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Ravenous wolves, who are they?

1. Jesus Warns against Ravenous Wolves

Blaspheming and instructing Jews only

As a Frenchman asked, "Jesus who?" when someone said he loved Jesus. After all, Jesus is a common name around the world.

Now, the Jesus that is meant here, was born to a woman who according to the Law of her people (Deuteronomy 22:20, 23, 24) should have been stoned to death on her father's doorstep - with foetus Jesus in her belly - for getting pregnant before marriage. However, her fiancé came to the rescue and married her anyway. So we are told . . . The begetter was a Spirit, and not the carpenter Joseph, some early sources say, for example Matthew 1:18 and Luke 1:26-35. Yet Matthew 1:16 counts in Joseph in the family line of Jesus all the same. And Jesus was executed for blaspheming. But before it came to that, he had made it clear that his teachings, salvation and kingdom were for Jews only. Dr Geza Vermes sums up:

Fl. During his days of preaching, Jesus of Nazareth addressed only Jews . . . (Matthew 10:5; 15:24). His disciples were expressly instructed not to approach gentiles or Samaritans (Matthew 10:5). Jesus . . . was concerned only with Jews. On the few occasions that Jesus ventured beyond the boundaries of his homeland, he never proclaimed his gospel to pagans, nor did his disciples do so during his lifetime. The mission of the 11 apostles to "all the nations" (Matthew 28:19) is a "post-Resurrection" idea. It appears to be of Pauline inspiration and is nowhere else found in the Gospels (apart from the spurious longer ending of Mark [Mark 16:15], which is missing from all the older manuscripts). Jesus' own perspective was exclusively Jewish; he was concerned only with Jews. (Vermes 2012)

Good to know! There is more:

Hm Jesus reserve his teachings and salvation for Jews (Matthew 15:24; 10:5-8; Vermes 2012), but only depraved Jews. Jews of sound moral and spirit are not called by him; the healthy ones do not need him and are better off than sheep (Mark 2:17; Matthew 9:12-13; 12:11) - Further, Jesus puts his sheep on a path to perdition in that he teaches what is opposed to sound self-preservation. Thereby eyes, limbs, property, fit living-conditions and life itself soon enough are at risk (Matthew 5: 29-30; 39-42). Finally, major losses are the lots of all Jews who call him 'Lord, Lord' without doing as he tells. (Luke 6:46)

For non-Jewish followers, all the disciples and the Holy Spirit dispensed with all but a few laws for Jews - not a single saying by Jesus for depraved Jews was included in the Apostolic Decree from around 50 CE either (Acts 15:19-29; 21:25). There are only four requirements for Gentile Christians. No to eating blood sausages (blood food) and wrangled chickens and other poultry (choked animals) are two of them.

Jungian The healthy man does not torture others. - Carl Gustav Jung

Go to the sources and derive benefits

Before you start believing this and that, check the sources and try to gauge if what is presented, adds up. The Bible is online, and it is very easy to check the sources of the abstracts given.

There is (1) one old deal for Jews, and (2) Jesus who sought to be the shepherd of those sheep (a much older figurate expression), who wanted his teachings to be reserved for ill Jews only, and then they rejected him. Those he called his sheep did not want him. The circumstances were humbling. So was the experience of being slaughtered at his Father's behest to save the Jews - largely in vain. The plan failed. (3) Then the net was cast over Gentiles: "Kill and eat," was the message Peter got on a flat roof in Jaffa. And that is how Christianity took off by steps and stages and forgery became a common practice among writers of a score gospels and similar.

We had better watch the ethical practices of God, see the complete lack of a realistic time scale in words ascribed to Jesus about the end of Time, the end of the world, and then sit down to wonder: "What is involved?"

The four gospels, for example, are not basic in Christianity. They were added tens of years after the Apostolic Decree around 50 CE, all of them, as far as we know. Further, the four gospels that were chosen from among a lot more, were edited to appear "synchronised", but with several flaws and forgeries in some.

Suffice to say that a non-Jewish Christian may plan his or her tasks, devise schedules and keep a sense of proportions as to what to cut off or not, for example. Why? Those commands belonged to the largely failed mission for Jews (who preferred Barabbas to Jesus when a choice was to be made).

In short, there is a need to assess the big claims of the old forgerers who let the term 'Messiah', king, swell into a greatness unknown to Jews. Assess how reliable and valid Yogananda's claims are too, while you are at it. He was promoting himself by Christianity, but without enough discerment. Obviously he lacked good tuturs.

But here you have been given a three-fold structure, and need not mutilate yourself to feel good on Jesus' command (for depraved Jews). Analyse the data given and present your conclusions. It could be very helpful to read into books by Professor Bart D. Ehrman on the way.

Fraudulent teachings or beer or better?

It is definitely worth heeding that followers of Jesus indulged in forgeries too, and added things to the gospels that do not belong there. Dr. Bart D. Ehrman has written extensively about it. Besides, Joseph Wheless checked intrinsic New Testament evidence and detailed how the missionary command is a forgery, fraudulent.

Beware a lot of those without normal concern for pigs and their owners, and those who accept forgeries too. A faith based in part on forgeries and counterforgeries (cf. Ehrman 2013), is it a lot?

Strictly forbidden teachings for non-Jews - the world-wide hit later on

Dr Bart D. Ehrman (2011; 2013, 2014 etc.) has some things to say about forgeries in early Christianity in books about many of them.

So, once again, did Jesus change his mind after he had been executed and buried, and soon wanted his teachings spread to such people he had expressly forbidden his apostles to spread it to while he was alive (Vermes 2010:37, 41)? A most likely forged faith would have it that way. For-Jews-only-Jesus preached that the end of the world would come when his apostles were still alive, and that a new kingdom on earth would then arise. That is what Jesus preached. However, the end of the world did not come as he had told. By that token, Jesus would have been in lots of trouble if he had lived after the end of the world (!), for the Old Testament demands that false prophets must be killed and not feared, and Jesus himself vouched for that Law completely, according to Matthew 5:17-19. That Law would (1) have had his mother stoned on her father's doorstep with Jesus in her belly, and (2) would have Jesus killed as a false prophet also. Instead he was executed for another reason.

Fl. A prophet who presumes to speak in my name anything I have not commanded him to say . . . must be put to death. You may say to yourselves, "How can we know when a message has not been spoken by the Lord?" If what a prophet proclaims in the name of the Lord does not take place or come true, that is a message the Lord has not spoken. That prophet has spoken presumptuously. Do not be afraid of him. Deuteronomy 18:20-22)".

"False prophets . . . will become fools. (Jeremiah 50:36)"

"My hand will be against the prophets who see false visions and utter lying divinations. . . . I am the Sovereign Lord. (Ezek 13:9)". [Emphasises added]

Granted that Jesus foretold the end of the world would come in the lifetime of his apostle disciples - according to gospels -, that would make him fit for being executed again after the world was over . . . according to the Law he vouched for in Matthew 5:17-19.

The Law told what was to be done with Jesus in this world - after the end of the world . . .

Interesting godly swindles or not interesting so

Some later, added gospel parts served the growing priesthood a lot. The clergy tends to focus on and favour passages that suit the "trade", so to speak. And in the early Church, lots of forgeries and were shareware too. There were counter-forgeries as well.

Bart D. Ehrman (2014) writes about how Jesus was exalted from the status of a prophet to the status of being God-Son-and-God long after Jesus had been executed as a blaspheming criminal. However, to base a faith on forgeries, may give rise to being marred deep inside. Better stay away from that. Find excellent documentation of forgeries in the early Church in some of the books Dr. Ehrman has written. "The sheer magnitude of early Christian forgery startles the modern reader," and "Varied motives . . . prompted ancient Christian authors intentionally to deceive their readers," Professor Jennifer Knust assesses (In Ehrman 2012); . [Ehrman books with annotations]

Dare to ask: "How could Babaji "embrace" a Jesus-for-Jews-only - a Galilean who hardly said he was the Messiah (Ehrman 2014)?" Was there a need to plan a different sort of salvation for others than God entering people, as Acts tells about? Some things hardly add up. It might be good to be aware of them.

The Christian Christ construct took off and grew bigger and greater long after Jesus had been executed as a blasphemer, Dr Ehrman shows (op.cit). The Christ figure is later-added, to say the least. [More on forgeries] by those who should know better, if they were blessed with the Spirit of Truth, that is (John 16:13). Forgeries gainsay that. To probe the spirit or spirits of forgeries may not be an easy job, though. For example, when the "terrain" of the early Church with its many divisions and forgeries do not match the "map" that Jesus is credited with drawing in some gospels (being united, getting the Spirit of Truth, and so on) - what is the matter? Are the Christians dragged down by forgeries? (Cf. 1 John 4:1; Luke 6:43).

Could Babaji embrace 'Jewsus' or the other way round? He who knows, knows. He who does not know, has a right to be free from guesses that get fixed as belief. Instead of believing wrongly pattern sound and sceptical thinking and go for benefits.

Today, some who take to forgeries, may be termed criminals. In early Christianity, forged texts were common. Dr Ehrman documents it well (2012, in particular).


2. Very Problematic Babaji Lore

How respect is played on

Babaji is said to be an avatar (descended divinity) and one more christ, according to the founding swami of Self-Realization Fellowship, SRF. 'Christ' is a term that developed by stages in the early church after Jesus was buried. 'Christ' is Greek, translated from the Hebrew 'Messiah', which was a term he did not use himself, scholars have learnt. Bart D. Ehrman (2014) has explored how followers of Jesus, the crucified, apocalyptic prophet from rural Galilee, came to call him equal with the one God Almighty after he had been executed. And Paul, who had not met Jesus in the flesh, let the Messiah concept take on wider and higher meanings until it meant God.

