat of Indra.

Skilled, bear us past, as in a boat over water: as battling hero save us from the foeman.

71 - Soma Pavamana,

The guerdon is bestowed: the Mighty takes his Seat, and, ever-Watchful, guards from fiend and evil sprite.

Gold-hued, he makes the cloud his diadem, the milk his carpet in both worlds, and prayer his robe of state. (1)

Strong, bellowing, he goes, like one who slays the folk; he lets this hue of Asuras flow off from him,

Throws off his covering, seeks his father's meeting-place, and thus makes for himself the bright robe he assumes. (2)

Onward he flows, from both the hands, pressed out with stones: excited by the prayer, the water makes him wild.

He frolics and draws near, completes his work with song, and bathes in streams to satisfy the worshipper. (3)

They pour out meath around the Master of the house, Celestial Strengthener of the mountain that gives might;

In whom, through his great powers, oblation-eating cows in their uplifted udder mix their choicest milk. (4)

They, the ten sisters, on the lap of Aditi, have sent him forward like a car from both the arms.

He wanders and comes near the Cow's mysterious place, even the place which his inventions have produced. (5)

Like as a falcon to his home, so speeds the god to his own golden wisely-tashioned place to rest.

With song they urge the darling to the sacred grass: the Holy One goes like a courser to the gods. (6)

From far away, from heaven, the redhued noted Sage, Steer of the triple height, has sung to the cows.

With thousand guidings he, leading this way and that, shines, as a singer, splendidly through many a morn. (7)

His covering assumes a radiant hue; wherever he comes into the fight he drives the foe afar.

The Winner of the Floods, with food he seeks the host of heaven, he comes to praises glorified with milk. (8)

Like a bull roaming round the herds he bellows: he has assumed the brilliancy of Surya.

Down to the earth has looked the heavenly Falcon: Soma with wisdom views all living creatures.

72 - Soma Pavamana

THEY cleanse the Gold-hued: like a red steed is he yoked, and Soma in the jar is mingled with the milk.

He sends out his voice, and many loving friends of him the highly lauded hasten with their songs. (1)

The many sages utter words in unison, while intIndra's throat they pour the soma juice,

When, with the ten that dwell together closely joined, the men whose hands are skilful cleanse the lovely meath. (2)

He goes on his way, unresting, to the cows, over the roaring sound which Sarya's Daughter loves.

The falcon brought it to him for his own delight: now with the twofold kindred sisters is his home. (3)

Washed by the men, stone-pressed, dear on the holy grass, faithful to seasons, Lord of cattle from of old,

Most liberal, completing sacrifice for men, Indra, pure bright Soma, Indu, flows for you. (4)

Indra, urged by arms of men and poured in streams, Soma flows on for you after.his godlike kind.

Plans you fulfillest, gatherest thoughts for sacrifice: in the bowls sits the Gold-hued like a roosting bird. (5)

Sages well-skilled in work, intelligent, drain out the stalk that roars, the Sage, the Everlasting One.

The milk, the hymns unite them with him in the place of sacrifice, his seat who is produced anew. (6)

Earth's central point, sustainer of the mighty heavens, distilled into the streams, into the waters' wave,

As Indra's thunderbolt, Steer with farspreading wealth, Soma is flowing on to make the heart rejoice. (7)

Over the earthly region flow you on your way, helping the praiser and the pourer, you Most Wise.

Let us not lack rich treasure reaching to our home, and may we clothe ourselves in manifold bright wealth. (8)

Here, Indu, to us a hundred gifts of steeds, a thousand gifts of cattle and of gold,

Measure you forth, yea, splendid ample strengthening food do you, Pavamana, heed this laud of ours.

73 - Soma Pavamana

THEY from the spouting drop have sounded at the rim: naves speed together to the place of sacrifice.

That Asura has formed, to seize, three lofty heights. The ships of truth have borne the pious man across. (1)

The strong Steers, gathering, have duly stirred themselves,and over the stream's wave the friends sent forth the song.

Engendering the hymn, with flowing streams of meath, Indra's dear body have they caused to wax in strength. (2)

With sanctifying gear they sit around the song: their ancient Father guards their holy work from harm.

Varuna has overspread the mighty sea of air. Sages had power to hold him in sustaining floods. (3)

Sweet-tongued, exhaustless, they have sent their voices down togetlier, in heaven's vault that pours a thousand streams.

His wildly-restless warders never close an eye: in every place are found the bonds that bind man last. (4)

Over Sire and Mother they have roared in unison bright with the verse of praise, burning up riteless men,

Blowing away with supernatural might from earth and from the heavens the swarthy skin which Indra hates. (5)

Those which, as guides of song and counsellors of speed, were manifested from their ancient dwelling place,

From these the eyeless and the deaf have turned aside: the wicked travel not the pathway of the Law. (6)

What time the filter with a thousand streams is stretched, the thoughtful sages purify their song therein.

Bright-coloured are their spies, vigorous, void of guile, excellent, fair to see, beholders of mankind. (7)

Guardian of Law, most wise, he may not be deceived: three Purifiers has he set within his heart.

With wisdom he beholds all creatures that exist: he drives into the pit the hated riteliess ones. (8)

The thread of sacrifice spun in the cleansing sieve, on Varuna's tongue-tip, by supernatural might,

This, by their striving, have the prudent ones attained: he who has not this power shall sink into the pit.

74 - Soma Pavamana

BORN like a youngling he has clamoured in the wood, when he, the Red, the Strong, would win the light of heaven.

He comes with heavenly seed that makes the water swell: him for wide-spreading shelter we implore with prayer. (1)

A far-extended pillar that supports the sky the soma-stalk, filled full, moves itself every way.

He shall bring both these great worlds while the rite proceeds: the Sage holds these who move! together and all food. (2)

Wide space has he who follows Aditi's right path, and mighty, well-made food, meath blent with soma juice;

He who from hence commands the rain, Steer of the cows, Leader of floods, who helps us hence, who claims our laud. (3)

Butter and milk are drawn from animated cloud; thence Amrita is produced, centre of sacrifice.

Hini the Most Bounteous Ones, ever united, love; him as ouir friend the Men who make all swell rain down. (4)

The soma-stalk has roared, following with the wave: he swells with sap for man the skin which gods enjoy.

On the lap of Aditi he lays the germ, by means whereof we gain children and progeny. (5)

In the third region which distils a thousand streams, may the Exhaustless Ones descend with procreant power.

The kindred Four have been sent downward from the heavens: dropping with oil they bring Amrita and sacred gifts. (6)

Soma assumes white colour when he strives to gain: the bounteous Asura knows full many a precious boon.

Down the steep slope, through song, he comes to sacrifice, and he will burst the water-holding cask of heaven, (7)

Yea, to the shining milk-anointed beaker, as to his goal, has stepped the conquering courser.

Pious-souled men have sent their giffi of cattle to Kaksivan of the hundred winters. (8)

Soma, your juice when you are blended with the streams, flows, Pavamana, through the long wool of the sheep.

So, cleansed by sages. best giver of delight, grow sweet for Indra, Pavamana! for his drink.

75 - Soma Pavamana

GRACIOUSLY-MINDED he is flowing on his way to win dear names over which the Youthful One grows great.

The Mighty and Far-seeing One has mounted now the mighty Surya's car which moves to every side. (1)

The Speaker, unassailable Master of this hymn, the Tongue of sacrifice pours forth the pleasant meath.

Within the lustrous region of the heavens the Son makes the third secret name of Mother and of Sire. (2)

Sending forth flashes he has bellowed to the jars, led by the men into the golden reservoir.

The milky streams of sacrifice have sung to him: he of the triple height shines brightly through the morns. (3)

Pressed by the stones, with hymns, and graciously inclined, illuminating both the Parents, Heaven and Earth,

He flows in ordered season onward through the flee, a current of sweet juice still swelling day by day. (4)

Flow onward, Soma, flow to bring prosperity: cleansed by the men, invest you with the milky draught.

What gladdening drinks you have, foaming, exceeding strong, even with these incite Indra to give us wealth.

76 - Soma Pavamana

ON flows the potent juice, sustainer of the heavens, the strength of gods, whom men must hail with shouts of joy.

The Gold-hued, started like a courser by brave men, impetuously winneth splendour in the streams. (1)

He takes his weapons, like a hero, in his hands, fain to win light, car-borne, in forays for the cows.

Indu, while stimulating India's might, is urged forward and balmed by sages skilful in their task. (2)

Soma, as you are purified with flowing wave, exhibiting your strength enter you Indra's throat.

Make both worlds stream for us, as lightning doth the clouds: mete out exhaustless powers for us, as it were through song. (3)

Onward he flows, the King of all that sees the light: the Rsis' Lord has raised the song of sacrifice;

Even he who is adorned with Surya's arrowy beam, Father of hymns, whose wisdom is beyond our reach. (4)

Like as a bull to herds, you flow to the pail, bellowing as a steer on the water's lap.

So, best of Cheerers, you for Indra flow on that we, with your protection, may overcome in fight.

77 - Soma Pavamana

MORE beauteous than the beautiful, as Indra's bolt, this Soma, rich in sweets, has clamoured in the vat.

Dropping with oil, abundant, streams of sacrifice flow to him like milk-cows, lowing, with their milk. (1)

On flows that Ancient One whom, hereward, from heaven, sped through the region of the air, the falcon snatched.

He, quivering with alarm and terrified in heart before bow-armed Krsanu, holds fast the sweet. (2)

May those first freshest drops of soma juice effused flow on, their way to bring us mighty strength in cows.

Beauteous as serpents, worthy to be looked on, they whom each sacred gift and all our prayers have pleased. (3)

May that much-lauded Indu, with a heart inclined to us, well-knowing, fight against our enemies.

