Below are main Buddhist teachings on how to conduct oneself as a woman, married or otherwise. There are many good tips here for a "good woman", and for how to be one too. Pick the best and see how well they work in a life.
Here are many points. They allow for sane interpretations and many forms of "good woman" too, depending on how much the various formidable qualities or character sides manifest in a life and a wife. We do not trouble with many of the set-up patterns, interactions, and responsiblities of husbands and fathers and men below, only with what may be cultivated by women themselves - more or less so - and wise parents and other cooperating ones. The focus below is on the woman. That does not mean other focuses are not valid too in a web of cooperations or sometimes conflicting interests, as the case may be.
A 'good woman' is salutary - suitable, fit - true and virtuous - deserving of respect - adequate, satisfactory - right, commendable. She is agreeable and pleasant to be with; and choice, discriminating, and very loyal.
She is conforming to not too bad standards - advantageous, honourable, and clever. She is well-founded and of a favourable character, skilful and bountiful.
And she is one that can be relied on.
Being decent takes what it takes. Being courageous is very fit too when your main efforts are well directed.
Buddha favours good mothers that run the household according to plan
BUDDHA tells about how to run a home to make life a success for those involved: man, wife, children, and the larger family, as fits. He also speaks of various kinds of women. But I think that in several cases at least "a little of this and a little of that" from not just one group is fit. For example, a wife can feel and act in some ways like a sister to her husband, and in other ways or at other times like a mother. It depends. The main thing is supposedly what is predominant all in all. It is not always as simple as "either-or", either like a mother or a sister.
Consider what he said was fit 2,500 years ago, and most of it should fit fairly well still, if given good conditions to carry blossoms and bear fruits, and if not given good conditions, at least tolerable conditions. It may be within your power to make some of the needed and beneficial changes as you go on.
To work as intended, changes in the direction Buddha talks for, are to be made, not just wished for. It could be good to apply what seems to fit the most in your current circumstances in order to make welcome changes and a happy marriage, if that can be. Much depends on compatibility too, and much on having food enough, on not being beset by troubles or surrounded by enemies, and so on. Read on as you like.
Four Types of Women
Budda says there are four different types of women:
Comment. The happy, broad-minded, calm and sensitive (feeling) woman is not supposed to be maddening.
Buddha teaches that we are to pay respect to what is called the six directions of Truth. The four cardinal directions of a compass constitute four of them, and above and below complete "the six". The structuring is a mnemonic device. Maybe it makes the attached points stand out better. If so, it increases the chances of recalling them far better as well.
Buddha talks about arrangements, even key arrangements for a life fare. We are to behave wisely and virtuously and thus prevent much misfortune. One is to avoid greed, anger, foolishness and fear.
The six Truth groupings include west for the way of husband and wife; and above for the way of disciples of Buddha.
Woman parents should do five things for their children:
Comment. Help your children to get fine educations and do good otherwise too as long as you can afford it.
A female pupil should always:
Comment. The pupil is to offer his or her attention to good teachings, assisted by able teachers.
When a young woman marries she should make the following resolutions:
Comment. The able wife decides to be respectful and not indifferent to her husband's best interests, and she studies the family's income, understanding that family affairs require much cooperation, and that concord is helpful to hopefully all involved.
Manage Earnings to Mutual Profit
A wife should take pains with the housekeeping, manage the servants wisely, maintain her virtue as a good wife should. She should not waste her husband's income, should manage the house properly, and speak gently. If this rule is followed, it will be a happy home and no quarrelling.
A family is a place where a mind lives with other minds. If these minds love each other the home will be as beautiful as a flower garden. But if these minds get out of harmony with each other it is like a storm that plays havoc with a garden. If discord arises within one's family, one should not blame others but should examine her own mind and follow a right path.
In family life the question how the daily expense is to be met, is always uppermost. Work like ants as diligent as bees. No one must rely on the industry of others nor expect their charity.
One must consider that of what has been earned, some must be shared, some must be saved for an emergency, and some set apart for the needs of the community and the nation, and some devoted to the needs of appropriate religious teachers. What comes to a person, comes only temporarily to be used with good care, all in all.
The relation of husband and wife was not designed merely for their convenience. It has a deeper significance that the mere association of two bodies in one house. A husband and wife should take advantage of the intimacies of their association to help each other train their minds in some holy teaching and thus to mutually profit by their marriage.
The Old Couple of very Similar Mind Impressions
An old couple, the "ideal couple" as they were called, once came to Buddha and said, "Lord, we married after being acquainted from childhood and there has never been a cloud on our happiness. Please tell us if we can be married in the next life?"
Buddha said: "If you both have exactly the same faith, if you both receive the same teaching in exactly the same way, and if you have the same wisdom, then you will have the same mind in the next birth."
Words to a Proud, Young Wife
The young wife of the eldest son of the rich merchant, Anathapindika, was proud and arrogant and did not listen to the instruction of her husband and his parents and consequently there was trouble in the family. One day the Blessed One came to visit the merchant Anathapindika and noticed that the young wife of his eldest son was proud and arrogant and did not listen to the instruction of her husband and his parents - and as a result there was trouble in the family. Buddha called her to him and spoke to her kindly, saying,
"There are seven types of wives:
Hearing the kind words of the Blessed One she was ashamed of her past conduct and replied that she would like to be a wife like the maid-servant. She became her husband's helper and they sought enlightenment together.
Comment. Combinations of one or more types are possible too, for example the wife that is a murdering thief but seeks to appear as a friend to ingratiate herself. That is very, very bad.
And on the opposite end of the scale, any wife who seeks to be a faithful friend, who is modest and savoury and all right respectful, is worthy of respect indeed.
Buddha's Advice to a Worthy Courtesan
Ambapali, a famous courtesan of Vaisali, called on Buddha and asked for some good teaching. He said:
"The mind of a woman is easily disturbed and is easily misled. Therefore, it is harder for a woman to follow the Noble Path. This is especially true for a young and beautiful woman. But youth and beauty do not last but are followed by sickness, old age and suffering. You should decide to follow the Noble Path, aiming at inner and eternal treasures. Enlightenment is the only treasure that holds its value. You should seek enlightenment at once."
She listened to him, became his disciple and gave the Brotherhood her beautiful pleasure park.
Congenial family life can become the opportunity for mutual care and encouragement and aid on the path of development and enlightenment, and an ordinary woman, if she has the mind to seek enlightenment, may become a worthy student.