'Babaji' is not a personal name, but an identifying name only. The added 'ji' is for showing respect. Bábaji means 'Honoured Father'. An added "Mahávatar" means 'Great avatar', that is, 'Great Divinity-descencion'. Name and age: uncertain. Some yogis say they have met him, and one who says he has too, the Canadian Marshall Govindan, has also written a book called Babaji and the 18 Siddha Kriya Yoga Tradition. (1991). [Wikipedia, "Marhall Govindan"]

In that book, a definition of medicine is given by the Siddha Tirumular or Thirumoolar:

Medicine is that which treats the disorders of the physical body; Medicine is that which treats the disorders of the mind,
Medicine is that which prevents illness;
Medicine is that which enables immortality. (in Govindan 1991, p. 28)

Hm, Govindan writes that Babaji has got remarkable medicine to stay alive for very, very long. 'Medicine' is a wide term. Keeping alive for a long time is a central theme of his book.

Beware of first-class swindles.

Breathe deeply and well

In the following, some light is thrown on topics like:

  • Are they really in eternal communion, the two "christs", as Yogananda tries to talk you into believing?
  • Have they really planned another way of saving people than what the Bible claims is the only way, the way of God falling on people? Yogananda says that Holy Spirit is Aum. However, in telling that, Yogananda does not seem to take into full account the New Testament's accounts of the Holy Spirit and its works. Yet there is some overlapping of the descriptions God the Holy Spirit and of Aum, so Yogananda does not have to be all wrong; only 70-80 percent wrong, for example. It is a guess. [More]
  • And is the New Testament basis - salvation by God [the Holy Spirit of God] coming to persons - outflanked by the labours of Babaji's kriya yoga - which happens to be the easy and publicly known pranayama method called Ujjayi with added elements from hatha-yoga?
  • Why has Jesus, in case, let others stand up to goad that Jesus and the Spirit in effect now have got a better way of salvation than getting God? And what happened to the gospel's "Jesus was for Jews only"? (Matthew 15:24; 10:1-10; Vermes 2012, etc.)

    Trust every tale you come across and you risk getting fooled. Yogananda and his followers go for Babaji-and-Jesus is wise, although in the Aims and Ideas of the SRF church they want to teach and preach the original Christianity of Jesus. But strictly speaking, there was no such thing. Christianity came only after Jesus had been executed - so many SRF aims and ideals seem ill-founded also. Some might say "fools' play".

All tale-tellers may not be God

There are too many who tell that "Jesus is with us", but are frauds. They do not do all the things that he told. Nor did Jesus against his mother, who violated the Law of Moses so badly that she should have been stoned to death with Jesus in her belly for getting pregnant out of welock - if found out (cf. Matthew 5:17-19; Deuteronomy 22:23,24). Jesus guaranteed for the Law of Moses, but he lived! "Don't saw off the lap or branch you sit on," is sound counsel.

As you can see, Jesus vouches for the Law of Moses that institutionalises slavery, butchery of innocent animals, scapegoats and other cruelties. He adds things of his own, self-molestations, embracing poverty, giving in to bullies, and other forms of self-discardment, and threatens fake followers with "No heaven for you. Away from me!" and so on and on.

Do you get the picture? Tale-tellers may not be true. So try and trust yourself and decent meditation a lot - first. It is better than falling victim to great liars.

Beware of self-molestations in a negative spiral downwards.

Go for a second and fourth opinion, if it helps

Seek to resist a dogmatising belief that cannot be fair - - for that approach could help you against a cult's strategies to get members. Ask your fair Buddhist priest about such central topics before you are led astray and fall victim of "holy rustles", false play and so on. Or ask another about your minister's views too - get a second, third or fourth opinion as you feel for it. It could help you to get a solid basis in life if you do not swerve from holding on to yourself, your Self.

Let us face it: It is far easier for bad gurus and others to claim wide of the mark than proving it soundly. As may be seen, many Bible utterances do not go very well along with Yogananda's. An example: In Matthew 10:28, Jesus says the soul can be destroyed. Yogananda says the soul cannot be destroyed.

Beware of swindlers.

Lots of masters and a church, many saviours, and eleven christs so far

Jesus cautions against having other masters than himself. However, Paramahansa Yogananda (1893–1952) states there are six christs in the Self-Realization Fellowship he set up as a church in California in 1935, and that Jesus is one of these six guru christs. So, Jesus warned that there would arise false Christs who would claim to be the saviours of the world, and Yogananda's SRF (short for Self-Realization Fellowship) writes of eleven christs. [Matthew 24:4,5; 24]. [Eleven christs]

Beware of being misled and then led astray.


3. Christ: A Dip into the Term's History

Breaking the News

The term 'Christ' comes from 'Messiah', which means "the (oil-)anointed one'. [See 1 Samuel, chapters 8-10]

In troubled times the Hebrew people wanted a king, a messiah. Their first messiah, went mad. [1 Samuel 10:1] Their second messiah, David, wanted another man's wife and arranged so that her husband was killed, and then he took her. Afterwards he broke his own word and verdict concerning it, but complained a lot. Their third messiah got a wife too much, it seems, lost the throne and made his dynasty fall. Jesus called that third messiah the wisest man on earth before himself, and was soon executed.

If you consider that wisdom is what you get from experiences you have survived, the more errors you have made and yet survive, forms a basis for getting wise. If you learn from mistakes and make lots of them, you could end up being talked of as the wisest on earth - maybe or maybe not. It depends on so much else. In the case of the third messiah, Solomon with his thousand women, he went too far in one direction, we read. The Norse poem has it: "Wise in measure should each man be; / but let him not wax too wise . . ."

So mind fair balancing all along, or dharma. Solomon overstepped some boundaries and therefore lost a divine favour, and his dynasty crumbled and fell asunder, the Bible writers wanted others to think. You may say, "His father, the second messiah David, overstepped too, but escaped his self-ordained execution anyhow." Yes, but only a low life breaks fair promises. Was David half-swindled into pronouncing his own execution? He was told a metaphor by the prophet Nathat, and it hit him hard very soon.

It is common knowledge that it is better to learn from the falls and failings of others - since there is hardly time enough to make all the mistakes oneself, for one thing. It seems hard to become self-made wise all alone in this wide world.

In conclusion, do not get too hard on Solomon for not being wise enough to make his favours and dynasty last, even though God himself had given him an understanding heart (in a dream) and wanted the dynasty to last "forever", like the old goatskin tent services and that scapegoating ritual. Alas, there is much not to trust in the Old Testament. [Leviticus 16]

Anyway, hoot at low or loco messiahs if you feel for it. Accept that the term 'Messiah' meant an earthly king. Writers and rewriters of the bundle of writings that is now known as the New Testament, wanted to draw genealogy lines between that second messiah, David, to Jesus, so as to legitimise Jesus as a messiah king, as a descendant of the "house of David". So gospel writers maintained Jesus was the "Son of God" by an angel with Mary, doing a thing with her that she was to be stoned for according to the Law. At the same time Jesus is presented as the "Son of David" by Joseph, who was not his father if the God of Jews was. Besides - I almost said "naturally" - the genealogy lists in the two gospels that contain them, Matthew 1 f, and Luke 3:23 f, differ widely between David and Joseph.

If Jesus was the son of another than Joseph, that does not matter too much, isolatedly, but it shows that one or more gospel writers had no spirit of truth on board, and that is dramatic.

The content of the term 'Messiah' changed slowly

Jesus comes from Yeshua (Jeshua). Yeshua taught among fellow Jews. Dr Geza Vermes (1924–2013) concludes that his message was for Jews only.

During his days of preaching, Jesus of Nazareth addressed only Jews, "the lost sheep of Israel" (Matthew 10:5; 15:24). His disciples were expressly instructed not to approach gentiles or Samaritans (Matthew 10:5). On the few occasions that Jesus ventured beyond the boundaries of his homeland, he never proclaimed his gospel to pagans, nor did his disciples do so during his lifetime. The mission of the 11 apostles to "all the nations" (Matthew 28:19) is a "post-Resurrection" idea. It appears to be of Pauline inspiration and is nowhere else found in the Gospels (apart from the spurious longer ending of Mark [Mark 16:15], which is missing from all the older manuscripts). Jesus' own perspective was exclusively Jewish; he was concerned only with Jews. (Vermes 2012)

Jews at large still think Jesus was not a Messiah, and Bible scholars seriously doubt he claimed to be a messiah as well.

Now, it is generally agreed that Jesus and his disciples primarily spoke Aramaic. 'Jesus Christ" is Eashoa' M'sheekha (Mshikha)' is Aramaic, "the language of Christ".

In letters of the New Testament, the Old Testament word that is spelled 'Messiah' in English Bibles today, was translated into the Greek Christós, "anointed" - and 'Christ' in English. The meaning of Messiah in the New Testament drifted as the gospel was translated, it swelled to give greatness to someone that the authorities had executed as a blaspheming lunatic or devil.

A strange world religion

formed with Jesus placed on a Roman-looking throne as 'Pancreator' (All-creator), more or less like a former Roman emperor. Later, as the now armed and militant Christianity grew bigger, the sect was called a religion, and it incorporated very many ideas and items and themes of other religions that it had competed with for many formative years in the Roman Empire, before and after it sold out its turn-the-other-cheek pacifism for Roman power.