He who has brought the germ beside the Strong One's seat moves onward to the widely-opened stall of cows. (4)

The active potent juice of heaven is flowing on, great Varuna whom the forward man can never deceive.

Mitra, the Holy, has been pressed for troubled times, neighing like an impatient horse amid the herd,

78 - Soma Pavamana

RAISING his voice the King has flowed on his way: invested with the waters he would win the cows.

The fleece retains his solid parts as though impure, and bright and cleansed he seeks the special place of gods. (1)

You, Soma, are effused for Indra by the men, balmed in the wood as wave, Sage, Viewer of mankind.

Full many are the paths whereon you may go: a thousand bay steeds have you resting in the bowls. (2)

Apsarases who dwell in waters of the sea, sitting within, have flowed to Soma wise of heart.

They urge the Master of the house on his way, and to the Eternal Pavamana pray for bliss. (3)

Soma flows on for u's as winner of the cows, winner of thousands, cars, water, and light, and gold;

He whom the gods have made a gladdening draught to drink, the drop most sweet to taste, weal-bringing, red of hue. (4)

Soma, as Pavamana you, our faithful friend, making for us these real treasures, flow on.

Slay you the enemy both near and,far away: grant us security and ample pasturage.

79 - Soma Pavamana

SPONTANEOUS let our drops of soma juice flow on, pressed, golden-hued, among the gods of lofty heaven.

Perish among us they who give no gifts of food! perish the godless! May our prayers obtain success. (1)

Forward to us the drops, distilling meath, shall flow, like riches for whose sake we urge the horses on.

Beyond the crafty hindering of all mortal men may we continually bear precious wealth away. (2)

Yea, yerily, foe of hate shown to himself is he, yea, verity, destroyer too of other hate.

As thirst subdus in the desert, conquer you, Soma Pavarnana, men of evil thoughts. (3)

Near kin to you is he, raised loftiest in the heavens: on the earth's high ridge your scions have grown forth.

The press-stones chew and crunch you on the ox's hide: sages have milked you with their hands into the streams. (4)

So do they hurry on your strong and beauteous juice, Indu, as the first ingredient of the draught.

Bring low, you Pavamana, every single foe, and be your might shown forth as sweet and gladdening drink.

80 - Soma Pavamana

ON flows the stream of soma who beholds mankind: by everlasting Law he calls the gods from heaven.

He lightens with the roaring of Br aspati: h the lakes have not contained the pourings of juice. (1)

You, powerful Soma, you to whom the cows have -lowed, ascendest bright with sheen, your iron-fashioned home.

You, lengthening our princes' life and high renown, flow for Indra as his might to gladdening drink. (2)

Best giver of delight, he flows to Indra's throat, robing himself in might, Auspicious One, for fame.

He spreads himself abroad to meet all things that be: the vigorous Tawny steed flows sporting on his way. (3)

The men, the ten swift fingers, milk you out for gods, even you most rich in meath, with thousand flowing streams.

Soma who winnest thousands, driven by the men, expressed with stones, bring, as you flow, all the gods. (4)

Deft-handed men with stones, the ten swift fingers, drain you into waters, you, the Steer enriched with sweets.

You, Soma, gladdening Indra, and the Heavenly Host, flow as Pavamana like a river's wave.

81 - Soma Pavamana

ONWARD to Indra's throat move, beauteously adorned, the waves of soma as he purifies himself,

When they, brought forward with the lovely curd of cows, effused, have cheered the hero to bestow his gifts. (1)

Here has Soma flowed to the beakers, like a chariot-horse, a stallion swift on his way.

Thus, knowing both the generations, he obtains the rights and dues of gods from yonder and from hence. (2)

While you are cleansed, Soma, scatter wealth on us; Indu, bestow great bounty as a liberal Prince.

Giver of life, with wisdom help to opulence; strew not our home possessions far away from us. (3)

Here let Pusan Pavamana come to us, Varuna, Mitra, bountiful, of one accord,

The Maruts, Asvins, Vayu, and Brihaspati, Savitar, Tvastar, tractable Sarasvati. (4)

Both Heaven and Earth, the all-invigorating Pair, Vidhatar, Aditi, and Aryaman the god,

Bhaga who blesses men, the spacious Firmament,-let all the gods in Pavamana take delight.

82 - Soma Pavamana

Even as a King has Soma, red and tawny Bull, been pressed: the Wondrous One has bellowed to the cows.

While purified he passes through the filtering fleece to seat him hawk-like on the place that drops with oil. (1)

To glory go you, Sage with disposing skill, like a groomed steed you rusbest forward to the prize.

Soma, be you gracious, driving off distress: you go, clothed in butter, to a robe of state. (2)

Parjanya is the Father of the Mighty Bird: on mountains, in earth's centre has he made his home.

The waters too have flowed, the Sisters, to the cows: he meets the pressing-stones at the beloved rite. (3)

You give pleasure as a wife delights her lord. Listen, Child of Pajri, for to you I speak.

Amid the holy songs go on that we may live: in time of trouble, Soma, watch you free from blame. (4)

As to the men of old you camest, Indu unharmed, to strengthen, winning hundreds, thousands,

So now for new felicity flow onward: the waters follow as your law ordaineth.

83 - Soma Pavamana

SPREAD is your cleansing filter, Brahmanaspati: as Prince, you enterest its limbs from every side.

The raw, whose mass has not been heated gains not this: they only which are dressed, which bear, attain to it. (1)

High in the seat of heaven is spread the Scorcher's sieve: its threads are standing separate, glittering with light.

The Swift Ones favour him who purifis this: with consciousness they stand on the height of heaven. (2)

The foremost spotted Steer has made the Mornings shine, and yearning after strength sustains all things that be.

By his high wisdom have the mighty Sages wrought: the Fathers who behold mankind laid down the germ, (3)

Gandharva verily protects his dwellingplace; Wondrous, he guards the generations of the gods.

Lord of the snare, he takes the foeman with the snare: those who are most devout have gained a share of meath. (4)

Rich in oblations! robed in cloud, you corapassest oblation, sacrifice, the mighty seat of gods.

King, on your chariot-sieve you go up to war, and with a thousand weapons winnest lofty fame.

84 - Soma Pavamana

FLOW, cheering gods, most active, winner of the flood, for Indra, and for Vayu, and for Varuna.

Bestow on us today wide room with happiness, and in tbine ample dwelling laud the Host of Heaven. (1)

He who has come anear to creatures that have life, immortal Soma flows onward to all of them.

Effecting, for our aid, both union and release, Indu, like Surya, follows closely after Dawn. (2)

He who is poured with milk, he who within the plants hastes bringing treasure for the happiness of gods,

He, poured forth in a stream flows with the lightning's flash, Soma who gladdens Indra and the Host of Heaven. (3)

Winner of thousands, he, this Soma, flows along, raising a vigorous voice that wakens with the dawn.

Indu with winds drives on the ocean of the air, he sinks within the jars, he rests in Indra's heart. (4)

The cows with milk dress him who makes the milk increase, Soma, amid the songs, who finds the light of heaven.

Winner of wealth, the effectual juice is flowing on, Singer and Sage by wisdom, dear as heaven itself.

85 - Soma Pavamana

FLOW on to Indra, Soma, carefully effused: let sickness stay afar together with the fiends.

Let not the double-tongued delight them with your juice. here be your flowing drops laden with opulence. (1)

Pavamana, urge us forward in the fight you are the vigour of the gods, the well-loved drink.

Smite you our enemies who raise the shout of joy: Indra, drink soma juice, and drive away our foes. (2)

Unharmed, best Cheerer, you, Indu, flow on: you, even you yourself, are Indra's noblest food.

Full many a wise man lifts to you the song of praise, and hails you with a kiss as Sovran of this world. (3)

Wondrous, with hundred streams, hymned in a thousand songs, Indu pours out for Indra his delightrul meath.

Winning us land and waters, flow you hereward: Rainer of bounties, Soma, make broad way for us. (4)

Roaring within the beaker you are balmed with milk: you pass through the fleecy filter all at once.

Carefully cleansed and decked like a prizewinning steed, Soma, you have flowed down within Indra's throat. (5)

Flow onward sweet of flavour for the Heavenly Race, for Indra sweet, whose name is easily invoked:

Flow sweet for Mitra, Varuna, and Vayu, rich in meath, inviolable for Brihaspati. (6)

Ten rapid fingers deck the courser in the jar: with hymns the holy singers send their voices forth.

The filtering juices hasten to their eulogy, the drops that gladden find their way to Indra's heart. (7)

While you are purified pour on us hero strength, great, far-extended shelter, spacious pasturage.

Let no oppression master this our holy work: may we, Indu, gain all opulence through you. (8)

The Steer who sees afar has risen above the sky: the Sage has caused the lights of heaven to give their shine.

The. King is passing through the filter with a roar: they drain the milk of heaven from him who looks on men. (9)

High in the vault of heaven, unceasing, honey-tongued, the Loving Ones drain out the mountain-haunting Steer,

The drop that has grown great in waters, in the lake meath-rich, in the stream's wave and in the cleansing sieve. (10)

The Loving Ones besought with many voices the Eagle who had flown away to heaven.

Hymns kiss the Youngling worthy of laudation, resting on earth, the Bird of golden colour. (11)

High to heaven's vault has the Gandharva risen, beholding all his varied forms and figures.

His ray has shone abroad with gleaming splendour: pure, he has lighted both the worlds, the Parents.

86 - Soma Pavamana

YOUR gladdening draughts, Pavamana, urged by song flow swiftly of themselves like sons of fleet-foot mares.