In time the term 'Messiah' or 'Christ' became coveted by other than Jews. 'Christ' and 'Son of God' are heavy-weighters, and Kyrios (Lord, Master) refers to him over 700 times. There are also Bread of Life, Light of the World, the Door, the Good Shepherd, the Resurrection of Life, the Way, the Truth and the Life, the Vine. Further, the Gospel of John opens by identifying Jesus as the divine Logos, "the Word". Still, some scholars state that Jesus never made a direct claim to divinity.

A commonly held view among some Hindus is to accept Jesus Christ as one of many deities to be respected and prayed to. Alas to that.

[Sources include WP, "Christ," "Jesus".]


Christianity-Saved and Consecrated - Bad or Too Bad?


What is being saved? Who were saved in the Old Testament? How were they? Why were they not allowed to shave, saying, "Saved and shaved are two different things"?

The Old Testament message of being a human "of God" had its views or opinions (below). Not to shave was one of the musts in such cases. . The New Testament message of salvation is that it is a channeled gift of God coming on some, for example by getting a mate and get saved through having sex. It stands out from the New Testament. So there is much one may get unless one is very careful. [Marco Polo Sex]

The common Christian faith is that being saved is something to be received, a gift. What is not much talked about or glorified, but rather ignored wholesale, is that it may be a sacrifice of you.

Executed Jesus

In Christianity, what is called salvation is being put right with a "I Am", as shown by a spirit falling on someone,. In some cases this leads to be murdered, even murdered in the millions [John 14:12 etc; Early Church History].

The Passover lamb and his believers. The Passover lamb "had to" be sacrificed. [See Luke 22:7] – Christ Jesus . . . God presented him as a sacrifice. [Rom 3:24-25] – Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed. [1 Cor 5:7]

Jesus: "If they persecuted me, they will persecute you also. [John 15:20; cf. John 16:2]

Paul exhorts, "I urge you, brothers, . . . offer your bodies as living sacrifices, holy and pleasing . . . this is your spiritual act of worship. [Rom 12:1]

However, there was hardly any real need for sacrificing Jesus for Jews, since two goats and a Jewish ritual once a year were all it should take to save the Jews. "This is to be a lasting ordinance for you: Atonement is to be made once a year for all the sins of the Israelites." This the Lord commanded Moses after detailing how to do it. [Leviticus 16:33]

Consecrated and Saved, What's the Difference?

Set Apart

Set apart people. The body of the Christian follower is to be a sacrifice, the apostle says above, obviously ignoring the higher teachings of surpassing Jesus [John 14:12], and pray for and have faith in a better fare! "Everything is possible for him who believes." [Mark 9:23] "All things are possible with God." [Mark 10:27] "If you have faith as small as a mustard seed, you can say to this mountain, "Move from here to there" and it will move. Nothing will be impossible for you. " [Matthew 17:21] "If you have faith and do not doubt, . . . you [can do] what was done to the fig tree [curse it dead]" [Matthew 21:21] - and so on, on and on.

It is generally accepted that Christians are also to be set apart. When most of the population is Christian, being set apart to one's loss means a loss . . . and a loss may be called a sacrifice.

Much more seriously, people with many unrealised, undermining, and varying beliefs find it hard to be cogent and rational: it is no small wonder they are "special". There is a parallell to people who were set apart to Jehovah as embodied, "consecrated sacrifices".

"If a man or woman wants to make a special vow, a vow of separation to the Lord as a Nazirite, he must abstain from fermented drink. He must not eat grapes or raisins, not even the seeds or skins. No razor may be used on his head. He must be holy; he must let the hair of his head grow long. Throughout the period of his separation he is consecrated to the Lord.

When the period of his separation is over [and] the Nazirite has shaved off the hair of his dedication, the Nazirite may drink wine [again]. [Numbers 6:2-21, passim]

The Nazirite born of a sterile woman

A certain man had a wife who was sterile and remained childless. The woman was told by someone, "You will conceive and give birth to a son. The boy will be a Nazirite of God from birth till the day of his death.'"

The woman hurried to her husband. He asked the bringer of the news, "What is your name?"

The other answered, "My name? It is beyond understanding."

Then a flame blazed up from the husband's altar, and the other ascended in the flame.

The husband realised, "We are doomed to die! We have seen God!"

But after all, his wife gave birth to a boy and named him Samson. [Judg 13:2-24, passim]

One could become a nazirite by saying "me too"

In some places of the Old Testament, killing many was a sign of God. The Nazirite Samson got very strong and violent in the Spirit and killed many. "Each to his own liking"?

In the Hebrew Bible, a nazirite refers to one who took a vow described in Numbers 6:1-21 - man or woman. He can groom his hair with his hand or scratch his head and need not be concerned if some hair falls out. But a nazirite cannot comb his hair.

The term comes from the Hebrew word nazir, which means "consecrated" or "separated". The nazirite is described as being "holy unto the LORD" (Numbers 6:8), yet at the same time must bring a sin offering. This has led to that some view the Nazirite as an ideal, and others view him as a sinner. The parallels to the "good Christian" are there, or what?

A Jewish man or woman can become a nazirite by saying "me too" as a nazirite passes by. If he does not specify, the vow is for 30 days. The father has the ability to annul the nazirite vow of his young daughter, and a husband has the ability to annul a vow by his wife, when they first hear about it (Numbers 30). Further, if a nazirite fails in fulfilling the obligations involved, all or part of the person's time as a nazirite may need to be repeated, and the person may also have to bring sacrifices.

Now, rabbis say that the nazirite may drink alcoholic beverages that are not derived from grapes, but the non-rabbinical interpretation is that a Nazirite is forbidden to consume any alcohol, and vinegar from such alcohol, regardless of its source.

The nazirite is called "holy unto the Lord" (Numbers 6:8), but at the same time must bring a sin-offering (Numbers 6:11) and his sins are explicitly referred to ("and make atonement for that which he sinned"). Maimonides calls a nazirite a sinner, and points out that a nazirite can be evil or righteous depending on the circumstances. Many later opinions seek to make out that a nazirite is both good and bad.

The practice of a nazirite vow is part of the ambiguity of the Greek term "Nazarene" in the New Testament. Of John the Baptist, who baptised Jesus, it was told that he "shall drink neither wine nor strong drink; and he shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother's womb", in other words, a nazirite from birth. [Luke 1:13-15)

Early Jewish Christians occasionally took the temporary nazirite vow, and the tradition of the nazirite vow has influenced the Rastafari Movement too, inspired by the text of Leviticus 21:5 "They shall not make baldness upon their head, neither shall they shave off the corner of their beard nor make any cuttings in their flesh." The visible sign of this vow is the Rastafarian's dreadlocks. Some Rastafari have concluded that Samson had dreadlocks. Others interpret Samson's "locks" to have been simple braids.

[WP, "Nazirite"]

Away from Gospel Teachings

Many Christs, many worlds?

In the light of the Bible and creeds and denominations that have grown from it, how many Christs do we need to get saved? "Saved to, saved from, or saved by?" are three pertinent questions. One of them could help you.

The Americanised guru Paramahansa Yogananda tells that Jesus is in "constant communion" with a secretive guru in the Himalayas and "have planned the spiritual technique of salvation for this age". But that is not the New Testament message of salvation as a direct gift by God coming on you at all, or coming on you through having marital sex either (Paul). I hope you see that.

Jesus in the gospels says many things that cannot be reconciled with various Yogananda claims. He says

  1. he came for Jews only [Matthew 15:24];
  2. that salvation is only from the Jews [Matthew 10:5; John 4:22];
  3. warns explicitly against false Christs [Matthew 24:24];
  4. and warns against having other masters than himself [Matthew 23:8].

Yogananda all the same presents four of the SRF gurus as christs, with Jesus as one of the gurus, and claims perfect harmony with the teachings of Jesus. In so doing, he gives out a guru-founded theology. A problem is that his Father, Son, Holy Spirit, and soul concepts differ from what the early Church concocted in the Articles of Faith.

Also, the now dead professor Mateo of the Catholic Church found Yogananda was bringing heresy.

Rather embassing to the guru's church is that salvation in Christianity is a gift, not a set of breathing techniques to train in. To be put right with Christianity's God comes from that God's acceptance with yourself as a sacrifice, more or less so.

Since the spiritual part of man is so subtle or lies so deep that most people hardly sense it unless concience "knocks on the door" or something heartfelt threatens and so on, the scenario looks like this: The "saved" sinner gets his or her delicate inner sides consumed as a secret sacrifice to a giant (spirit) that is called God, and realises it hardly until two thirds of his inmost spirit is taken from him or her. You did not think of that as pertinent, did you?

To sum up in step with "Big fish eat little fish":

Old warning: Dedicated to God - a living sacrifice of a type (being a Nazirite)

New Testament warning: The apostle Peter was to cast the net over heathens and bring them as a sacrifice to God. Saved, as it is called, but not saved from deadly difficulties and discord, the Church History proves.

Sacrifices on some levels

Sacrifices are had on the levels of spirit (attention, of which the soul is a mouth; the levels of mind (of formed awareness); and the level of the body (askesis) and one's social living (set apart, etc.). So there are subtle, fine sacrifices and raw, gross ones. Sacrifice equals punishment at times, and losses too. There are deep losses and other losses.

Reduction of spirit signifies mishaps, dire losses of spirit mean disasters. Sacrifices of mental sides signifies being stultified, more or less.

Some signs of being united with a Low Spirit - according to Jesus, that is - may include the ability not to greater works than Jesus [John 14:12], such as talking mountains into the sea. Seeing that is believing that. To avoid being taken in by a wrong spirit that poses as God, allow for a little demonstration, just to sift the credulous from the true followers and "discerning the spirits (1 Corinthians 12:10)" at work or not, as the case may be . . . [Matthew 21:21]

Christianity started as a tense sect of Judaism. Now it is bigger, but is it better? What do you think?

At any rate, Christianity propagated by Hindu monks - heh, heh, heh!


Yogananda's Babaji Christ

Once we know the history of the largely inflated term 'Christ' (from the Jewish 'Messiah', through 'Christos, it may not seem all that attractive to all. Each to his tastes. Here is a round of questions and answers.

Can yogis live very long?

There are many tales of such feats, and not just about Babaji, one of the Yogi-Christs of India, according to Yogananda. Yogananda recounts some stories in his Autobiography. Mostly it is a matter of second-hand evidence and credibility, it seems fit to assess. [More]

Is Yogananda information about Babaji confirmed in any way that counts by Yogananda-independent others?

Well, others of his guru dynasty have described Babaji and recount encounters with him. They include Lahiri Baba, Yukteswar, Marshall Govindan [Note 1], and Swami Satyeswarananda in charge of the Sanskrit Classics in San Diego, and Swami Sivananda of the Divine Life Society, according to Swami Satyananda, to name some of them. [More]

Just how old is Babaji?

There are different "suggestive" stories of how old Babaji is. Hard evidence seems largely missing. [More]

Is it possible to learn essential kriya without stooping to swear unconditional loyalty and devotion to six unmet gurus (the SRF Kriya Pledge)?

In Self-Realization Fellowship you have to swear solemnly for it, oddly contrary to commands of Jesus to his followers not to swear at all. [More].

But you don't have to stoop by guru pledges to learn kriya. Satyananda's line teaches kriya without promises of any kind, they say [Cy; Kta].

Does Self-Realization Fellowship teach proper methods in acceptable ways?

It comes down to what is acceptable enough for each individual. If you are a little worm, you might welcome a lot that is "above you", without considering a lot, and the consequences. So take care who you ask and how well informed they are. SRF imposes a "Golgotha pledge" on kriya-greedy ones. Further, Yogananda did simplify methods and peel of others that are said to be essential for success in kriya in the tradition he comes from. Satyeswarananda exposes sides to this here: [◦More]. The Yogananda biography tells of his changes of kriya too. [Psy 109-10]

Is it possible to learn kriya without submitting to gurus that are to be classified as demoniac according to the Bhagavad Gita's chapter 16, verses 7-10?

In the SRF and Yogananda's tradition, four of the kriya gurus of that line teach the world is a swindle, an illusion, (but they not, nor their teachings in that world, oddly). Note inconsistencies! However, in Satyananda's kriya tradition you learn kriya in freedom.

How much do the New Testament sayings of Jesus weigh?

Almost all the words of Jesus pertain to Jewish followers of his, and Christianity abandoned his deal in Acts 15 (and 21:25). But Yogananda did not! It means you are to give up property and such things, being a Jesusian. Besides, it is better to be healthy of moral, mind and body than needing Jesus, says Jesus, and note it well. [Mark 2:17; Matthew 9:13].

What is a proper attitude to strange tidings of salvation as a gift only from Jews or as a set of guru-made methods from outside the flock of Jews and so on?

Inconsistencies abound in this field - beware! It is not fit enough to discard a thing for lack of evidence, but to keep assertions in suspense (hold them at bay) in such a case, maybe mentally labelled as "speculation" or "hearsay" too. However, it may serve one to judge the degree of probabilities in some ways and sift the evidence. Tales from many independent witnesses carry more weight than tales from a wild card somehow. For all that, laypeople's tales form anecdotal evidence, and do carry some weight as proof in science. Always consider the evidence. If it is lacking, ask for it. In science it is the one who claims a thing who is to carry the burden of proving it - of supplying good proof.

A cult can be counted a sucess hit for gurus behind it.

Guru Christs of Scientific Principles?

The suggestions above are to help against being taken in or fall under the sway of "Twin fools; the one believes everything, the other nothing." Rational enquiry should be welcomed as proper by a guru and his disciples who allegedly stand for science. And if a topic seems uninteresting at first, maybe it will not be for long. Interest depends in part on our inner sides, I think.

A sample from the SRF Aims and Ideals:

  • To disseminate among the nations a knowledge of definite scientific techniques for attaining direct personal experience of God. [NOTE 1]
  • To reveal the complete harmony and basic oneness of original Christianity as taught by Jesus Christ and original Yoga as taught by Bhagavan Krishna . . . [NOTE 2]
  • To point out the one divine highway to which all paths of true religious beliefs eventually lead: the highway of daily, scientific, devotional meditation on God. . . . [NOTE 3]
  • To unite science and religion through realization of the unity of their underlying principles. [Link]

The notes above

  1. SCIENTIFIC AND SO-CALLED SCIENTIFIC. In the cult SRF, "Scientific techniques" is aligned to "scientific, devotional meditation", and "realise science's underlying principles" in following aims and ideals. The slogans are there, and that is suggestedy the larger part of what 'scientific meditation' stands for in SRF circles. 'Science' and 'scientific' serve as catchwords, and represent a breathing regimen that is to be practiced regularly. Good results, if any are noticed at first, depend on how meticulously correct each breathing round is performed. So it is not how many kriyas that count the most; it is how many correctly done kriya rounds. In the kriya yoga tradition from Babaji through Lahiri Mahasaya, it is, further, "sincere" practice that is spoken for, and not devoted practice. The devotionalist Yogananda seems to have introduced the idea of "devoted" into the kriya system, after his so-called mathematics was seen to be more or less a joke. So when people came to him and said they had done a million kriya rounds without getting Cosmic Consciousness as he had said such practitioners would, by force of the "mathematics", he added "devotion" as a necessary ingredient too, and so on.

  2. SRF JESUSISM. SRF thereby reveals it stands for a variant of "Jesusism". It has been pointed out that Christianity of today is not the religion that Jesus preached. The term "Jesusism" was coined by the late 1800s, from "Jesus" (Jesus of Nazareth) + "-ism," and stands for the "Christianity of the Gospels" and a way of life that can be attributed directly to the teachings of Jesus. In Jesusism people personally commit to or adhere to the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, although there is gospel evidence that he had come for Jews only. Further, Jesusism is distinguished from and often opposed to the writings attributed to the apostle Paul and from modern Church doctrine and practice [WP,"Jesusism"].

  3. HIGHWAY MARKETING AND HSR. The highway is in part a token of American life, and one that has swollen and is becoming largely "unthrifty," so the hype may be "the high-speed rail of meditation" soon enough . . . Due to rising oil prices, pressing environmental concerns or needs, and rising traffic congestions on the roads it had had better be massively replaced by well designed and thought-out high-speed rail, HSR, which today is more environmentally friendly than air or road travel and has other huge and potential benefits. The fast trains may compete with planes on stretches between large cities for journeys of 2 to 3 hours. There are many HSR networks in the world by now. However, the United States lag seriously behind in the development. [WP,"High-speed train"]

SRF spreads Yogananda's strange ideas through books and other means. But they also tidy up some of his statements, even some of the aims and ideals for the movement. See for yourself:

Kill-joy stand: Life is not for physical pleasure

Things change. The former SRF aims and ideals specify that human life is not for physical pleasure, for example.

When adherents refer to aims and ideals that Yogananda "wrote down" for his Self-Realization Fellowship, they typically list up eleven romantic or visionary points and omit the rest of the notarised church purposes in SRF's Articles of Incorporation of 1935. However, here is the church's ◦Article of Incorporation as a church from 1935. The deed says the SRF church was established for the purpose of such as "to teach that human life is not given for physical pleasure [2d.13]"

How dreary and bleak it looks! Yogananda was also rallying against much sex among intimidated followers.

One should know before steering into SRF that SRF is a registered church with room for many Christs among gurus and members, but with no room for sex among unmarried and little room for sex among married lay members. And once upon a time SRF was officially against other carnal comforts or pleasures too, on Yogananda's word. Howver, it appears the management silently removed many Yogananda articles from its charter some years after his death, in the 1950s, while taking the stand that his guidelines are without flaw . . . Their actions reveal them.

Science of Yogi Christs

AHEM Self-Realization Fellowship holds many aims and ideals. Earlier they held different ones, approved by Yogananda, aims and ideals that are now discarded by SRF. That is what the guru's "no-flaws guidelines" amount to in actual SRF practice. [Link]

By following the link (or revert to the list near the top of this page) you see SRF speaks of "scientific" and "science", those dear words. They have taken to using bait terms that are thought well of. However, "science" can mean this, it can mean that, but is tied in with research, its procedures and equipment for finding out things by means of hypotheses and provings/falsifications. One of the first things one learns to consider is called "find alternative proposals (alternative hypotheses)". There are many good primers on how to do research. There are many sorts of how to do it these days, both qualitative methods, quantitative methods and various crossings or blends among them [cf. Scw and Wd].

SRF is not significantly marked by "scientific" in its fallen activities. To the contrary. The society has a belief-system which includes a form of Jesusism as understood and interpreted by the founder guru so that it conforms to Hinduism. In SRF you are supposed to believe it. Scientific activity, on the other hand, leaves you free to doubt things very well, by alternative hypotheses and stardard methods of investigation, and so on.

Doubting was not so bad for the disciple Thomas. Fit and fine basic research may be understood as doubt or questioning put into a system of hypotheses and means to test them out somehow, more or less, within bounds. A mature scientist may seem "cold-blooded" and not likely to be publicly fond of faith in his specialist domain. One of his desires or needs is more clarity through discerning underlying factors, perhaps.