The drops of soma juice, those eagles of the heavens, most cheering, rich in meath, rest in the reservoir. (1)

As rapid chariot-steeds, so turned in several ways have your exhilarating juices darted forth,

Soma-drops rich in meath, waves, to the Thunder-armed, to Indra, like milk-cows who seek their calf with milk. (2)

Like a steed urged to battle, finder of the light; speed onward to the cloud-born reservoir of heaven,

A Steer that over the woolly surface seeks the sieve, Soma while purified for Indra's nourishment. (3)

Fleet as swift steeds, your drops, divine, thought-swift, have been, Pavamana, poured with milk into the vat.

The Rishis have poured in continuous soma drops, ordainers who adorn you, friend whom Rishis love. (4)

you who seest all things, Sovran as you are and passing strong, your rays encompass all abodes.

Pervading with your natural powers you flow on, and as the whole world's Lord, Soma, you are King. (5)

The beams of Pavamana, sent from earth and heaven, his ensigns who is ever steadfast, travel round.

When on the sieve the Golden-hued is cleansed, he rests within the vats as one who seats him in his place. (6)

Served with fair rites he flows, ensign of sacrifice: Soma advances to the special place of gods.

He speeds with thousand currents to the reservoir, and passes through the filter bellowing as a bull. (7)

The Sovran dips him in the seain and the streams, and set in rivers with the waters' wave moves on.

High heaven's Sustainer at the central point of earth, raised on the fleecy surface Pavamana stands. (8)

He on whose high decree the heavens and earth depend nath roared and thundered like the summit of the sky.

Soma flows on obtaining Indra's friendly love, and, as they purify him, settles in the jars. (9)

He, light of sacrifice distils delicious meath, most wealthy, Father and begetter of the gods.

He, gladdening, best of Cheerers, juice!hat Indra loves, enriches with mysterious treasure earth and heaven. (10)

The vigorous and far-seeing one, the Lord of heaven, flows, shouting to the beaker, with his thousand streams.

Coloured like gold he rests in seats where Mitra dwells, the Steer made beautiful by rivers and by sheep. (11)

In forefront of the rivers Pavamana speeds, in forefront of the hymn, foremost among the cows.

He shares the mighty booty in the van of war: the well-armed Steer is purified by worshippers. (12)

This heedful Pavamana, like a bird sent forth, has with his wave flowed onward to the fleecy sieve.

Indra, through your wisdom, b your thought, Sage, Soma flows bright and pure between the earth and heaven. (13)

He, clad in mail that reaches heaven, the Holy One, filling the firmament stationed amid the worlds,

Knowing. the realm of light, has come to us in rain: he summons to himself his own primeval Sire. (14)

He who was first of all to penetrate his form bestowed on his race wide shelter and defence.

From that high station which he has in loftiest heaven he comes victorious to all encounters here. (15)

Indu has started for Indra's special place and slights not as a friend the promise of his friend.

Soma speeds onward like a youth to youtlitial maids, and gains the beaker by a course of bundred paths. (16)

Your songs, exhilarating, tuneful, uttering praise, are come into the placns where the people meet.

Worshippers have exalted Soma with their hymns, and milk cows have come near to meet him with their milk. (17)

Soma, Indu, while they cleanse you, pour on us accumulateds Plentiful, nutritious food,

Which, ceaseless, thrice a day shall yield us hero power enriched with store of nourishment, and strength, and Meath. (18)

Far-seeing Soma flows, the Steer, the Lord of hymns, the Furtherer of day, of morning, and of heaven.

Mixt with the streams he caused the beakers to resound, and with the singers' aid they entered Indra's heart. (19)

On, with the prudent singers, flows the ancient Sage and guided by the men has roared about the vats.

Producing Trita's name, may he pour forth the meath, that Vayu and that Indra may become his friends. (20)

He, being purified, has made the Mornings shine: this, even this is he who gave the rivers room.

He made the Three Times Seven pour out the milky flow: Soma, the Cheerer, yields whatever the heart finds sweet. (21)

Flow, onward, Soma, in your own celestial forms, flow, Indu, poured within the beaker and the sieve.

Sinking into the throat of Indra with a roar, led by the men you made Surya mount to heaven. (22)

Pressed out with stones you flow onward to the sieve, Indu, entering the depths of Indra's throat.

Far-sighted Soma, now you lookest on mankind: you did unbar the cowstall for the Angirases. (23)

In you, Soma, while you purifitedst you, high-thoughted sages, seeking favour, have rejoiced.

Down from the heavens the falcon brought you hereward, even you, Indu, you whom all our hymns adorn. (24)

Seven Milch-cows glorify the Tawny-coloured One while with his wave in wool he purifies himself.

The living men, the mighty, have impelled the Sage into the waters' lap, the place of sacrifice. (25)

Indu, attaining purity, plunges through the foe, making Ilis ways all easy for the pious man.

Making the cows his mantle, he, the lovely Sage, runs like a sporting courser onward through the fleece. (26)

The ceaseless watery fountains with their hundred streams sing, as they hasten near, to him the Golden-hued

Him, clad in robes of milk, swift fingers beautify on the third height and in the luminous realm of heaven. (27)

These are your generations of celestial seed you are the Sovran Lord of all the world of life.

This universe, Pavamana, owns your sway; you, Indu, are the first establisher of Law. (28)

You are the sea, Sage who bringest alf to light: under your Law are these five regions of the world.

Tlou reachest out beyond the earth, beyond the heavens: your are the lights, Pavamana, your the Sun. (29)

You in the filter, Soma Pavamana, are purified to support the region for the gods.

The chief, the longing ones have sought to hold you fast, and all these living creatures have been turned to you. (30)

Onward the Singer travels over the fleecy sieve. the Tawny Steer has bellowed in the wooden vats.

Hymns have been sung aloud in resonant harmony, and holy songs kiss him, the Child who claims our praise.

He has assumed the rays of Surya for his robe, spinning, as he knows bow, the triply-twisted thread.

He, guiding to the newest rules of Holy Law, comes as the Women's Consort to the special place. (32)

On flows the King of rivers and the Lord of heaven: he follows with a shout the paths of Holy Law.

The Golden-hued is poured forth, with his hundred streams, Wealth-bringer, lifting up his voice while purified. (33)

Fain to be cleansed, you, Pavamana, pourest out, like wondrous Surya, through the fleece, an ample sea.

Purified with the hands, pressed by the men with stones, you speedest on to mighty booty-bringing war. (34)

You, Pavamana, sendest food and power in streams. you sit in the beakers as a hawk on trees,

For Indra poured as cheering juice to make him glad, as nearest and farseeing bearer-up of heaven. (35)

The Sisters Seven, the Mothers, stand around the Babe, the noble, new-born Infant, skilled in holy song,

Gandharva of the floods, divine, beholding men, Soma, that he may reign as King of all the world. (36)

As Sovran Lord thereof you Pass through these worlds, Indu, harnessing your tawny well-winged Mares.

May they pour forth for you milk and oil rich in sweets: Soma, let the folk abide in your decree. (37)

Soma, you beholdest men from every side: Pavamana, Steer, you wanderest through these.

Pour out on us wealth in treasure and in gold: may we have strength to live among the things that be. (38)

Winner of gold and goods and cattle flow you on, set as impregner, Indu, mid the worlds of life.

Rich in brave men are you, Soma, who winnest all: these holy singers wait on you with the song. (39)

The wave of flowing meath has wakened up desires: the Steer enrobed in milk plunges into the streams.

Borne on his chariot-sieve the King has risen to war, and with a thousand rays has won him high renown. (40)

Dear to all life, he sends triumphant praises forth, abundant, bringing offspring, each succeeding day.

From Indra crave for us, Indu, when you are quaffed, the blessing that gives children, wealth that harbours steeds. (41)

When days begin, the strong juice, lovely, golden-hued, is recognized by wisdom more and more each day,

He, stirring both the Races, goes between the two, the bearer of the word of men and word of gods. (42)

They balm him, balm him over balm him thoroughly, caress the mighty strength and balm it with the meath.

They seize the flying Steer at the stream's breathing-place: cleansing with gold they grasp the Animal herein. (43)

Sing forth to Pavamana skilled in holy song: the juice is flowing onward like a mighty stream.

He glids like a serpent from his ancient skin, and like a playful horse the Tawny Steer has run (44).

Dweller in floods, King, foremost, he displays his might, set among living things as measurer of days.

Distilling oil he flows, fair, billowy, golden-hued, borne on a car of light, sharing one hom-e with wealth. (45)

Loosed is the heavens! support, the uplifted cheering juice: the triply-mingled draught flows round into the worlds.

The holy hymns caress the stalk that claims our praise, when singers have approached his beauteous robe with song. (46)

Your streams that flow forth rapidly collected run over the fine fleece of the sheep as you are cleansed.

When, Indu, you are. balmed with milk within the bowl, you sinkest in the jars, Soma, when expressed. (47)

Winner of' power, flow, Soma, worthy of our laud: run onward to the fleece as well-beloved meath.

Destroy, Indu, all voracious Raksasas. With brave sons in the assembly let our speech be bold. (48)

87 - Soma Pavamana

RUN onward to the reservoir and seat you: cleansed by the men speed forward to the battle.

Making you beauteous like an able courser, forth to the sacred grass with reins they lead you. (1)

Indu, the well-armed God, is flowing onward, who quells the curse and guards from treacherous onslaught,

Father, begetter of the gods, most skilful, the buttress of the heavens and earth's supporter. (2)

Rishi and Sage, the Champion of the people, cleft and sagacious, Usana in wisdom,

He has discovered even their hidden nature, the Cows' concealed and most mysterious title. (3)

This your own Soma rich in meath, Indra, Steer for the Steer, has flowed into the filter.

The strong Free-giver, winning hundreds, thousands, has reached the holy grass that never fails him. (4)

These Somas are for wealth of countless cattle, renown therefore, and mighty strength immortal.

These have been sent forth, urified by strainers, like steeds who rusg to battle fain for glory. (5)

He, while he cleanses him, invoked of many, has flowed to give the people all enjoyment.

You whom the falcon brought, bring, dainty viands, bestir yourself and send us wealth and booty. (6)

This Soma, pressed into the cleansing filter, has run as it were a host let loose, the courser;

Like a strong bull who whets his horns kpen-pointed, like a brave warrior in the fray for cattle. (7)

He issued forth from out the loftiest mountain, and found cows hidden somewhere in a stable.

Soma's stream clears itself for you, Indra, like lightning thundering through the clouds of heaven, (8)

Cleansing yourselr, and borne along with Indra, Soma, you go round the herd of cattle.

May your praise help us, Mighty One, prompt Giver, to the full ample food which you bestow.

88 - Soma Pavamana

For you this Soma is effused, Indra: drink of this juice; for you the stream is flowing-

Soma, which you yourself have made and chosen, even Indu, for your special drink to cheer you. (1)

Like a capacious car has it been harnessed, the Mighty; to acquire abundant treasures.

Then in the sacrifice they celebrated all triumphs won by Nahus -n the battle. (2)

Like Vayu with his team, moving at pleasure, most gracious when invoked like both Nasatyas,

You are yourself like the Wealth-Giver, Soma! who grants all boons, like song-inspiring Pusan. (3)

Like Indra who has done great deeds, you, Soma, are slayer of the Vritras, Fort-destroyer.

Like Pedu's horse who killed the brood of serpents, thus you, Soma, slayest every Dasyu. (4)

Like Agni loosed amid the forest, fiercely he winns splendour in the running waters.

Like one who fights, the roaring of the mighty, thus Soma Pavamana sends his current. (5)

These Somas passing through the fleecy filter, like rain descending from the clouds of heaven,

Have been effused and poured into the beakers, swiftly like rivers running lowly seaward. (6)

Flow onward like the potent band of Maruts, like that Celestial Host whom none revileth.

Quickly be gracious to us like waters, like sacrifice victorious, thousand-fashioned. (7)

Your are King Varuna's eternal statutes, lofty and deep, Soma, is your glory.

All-pure are you like Mitra the beloved, adorable, like Aryaman, Soma.

89 - Soma Pavamana

This Chariot-horse has moved along the pathways, and Pavamana flowed like rain from heaven.

With us has Soma with a thousand currents sunk in the wood, on his Mother's bosom.

2. King, he has clothed him in the robe of rivers, mounted the straightest-going ship of Order.

Sped by the Hawk the drop has waxed in waters: the father drains it, drains the Father's offspring. (2)

They come to him, red, tawny, Lord of Heaven, the watchful Guardian of the meath, the Lion.

First, hero in the fight, he seeks the cattle, and with his eye the Steer is our protector. (3)

They harness to the broad-wheeled car the mighty courser whose back bears meath, unwearied, awful.

The twins, the sisters brighten him, and strengthen-these children of one damethe vigorous Racer. (4)

Four pouring out the holy oil attend him, sitting together in the same container.

To him they flow, when purified, with homage, and still, from every side, are first about him. (5)

He is the buttress of the heavens, supporter of earth, and in his hand are all the people.

Be the team's Lord a well to you the singer: cleansed is the sweet plant's stalk for deed of glory. (6)

Fighting, uninjured come where gods are feasted; Soma, as Vitra-slayer flow for Indra.

Vouchsafe us ample riches very splendid may we be masters of heroic vigour.

90 - Soma Pavamana,

URGED On, the Father of the Earth and Heaven has gone forth like a car to gather booty,

Going to Indra, sharpening his weapons, and in his hand containing every treasure. (1)

To him the tones of sacred song have sounded, Steer of the triple height, the Life-bestower.

Dwelling in wood as Varuna in rivers, lavishing treasure he distributes blessings (2)

Great Conqueror, warnor-girt, Lord of all heroes, flow on your way as he who winns riches;

With sharpened. arms, with swift bow, never vanquished in battle, vanquishing in fight the foemen. (3)

Giving security, Lord of wide dominion, send us both earth and heaven with all their fulness.

Striving to win the Dawns, the light, the waters, and cattle, call to us abundant vigour. (4)

Soma, gladden Varuna and Mitra; cheer, Indu Pavamana! Indra, Vishnu.

Cheer you the gods, the Company of Maruts: Indu, cheer mighty Indra to rejoicing. (5)

Thus like a wise and potent King flow onward, destroying with your vigour all misfortunes.

For our well-spoken hymn give life, Indu. Do you preserve us evermore with blessings.

91 - Soma Pavamana

As for a chariot-race, the skilful Speaker, Chief, Sage, Inventor, has, with song, been started.

The sisters ten on the fleecy summit drive on the Car-horse to the resting places. (1)

The drop of soma, pressed by wise Nahusyas, becomes the banquet of the Heavenly People-

Indu, by hands of mortal men made beauteous, immortal, with the sheep and cows and waters. (2)

Steer roaring to Steer, this Pavamana, this juice runs to the white milk of the milk-cow.

Through thousand fine hairs goes the tuneful Singer, like Sura by his fair and open pathways. (3)

Break down the, strong seats even of the demons: cleansing you, Indu, robd yourself in vigour.

Rend with your swift bolt, coming from above them, those who are near and those who yet are distant. (4)

Prepare the forward paths in ancient manner for the new bymn, you Giver of all bounties.

Those which are high and hard for foes to conquer may we gain from you, Active! Food-bestower! (5)

So purifying you vouchsafe us waters, heaven's light, and cows, offspring and many children.

Give us health, ample land, and lights, Soma, and grant us long to look on the sunshine.

92 - Soma Pavamana

The gold-hued juice, poured out on the filter, is started like a car sent forth to conquer.

He has gained song and vigour while they cleansed him, and has rejoiced the gods with entertainments. (1)

He who beholds man has reached the filter: bearing his name, the Sage has sought his dwelling.

The Rishis came to him, seven holy singers, when in the bowls he settled as Invoker. (2)

Shared by all gods, mobt wise, propitious, Soma goes, while they cleanse him, to his constant station.

Let him rejoice in all his lofty wisdom to the Five Tribes the Sage attains with labour. (3)

In your mysterious place, Pavamana Soma, are all the gods, the Thrice-Eleven.

Ten on the fleecy height, themselves, self-prompted, and seven fresh rivers, brighten and adorn you. (4)

Now let this be the truth of Pavamana, there where all singers gather them together,

That he has given us room and made the daylight, has holpen Manu and repelled the Dasyu. (5)

As the priest seeks the station rich in cattle, like a true King who goes to great assemblies,

Soma has sought the beakers while they cleansed him, and like a wild bull, in the wood has settled.

93 - Soma Pavamana

TEN sisters, pouring out the rain together, swift-moving thinkers of the sage, adorn him.

Here has run the gold-hued Child of Surya and reached the vat like a fleet vigorous courser. (1)

Even as a youngling crying to his mothers, the bounteous Steer has flowed along to waters.

As youth to damsel, so with milk he hastens on to the. chose meeting-place, the beaker. (2)

Yea, swollen is the udder of the milk-cow: there in streams goes very sapient Indu.

The cows make ready, as with new-washed treasures, the Head and Chief with milk within the vessels. (3)

With all the gods, Indu Pavamana, while you are roaring send us wealth in horses.

Here on her car come willing Plenty, inclined to us, to give us of her treasures. (4)

Now to us mete riches, while they cleansethee, all-glorious, swelling wealth, with store of heroes.

Long be his life who worships, you, Indu. May he, enriched with prayer, come soon and early.

94 - Soma Pavamana

When beauties strive for him as for a charger, then strive the songs like soldiers for the sunlight.

Acting the Sage, he flows enrobed in waters and song as it were a stall that cows may prosper. (1)

The worlds expand to hirn who from aforetime found light to spread the law of life eternal.

The swelling songs, like cows within the stable, in deep devotion call aloud on Indu. (2)

When the sage bears his holy wisdom round him, like a car visiting all worlds, the hero,

Becoming fame, mid gods, to the mortal, wealth to the skilled, worth praise mid the Ever-present, (3)

For glory born be has come forth to glory: he givs life and glory to the singers.

They, clothed in glory, have become immortal. He, measured in his course, makes frays successful. (4)

Stream to us food and vigour, cows and horses: give us broad lights and fill thgods with rapture.

All ther are easy things for you to master you, Pavamana Soma, quellest foemen.

95 - Soma Pavamana

Loud neighs the Tawny steed when started, settling deep in the wooden vessel while they cleanse him.

Led by the men he takes the milk for raiment: then shall he, through his powers, engender praise-songs. (1)

As one who rows drives on his boat, he, Gold-hued, sends forth his voice, loosed on the path of Order.

As God, the secret names of gods he utters, to be declared on sacred grass more widely. (2)

Hastening onward like the waves of waters, our holy hymns are pressing nigh to Soma.

To him they come with lowly adoration, and, longing, enter him who longs to meet them. (3)

They drain the stalk, the Steer who dwells on mountains, even as a Bull who decks him on the upland.

Hymns follow and attend him as he bellows: Trita bears Varuna aloft in ocean. (4)

Sending your voice out as Director, loosen the Invoker's thought, Indu, as they cleanse you.

While you and Indra rule for our advantage, may we be masters of heroic vigour.

96 - Soma Pavamana

IN forefront of the cars forth goes the hero, the Leader, winning spoil: his host rejoices.

Soma endues his robes of lasting colours, and blesses, for his friends, their calls on Indra. (1)

Men decked with gold adorn his golden tendril, incessantly with steed-impelling homage.

The friend of Indra mounts his car well-knowing, he comes thereon to meet the prayer we offer. (2)

God, for service of the gods flow onward, for food sublime, as Indra's drink, Soma.