There are estimatedly 2,500 large and small cults in the United States alone, writes Louis J. West. [Note 2]

Babaji on pangs and yogic science in return

Babaji sent his emissary for the sake of great men of science in the West, the Autobiography of Yogananda says. The one that speaks first is Yukteswar:

ICON "I have been thinking of the scientific men of the West, greater by far in intelligence than most people congregated here, living in distant Europe and America . . . They are the men who could benefit greatly by meetings with India's masters. But . . . many Westerners are wedded to rank materialism. Others, famous in science and philosophy, do not recognise the essential unity in religion."

"I saw that you are interested in the West, as well as the East." Babaji's face beamed with approval. "I felt the pangs of your heart, broad enough for all men . . .

India has much to learn from the West in material development; in return, India can teach . . . yogic science.

You, Swamiji, have a part to play . . . I shall send you a disciple whom you can train for yoga dissemination in the West. The vibrations there of many spiritually seeking souls come flood-like to me. I perceive potential saints in America and Europe, waiting to be awakened. [. . .].

Please undertake another task, . . . Will you not write a short book . . .?"

"Maharaj [great raja, great king, an appellative, or title given]," I answered . . . "Shall I be able . . .?"

"Babaji laughed softly. "My son, why do you doubt?" he said reassuringly. "Indeed, Whose work is all this, and Who is the Doer of all actions? Whatever the Lord has made me say is bound to materialise as truth." [Link]

Yogananda formed "aims and ideals" after being sent to the West to spread kriya yoga. Yogananda seeks to unify or blend religion and science though a medley of words on the slogan level., but without catering to staunch, respectable research on kriya yoga and other meditation methods he introduced.

In yoga it is still possible to study tenets and practice teachings as something like working hypotheses. This holds true for both Buddhist and Hindu yoga. What is more, regardless of age, sex, faith, or race you can get the same results by adapting this wonderful life-teaching - radiant health, increased energy and stamina, a more fit body, relaxation, improved concentration and peace of mind, says James Hewitt in his Teach Yourself Yoga [Lsy 23]. It boils down to: Faith and dogmatism are neither essential nor needed for great success in yoga and meditation; not even working-hypotheses are, in fact. The cream of the teachings is to practice carefully according to one's capacity, and observe what changes may occur, and not to prefer to give up any beneficial or delicate practice.

So far as "original Christianity" is concerned, we should give the guru the benefit of some doubt or interpretation - but more important, to give ourselves the benefits of knowing what he actually stands for, so as to "When in doubt, win the trick," as Edmund Hoyle has it. Thus, make consistent efforts to remain free within to tackle things in your life well, be they called kriya, ujjayi, and so on, to your own advantage too.

There are some things India should not learn from the West, such as corporate greed that often rises higher than national laws - corporate greed and psychopathology, if we believe Canadian researchers. The psychopathology of large, international corporations consolidates abuses and dwarfs and limits the earth's resources [WP, "The Corporation"].



Intermingled Teachings

Believing as little as you can, tends to keep and promote soundness of mind if you learn to inspect fairly too. Beliefs consist of conform opinions. Some of them may work for good in a life, just as religious memberships may too.

ICON A belief comes from what you have heard or read and accepted as fact, but experience is something you have actually perceived. - Yogananda

Yogananda made his way into the hearts and minds of many hundred thousand Westerners. The following contains main sides to what he tells of the secretive Himalayan yogi that is called Babaji, "honoured father":

LoBabaji flies from place to place to play?

1ST SECTION Babaji to Yogananda, according to Yogananda: "I am Babaji . . . Go to America. Fear not . . . spread the message of Kriya Yoga" [Pa 355]. -- However, Yogananda's biographer throws doubt on whether the meeting where this is allegedly said, took place. Based on Yogananda's writings in 1937, the biographer says, "The above article written by Swamiji [Yogananda] in his institutionís primary journal and his speech on the 1st of January 1937 shows that at least up until that time he had not seen Babaji Maharaj directly . . . Yoganandaji was a man who lived in the world of imagination and spiritual feelings. He saw some things directly and some things with the eyes of his feelings. Towards the end [when he also wrote his autobiography], he often did not perceive a difference between the two. In any case, in the perspective of a historical biographer, there is no believable evidence that the propagated picture of Babaji Maharaj was drawn from having seen the Divine Master directly." [Psy 99]

"Every man may find a way through Kriya Yoga . . . to feel spiritual reverence for all phenomena, whether mystical or of everyday occurrence." [Ha 338].

"Babaji is ever in communion with [Jesus] Christ; together they send out vibrations . . . and have planned the spiritual technique of salvation for this age. . . . Babaji realises the necessity of spreading the self-liberations of yoga" [Pa 307] ◊

"[The one we call Babaji] moves . . . from place to place in the mountains . . . he says "Dera danda uthao." . . . the signal for moving . . . instantaneously to another place." [The method is called astral travel.] [Pa 308].

"Babaji and Lahiri were omniscient . . . play a part in the human drama." [Pa 345]

"Babaji said," I am intending to shed my form (. . .) What's the difference?"

His sister: "Please do not ever relinquish your form."

Babaji: "I shall never leave my body." [He changed his mind. If you do that in a lot of minor matters it hardly makes a difference. But in matters of life and death it does.] [Pa 312]

Yogananda was asked by someone: "Why do you place special emphasis on Christianity?"

"It's the wish of Babaji that I do so . . . He asked me to interpret the Christian Bible and the Hindu Bible [Bhagavad Gita], to point out the basic unity of the Christian and the Vedic scriptures. He sent me to the West to fulfil that mission." [Say 19].

LoFew were qualified to learn kriya earlier. Now it is free

"Yoga has been known in India for untold millenniums." [Pa 337]

Babaji: "Bestow the Kriya key only on qualified chelas [close disciples]. He who vows to sacrifice all".

Lahiri to him: "Angelic master . . . increase that benefit by relaxing the strict requirements . . . Permit me to communicate Kriya to all sincere seekers . . . tortured men".

"Be it so." [Pa 323]

"Behold a circling mass of mystical light travelling . . . the flaming whirlpool" [Pa 311]

"Babaji consented . . . to assume life-after-life responsibility for the spiritual welfare of . . . Kriya Yogis . . . initiated by . . . Kriya teachers [Pa 323n]

In the 13th edition the note is expanded: "At first Babaji gave permission to Lahiri Mahasaya, only, to teach Kriya Yoga to others. The Yogavatar then asked that a few of his disciples also be empowered to teach Kriya. Babaji consented, and decreed that the teaching of Kriya be restricted, in the future to those who were advanced on the Kriya path and upon whom authority had been conferred by Lahiri Mahasaya or by the channels established by the Yogavatar's authorized disciples. Babaji compassionately promised to assume life-after-life responsibility for the spiritual welfare of all faithful and loyal Kriya Yogis who have been initiated by duly authorized Kriya teachers.

Self-Realization Fellowship and Yogoda Satsanga Society of India Kriya Yoga initiates are strictly required to sign a pledge that they will not reveal the Kriya technique to others. In this way the simple but exact Kriya technique is protected from changes and distortions by unauthorized teachers, and remains in its original, uncorrupted form.

Although the ancient restrictions of asceticism and renunciation were waived by Babaji in order that the masses might benefit from Kriya Yoga, he nevertheless required of Lahiri Mahasaya and all descendants of his spiritual line (the SRF-YSS line of Gurus) that they impose on any who sought initiation a period of preliminary spiritual training, by way of preparation for Kriya Yoga practice. The practice of a highly advanced technique such as Kriya is incompatible with a desultory spiritual life. Kriya Yoga is more than a meditation technique; it is also a way of life, and requires acceptance by the initiate of certain spiritual disciplines and injunctions. Self-Realization Fellowship and Yogoda Satsanga Society of India have faithfully carried out these instructions handed down through Babaji, Lahiri Mahasaya, Sri Yukteswar, and Paramahansa Yogananda. The Hong-Sau and Aum techniques, taught in the SRF-YSS Lessons and by authorized SRF-YSS representatives as a preliminary to Kriya Yoga, are an integral part of the Kriya Yoga path. These techniques are highly effective in raising the consciousness to Self-realization, and in liberating the soul from bondage. " [Yogananda 1998:276n-277n]

COMMENT. (1) The SRF kriya pledge violates Human Rights Laws. (2) Yogananda changed kriya, leaving out essential practices. His biographer Dasgupta is the source of the following:

In order to spread Kriya Yoga, Paramhansa Yogananda adopted several variations to the original methods, upon seeing the average Westerner's limitations in physical capacity . . . regarding the carrying out of yogic practices . . . Yogananda adopted a few different methods which no doubt produce results; however, it is not possible through these new methods to fully attain that which is spoken of in the scriptures in terms of Kriya Yoga . . .

[Yogananda supplied other methods than kriya. One of them is "Hansa" [Hong-saw] - a form of mantra meditation where one keeps thinking something like "hong" as the breath goes in, and something close to "saw" as it goes out of its own accord]. . . . One is only fit to practice the higher Kriyas after one accomplishes Khechari Mudra [which is raising the tongue to the soft palate - however, Yogananda dispensed with the practice, and so does Sunburst]. This absolutely essential technique is also not very easy to attain. For this reason, Yogananda gave instructions for higher Kriyas even without Khechari . . . this is not proper . . . Without Khechari, neither "Thokar" Kriya nor "Omkar" Kriya can be performed . . .

Yoganandaji has completely mixed the methods that are easier for Americans to practice and understand with the original and pure methods and techniques. And the possibility of practicing wrongly or being misdirected has remained. [Psy 109-110, passim].

(3) The methods mentioned at the rear of the long SRF footnote, are corollaries, and can be learnt elsewhere, they too, like kriya breathing itself. It is not secret any longer; it is taught freely in Sivananda's tradition. [Cy; Kta. See a kriya method]

The Yogi-Christ Babaji to the master of Yogananda: "You . . . have a part to play . . . Some years hence I shall send you a disciple whom you can train for yoga dissemination in the West . . . I perceive potential saints in . . . Europe" [Pa 343, 345] ◊

Yogi-Christ Babaji to the master of Yogananda: "Will you not write a short book on the underlying harmony between the Christian and Hindu scriptures? Their basic unity is not obscured . . . show by parallel references . . . inspired sons of God have spoken the same truths (. . .) why do you doubt?" [Pa 344, 345]

COMMENT. The underlying harmony between two different religions with different textual bodies, is that they are both religions of man, and as such reflect man. Yukteswar's book is analysed here: [Link]

LoThe scenario called "the cosmos is the dream" is the thing to dissolve - yet all too few Indians say it that way

Lahiri's stately companion in the Himalayas: "(Babaji) effortlessly dematerialises the illusion of a cosmic-dream universe." [Think of that.] [Ha 319].

This survey also implies: (a) "A dreamt universe is the illusion to get rid of while we live here in this world." (b) "Fancied humbug can be dissolved without effort, as it does not quite exist". (c) "The illusion of a dream-universe is the central thing to dissolve to get stately again, says the master." (d) Doing things with less and less effort signals being on the right track." "And so on."

We are supposed to learn something from a table-essay, but . . . [16.7-10, passim]


  1. Babaji flies from place to place to play salvation? (Cf. the lila concept)
  2. How few they were who qualified for kriya earlier.
  3. The scenario called "the cosmos is the dream" is not as good as "Illusion itself is illusory". [Tb 17]

IN NUCE Some say Babaji flew about and did not himself teach kriya to the masses of the Dream before the 1800s either. At least I have not heard of many.


"Very Original"

The Grandeur of Going Forth as Very Original and Inventive

The Hindu swami-monk and emissary Yogananda claimed he stood for "original Christianity as taught by Jesus Christ" [Pa 499], even contrary to what Jesus said - and not in consonance with the first Christianity of the Holy Spirit and apostles, or New Testament letters, or the early Gospel of Thomas, for that matter.

One crucial question is: Does the gospel's Jesus teach anything like Yogananda in things that matter, or anything that carries or conveys similar word-grandeur?

First, in the Old Testament, which Jesus said was to be valid a long time [Matthew 5:18], God called himself "I am what I am" or "I am what I will be" [Exodus 3:14]. That is to be original in a sense too." Stagnation is not the problem.

In John 14:11-12 Jesus says any follower may do greater works than him.

Original Christianity means surpassing Jesus "as taught by Jesus Christ". If so in your case, congratulations.

To be phrase-independent can show yoga grandeur.

What about Jesus the Plot-Dummy?

There is one more thing: A "Jesus Christ" may have been conjured up as a dummy in the Himalayas or the backyard of a guru in India. Yogananda could have referred to this dummy, not wholly unlike those who ask, "Where is my Jesus?" and mean Jesus pants with their "Follow me" on the hind side.

Is it reasonable and likely that Yogananda referred to the yogi's dummy, drummed up by voodoo or things like that? In the universe of the guru, know that what looks reasonable often is out of the question. But likely it is not. It seems that Yogananda believed Jesus was on his side after having a vision of him. But to what degree is a vision a proof?

Yogis learn to induce visions - can see what they want. Patanjali's Yoga Sutras describes such feats [ch. 3:32, 36, 37]. James Hewitt [Lsy, ch 10] elaborates on ch. 3:30, telling that the powers referred to in that sutra ("thought-thread") are the eight majestic ones. They include having all one wants fulfilled; controlling all nature; and having the ability to create. Yukteswar, the guru of Yogananda, lists them in The Holy Science [Hos 95]

If Yogananda or Babaji refer to a backyard dummy called Jesus Christ of the Bible, it should be used to confuse and mislead many7 Americans. [Psy 9, 112 etc].

For the lack of hard evidence, there is reason to consider both alternatives and probabilities and grade them too. Is there a Jesus-dummy somewhere in the Himalayas, and how likely is it? For the lack of good clues, keep your options open. That is a basic piece of advice.

In the Light of Bible Evidence

There was no "original Christianity as taught by Jesus Christ". Jesusism of the old days was no Christianity for the simple reason that Christianity was not born at that time. Jesus had many followers, but Christians were not among them. Christianity came into play after the death of Jesus: first by the Holy Spirit falling on the remaining twelve apostles, and second by their joint Apostolic Decree, which allowed the apostles to venture out into the world outside that of Jews. [Cf. Acts 15 and WP,"Apostolic Decree"] So even though SRF speaks about "original Christianity of Jesus Christ", a few modifications are surely needed. What is more, Jesus said that salvation comes only from Jews, that he was for Jews only, he warned ahead of time against false Christs and having more masters than himself. There is no good reason to deny or distort scripture - is there? [Link]

In evolved Christianity, already in Acts 15 (and 21:25) the idea of Jesus of saving Jews only, was abandoned. As good as everything the self-proclaimed "son of God" had taught for Jews only, was abandoned. What was left was no to blood food such as Brat and Wurst and black pudding - to rub it in - and three more no's within traditional Christianity and its variants. That was all that was left as requirements for non-Jewish Christians, the Bible says. [More]

In some countries, Brat and Wurst and blood pudding and blood sausage are considered yummy Christmas food. Cf. Acts 15:27-29.

Babaji above or before Jesus - a little faith miracle or flying false colours?

In SRF Mahavatar Babaji and not Jesus is said to be the Supreme Guru in the Indian line of master who assume responsibility for the spiritual welfare of all members . . . who faithfully practice Kriya Yoga [Pa 501].

Assume: Undertake, usurp, pretend to have, suppose, to take over as one's own. To think or accept that something is true but without having proof of it. (Some dictionary definitions)

There is quite an interesting puzzle embedded in this line of thinking. Some think that "assume responsibility" means "take responsibility", but how can that be? After all three of the line of Indian gurus teach the world is illusory. Accordingly, whatevery reponsibility they seem to take is illusory - it is something assumed! Further, three of them teach the Lord is the Sole Doer - which spells something like "The Lord is the Sole Doer of illusory responsibility". "The Lord . . . does everything," decrees God through Yogananda, [Self-Realization Magazine, Spring 1972, p. 20], etc. Through others, however, God does many mistakes and says an awful lot of wrong things . . . without getting all of them canonised as "without flaw".

Why should God, that Yogananda talks of as the Sole Doer in Man's Eternal Quest [Ak], be the one assuming the final responsibility for a devout Christian through Babaji?

It seems to be time to wake up: 'assume' in the Yogananda quote does not have to be clear-cut at all. Compare another statement Babaji makes in the Autobiography of a Yogi: "The divine realm extends to the earthly, but the latter [is] illusory" [Autobiography of a Yogi, ch. 34. Wishful thinking is too easily mobilised in cult waters at any rate.

Surely Yogananda should have been more precise in this. And remember to let the slurring guys bear a just share of the responsibility for problems they give rise to.

Communion: What It Means

Yogananda writes in his autobiography:

ICON The Mahavatar [Great avatar, i.e., Babaji] is in constant communion with Christ; together they send out vibrations of redemption, and have planned the spiritual technique of salvation for this age. The work of these two fully-illumined masters – one with the body, and one without it – is to inspire the nations to forsake [such as] sectarianism.

The great guru has never openly appeared in any century . . . Babaji works in a humble obscurity. . . .

[Babaji] undertake[s] work which is concerned more with the slow evolutionary progress of man during the centuries than with any one outstanding event of history. Such masters always veil themselves from the gross public gaze, and have the power to become invisible at will. [Autobiography of a Yogi, Chap. 33]


Yogananda uses the term 'constant communion': The word 'communion' stems from Latin and signals something like 'mutual participation'. But the word has many meanings:

  1. Communion is 'an act of sharing'.
  2. If capitalized it has to do with a Christian sacrament (holy ritual), but Yogananda does not capitalize the word.
  3. Communion means 'intimate fellowship'.

We will take a look at the first and third meanings here. Both Yogananda and Babaji teach the universe is unreal - a soap opera? Krishna, who is also drawn in as one of the SRF gurus, teaches that those who teach the world is ureal, are demoniacs. - Bhagavad Gita, chapter 16, verses 6-12.

You could profit from reflecting on:

  • What took Jesus so long to find a suitable partner outside the flock of followers that were allowed to do greater works than himself (John 14:12)?
  • And why did Babaji wait till the 1800s before kriya yoga was launched into wider circles? Think of the lost opportunities for many, many centuries that went before it, in the light of "Lahiri initated 5000, Yogananda a 100 000." What a rather exponential change the world appeared to havemissed. If you say "The time was not ripe" earlier, prove it (Compare John 14:12).
  • Note that Jesus gave the secrets of the kingdom to his disciples, and they were to hand it over for nothing, he says. You have to swear an oath to learn kriya pranayama through SRF. It seems wrong in the light of "for nothing" and "Do not swear" of Jesus, but there is more:
  • Among the first followers and later Christians, being saved is to be put right with God, to have the Spirit of God imparted. That is what Christianity tells it is about. There is no mention of some extraneous technique needed. However, there is a call to "watch and pray" and "lift up the Son of Man" here and there in the gospels. Things depend on what is put into them. Expect that a yogi puts yoga teachings into them.
  • There is also the view - from words of Jesus - that salvation comes only from the Jews, and there are no other masters or Christs one should seek salvation from. The scriptural facts seem to be that Jesus never said that delicate, yogic pranayama was needed; but that being saved is a gift of heaven. That gift is The Thing in Christianity, even its sine qua non (without which, naught, i.e. what is indispensable). [Mark 14:36, etc.].