Making the floods, bedewing earth and heaven, come from the vast, comfort us while we cleanse you (3)

Flow for prosperity and constant Vigour, flow on for happiness and high perfection.

This is the wish of these friends assembled: this is my wish, Soma Pavamana. (4)

Father of holy hymns, Soma flows onward the Father of the earth, Father of heaven:

Father of Agni, Surya's generator, the Father who begat Indra and Vishnu. (5)

Brahman of gods, the Leader of the poets, Rishi of sages, Bull of savage creatures,

Falcon amid the vultures, Axe of forests, over the cleansing sieve goes Soma singing. (6)

He, Soma Pavamana, like a river, has stirred the wave of voice, our songs and praises.

Beholding these inferior powers in cattle, he rests among them as a Steer well-knowing. (7)

As Gladdener, Warrior never harmed in battle, with thousand genial streams, pour strength and vigour.

As thoughtful Pavamana, urge Indu, speeding the cows, the plant's wave on to Indra. (8)

Dear, grateful to the gods, on to the beaker moves Soma, sweet to Indra, to delight him.

With hundred powers, with thousand currents, Indu, like a strong car-horse, goes to the assembly. (9)

Born in old time as finder-out of treasures, drained with the stone, decking himself in waters,

Warding off curses, King of all existence, he shall find way for prayer the while they cleanse him. (10)

For our sage fathers, Soma Pavamana, of old performed, by you, their sacred duties.

Fighting unvanquished, open the enclosures: enrich us with large gifts of steeds and heroes. (11)

As you did flow for Manu Life-bestowing, Foe-queller, Comforter, rich in oblations,

Even thus flow onward now conferring riches: combine with Indra, and bring forth your weapons. (12)

Flow onward, Soma, rich in sweets and holy,. enrobed in waters on the fleecy summit.

Settle in vessels that are full of fatness, as cheering and most gladdening drink for Indra. (13)

Pour, hundred-streamed, winner of thousands, mighty at the gods' banquet, Pour the rain of heaven,

While you with rivers roarest in the beaker, and blent with milk prolongest our existence. (14)

Purified with our holy hymns, this Soma overtakes malignities like some strong charger,

Like fresh milk poured by Aditi, like passage in ample room, or like a docile car-horse. (15)

Cleansed by the pressers, armed with noble weapons, stream to us the fair secret name you bear.

Pour booty, like a horse, for love of glory God, Soma, send us cows, and send us Vayu. (16)

They deck him at his birth, the lovely Infant, the Maruts with their troop adorn the Car-horse.

By songs a Poet and a Sage by wisdom, Soma joes singing through the cleansing filter. (17)

Light-winner, Rishi-mindcd, Rishi-maker, hymned in a thousand hymns, Leader of sages,

A Steer who strives to gain his third form, Soma is, like Viraj, resplendent as a Singer. (18)

Hawk seated in the bowls, Bird wide-extended, the Banner seeking cows and wielding weapons,

Following close the sea, the wave of waters, the great Bull tells his fourth form and declares it. (19)

Like a fair youth who decorates his body, a courser rushing to the gain of riches,

A steer to herds, so, flowing to the pitcher, he with a roar has passed into the beakers. (20)

Flow on with might as Pavamana, Indu flow loudly roaring through the fleecy filter.

Enter the beakers sporting, as they cleanse you, and let your gladdening juice make Indra joyful. (21)

His streams have been effused in all their fulness, and he has entered, balmed with milk, the goblets.

Singing his psalm, well-skilled in song, a Chanter, be comes as it were to his friend's sister roaring. (22)

Chasing our foes you come, Pavamana Indu, besting, as lover to his darling.

As a bird flies and settles in the forest, thus Soma settles, purified, in goblets. (23)

With full stream and abundant milk, Soma, your beams come, like a woman, as they cleanse you.

He, gold-hued, rich in boons, brought to the waters, has roared within the goblet of the pious.

97 - Soma Pavamana

MADE pure by this man's urgent zeal and impulse the god has to the gods his juice imparted.

He goes, effused and singing, to the filter, like priest to measured seats supplied with cattle. (1)

Robed in fair raiment meet to wear in battle, a mighty Sage pronouncing invocations.

Roll onward to the beakers as they cleanse you, far-seeing at the feast of gods, and watchful. (2)

Dear, he is brightened on the fleecy summit, a Prince among us, nobler than the noble.

Roar out as you are purified, run forward. Do you preserve us evermore with blessings. (3)

Let us sing praises to the gods: sing loudly, send you the soma forth for mighty riches.

Let him flow, sweetly-flavoured, through the filter, and let our pious one rest in the pitcher. (4)

Winning the friendship of the deities, Indu flows in a thousand streams to make them joyful.

Praised by the men after the ancient statute, he has come nigh, for our great bliss, to Indra. (5)

Flow, Gold-hued, cleansing you, to enrich the singer: let your juice go to Indra to support him.

Come nigh, together with the gods, for bounty. Do you preserve us evermore with blessings. (6)

The god declares the deities' generations, like Usana, proclaiming lofty wisdom.

With brilliant kin, far-ruling, sanctifying, the Boar advances, singing, to the places. (7)

The Swans, the Vrisaganas from anear us have brought their restless spirit to our dwelling.

Friends come to Pavamana meet for praises, and sound in concert their resistless music. (8)

He follows the Wide-strider's rapid movement: cows low, as it were, to him who sports at pleasure.

He with the sharpened horns brings forth abundance: the Silvery shines by night, by day the Golden. (9)

Strong Indu, bathed in milk, flows on for Indra, Soma exciting strength, to make him joyful.

He quells malignities and slays the demons, the King of mighty power who brings us comfort. (10)

Then in a stream he flows, milked out with press-stones, mingled with sweetness, through the fleecy filter-

Indu rejoicing in the love of Indra, the god who gladdens, for the god's enjoyment. (11)

As he is purified he pours out treasures, a God bedewing gods with his own juices.

Indu has, wearing qualities by seasons, on the raised fleece engaged, the ten swift fingers. (12)

The Red Bull bellowing to the cows advances, causing the heavens and earth to roar and tbunder.

Well is he beard like Indra's shout in battle: letting this voice be known he hastens here. (13)

Swelling with milk, abounding in sweet flavours, urging the meath-rich plant you go onward.

Raising a shout you flow as they cleanse you, when you, Soma, are effused for Indra. (14)

So flow you on inspiriting, for rapture, aiming deatb-shafts at him who stays the waters,

Flow to us wearing your resplendent colour, effused and eager for the cows, Soma. (15)

Pleased with us, Indu, send us as you flow good easy paths in ample space and comforts.

Dispelling, as it were with a club, misfortunes, run over the height, run over the fleecy summit. (16)

Pour on us rain celestial, quickly streaming, refreshing, fraught with health and ready bounty.

Flow, Indu, send these Winds your lower kinsmen, setting them free like locks of hair unbraided. (17)

Part, like a knotted tangle, while they cleanse you, Soma, righteous and unrighteous conduct.

Neigh like a tawny courser who is loosened, come like a youth, God, a house-possessor. (18)

For the god's service, for delight, Indu, run over the height, run o'ver the fleecy summit.

With thousand streams, inviolate, sweet-scented, flow on for gain of strength that conquers heroes. (19)

Without a car, without a rein to guide them, unyoked, like coursers started in the contest,

These brilliant drops of soma juice run forward. Do you, deities, come nigh to drink them. (20)

So for our banquet of the gods, Indu, pour down the rain of heaven into the vessels.

May Soma grant us riches sought with longing, mighty, exceeding strong, with store of heroes. (21)

What time the loving spirit's word had formed him Chief of all food, by statute of the Highest,

Then loudly lowing came the cows tIndu, the chosen, well-loved Master in the beaker. (22)

The Sage, Celestial, liberal, raining bounties, pours as he flows the Genuine for the Truthful.

The King shall be effectual strength's upholder: he by the ten bright reins is mostly guided. (23)

He who beholds mankind, made pure with filters, the King supreme of deities and mortals,

From days of old is Treasure-Lord of riches: he, Indu, cherishes fair well-kept Order. (24)

Haste, like a steed, to vittory for glory, to Indra's and to Vayu's entertainment.

Give us food ample, thousandfold: be, Soma, the finder-out of riches when they cleanse you. (25)

Effused by us let God-delighting Somas bring as they flow a home with noble heroes.

Rich in all boons like priests acquiring favour, the worshippers of heaven, the best of Cheerers. (26)

So, God, for service of the gods flow onward, flow, drink of gods, for ample food, Soma.

For we go forth to war against the mighty make heaven and earth well stablished by your cleansing. (27)

You, yoked by strong men, neighest like a courser, swifter than thought is, like an awful lion.

By paths directed hereward, the straightest, send us happiness, Indu, while they cleanse you. (28)

Sprung from the gods, a hundred streams, a thousand, have been effused: sages prepare and purge them.

Bring us from heaven the means of winnning, Indu; you are-forerunnner of abundant riches. (29)

The streams of days, were poured as it were from heaven: the wise King doth not treat his friend unkindly.

Like a son following his father's wishes, grant to this family success and safety. (30)

Now are your streams poured forth with all their sweetness, when, purified. you go through the filter.

The race of cows is your gift, Pavarridna: when born you made Surya rich with brightness. (31)

Bright, bellowing aiong the path of Order, you shine as the form of life eternal.

You flow on as gladdening drink for Indra, sending your voice out with the hymns of sages. (32)

Pouring out streams at the gods' feast with service, you, Soma, lookest down, a heavenly Eagle.

Enter the soma-holding beaker, Indu, and with a roar approach the ray of Sarya. (33)

Three are the voices that the courser utters: he speaks the thought of prayer, the law of Order.

To the Cow's Master come the Cows inquiring: the hymns with eager longing come to Soma. (34)

To Soma come the Cows, the Milch-cows longing, to Soma sages with their hvmns inquiring.

Soma, effused, is purified and blended our hymns and Trstup songs unite in Soma. (35)

Thus, Soma, as we pour you into vessels, while you are purified flow for our welfare.

Pass intIndra with a mighty roaring make the voice swell, and generate abundance. (36)

Singer of true songs, ever-watchful, Soma has settled in the ladles when they cleanse him.

Him the Adhvaryus, paired and eager, follow, leaders of sacrifice and skilful-handed. (37)

Cleansed near the Sun as it were he as Creator has filled full heaven and earth, and has disclosed them.

He by whose dear help men gain all their wishes shall yield the precious meed as to a victor. (38)

He, being cleansed, the Strengthener and Increaser, Soma the Bounteous, helped us with his lustre,

Wherewith our sires of old who knew the footsteps found light and stole the cattle from the mountain. (39)

In the first vault of heaven loud roared the Ocean, King of all being, generating creatures.

Steer, in the filter, on the fleecy summit, Soma, the Drop effused, has waxen mighty. (40)

Soma the Steer, in that as Child of Waters he chose the gods, performed that great achievement.

He, Pavamana, granted strength to Indra; he, Indu, generated light in Surya. (41)

Make Vayu glad,, for furtherance and bounty: cheer Varuna and Mitra, as they cleanse you.

Gladden the gods, gladden the host of Maruts: make Heaven and Earth rejoice, God, Soma. (42)

Flow onward righteous slayer of the wicked, driving away our enemies and sickness,

Blending your milk with milk which cows afford us. We are your friends, you are the friend of Indra. (43)

Pour us a fount of meath, a spring of treasure; send us a hero son and happy fortune.

Be sweet, Indu. when they cleanse you, Indu, and pour down riches on us from the ocean. (44)

Strong Soma, pressed, like an impetuous courser, has flowed in stream as a flood speeding downward.

Cleansed, he has settled in his wooden dwelling: Indu has flowed with milk and with the waters. (45)

Strong, wise, for you who longest for his coming this Soma here flows to the bowls, Indra.

He, chariot-borne, sun-bright, and truly potent, was poured forth like the longing of the pious. (46)

He, purified with ancient vital vigour, pervading all his Daughter's forms and figures,

Finding his threefold refuge in the waters, goes singing, as a priest, to the assemblies. (47)

Now, chariot-borne, flow to us, God Soma, as you are purified flow to the saucers,

Sweetest in waters, rich in meath, and holy, as Savitar the god is, truthfulminded. (48)

To feast him, flow mid song and hymn, to Vayu, flow purified to Varuna and Mitra.

Flow to the song-inspiring car-borne hero, to mighty Indra, him who wields the thunder. (49)

Pour on us garments that shall clothe us meetly, send, purified, milk-cows, abundant yielders.

God Soma, send us chariot-drawing horses that they may bring us treasures bright and golden. (50)

Send to us in a stream celestial riches, send us, when you are cleansed, what earth containeth,

So that thereby we may acquire possessions and Rsihood in Jamadagni's manner. (51)

Pour forth this wealth with this purification: flow onward to the yellow lake, Indu.

Here, too, the Ruddy, wind-swift, full of wisdom, Shall give a son to him who coms quickly. (52)

Flow on for us with this purification to the famed ford of you whose due is glory.

May the Foe-queller shake us down, for triumph, like a tree's ripe fruit, sixty thousand treasures. (53)

Eagerly do we pray for those two exploits, at the blue lake and Prsana, wrought in battle.

He sent our enemies to sleep and slew thern, and turned away the foolish and unfriendly. (54)

You come to three extended filters, and hasteriest through each one as they cleanse you.

You are the giver of the gift, a Bhaga, a Maghavan for liberal lords, Indu. (55)

This Soma here, the Wise, the All-obtainer, flows on his way as King of all existence.

Driving the drops at our assemblies, Indu completely traverses the fleecy filter. (56)

The Great Inviolate are kissing Indu, and singing in his place like eager sages.

The wise men send him forth with ten swift fingers, and balm his form with essence of the waters. (57)

Soma, may we, with you as Pavamana, pile up together all our spoil in battle.

This boon vouchsafe us Varuna and Mitra, and Aditi and Sindhu, Earth and Heaven. (58)

98 - Soma Pavamana

STREAM on us riches that are sought by many, best at winning strength

Riches, Indu, thousandfold, glorious, conquering the great. (1)

Effused, he has, as on a car, invested him in fleecy mail:

Onward has Indu flowed in streams, impelled, surrounded by the wood. (2)

Effused, this Indu has flowed on, distilling rapture, to the fleece:

He goes erect, as seeking cows in stream, with light, to sacrifice. (3)

For you yourself, Indu, God, to every mortal worshipper

Attractest riches thousandfold, made manifest in hundred forms. (4)

Good Vritra-slayer, may we be still nearest to this wealth of yours

Which many crave, nearest to food and happiness, Resistless One! (5)

Whom, bright with native splendour, crushed between the pair of pressingstones-

The wavy friend whom Indra loves-the twice-five sisters dip and bathe, (6)

Him with the fleece they purify, brown, golden-hued, beloved of all,

Who with exhilarating juice goes forth to all the deities. (7)

Through longing for this sap of yours you drink what brings ability,

Even him who, dear as heaven's own light, gives to our princes high renown. (8)

Indu at holy rites produced you, Heaven and Earth, the friends of men,

Hill-haunting God the goddesses. They bruised him where the roar was loud. (9)

For Vritra-slaying Indra, you, Soma, are poured that he may drink,

Poured for the guerdon-giving man, poured for the god who sitteth there. (10)

These ancient Somas, at the break of day, have flowed into the sieve,

Snorting away at early morn these foolish evil-hearted ones. (11)

Friends, may the princes, you and we, obtain this Most Resplendent One.

Gain him who has the smell of strength, win him whose home is very strength.

99 - Soma Pavamana

THEY for the Bold and Lovely One ply manly vigour like a bow:

joyous, in front of songs they weave bright raiment for the Lord Divine. (1)

And he, made beautiful by night, dips forward into strengthening food',

What time the sacrificer's thoughts speed on his way the Golden-hued. (2)

We cleanse this gladdening drink of his the juice which Indra chiefly drinks---

That which cows took into their mouths, of old, and princes take it now. (3)

To him, while purifying, they have raised the ancient psalm of praise:

And sacred songs which bear the names of gods have supplicated him. (4)

They purify him as he drops, courageous, in the fleecy sieve.

Him they instruct as messenger to bear the sage's morning prayer. (5)

Soma, best Cheerer, takes his seat, the while they cleanse him in the bowls.

He as it were impregns the cow, and babbles on, the Lord of Song. (6)

He is effused and beautified, a God for gods, by skilful men.

He penetrates the mighty floods collecting all he knows therein. (7)

Pressed, Indu, guided by the men, you are led to the cleaning sieve.

You, yielding Indra highest joy, takest your seat within the bowls.

100 - Soma Pavamana

The Guileless Ones are singing praise to Indra's well beloved friend,

As, in the morning of its life, the mothers lick the new-born calf. (1)

Indu, while they cleanse you bring, Soma, doubly-waxing wealth

You in the worshipper's abode causest all treasures to increase. (2)

Set free the. song which mind has yoked, even as thunder frees the rain:

All treasures of the earth and heaven, Soma, you do multiply. (3)

Your stream when you are pressed runs on like some victorious warrior's steed

Hastening onward through the fleece like a fierce horse who wins the prize. (4)

Flow on, Sage Soma, with your stream to give us mental power and strength,

Effused for Indra, for his drink, for Mitra and for Varuna. (5)

Flow to the filter with your stream, effused, best winner, you, of spoil,

Soma, as most rich in sweets for Indra, Vishnu, and the gods. (6)

The mothers, void of guiles, caress you Golden-coloured, in the sieve,

As cows, Pavamana, lick the new-born calf, as Law commands. (7)

You, Pavamana, movest on with wondrous rays to great renown.

Striving within the votary's house you drivest all the glooms away. (8)

Lord of great sway, you liftest you above the heavens, above the earth.

You, Pavamana have assumed your coat of mail in majesty.

101 - Soma Pavamana

For first possession of your juice, for the exhilarating drink,

Drive you away the dog, my friends, drive you the long-tongued dog away. (1)

He who with purifying stream, effused, comes flowing hereward,

Indu, is like an able steed. (2)

The men with all-pervading song send unassailable Soma forth,

By pressing-stones, to sacrifice. (3)

The somas, very rich in sweets, for which the sieve is destined, flow,

Effused, the source of Indra's joy: may your strong juices reach the gods. (4)

Indu flows on for Indra's sake: thus have the deities declared.

The Lord of Speech exerts himself, Ruler of all, because of might. (5)

Inciter of the voice of song, with thousand streams the ocean flows,

Even Soma, Lord of opulence, the friend of Indra, day by day. (6)

As Pusan, Fortune, Bhaga, comes this Soma while they make him pure.

He, Lord of the multitude, has looked on the earth and heaven. (7)

The dear cows lowed in joyful mood together to the gladdening drink.

The drops as they were purified, the soma juices, made then paths. (8)

Pavamana, bring the juice, the mightiest, worthy to be famed,

Which the Five Tribes have over them, by which we may win opulence. (9)

For us the soma juices flow, the drops best furtherers of our weal,

Effused as friends without a spot, benevolent, finders of the light. (10)

Effused by means of pressing-stones, on the ox-hide visible,

They, treasure-finders, have announced food to us from every side. (11)

Tlese soma juices, skilled in song, purified, blent with milk and curd,

When moving and when firmly laid in oil, resemble lovely Suns. (12)

Let not the power of men restrain the voice of the outpouring juice:

As Bhrigu's sons chased Makha, so drive you the greedy hound away. (13)

The friend has wrapped him in his robe, as in his parents arms, a son.