Consider the textual evidence and these points as you will. What took Jesus so long to find out he needed help against his gospel messages?

Humble obscurity may be fit for those who teach the world is unreal.

Do Babaji and Jesus Take Slaves to Herd?

FACE Jesus said, "It is not the healthy who need a doctor, but the sick . . . I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners." [Matthew 9:12-13]

"If you are called to be a Christian follower, then you are sick, maybe covertly so," says Jesus, adding that the healthy and righteous do not need him at all. To be sick as a sheep may be to your loss, especially if a false shepherd comes around, one of those human wolves that Jesus warns against. At any rate, truly healthy ones do not need Jesus, says Jesus. So do healthy ones need a Babaji to co-Christ-lord it over them? Try to preserve some human dignity. How? [Kalama Sutta]

A Christian "sheep" does not feel it needs a co-Christ-Lord in addition to Jesus, but how wrong may it be proven to be?


Slave-takers are definitely robbers. Jesus says, by the way,

FACE "No one can break into a strong man's house and take away his belongings unless he first ties up the strong man; then he can plunder his house. [Mark 3:27; Matthew 12:29]"

Jesus does not say no to such activity. His alleged father, Yahweh, instituted slavery in Exodus 22, a lot of execution reasons and vicarious sacrifice and scapegoating, and went for genocide of the Amalchites. Let us just say the slave-and-harem-keeping Abraham and his half-sister Sara were lucky to have sex before the Law of Moses.

Slavery was not annulled by Jesus. When he vouched for the Law in Matthew, he said yes to such as "Keep the Canaanite slave forever" [Leviticus 25:46]. Historically, slavery was common among Christians until into the 1800s. [Link] [Titus 2:9-10.]

Now it is called a Human Right to be free rather than taken a slave. That the Christian slave is "made righteous" may be of nothing but appearances.

Vicarious sacrifice, which permeates the Law instituted by Yahweh, is based on letting innocents suffer and die for the sake of scoundrels, who think they are made clean that way. Such is the corrupt concept of righteousness in the Bible. If Babaji is in constant communion with Jesus, he is siding with this, and not up to adequate moral standards, as revealed by Buddha.


Bible Excursion

The alleged mission of Jesus

First Jesus said he came for Jews alone and that his teachings were for Jews exclusively too. But Jews did not want him, no matter what he talked about his sheep who knew his shepherd voice, no matter how he longed for them like a mother hen [Matthew 23;37]! Then, when his unseen father (that he was one with, he said) had planned to sacrifice him to assist the Jews [cf. Leviticus 16], Jesus gave in and accepted to be butchered like a sacrificial lamb for them. The Jewish authorities soon saw to it that he was crucified as a blasphemer, according to the Law they had [Matthew 26;63-7].

You know that you are not popular when people want you crucified and prefer a highwayman instead of you [John 18;39-40]. The Father's Jesus-declared save-the-Jews mission failed. So did major decrees for Jews only, uttered by his own son. His doctrine was reserved for the Jews, he insisted. Adherents of Jesusism who have their foreskins but little Saturday-sabbath rest, may not actually qualify as followers. Let it be their problem. [Matthew 10:5; John 4:22]

Despite the Law what Jesus had vouched for in Matthew 5;17-20, he waived ritual slaughter of animals that the Bible tells God Father had instituted by the Law. And he waived the cramped and rigid sabbath rules that his Father had intended to be a main token of the right belonging. Yahweh had been so strict in such matters that right after he had delivered the Ten Commandments, an old man who had gathered some wood in the wilderness on the sabbath, was executed for it on His command. [Numbers 15:32-36]

Apostles of Jesus and the Holy Spirit soon followed up some waiving when they established Christianity as shown in their Apostolic Decree. They waived the need for Gentile followers to be circumcised [Acts 15], the other of the two key criterions for being God's own - added to the enforced sabbath rest. In the end it stood out that eating blood food was about as bad as adultery - maybe even worse for what we know - and so on. [Acts 15].

Jesus was very, very likely circumcised to be acceptable in the Jewish community, for such was the Law-enforced, ritual custom. The Christ, the image of God or the highest representation, was not found to be quite good enough unmaimed: they cut off his foreskin. He was maimed to be one of them. In the end they got rid of him anyway. A waste of foreskin it was.

The cramped "God's people" found their "sure schemes".

"Fallen is Virgin Israel" - destroyed, and never to rise again

From the earthly ministry of Jesus,

FACE "I was sent only to the lost sheep of Israel." [Matthew 15;24]

If by that he meant the ten northern tribes of Israel, God had already crushed and killed them all, say Amos and Hosea, and they were never to rise again. It is in the Bible. There were no such lost sheep to save, and to the degree he tried [Matthew 10:6; 15:24], he and his sent disciples were on a wild goose chase.

OT "I will put an end to the kingdom of Israel." [Hosea 1:4] "I will crush you". [Amos 2:13] "Fallen is Virgin Israel, never to rise again". [Amos 5:2].

"You are destroyed, O Israel, because you are against me, against your helper. (. . .) In my anger I gave you a king". [Hosea 13:9,11]

As for Judah,

  • "Judah is falling." [Isaiah 3:8]
  • "I will bring an end to the sounds of joy and gladness and to the voices of bride and bridegroom in the towns of Judah and the streets of Jerusalem, for the land will become desolate. [Isaiah 7:34]"
  • "I will lay waste the towns of Judah so none can live there." [Jeremiah 9:11]

It does not say when and for how long none Judah will lie waste and desolate and none can live there, though. At any rate, many disregard the Bible's words that there were no lost sheep alive at the time of Jesus. Israel was fallen long ago (in the 700s BCE), destroyed, says Amos and Hosea, even though King David (10th century BCE) bragged, "The Lord, the God of Israel, chose me from my whole family to be king over Israel forever . . . He was pleased to make me king over all Israel. [1 Chronicles 28:4]." Israel did not last, the kingship did not last, and 1 Samuel 8 describes the king as a slave-holding enemy of his people. Jesus as a Jewish king? Ow-oo.

Don't always be deceived by religious and murky propaganda.

Study to detect what is right, instead of just getting jammed.

Tricky salvation

Jesus held for a long time that his mission lay in reserving his efforts and so on for Jews. That failed. Even neighbours of his and his own family wanted him stoned. That failed too. In the end even the Father saw that his plans floundered, and then "the net" of Christianity was cast on Gentiles. That's how terrible things started to happen. Murders, Colosseum, millions killed with a firm faith that the end of the world was near - a faith that was strong and wrong.

Many Christians in the first century believed that Jesus would return during their lifetime. When the converts of Paul in Thessalonica were persecuted by the Roman Empire, they believed the end was upon them. [Matthew 24:15-22; Mark 13:14-20; Luke 21:20-33]

Some who believe literally in the Bible insist that it is futile to predict the date of the end, and some other writers believe that Jesus foretold of signs which would indicate that the end was near. End-times beliefs in Protestant Christianity vary widely.

That the end time that was near was a misconception among early Christians; it stemmed in part from sayings by Jesus.

It is said it was the blood of the martyrs that built the church, not the blood of Jesus.

Will all our ritual prayers go unheard since God refused to answer Jesus in the olive grove and on the cross?

These are important sayings aligned with:

FACE Jesus: "All things are possible with God." [Mark 10;27].

Jesus. "Everything is possible for him who believes." [Mark 9;23]

So can God create a stone that is so heavy that he cannot lift it?

Towards the end in Gethsemane Jesus said in anguish, "My soul is overwhelmed with sorrow to the point of death." He fell with his face to the ground and prayed, "My Father, if it is possible, may this cup be taken from me." [Matthew 26;36-9 extracts; cf. Luke 22;44; Mark 14;35-41].

No, it was not possible, not with God.

The betrayer Judas had been hand-picked by Jesus and never sent to Madagascar to prevent a future calamity either. Nor did Jesus dispense with him in other ways when there was plenty of time. As he said, "You did not choose me, but I chose you" [John 15;16].

Do not ask why Jesus chose largely illiterate persons and a deceiver to follow him around, with all his foreknowledge and mind-knowledge. Feel free to do much better than Jesus on the word of John 14;12.

It is possible and fit not to ask Jesus of a thing, but to do better. [John 14:12]

Don't freak out: It is better not to be in contact with a crook

"I will ask the Father will give you another Counsellor to be with you forever - the Spirit of truth." [John 14;12-3,15 - Excerpts]. "The Spirit of truth" - it sounds so good. For all that, those who wrote the four gospels did not get it right even when they wrote of core happenings in the gospels and Acts. For example, Judas died in two different ways, it says. [Link]

So, ardent prayers of Jesus were done away with; he was to be slaughtered, sacrificed for the sins of others, even though two goats rightly handled wold be quite enough on a yearly basis [Leviticus 16:21-22; 29-34]. Slaughtering an innocent for the sins of others, be it animal or Jesus, is a dismal, corrupt take, probably. The Norwegian poet Johan Herman Wessel (1742-85) wrote a poem about a much similar event: The people of a town executed an innocent baker instead of the smith who had killed someone. For the town had no smith to spare - and two bakers - and corruption.