He went, as lover to a dame, to take his station suitor-like. (14)

That hero who produces strength, he who has propped both worlds apart,

Gold-hued, has wrapped him in the sieve, to settle, priest-like, in his place. (15)

Soma on the ox's skin through the sheep's wool flows purified.

Bellowing out, the Tawny Steer goes on to Indra's special place.

102 Soma Pavamana

The Child, when blended with the streams, speeding the plan of sacrifice,

Surpasses all things that are dear, yea, from of old. (1)

The place, near the two pressing-stones of Trita, has he occupied,

Secret and dear through seven lights of sacrifice. (2)

Urge to three courses, on the heights of Trita, riches in a stream.

He who is passing wise measures his courses out. (3)

Even at his birth the Mothers Seven taught him, for glory, like a sage,

So that he, firm and sure, has set his mind on wealth. (4)

Under his sway, of one accord, are all the guileless deities:

Warriors to be envied, they, when they are pleased. (5)

The Babe whom they who strengthen Law have generated fair to see,

Much longed for at the sacrifice, most liberal Sage,- (6)

To him, united, of themselves, come the young Parents of the rite,

When they adorn him, duly weaving sacrifice. (7)

With wisdom and with radiant eyes unbar to us the stall of heaven,

Speeding at solemn rite the plan of Holy Law.

103 - Soma Pavamana

To Soma who is purified as ordering priest the song is raised:

Bring meed, as it were, to one who makes you glad with hymns. (1)

Blended with milk and curds he flows on through the long wool of the sheep.

The Gold-hued, purified, makes him three seats for rest. (2)

On through the long wool of the sheep to the meath-dropping vat he flows:

The Rsis' sevenfold quire has sung aloud to him. (3)

Shared by all gods, Infallible, the Leader of our holy hymns,

Golden-hued Soma, being cleansed, has reached the bowls. (4)

After your godlike qualities, associate with Indra, go,

As a priest purified by priests, immortal One. (5)

Like a car-horse who shows his strength, a God effused for deities.

The penetrating Pavamana flows along.

104 - Soma Pavamana

SIT down, friends, and sing aloud to him who purifies himself:

Deck him for glory, like a child, with holy rites. (1)

Unite him bringing household wealth, even as a calf, with mother cows,

Him who has double strength, the god, delighting juice. (2)

Purify him who gives us power, that he, most Blessed One, may be

A banquet for the Troop, Mitra, and Varuna. (3)

Voices have sung aloud to you as finderout of wealth for us:

We clothe the hue you wearest with a robe of milk. (4)

You, Indu, are the food of gods, Sovran of all gladdening drinks:

As friend for friend, be you best finder of success. (5)

Drive utterly away from us each demon, each voracious fiend,

The godless and the false: keep sorrow far away.

105 - Soma Pavamana

SING; you aloud, friends, to him who makes him pure for gladdening drink:

They shall make sweet the Child with sacrifice and laud. (1)

Like as a calf with mother cows, sIndu is urged forth and sent,

Glorified by our hymns, the god-delighting juice. (2)

Effectual means of power is he, he is a banquet for the Troop,

He who has been effused, most rich in meath, for gods. (3)

Flow to us, Indu, passing, strong, effused, with wealth of cows and steeds:

I will spread forth above the milk your radiant hue. (4)

Lord of the tawny, Indu you who are the god's most special food,

As friend to friend, for splendour be you good to men. (5)

Drive utterly, far away from us each godless, each voracious foe.

Indu, overcome and drive the false afar.

106 - Soma Pavamana

To Indra, to the Mighty Steer, may these gold-coloured juices go,

Drops rapidly produced, that find the light of heaven. (1)

Effused, this juice victorious flows for Indra, for his maintenance.

Soma bethinks him of the Conqueror, as he knows. (2)

May Indra in his raptures gain from him the grasp that gathers spoil,

And, winning waters, wield the steerstrong thunderbolt. (3)

Flow vigilant for Indra, you Soma, yea, Indu, run you on:

Bring here splendid strength that finds the light of heaven. (4)

Do you, all-beautiful, purify for Indra's sake the mighty juice,

Path-maker you, far seeing, with a thousand ways. (5)

Best finder of prosperity for us, most rich in sweets for gods,

Proceed you loudly roaring on a thousand paths. (6)

Indu, with your streams, in might, flow for the banquet of the gods:

Rich in meath, Soma, in our beaker take your place. (7)

Your drops that swim in water have exalted Indra to delight:

The gods have drunk you up for immortality. (8)

Stream opulence to us, you drops of soma, pressed and purified,

Pouring down rain from heaven in hoods, and finding light. (9)

Soma, while filtered, with his wave flows through the long wool of the sheep,

Shouting while purified before the voice of song. (10)

With songs they send the Mighty forth, sporting in wood, above the fleece:

Our psalms have glorified him of the triple height. (11)

Into the jars has he been loosed, like an impetuous steed for war,

And lifting up his voice, while filtered, glided on. (12)

Gold-hued and lovely in his course, througb tangles of the wool he flows,

And pours heroic fame on the worshippers. (13)

Flow thus, a faithful votary: the streams of meath have been effused.

You come to the filter, singing, from each side.

107 - Soma Pavamana

I., HENCE sprinkle forth the juice effused,. Soma, the best of sacred gifts,

Who, friend of man, has run amid the water-streams. He has pressed Soma out with stones. (1)

Now, being purified, flow here through the fleece inviolate and most odorous.

We ladden you in waters when you are effused, blending you still with juice and milk. (2)

Pressed out for all to see, delighting gods, Indu, Far-sighted One, is mental power. (3)

Cleansing you, Soma, in your stream, you flow in a watery robe:

Giver of wealth, you sit in the place of Law, God, a fountain made of gold. (4)

Milking the heavenly udder for dear meath, he has sat in the ancient gatheringplace.

Washed by the men, the Strong Farseeing One streams forth nutriti us food that all desire. (5)

Soma, while they cleanse you, dear and watchful in the sheep's long wool,

You have become a Singer most like Angiras: you made Surya mount to heaven. (6)

Bountiful, best of furtherers, Soma flows on, Rishi and Singer, keen of sight.

You have become a Sage most welcome to the gods: you made Surya mount to heaven. (7)

Pressed out by pressers, Soma goes over the fleecy backs of sheep,

Goes, even as with a mare, in tawnycoloured stream, goes in exhilarating stream. (8)

Down to the water-Soma, rich in cows has flowed with cows, with cows that have been milked.

They have approached the mixing-vessel as a sea: the cheerer streams for the carouse. (9)

Effused by stones, Soma, and urged through the long wool of the sheep,

You, entering the saucers as a man the fort, gold-hued have settled in the wood. (10)

He beautifies himself through the sheep's long fine wool, like an impetuous steed in war,

Even Soma Pavamana who shall be the joy of sages and of holy bards. (11)

Soma,-for the feast of gods, river-like he has swelled with surge,

With the stalk's juice, exhilarating, resting not, into the vat that drops with meath. (12)

Like a dear son who must be decked, the Lovely One has clad him in a shining robe.

Men skilful at their work drive him forth, like a car, into the rivers from their bands. (13)

The living drops of soma juice pour, as they flow, the gladdening drink,

Intelligent drops above the basin of the sea, exhilarating, finding light. (14)

May Pavamana, King and God, speed with his wave over the sea the lofty rite:

May he by Mitra's and by Varuna's decree flow furthering the lofty rite. (15)

Far-seeing, lovely, guided by the men, the god whose home is in the sea- (16)

Soma, the gladdening juice, flows pressed for Indra with his Marut host:

He hastens over the fleece with all his thousand streams: men make him bright and beautiful. (17)

Purified in the bowl and gendering the hymn, wise Soma joys among the gods.

Robed in the flood, the Mighty One has clad himself with milk and settled in the vats. (18)

Soma, Indu, every day your friendship has been my delight.

Many fiends follow me; help me, you Tawny-hued; pass on beyond these barriers. (19)

Close to your bosom am I, Soma, day and night. Tawny-hued, for friendship sake.

Surya himself refulgent with his glow have we overtaken in his course like birds. (20)

Deft-handcd! you when purified liftest your voice amid the sea.

You, Pavamana, make riches flow to us, yellow, abundant, much-desifed. (21)

Making you pure and bright in the sheep's long wool, tbou have bellowed, steerlike, in the wood.

You flow, Soma Pavamana, balmed with milk to the special place of gods. (22)

Flow on to win us strength, flow on to lofty lore of every kind.

You, Soma, as Exhilarator were the first to spread the sea abroad for gods. (23)

Flow to the realm of earth, flow to the realm of heaven, Soma, in your righteous ways.

Fair are you whom the sages, Far-seeing One, urge onward with their songs and hymns. (24)

Over the cleansing sieve have flowed the Pavamanas in a stream,

Girt by the Maruts, gladdening, steeds with Indra's stiength, for wisdom and for dainty food. (25)

Urged onward by the pressers, clad in watery robes, Indu is speeding to the vat.

He gendering light, has made the glad Cows low, while he takes them as his garb of state.