Things are finally clearing up, after all.

Scapegoating and victimizing bully - still alive

Normal people know that if a father loves his fairly all right son or is just, or both, he won't have his son slaughtered for the misdoings of others.

We can see that Jesus prayed to the Bible God as "righteous Father" [John 17:25]. But see through the demagoguery: God of the Old Testament (and Bible) instituted not only slavery, but also a hard scapegoat religion with heavy butchering of innocents - prime cattle, other animals and birds were to be killed for sins, neglects and gross offences of guilty guys. This went on year by year by year with no reneging. "Sin, but let animals pay and feed priests!" In psychology, those who succumb to primitive scapegoating may turn into hard mental cases. It could be good to be warned.

The basic scapegoating plot permeates the New Testament too, with some obvious links to mental cannibalism in the sacrament: "eat his body, drink his blood".

God had Jesus slaughtered like a lamb because he was not better than that, regrettably. Today we call brutal ones who kill innocent people to favour criminals, something else than righteous. Besides, there was no real need for man-slaughter: A couple of goats would have averted the calamity that year, if anyone had remembered what is in the Old Testament. Two goats were enough to clean the Hebrews for a year. "You will be clean from all your sins . . . it is a lasting ordinance . . . This is to be a lasting ordinance for you: Atonement [by two goats] is to be made once a year for all the sins of the Israelites," the Lord commanded Moses. [Leviticus 16:21-22; 29-34]. Well, well well!

The idea behind sacrificing Jesus was to help criminals on and up. How many criminal activities today are due to that!

Few Jews converted to Jesus, so don't be taken in. God's plan may seem mysterious, cruel and corrupt, but it failed to the degree God really was out to save Jews by letting them welcome Jesus in the first place. Heart-felt prayers of Jesus were denied, but a scapegoating killing was welcome, nay, planned. The sacrifice of Jesus was not in vain if the secret mission of Jesus was to make the world a better place for criminals - sinners. Compare the proverb, "He that helps the evil hurts the good. [Dp 122]"

You are luckily called to surpass Jesus. The question is how you will do it.

Mental cannibalism helps misbehaving guys mainly.

The Bible teaches:

FACE Jesus: "You have only one Master and you are all brothers. Do not call anyone on earth "father," for you have one Father, and he is in heaven. You have one Teacher, the Christ. Whoever exalts himself will be humbled. [Matthew 23;8-12 (Excerpts)

Jesus: "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptising them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you." [Matthew 28;18-20. GUESS WHAT: This passage is a later, added forgery. It goes against Acts in so many ways, and contains concepts that are not found in the gospels otherwise [More].

Jesus: "I am the gate for the sheep. I am the gate; whoever enters through me will be saved. He will come in and go out, and find pasture. The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I have come that they may have life, and have it to the full." [John 10:7-10].

"I am the vine; you are the branches. [John 15:5].

"No one can serve two masters." [Matthew 6:24].

Of course one may serve two masters; many do that. It just depends on how they are. You can serve two parents, for example, so it can be done. Compare John 14;12 and do as you find most fit for yourself. As for branches, they are free to adjust much, but usually depend on having a firm connection with a stem. If not they break off easily.

Goals to attain in a life may build up on top of each other. According to Dr. Abraham Maslow you may go for this and that by stages and thus reach fulfilments in a process called self-actualisation. It can be done; that is a good idea. Much decently had wealth may ease higher attainments as well. There is such a possibility [cf. ].

One should choose one's friends carefully: Jesus came for sinners, not healthy ones, who absolutely do not need him, says Jesus. [Mark 2:17; Matthew 9:13]

Accordingly, healthy individuals should not need Babaji and Yogananda in "constant communion" and league with Jesus, according to Yogananda.

Be as classy as you can and live well.

The Christ, in part a repeat

Yogananda calls Babaji a Christ. Yogananda also defines the term Christ differently than the New Testament. In the New Testament the essential meaning swelled to include subtler sides of the universe, and the Greek translation 'Christ' took the place of the Hebrew 'Messiah'. However, Yogananda makes 'Christ' correspond to something like Tat in one of the Hindu trinities, that of Sat-Tat-Aum, or is it Chit in Sat-Chit-Ananda? It could be both.

Anyway, there is reason to think of Babaji as one who is in constant communion with someone (God) that not only agrees to taking slaves, keeping slaves, letting innocent ones bleed and die for the sins of others, but institutes it by Law. Better stay away! "When in doubt, win the trick," writes Edmund Hoyle. Remember: The healthy don't need a doctor, don't need Jesus. If so, who needs Babaji who is said to be in "constant communion" with him?

Yogananda claims that Babaji sent him spread kriya techniques among affluent North Americans and Westerners, and Yogananda tales and teachings are what we have to rely on. Some run drastically contrary to the teachings of Jesus. And some central ideas of Yogananda run counter to other ideas he speaks of. He contradicts himself on many key issues, such as egohood, selfishness, dictatorship. Further, his outré Bible concepts do not stand inspection. Beware of certain wolves, says Jesus in the New Testament.

Do not let wishful thinking or gruesome panting pledges get the best of you.

"The terrible things that are happening . . . you will understand that they are only a show, a part of God's play." [Yogananda, Ak 264]

To get stupidly religious often means getting misled and unprofitably conform. You should not want that.

Babaji, Jesus, Christs, Literature  

Ehrman, Bart D. Forgery and Counterforgery: The Use of Literary Deceit in Early Christian Polemics. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.

⸻. How Jesus Became God: The Exaltation of a Jewish Preacher from Galilee. New York: HarperCollins, 2014.

⸻. Forged: Writing in the Name of God: Why the Bible's Authors Are Not Who We Think They Are. New York: HarperCollins, 2011.

Govindan, Marshall. Babaji and the 18 Siddha Kriya Yoga Tradition. 2nd ed. Eastman, Quebec: Babaji's Kriya Yoga Publications, 1991.

Vermes, Geza. The Authentic Gospel of Jesus. London: Penguin, 2005.

⸻. The Real Jesus: Then and Now. Minneapolis, MI: Fortress Press, 2010.

⸻. From Jewish to Gentile: How the Jesus Movement Became Christianity. Biblical Archaeology Review (BAR) 38:06, Nov/Dec 2012.

Yoga Publications Trust. Information on the Satyananda Yoga Tradition. (Booklet) Munger, Bihar: Yoga Publications Trust, 2007.

WP: Wikipedia.

Ehrman, Bart D. Forgery and Counterforgery: The Use of Literary Deceit in Early Christian Polemics. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.

Ak: Yogananda, Paramahansa. Man's Eternal Quest. Los Angeles: Self-Realization Fellowship, 1975.

Ap: Mieder, Wolfgang (main editor), Stewart A. Kingsbury, and Kelsie E. Harder: A Dictionary of American Proverbs. (Paperback) New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Cy: Satyananda Saraswati, Swami. A Systematic Course in the Ancient Tantric Techniques of Yoga and Kriya. Munger: Yoga Publications Trust, 1981.

Dp: Fergusson, Rosalind. The Penguin Dictionary of Proverbs. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1983.

Ha: Yogananda, Paramahansa. Autobiography of a Yogi. 12th ed. Los Angeles: Self-Realization Fellowship (SRF), 1981.

Hos: Sri Yukteswar, swami. The Holy Science. 7th ed. Los Angeles: Self-Realization Fellowship (SRF), 1972.

Kta: Satyananda Saraswati, Swami. Kundalini Tantra. 8th ed. Munger: Yoga Publications Trust, 2001.

Lsy: Hewitt, James. Lær selv yoga. København: Hassing, 1966. (Teach yourself yoga. London: The English Universities Press, 1960).

Pa: Yogananda, Pa.: Autobiography of a Yogi. 11th ed. Los Angeles: Self-Realization Fellowship, 1971.

Psy: Dasgupta, Sailendra. Paramhansa Swami Yogananda: Life-portrait and Reminiscences. Lincoln, NE: iUniverse, 2006. (Partial view: Google Books.)

Pusb: Maslow, Abraham. Motivation and Personality. 3rd ed. New York, HarperCollins, 1987.

Rvl: Maslow, Abraham. Religions, Values, and Peak Experiences. Columbus: Ohio State University, 1964.

Say: Yogananda, Pa.: Sayings of Yogananda. Los Angeles: Self-Realization Fellowship, 1958.

Scw: Barrass, Robert. Scientists Must Write: A Guide to Better Writing for Scientists, Engineers and Students. 2nd ed. London: Routledge, 2002.

Tb: Osborne, Arthur ed. The Teachings of Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharsi in His Own Words. New ed. London: Rider, 1971.

Wd: Swetnam, Derek, and Ruth Swetnam. Writing Your Dissertation: The Bestselling Guide to Planning, Preparing and Presenting First-Class Work. 3rd rev ed. Begbroke, Oxford: How To Books, 2009.

Yn: Satyananda Saraswati, Swami. Yoga Nidra.6th ed. Munger: Yoga Publications Trust, 2001.

Zun: Maslow, Abraham. Toward a Psychology of Being. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1968.


[1] Govindan, Marshall. Who is Babaji? What is his Mission? Accessed 7 Dec. 2015.

[2] Karbe and Mueller-Kueppers: Destructive Cults: Social and Health Consequences of Totalitarian Pseudo-religious Movements. Publishing House for Med. Psychology Goettingen 1983 [ISBN 3-525-45227-6]): The chapter "Cults: A Public Health Approach". [◦Link to a translation of the work]

Harvesting the hay

Symbols, brackets, signs and text icons explained: (1) Text markers(2) Digesting.

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