108 - Soma Pavamana

For Indra, flow you Soma on, as gladdening juice most sweet, intelligent,

Great, cheering, dwelling most in heaven. (1)

You, of whom having drunk the Steer acts like a steer. drinking of this that finds the light,

He, Excellently Wise, is come to strengthening food, to spoil and wealth like Etasa. (2)

For, verily, Pavamana, you bast, splendidest, called all the generations of

The gods to immortality. (3)

By whom Dadhyac Navagva opens fastened doors, by whom the sages gained their wish,

By whom they won the fame of lovely Amrita in the felicity of gods. (4)

Effused, he flows in a stream, best rapture-giver, in the long wool of the sheep,

Sporting, as it were the waters' wave. (5)

He who from out the rocky cavern took with might the redmrefulgent watery Cows,

You masterest the stable full of cows and steeds: burst it, brave Lord, like one in mail. (6)

Press you and pour him, like a steed, laudworthy, speeding through the region and the flood,

Who swims in water, roan in wood; (7)

Increaser of the water, Steer with thousand streams, dear to the race of deities;

Who born in Law has waxen mighty by the Law, King, God, and lofty Ordinance. (8)

Make splendid glory shine on us, you Lord of strengthening food, God, as the friend of gods:

Unclose the fount of middle air. (9)

Roll onward to the bowls, Mighty One, effused, as Prince supporter of the tribes.

Pour on us rain from heaven, send us the waters' flow: incite our thoughts to win the spoil. (10)

They have drained him the Steer of heaven, him with a thousand streams, distilling rapturous joy,

Him who brings all things excellent. (11)

The Mighty One was born immortal, giving life, lightening darkness with his shine.

Wcll-praised by. sages he has. by his wondrous power assumed the Threefold as his robe. (12)

Effused is he who brings good things, who brings us bounteous gifts and sweet refreshing food,

Soma who brings us quiet homes: (13)

He whom our Indra and the Marut host shall drink, Bhaga shall drink with Aryarnan,

By whom we bring to us Mitra and Varuna and Indra for our great defence. (14)

Soma, for Indra's drink do you, led by the men, well-wcaponcd and most gladdening,

Flow on with greatest store of sweets. (15)

Enter the soma-holder, even Indra's heart, as rivers pass into the sea,

Acceptable to Mitra, Vayu, Varuna, the noblest Pillar of the heavens.

109 - Soma Pavamana

PLEASANT to Indra's Mitra's, Pusan's Bhaga's taste, sped onward, Soma, with your flowing stream. (1)

Let Indra drink, Soma, of your juice for wisdom, and all deities for strength. (2)

So flow you on as bright celestial juice, flow to the vast, immortal dwelling-place. (3)

Flow onward, Soma, as a mighty sea, as Father of the gods to every form. (4)

Flow on, Soma, radiant for the gods and Heaven and Earth and bless our progeny. (5)

You, bright Juice, are Sustainer of the sky: flow, mighty, in accordance with true Law. (6)

Soma, flow splendid with your copious stream through the great fleece as in the olden time. (7)

Bom, led by men, joyous, and purified, let the Light-finder make all blessings flow: (8)

Indu, while cleansed, keeping the people safe, shall give us all possessions for our own. (9)

Flow on for wisdom, Soma, and for power, as a strong courser bathed, to win the prize. (10)

The pressers purify this juice of yours, the soma, for delight, and lofty fame (11)

They deck the Gold-hued Infant, newlyborn, even Soma, Indu, in the sieve for gods. (12)

Fair Indu has flowed on for rapturous joy, Sage for good fortune in the waters' lap. (13)

He bears the beauteous name of Indra, that wherewith he overcame all demon foes. (14)

All deities are wont to drink of him, pressed by the men and blent with milk and curds. (15)

He has flowed forth with thousand streams effused, flowed ihsough the filter and the sheep's long wool. (16)

With endless genial flow the Strong has run, purified by the waters, blent with milk. (17)

Pressed out with stones, directed by the men, go fortli, Soma, intIndra's throat. (18)

The mighty Soma with a thousand streams is poured to Indra through the cleansing sieve. (19)

Indu they balm with pleasant milky juice for Indra, for the Steer, for his delight. (20)

Lightly, for sheen, they cleanse you for the gods, gold-coloured, wearing water as your robe. (21)

Indu to Indra streams, yea, downward streams, Strong, flowing to the floods, and mingling - there.

110 - Soma Pavamana

OverPOWERING Vritras, forward run to win great strength:

You speedest to subdue like one exacting debts. (1)

In you, effused, Soma, we rejoice ourselves for great supremacy in fight.

You, Pavamana, enterest into mighty deeds, (2)

Pavamana, you did generate the Sun, and spread the moisture out with power,

Hasting to us with plenty vivified with milk. (3)

You did produce him, Deathless God mid mortal men for maintenance of Law and lovely Amrita:

You evermore have moved making strength flow to us. (4)

All round about have you with glory pierced for us as it were a never-failing well for men to drink,

Borne on your way in fragments from the presser's arms. (5)

Then, beautifully radiant, certain Heavenly Ones, have sung to him their kinship as they looked thereon,

And Savitar the god opens as it were a stall. (6)

Soma, the men of old whose grass was trimmed addressed the hymn to you for mighty strength and for renown:

So, hero, urge us onward to heroic power. (7)

They have drained forth from out the great depth of the sky the old primeval milk of heaven that claims the laud:

They lifted up their voice to Indra athis birth. (8)

As long as you, Pavamana, are above this earth and heaven and all existence in your might,

You standest like a Bull the chief amid the herd. (9)

In the sheep's wool has Soma Pavamana flowed, while they cleanse him, like a playful infant,

Indu with hundred powers and hundred currents. (10)

Holy and sweet, while purified, this Indu flows on, a wave of pleasant taste, to Indra,

Strength-winner, Treasure-finder, Life. bestower. (11)

So flow you on, subduing our assailants, chasing the demons hard to beencountered,

Well-armed and conquering our foes, Soma.

111 - Soma Pavamana

With this his golden splendour purifying him, he with his own allies subdues all enemies, as Sara with his own allies.

Cleansing himself with stream of juice he shines forth yellow-hued and red, when with the praisers he encompasses all forms, with praisers having seven mouths. (1)

That treasure of the Panis you discoveredst; you with your mothers deckest you in your abode, with songs of worship in your home.

As it were from far, the hymn is heard, where holy songs resound in joy. He with the ruddy-hued, threefold has won life-power, he, glittering, has won life-power. (2)

He moves intelligent, directed to the East. The very beauteous car rivals the beams of light, the beautiful celestial car.

Hymns, lauding manly valour, came, inciting Indra to success, that you may be unconquered, both your bolt and you, both be unconquered in the war.

112 - Soma Pavamana

We all have various thoughts and plans, and diverse are the ways of men.

The Brahman seeks the worshipper, wright seeks the cracked, and leech the maimed. Flow, Indu, flow for Indra's sake. (1)

The smith with ripe and seasoned plants, with feathers of the birds of air,

With stones, and with enkindled flames, seeks him who has a store of gold. Flow, Indu, flow for Indra's sake. (2)

A bard am I, my dad's a leech, mammy lays corn on the stones.

Striving for wealth, with varied plans, we follow our desires like cows. Flow, Indu, flow for Indra's sake. (3)

The horse would draw an easy car, gay hosts attract the laugh and jest.

The male desires his mate's approach, the frog is eager for the flood, Flow, Indu, flow for Indra's sake.

113 - Soma Pavamana

Let Vritra-slaying Indra drink Soma by Saryanavan's side,

Storing up vigour in his heart, prepared to do heroic deeds. Flow, Indu, flow for Indra's sake. (1)

Lord of the Quarters, flow you on, boon Soma, from Arjika land,

Effused with ardour and with faith, and the true hymn of sacrifice. Flow, Indu, flow for Indra's sake. (2)

Here has Surya's Daughter brought the wild Steer whom Parjanya nursed.

Gandharvas have seized bold of him, and in the soma laid the juice. Flow, Indu, flow for Indra's sake. (3)

Splendid by Law! declaring Law, truthspeaking, truthful in your works,

Enouncing faith, King Soma! you, Soma, whom your maker decks. Flow, Indu, flow for Indra's sake. (4)

Together flow the meeting streams of him the Great and truly Strong.

The juices of the juicy meet. Made pure by prayer, Golden-hued, flow, Indu, flow for Indra's sake. (5)

Pavamana, where the priest, as he recites the rhythmic prayer,

lords it over Soma with the stone, with Soma bringing forth delight, flow, Indu, flow for Indra's sake. (6)

Pavarnana, place me in that deathless, undecaying world

Wherein the light of heaven is set, and everlasting lustre shines. Flow, Indu, flow for Indra's sake. (7)

Make me immortal in that realm where dwells the King, Vivasvan's Son,

Where is the secret shrine of heaven, where are those waters young and fresh. Flow, Indu, flow for Indra's sake. (8)

Make me immortal in that realm where they move even as they list,

In the third sphere of inmost heaven where lucid worlds are full of light. Flow, Indu, flow for Indra's sake. (9)

Make me immortal in that realm of eager wish and strong desire,

The region of the radiant Moon, where food and full delight are found. Flow, Indu, flow for Indra's sake: (10)

Make me immortal in that realm where happiness and transports, where

Joys and felicities combine, and longing wishes are fulfilled. Flow, Indu, flow for Indra's sake.

114 - Soma Pavamana

The man who waIks as the Laws of Indu Pavamana bid,

Men call him rich in children, him, Soma, who has met your thought. Flow, Indu, flow for Indra's sake. (1)

Kasyapa, Rishi, lifting up your voice with hymn-composers' lauds,

Pav reverence to King Soma born the Sovran Ruler of the plants. Flow, Indu, flow for Indra's sake. (2)

Seven regions have their several Suns; the ministering priests are seven;

Seven are the Aditya deities,-with these, Soma, guard us. Flow, Indu, flow for Indra's sake. (3)

Guard us with this oblation which, King Soma, has been dressed for you.

Let not malignity conquer us, let nothing evil do us harm. Flow, Indu, flow for Indra's Sake.


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